Category Archives: ๊ต?† ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ

?œ์šธ ์ตœ๊ณ ???œ์˜ฅ ์ง€๊ต?๋งŒ๋“  ๊ทธ๋Š” ???Šํ˜”??/h3>

[๊น€๊ฒฝ๋????„์‹œ ?ด์•ผ๊ธ? <4> 20?ธ๊ธฐ ?œ๊ตญ ์ตœ์ดˆ ๋ถ€?™์‚ฐ ?…์ž, ?•์„ธ๊ถ?/h4>

๊น€๊ฒฝ๋? ?œ์šธ?€ ?˜๊ฒฝ?€?™์› ๊ต์ˆ˜

๊ธฐ์‚ฌ?…๋ ฅ 2013-06-26 ?คํ›„ 2:20:43

๋ถ์ดŒ?์„œ ๊ฐ€???ฌ๋ž‘๋ฐ›๋Š” ๊ณจ๋ชฉ๊ธธ์ด???จ์‚ฐ???œ๋ˆˆ??์กฐ๋ง?????ˆ๋Š” ๊ฐ€?Œ๋™ 31๋ฒˆ์?, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?์ข…๋กœ 3๊ฐ€ ?คํŽธ???ˆ๋ฆ„?œย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>?œ์˜ฅย ์ง‘๋‹จย ์ง€๊ตฌ์ธ ?ต์„ ??166๋ฒˆ์????œ๋กœ ๋งค์šฐ ?ค๋ฅด๋ฉด์„œ??๊ฐ™์? ?์ด ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ถ์ดŒ???น๋? ์ง€์ฃผ๋“ค???„ํ•œ ๋น„๊ต????๊ทœ๋ชจ???œ์˜ฅ ์ง‘๋‹จ ์ง€๊ตฌ์??ค๋ฉด, ?ต์„ ?™์? ์ค‘์‚ฐ์ธ??ดํ•˜ ?œ๋????„ํ•œ ?œ์˜ฅ ์ง‘๋‹จ ์ง€๊ตฌ์??ค๋Š” ์ฐจ์ด??

๊ณตํ†ต?์? ??์ง€??„ ๋ชจ๋‘ ?œ๊ตญ ์ตœ์ดˆ??๊ทผ๋?ย ๋ถ€?™์‚ฐ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ??/a>?? ?•์„ธ๊ถ???ธ–ๆฌ??ดย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629″ target=”_blank”>๊ฑด์„ค?ˆ๋‹ค???์ด?? 20?ธ๊ธฐ ?œ๊ตญ ์ตœ์ดˆ?˜ย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>๋ถ€?™์‚ฐย ?…์ž, ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์? ‘๊ฑด์–‘???ผ๋Š” ๋ถ€?™์‚ฐ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ ?Œ์‚ฌ๋ฅ??ค๋ฆฝ?? ???€์ง€๋ฅผย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>๋งค์ž…?˜๊ณ  ๋ถ„ํ• ?????œ์˜ฅ ์ง‘๋‹จ ์ง€๊ตฌ๋? ๊ฑด์„ค???ผ๋ฐ˜?ธ๋“ค?๊ฒŒย ๋ถ„์–‘?ˆ๋‹ค.

??‚ฌย ๊ธฐ๋ก ???•์„ธ๊ถŒ์? ๋ถ€?™์‚ฐ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ?๋ผ???ด๋ ฅ ?ธ์— ?ค์–‘??๋ชจ์Šต?ผ๋กœ ?จ์•„ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?œ๊ตญ??‚ฌ๋ฌธํ™”?•์ฑ…?ฐ๊ตฌ??๊น€?€๊ธ?๋ฐ•์‚ฌ???ฐ๊ตฌ???ฐ๋ฅด๋ฉ? ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์? ์กฐ์„ ๋ฌผ์‚ฐ?ฅ๋ ค?Œ์? ์กฐ์„ ?ดํ•™?Œ์˜ ?ฌ์ •???„์›?์ด???๊ทน???œ๋™๊ฐ€?€??ย ?ก์?ย <?ค์ƒ??gt;๊ณ?<?ฐ๋ฆฌ๋ง??ฐ์‚ฌ??gt; ๋ฐœ๊ฐ„???ฌ๊ฒŒย ?ด๋ฐ”์ง€?˜๊ณ , ?™๊ต ๊ฑด๋ฆฝ๊ณ?๊ธฐ๋? ??๊ฐ์ข…ย ?ฌํšŒย ?œ๋™?๋„ ์ฐธ์—ฌ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ด์ฒ˜???•์„ธ๊ถŒ์?ย ๊ฒฝ์ œ???ด๋“??๊พ€?ˆ๋˜ ?จ์ˆœ?œย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>?ฅ์‚ฌ๊พผ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ต????๊ฒฝ์ œ??๋ถ€๊ฐ•๊ณผย ๊ต์œกย ์ง„ํฅ, ?œ๋? ?ํ™œ ๊ฐœ์„ ???ค์ œ๋ก?๊ณ ๋??˜๋ฉฐย ?ธ๋ธ”?ˆ์Šคย ?ค๋ธ”๋ฆฌ์ฃผ(noblesse oblige)๋ฅ??ค์ฒœ???ธ๋ฌผ?ด์—ˆ??

๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ?ฐ๋„ ๋ถ์ดŒ?ด๋ผ??๋งค๋ ฅ?์ธ ?™๋„ค๋ฅ?์ฐฝ์กฐ???ธ๋ฌผ?ด์ž, ?œ๊ตญ ๊ทผ๋??ฌ์—ย ๊ธฐ๋…๋น?/a>????• ????๊ธฐ๊??ค์—???œ๋™?????ธ๋ฌผ???€???ฐ๋ฆฌ??๋ถ€?„๋Ÿฝ๊ฒŒ๋„ ?„๋Š” ๋ฐ”๊? ๊ฑฐ์˜ ?†๋‹ค.

20?ธ๊ธฐ???จ์ „ ?œ์˜ฅ, ?ต์„ ?™๊ณผ ๋ถ์ดŒ???„์ƒ

1920???ผ์ œ???Œ์‚ฌ??์ฒ ํ๋กœย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629″ target=”_blank”>?ผ๋ณธย ?๋ณธ??์กฐ์„ ?ผ๋กœ ? ์ž…?˜์ž, ๋ฏธ์ฒ˜ ?œ๋?๋ก??•์„ฑ?˜์? ๋ชปํ–ˆ??๋ฏผ์กฑ ?๋ณธ?€ ???„๊ธฐ??๋ด‰์ฐฉ?ˆ๋‹ค. ์ฑ?<?œ์šธ?์—…??gt;???ฐ๋ฅด๋ฉ??น์‹œ ๋ช…๋™, ?ฉ์‚ฐ ?ผ๋? ?จ์ดŒ ์ง€??—??์ฃผ๋กœ ๊ฑฐ์ฃผ?ˆ๋˜ ?ผ๋ณธ?ธ๋“ค?€ ์ข…๋กœ ?ผ๋?๊นŒ์? ??ฒจ?€ ?์—… ?œ๋™???•์žฅ?ˆ๊ณ  ?œ์ธ??๊ฒฝ์ œ??๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜??? ์‹???ค์–ด๊ฐ”๋‹ค.

๋ถ€?™์‚ฐ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ?์„œ??? ์‚ฌ???„์ƒ???˜ํ??ฌ๋‹ค. ?น์‹œ ์กฐ์„ ?ธ๋“ค?€ย ?€??/a>ย ๊ด€๊ธ‰ย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629″ target=”_blank”>๊ณต์‚ฌย ์ฐธ์—ฌ๊ฐ€ ๋ถˆ๊??ฅํ–ˆ๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ??ย ?Œ์ž๋ณ?/a>?ผ๋กœ ?ฌ์—…???œ์ž‘?????ˆ๋Š”ย ?ˆ์ƒˆ?œ์žฅ??์ฐพ๊ณ  ?ˆ์—ˆ?? ๋งˆ์นจ ?œ์šธ???„์ฒญ??๊ทœ๋ชจ???ธ๊ตฌ ์ฆ๊?๋ฅ?๊ฒฝํ—˜?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ์—ˆ??๋ฐฐ๊ฒฝ๊ณ?๋งž๋ฌผ?? ์กฐ์„ ?ธ๋“ค?€ ?„์‹œ???Œ๊ทœ๋ชจย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>์ฃผํƒย ?ฐ์—…???Œ๊ณ ?ค์—ˆ?? ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ๋„ ๊ทธ์ค‘ ?˜๋‚˜?? ๊ทธ๋Š” 1910?„๋? ?„๋ฐ˜ ์ฃผํƒ ?ฐ์—…??๋ณธ๊ฒฉ?์œผ๋ก??ฐ์–ด?ค์—ˆ??

?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์? ๊ท??์—?œ๋„ ?จ๋‹ฌ?๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊? ๋งŒ๋“  ?œ์˜ฅ?€ย ?„ํ†ต ?œ์˜ฅ???๋‹น ๋ถ€๋ถ?๋ณ€?•ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ?น์‹œ?๋Š” ?Œ๊ฒฉ?์œผ๋ก??˜๋„?€ย ?„๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ?ค์–ด?”๊ณ , ?˜๊ธฐ?€ ?ผ์กฐ๊ถ???๊ตฌ์กฐ?๊นŒ์ง€ ? ๊ฒฝ???ผ๋‹ค. ?ย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>?‰๋ž‘๋ฐฉ๊ณผ ?ฅ๋…?€,ย ์ฐฝ๊ณ ???„์น˜๋ฅ??ค์šฉ?์œผ๋ก??ฌ๋ฐฐ์น˜ํ•˜๊ณ? ?€์ฒ?—ย ? ๋ฆฌ๋ฌ?/a>???ฌ๊ณ  ์ฒ˜๋งˆ???‡๋????จ์„์ฑ™์„ ?ค๋Š” ???ˆ๋กœ???œ๋„๋ฅ??ˆ๋‹ค. ?ด์ฒ˜??๊ทธ์˜ ?œ์˜ฅ?€ 20?ธ๊ธฐ???ํ™œ ๋ฐฉ์‹??๊ณ ๋ ค?ดย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629″ target=”_blank”>?ค๊ณ„?œย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>?จ์ „(fusion) ?œ์˜ฅ?ด์—ˆ??

?ฒ์กฐ? ์–ด?™ํšŒ ?ฌ๊ฑด?ผ๋กœ ?˜๋‚œ??๊ฒช์—ˆ??’์กฐ์„ ?ดํ•™???ฌ๊ฑด ?˜๋‚œ ?™์??? ?จ์ฒด ?ฌ์ง„(1946??. ?ž์ค„ ?ผ์ชฝ?์„œ ??๋ฒˆ์งธ๊ฐ€ ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์ด?? ?’ํ•œ๊ธ€?™ํšŒ ?œ๊ณต

?œ๋? ์ฃผํƒ ๊ธˆ์œต??๊ณ ๋???๋ถ€?™์‚ฐ ?…์ž, ?•์„ธ๊ถ?/b>

?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์? 1925??<๊ฒฝ์„ฑ?ธ๋žŒ>????’๊ฑด์ถ•๊ณ?ๅปบ็ฏ‰??๋ก?๋ณ?๊ฒฝ์„ฑ’?์„œ ?ค์Œ๊ณ?๊ฐ™์ด ๋งํ–ˆ??

“๊ทผ๋ž˜??๊ฒฝํ–ฅ?€ ?ผ๋ฐ˜??๊ฐœ๋Ÿ‰?์„ ?”๊ตฌ?˜๋Š” ๋ชจ์–‘?…๋‹ˆ?ค๋งˆ?? ๊ฐœ๋Ÿ‰?ด๋ผ๋ฉ?๋ณ„๊ฒƒ???„๋‹ˆ??์ข…๋ž˜ ?‘์ฐฉ?˜๋˜ย ?•์›??์ข€ ???“๊ฒŒ ?˜์—ฌ ?‘๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ๋ฐ”๋กœ ?ฌ์ž…?˜๊ณ  ๊ณต๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ?˜ย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>? ํ†ต?˜์—ฌ ?œ์—ด ๊ฑด์Šต๊ด€๊ณ??ฑ์„ ??์กฐ์ ˆ?จ์— ?ˆ์Šต?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ?? ?ธ๊???๋ฏธ์ˆ ?์ธ ?™์‹œ???ฌ์šฉ?์œผ๋กœ๋„ ๊ฒฌํ™•?˜๊ณ  ?œ๋™???ธ๋ฆฌ?˜๋ฉฐย ๊ฑด์ถ•๋น?/a>, ? ์?๋น„์? ?ํ™œ๋น??ฑ์˜ย ?ˆ์•ฝ??? ์˜?จ์ด ๋ณธ์‚ฌ???ฌ๋ช…?ธ๊? ?ฉ๋‹ˆ?? ?ฌ๋ž˜?์˜ ?‰๋ž‘๋ฐ? ?ฅ๋…?€, ์ฐฝ๊ณ ???„์น˜ ?ฑ์„ ?น๋ณ„??๊ฐœ๋Ÿ‰?ˆ๊ณ , ???œํŽธ?ผ๋กœ ์ค‘๋ฅ˜ ?ดํ•˜??์ฃผํƒ?„ย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>๊ตฌ์ œ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•˜???„๋?, ?”๋????๋งค ?œ๋„๊นŒ์? ๊ฐ•๊ตฌ?˜์—ฌ ์ฃผํƒ?œ์— ?€?ด์„œ???ค์†Œ??๊ณต๊ธ‰???ˆ๋‹ค๊ณ??๊ฐ?ฉ๋‹ˆ??”

??๋ง์„ ?ค์‹œ ?ฐ๋ฉด ?ค์Œ๊ณ?๊ฐ™์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด??

“?„์žฌ??์ฃผํƒ?œ๊ณผ ๊ด€?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ ?Œ์‚ฌ??์ค‘์‚ฐ์ธ??ดํ•˜ ?œ๋????„ํ•œ ์ฃผํƒ??๋งค์šฐ ?„์š”?˜๋‹ค๊ณ??๊ฐ?ฉ๋‹ˆ?? ์ค‘์‚ฐ์ธ??ดํ•˜ ?œ๋???์ฃผ๊ฑฐ ?˜์????๊ธฐ?์œผ๋ก?๊ฐœ์„ ?ด์•ผ ?ฉ๋‹ˆ?? (?น์‹œ ?œ๋??ค์?ย ์ดˆ๊?์ง?/a>??๊ฑฐ์ฃผ?ˆ๋‹ค.) ?œ๋?????์ฐจ์› ๊ฐœ์„ ??์ฃผ๊ฑฐ ?˜๊ฒฝ???„๋ฆด ???ˆ๋„๋ก??ˆ๋กœ???•ํƒœ??์ง‘์ธ ?จ์ „ ?œ์˜ฅ?์„œ ?????ˆ์–ด???ฉ๋‹ˆ?? ???จ์ „ ?œ์˜ฅ?๋„ ๋ถ€???œ์˜ฅ???น์ง•???•์›???‘๊ฒŒ?˜๋งˆ ์กฐ์„ฑ???ˆ์Šต?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??œ๋? ์ฃผํƒ?€ ?ผ์ • ?˜์? ?ด์ƒ???ˆ์งˆ??๊ฐ–์ถ”๊ธ??„ํ•ด 100?ผ์„ผ???•ํ†ตย ?‘์‹???ฐ๋ฅด??๊ณ ์ „ ์ฃผํƒ?ด๊ธฐ๋ณด๋‹ค??๊ฐœ๋Ÿ‰??์ฃผํƒ?????ํ•ฉ????•ฉ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ ์ฃผํƒ??๋ถ„์–‘?˜๋ฉด?œ๋„ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??์ฃผํƒย ?€๊ธ?/a>???…์ฃผ ?œ์ ??๋ชจ๋‘ ๋ฐ›์? ?Š์•˜๊ณ? ?ค์–‘?œย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629″ target=”_blank”>๊ธˆ์œตย ๊ธฐ๋ฒ•???ด์šฉ?????๋Š” ???จ์œ„๋ก?๋ถ„์–‘๊ธˆ์„ ๋ฐ›๊ณ  ?ˆ์Šต?ˆ๋‹ค.”

?„์žฌ ?œ๊ตญ?๋„ ?œ๋???์ฃผํƒ?„ย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>๊ตฌ๋งค?????ˆ๋„๋ก?์ง€?ํ•˜??๊ธˆ์œต ?•์ฑ…???ฌ๋Ÿฟ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ˆ๋? ?ค์–ด, ‘๋ณด๊ธˆ?๋ฆฌ๋ก?/a>’?€ 9?????ดํ•˜ ์ฃผํƒ???€??๋งค์šฐย ??? ๊ธˆ๋ฆฌ๋ก?์ฃผํƒ??๊ตฌ์ž…?????ˆ๋„๋ก??˜๋Š”ย ๊ธˆ์œต ?ํ’ˆ?ด๋‹ค. ?ฌ๊ธฐ???œ๋??˜ย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>์ฃผํƒ ๊ตฌ์ž…??์ง€?ํ•˜??์ฃผ์ฒด??๋ณดํ†ต ?•๋? ?ฐํ•˜ย ๊ณต๊ธฐ??/a>?ด๋‚˜ ?œ๊ตญ์ฃผํƒ๊ธˆ์œต๊ณต์‚ฌ ?•๋„?? ๋ฏผ๊ฐ„ ?Œ์‚ฌ?ค์? ?ด๋Ÿฐ ?•์ฑ…??์ข€์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ?ด๋†“์ง€ ?Š๋Š”??

๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ??1920?„๋? ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์˜ ?Œ์‚ฌ??๋ฏผ๊ฐ„ ?Œ์‚ฌ?ด๋ฉด?œ๋„ ?œ๋? ์ฃผํƒ ๊ธˆ์œต???œ๊ณต?ˆ๋‹ค. ?œ์˜ฅ??๋ถ„์–‘????๋ถ„์–‘ ?€๊ธˆ์„ ?…์ฃผ ?????จ์œ„๋ก?๋ฐ›์? ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ด๋Š” ๋งค์šฐ ?€?ผ์šด ?ผ์ด?? ๋ถ„์–‘ ?€๊ธˆ์„ ?…์ฃผ ?„์— ?ผ์‹œ??๋ฐ›์œผ๋ฉ??ฌ์—… ?ด์ต??์กฐ๊ธฐ???•๋ณด?????ˆ๋Š”?ฐ๋„, ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์? ?œ๋? ?ธ์˜๋ฅ??„ํ•ด ์ฃผํƒย ?ต์ž๋ฅ??œ๊ณต?ˆ๋‹ค.

๊ทธ๊ฐ„ ๋งŽ์? ?œ๋????ดํ???๊ฑด์„ค๋ก??์‹ ???ถ์˜ ?ฐ์ „?์„œ ๋ฌด์ฐธ??์ซ“๊ฒจ?ฌ๋‹ค. ?ˆ๋ฌด??๊ณผ๋„??๋ถ„๋‹ด๊ธ??ˆย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>?„ํŒŒ??/a>???ค์–ด๊ฐ€๊ธ??„ํ•ด ์ถ”๊?๋ก??ด์•ผ ?˜๋Š” ????๊ฐ€?????์ธ?„์? ?„๊ตฌ??๋ถ€?•ํ•  ???†๋‹ค. ๋ฐ˜๋ฉด ๊ฑฐ๋?ย ๊ฑด์„ค ?Œ์‚ฌ?ค์? 2008???ด์ „ ๋ถ€?™์‚ฐ ?ธํ™ฉ๊ธฐ์— ?ฌ๋‚˜???˜์ต???ฌ๋ ธ?? ?ด๋“ค???„ํŒŒ??๊ฑด์„ค๋ก????˜์ต???ป์—ˆ?ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ??๋น„์šฉ?ผ๋กœ ?๋ž˜ ๊ฑฐ์ฃผ๋ฏผ์„ ๋ชฐ์•„?ด๋ฉฐ, ?…์ฃผ?์—๊ฒŒ๋Š” ??๋ถ„๋‹ด๊ธ??๋Š” ๋น„์‹ผ ๋ถ„์–‘๊ฐ€๋ฅ?๋ถ€?ด์? ??๋ฐฐ๋? ๋ถˆ๋ ธ?ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์˜ ๋ฐฉ์ฆ?ด๋‹ค. ๊ฑด์„ค ?Œ์‚ฌ?ค์ด ?์ฃผ๋ฏผ์˜ ?•ํŽธ???ดํ•ด?˜๊ณ  ๊ทธ๋“ค???ธ์—??๊ฒฝ์ œ?์ธ ๋ณด์ƒ???ด์? ?ผ์? ๊ธฐ์–ต ?์— ?†๋‹ค. 20?ธ๊ธฐ ?œ๊ตญ ์ตœ์ดˆ??๋ถ€?™์‚ฐ ?…์ž???œ๋? ?ธ์˜๋ฅ??€๋ฒ„๋ฆฌ์ง€ ?Š๊ณ  ?ฌ์—…???ˆ๋Š”?ฐ๋„ ๋ง์ด??

์ถ˜์›๊ณ?๋งŒํ•ด๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ์‚ฌ???ธ๋ฌผ

?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์? ์ถ˜์› ?ด๊ด‘?˜์˜ ?ํƒ(?œ์˜ฅ)??๊ฑด์„ค?ˆ๋‹ค. ์ถ˜์› ?ด๊ด‘?˜๋Š” ?์‹ ?˜ย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>?˜๊ธฐ?์„œ ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์— ?€????๊ณ ๋งˆ?€???œํ˜„?ˆ๋‹ค. ?นํžˆ ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์˜ ?ธํ’ˆ๊ณ?๋ฏผ์กฑ ?•์‹ , ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?์ฐฝ์˜???ฌ์—… ๋ฐฉ์‹??์ปค๋‹ค?€ ์ฐฌ์‚ฌ๋ฅ?๋ณด๋ƒˆ??

“?˜๋Š” ๊ท??•์„ธ๊ถ??˜ย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>?Œ์œ ??๊ฐ€?Œ๋™ ๊ฐ€?ฅ์„ย ?„์„ธ๋ก?๋นŒ์–ด??3, 4๊ฐœ์›” ?ด์•˜์ง€๋ง? ๊ทธ๊? ?ด๋– ???ธ๋ฌผ?ธ์?????๋ชฐ๋ž?? ?ค๋งŒ ๊ฐ€??๊ทธ๊?ย ? ๋ชฉย ?๋ฃจ๋งˆ๊ธฐ๋ฅ??…๊ณ  ?˜๋ณต??๋ชจ๋‘ ์กฐ์„ ?ฐ์œผ๋ก?์ง€???…๊ณ  ?ค๋‹ˆ??๊ฒƒ๊ณผย ๋จธ๋ฆฌ๋ฅ?๋ฐ”์ง ๊นŽ๊ณ , ์ข€ ๊ฒ€๊ณ??ฑ๋šฑ???๋‚จ ?ฌํˆฌ๋ฆฌ๋? ?ฐ๊ณ  ๋ง์ด ?์? ?ฌ๋žŒ??๊ฒƒ๋งŒ ๋ณด์•˜?ˆ๋‹ค. (์ค‘๋žต) ์กฐ์„  ๋ฌผ์‚ฐ ?ฅ๋ ค๋ฅ?๋ชธ์†Œ ?คํ–‰??๋ฟ๋”??’?ฅ์‚ฐ???ผ๋Š” ์กฐ์„  ๋ฌผ์‚ฐ???๋งค?˜๋Š” ?์ ???‘๊ณจ๊ณต์› ?ค์— ?๊ณ  ์กฐ์„ ???˜๋ณต๊ณผย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>?‘๋ณต???ฅ๋ ค?˜๊ณ  ?ค์ƒ??ๅฏ?”Ÿๆด??ด๋ผ???ก์?๋ฅ?๋ฐœํ–‰?˜์—ฌ ์กฐ์„  ๋ฌผ์‚ฐ ?ฅ๋ ค๋ฅ?? ์ „?˜๋Š” ?ธ๋ฌผ??์ค??Œ์•˜?? (์ค‘๋žต) ์กฐ์„ ??๊ฐ€?ฅ์˜ ๊ฐœ๋Ÿ‰???„ํ•˜????ƒ ?ฐ๊ตฌ?˜์—ฌ ?ด์ต๋ณด๋‹ค?????์— ???˜์„ ?ฐ๋Š” ?ฌํ•œ???ฌ๋žŒ??์ค„๋„ ?Œ์•˜?? (์ค‘๋žต) ๊ธฐํ? ?ค๊ณ„ ๋ณ€?? ๋งˆ๋ฃจ, ? ์—ญ?ฌ๋ฃŒ(?Ÿๅฝน?ๆ–™) ???ด๊? ??๊ฒƒ๋งŒ ?˜์—ฌ???•์”จ??๊ฐœ๋Ÿ‰???์ด ?ค๋กœ ?์? ?„๋‹ˆ?˜๋‹ค. ๋ฏธ๋‹ค์ง€ ๋ฐ‘์— ๊ตณ์?ย ๋ชฉ์žฌ๋ฅ?๋ถ™์ด??๊ฒƒ๋„ ?„๋งˆ ??ๆฐ???์ฐฝ์˜(?ตๆ„)?ผ๊ณ  ๋ฏฟ๋Š”?? (์ค‘๋žต) ?˜๋Š” ?”์šฑ ?•์”จ???ธ๊ฒฉ??์กด๊ฒฝ?˜์? ?„๋‹ˆ?????†์—ˆ?? (์ค‘๋žต) ???ฌ๋žŒ???ธ๊ฒฉ???˜์ด ?ด์ฒ˜???ํ–ฅ???ฐ๊?๋ฅ??๊ผˆ?? ?ด๊ฒƒ????์ง??ฑ์กฐ?์„œ ?ป์? ???Œ๋“ ์ค‘์˜ ?˜๋‚˜??”
– <?ผ์ฒœ๋ฆ?/a>> ??๊ถ?????1936??1??1?? ์ค?/span>

?ด๋ ‡???œ์˜ฅ ๊ฑด์„ค ?ฌ์—…?ผ๋กœ ??๋ถ€๋ฅ?์ถ•์ ???•์„ธ๊ถŒ์? ‘?์‚ฐ๊ฐ€’ ?•์ฒด?ฑ์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ ๋„ ?ค์–‘???ฌํšŒ?ฌ์—…??์ง€?ํ–ˆ?? ๊ทธ๋Š” ์กฐ์„ ๋ฌผ์‚ฐ?ฅ๋ ค?Œ์˜ย ?Œ๊ณ„?€ ?ฌ์—… ?„๋ฐ˜??๊ด€๋ฆฌํ–ˆ๊ณ? ?์—…??๋ฐ์? ?ˆ์„ ?œ์šฉ??๋ฌผ์‚ฐ?ฅ๋ ค?ด๋™???ฌ๊ฒŒ ?œ์„ฑ?”ํ–ˆ?? ?นํžˆ ?€๊ณตํ™ฉ๊ธฐ๋? ๋งž์•„ ์กฐ์„ ๋ฌผ์‚ฐ?ฅ๋ ค?Œ๊? ๊ฒฝ์ œ???ด๋ ค?€??๋ด‰์ฐฉ?˜์ž, ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์? 1929??๊ด€?ˆ๋™ 197๋ฒˆ์????ˆ์—ˆ???ฅ๋ ค???Œ๊????ต์„ ??166๋ฒˆ์?๋ก??ด์ „? ๋ก ๊ธˆ์ „???„์???์ฃผ๊ธฐ???ˆ๋‹ค. ?ด์— ๋งŒํ•ด ?œ์šฉ?ด์? <?ฅ์‚ฐ> ์ง€??’๋ฐฑ๋‚œ์ค‘๋ถ„???พ้›ฃไธ??้ฌ? ?˜๋Š” ?•์„ธ๊ถ??จ์—๊ฒ?๊ฐ์‚ฌ?˜๋ผ’??๊ธ€??๊ฒŒ์žฌ?˜๊ณ  ๊ทธ์˜ ?ธ๊ณ ๋ฅ?์น˜ํ•˜??๋ฐ??ˆ๋‹ค.

์กฐ์„ ๋ฌผ์‚ฐ?ฅ๋ ค???Œ๊??€ 1931??9???™์›??300๋ฒˆ์?๋ก??ด์ „?˜๊ธฐ๊นŒ์? ?ต์„ ?™์— ๋จธ๋ฌผ?€?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???๋ฆฝย ?•์‹ ๊ณ?/a>ย ๋ฏผ์กฑ ?˜์‹??๊ณ ์ทจ์ฝ”์ž ?ˆ๋˜ ๋งŽ์? ?ฅ๋ ค???ด์‚ฌ?€ ?ค๋ฆฌ???ฐ์—… ?ก์„ฑ??์ถ”๊ตฌ?ˆ๋˜ ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์? ?€๋ฆฝํ•˜๊ฒ??๋‹ค. ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์? ๋ฌผ์‚ฐ?ฅ๋ ค?Œ์—???˜์˜ค๊ฒ??˜๊ณ  ๋ฌผ์‚ฐ?ฅ๋ ค?Œ๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์ œ???ด๋ ค?€???œ๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค ์ฐจ์ธฐ ? ํ‡ด?ˆ๋‹ค.

?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์? ๊ต์œก, ?นํžˆย ์ถœํŒ??๊ด€?ฌ์ด ๋งŽ์•„ ์กฐ์„ ??a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>?™ํšŒย ?œ๋™???๊ทน ์ง€?ํ–ˆ?? ?ผ๋?๋ก?๊ทธ๋Š” ?ฌ๋น„๋ฅ??ธ์–ด 1935???”๋™ 129๋ฒˆ์???์กฐ์„ ?ดํ•™???Œ๊????œ๊ณต?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ด๋ ‡๊ฒ?์กฐ์„ ?ดํ•™?Œ์— ๊ด€?ฌํ•œ ?ด๋ ฅ?ผ๋กœ ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์? 1942???ผ์ œ??์กฐ์„ ?ดํ•™???„์•• ?ฌ๊ฑด ?น์‹œ ์ตœํ˜„๋ฐ? ?ดํฌ???ฑ๊ณผ ?”๋ถˆ????๊ณ ์ดˆ๋ฅ?๊ฒช์—ˆ?? ๊น€?€๊ธ?๋ฐ•์‚ฌ???ฐ๋ฅด๋ฉ? ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์? ์ฒ?Ÿ‰๋ฆ?์ฃผ๋?ย ? ์?๋ฅ??ผ๋ณธ??๋นผ์•—๊ธ??„์—??๊ฐ์˜ฅ?์„œ ?˜์˜ฌ ???ˆ์—ˆ?ค๊ณ  ?œ๋‹ค.

?ธ์ƒ‰???‰๊????ฝ์‚ฌ๋ฆ?’์ง??ฅ์‚ฌ’๋ก?๋งค๋„???ธ๋ฌผ???„๋‹ˆ??

?˜์?๋ง??•์„ธ๊ถŒ์— ?€???‰๊???๋งค์šฐ ?ธ์ƒ‰???ธ์ด?? ?Œ๊ทœ๋ช?๊ฐœ๋Ÿ‰ ?œ์˜ฅ???€??๊ณต๊ธ‰???€?Œ๋“์ธ?๋ฐ€์ง?์ฃผ๊ฑฐ์ง€๋ฅ??•์„ฑ???ผ์? ๊ทธ๊ฐ„ ‘์ง??ฅ์‚ฌ’?€ ?จ์–ด๋ก??‰๊? ?ˆํ•˜???”๋‹ค. ๊น€?€๊ธ??ฐ๊ตฌ???ฐ๋ฅด๋ฉ? ?น๋? ์ตœ๊ณ  ๊ฑด์ถ•๊ฐ€?€??๋ฐ•๊ธธ๋ฃก์? ๊ท€์ก?๊ณ„๊ธ‰ ?Œ์œ ???ฐ๊ณผ ?€?์„ ๋ถ€?˜๊ณ , ?Œ๊ทœ๋ช??œ์˜ฅ ๋ฐ€์ง?์ง€??„ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ฃผ๊ฑฐ ?˜๊ฒฝ???…ํ™”?œํ‚จ?ค๊ณ  ๋น„๋‚œ?˜๊ธฐ???ˆ๋‹ค.

์ฃผ๊ฑฐ ?˜๊ฒฝ???…ํ™”?œํ‚จ?ค๋Š” ์ง€?์ด ?„์ฃผ ?€๋ฆ?๊ฒƒ์? ?„๋‹ˆ?? ???€์ง€???‘์? ์ง‘์„ ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ ์ฑ?๋งŒ๋“ค๋ฉ????€?์ด ??์ฑ??ˆ์„ ?Œ๋ณด???ธ๊ตฌ ๋ฐ€?„๊? ?’์•„์ง„๋‹ค. ?ˆ์ปจ?€ 1000???€์ง€????๊ฐ€๊ตฌ๊? ???€?์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ????Œ๋ณด??50?‰์งœ๋ฆ?์ง?20์ฑ„๊? ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ€๊ตฌ๋‹น ๊ฑฐ์ฃผ ?ธ์›??๊ฐ™๋‹ค??์กฐ๊ฑด ?˜์— ๋ฉด์  ?€๋น??ธ๊ตฌ??20๋ฐฐ๊? ?œ๋‹ค. ?ธ๊ตฌ ๋ฐ€?„๊? ?’์•„์ง€๋ฉ?์ฃผ๊ฑฐ ?˜๊ฒฝ?€ ?์—ฐ???…ํ™”???˜๋ฐ–???†๋‹ค.

๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋ฐ•๊ธธ๋ฃก์˜ ?‰๊???์ฃผ๊ฑฐ ?˜๊ฒฝ?ด๋ผ????์ธก๋ฉด๋งŒ์„ ๋ฐ”๋ผ๋ณ??จํŽธ???‘๊ทผ?์„œ ?˜์˜จ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋ฌผ์ด?? ?น์‹œ ?œ์šธ?€ ?ธ๊ตฌ ๊ธ‰์ฆ?ผ๋กœ ์ฃผํƒ??๋ถ€์กฑํ•œ ?ํ™ฉ?ด์—ˆ?? ?นํžˆ ์ค‘์‚ฐ์ธ??ดํ•˜ ?œ๋???์ฃผํƒ ?˜์š”???€?จํ–ˆ?? ?œ๋??€ ์ดˆ๊?์ง???๊ธฐ์กด???ด๋˜ ์ฃผํƒ???„์ƒ ๋ฌธ์ œ???œ๋‹ฌ?ธ์?๋ง??€?์„ ๊ตฌ๋งค???•ํŽธ?€ ๊ฒฐ์ฝ” ?„๋‹ˆ?ˆ๋‹ค. ์ฃผ๊ฑฐ ๋ณต์? ์ฐจ์›?์„œ ?œ๋????„ํ•ด ?‘์งˆ??์ฃผํƒ???ฉ๋ฆฌ?์ธ ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ์— ๊ณต๊ธ‰?์–ด???ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ท??ผ์„ ???ฌ๋žŒ???•์„ธ๊ถŒ์ด??

?ฐ๋ผ???ฌ๊ฒŒ ๋ณด๋ฉด ์ฃผ๊ฑฐ ?˜๊ฒฝ???ผ๋? ?˜๋น ์กŒ์„์ง€?ผ๋„ ?ฌํšŒ ?„์ฒด???ธ์ต?€ ?˜๊ฒฝ ?…ํ™”?ผ๋Š” ๋น„์šฉ???จ์”ฌ ?ฐ์–ด?˜์—ˆ?ค๊ณ  ?‰๊??????ˆ๋‹ค.

?œ์˜ฅ ๊ฑด์„ค ๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๋งฅ์„ ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์ด ?ด์—ˆ?ค๋Š” ?ฌ์‹ค??์ค‘์š”?˜๋‹ค. ?น์‹œ ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์? ?ด๋“ค???ธ๊ณ ๊ฐ€ ?†์—ˆ?ค๋ฉด ?œ์˜ฅ ๊ฑด์„ค ๊ธฐ์ˆ ?€ ๊ท?๋งฅ์ด ?Š๊ฒผ?„์???๋ชจ๋ฅธ?? ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์˜ ?ฌ์—…??๊ฒฐ์ฝ” ๊ณผ์†Œ ?‰๊??ผ์„œ?????˜๋Š” ?ด์œ ??

๊น€?€๊ธ??ฐ๊ตฌ???ฐ๋ฅด๋ฉ?1900?„๋? ์ดˆ๋ฐ˜ ?ผ๋ณธ?ธ๋“ค?€ ?ผ๋ณธ??์ฃผํƒ?? ?œ์ธ ์ง€?์ธ๊ณ?๋ถ€? ์ธต?€ ?Œ์œ„ ‘๋ฌธํ™” ์ฃผํƒ’?ด๋ผ ๋ถˆ๋ ธ???œ์–‘??์ฃผํƒ??? ํ˜ธ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ?๋„ ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์? ?ด๋“ค??์ทจํ–ฅ???„๋ž‘๊ณณํ•˜์ง€ ?Š๊ณ  ?๋?์ง€ ์กฐ์„  ?œ๋????„ํ•œ ?„์‹œ???œ์˜ฅ??๊ฑด์„ค?ˆ๋‹ค. 20?ธ๊ธฐ ์ดˆ๋ฐ˜???ํ™œ ๋ฐฉ์‹๊นŒ์? ๊ณ ๋ ค???ˆ๋กœ???„์‹œ???จ์ „ ?œ์˜ฅ??๋ง์ด??

???œ๊ฐ• ?ด๋ถ???„์น˜???œ์˜ฅ ๋ฐ€์ง?์ง€๊ต? 2011???œ์šธ??๊ฑด์ถ•๋ฌ??€?ฅ์„ ๋ฐ”ํƒ•?ผ๋กœ GIS ๊ธฐ๋ฒ•???ด์šฉ?˜์—ฌ ?œ์˜ฅ ๋ฐ€์ง?์ง€๊ตฌ๋? ?ด๋ ด?‹์ด?˜๋งˆ ?ˆ์ธก?˜์??? ?ต์„ ??๋นจ๊ฐ„???œ์‹œ)??๊ฐ€???ค๋ž˜???œ์˜ฅ ์ง€๊ตฌ๋กœ ?˜ํ??œ๋‹ค. ?’๊?๊ฒฝ๋?

?œ๋? ?„ํ•ด ๊ฑด์„ค??์ตœ๊ณ  ?œ์˜ฅ ?จ์? ?ต์„ ??166๋ฒˆ์?, ๊ท?๊ฐ€์น?์กด์ค‘๋ฐ›์•„??/b>

?„์žฌ ?ต์„ ??166๋ฒˆ์???๊นจ๋—?˜๊ณ  ?”๋ ค???ธ๊?๊ณผ๋Š” ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋ฉ€?? ?ค๋งŒ, ๋ถ์ดŒ ??‹œ 10???„์—???ต์„ ??166๋ฒˆ์??€ ??์ฐจ์ด๊ฐ€ ?†์„ ?•๋„๋ก??œ์˜ฅ??๋ณด์กด ?ํƒœ๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ ์ข‹์? ?ธ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?˜์?๋ง?10?„์˜ ?ธ์›”?€ ?ด๋งˆ?ด๋งˆ??์ฐจ์ด๋ฅ?๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋ฒ„?ธ๋‹ค.

์กฐ์„ ๋ฌผ์‚ฐ?ฅ๋ ค?Œ์˜ ?„์›?์ด??์กฐ์„ ?ดํ•™???ฌ๊ฑด?ผ๋กœ ๊ณ ์ดˆ๋ฅ?๊ฒช์—ˆ????‚ฌ???ธ๋ฌผ????‚ฌ?ย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>๊ฑด๋ฌผ?ค์„ ์ง€?€ ๊ณณ์ด ?ต์„ ??166๋ฒˆ์??€ ๋ถ์ดŒ ๊ฐ€?Œ๋™?ด๋‹ค. ?˜์?๋ง? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???น๋? ์ง€์ฃผ๋“ค???„ํ•œ ?œ์˜ฅ ์ง‘๋‹จ ์ง€๊ตฌ์ธ ๋ถ์ดŒ?๋Š” ?ด๊ด‘?˜๋ฉด?œ๋„ ?ผ๋ฐ˜ ?œ๋????ํ™œ ?‘์‹??๋ฐ??ต์„ ??166๋ฒˆ์???๊ฐ€์น˜๋Š” ?„์™ธ?œํ•˜๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค.

๋ถ์ดŒ ๊ฐ€?Œ๋™??๊น”๋”?˜๊ณ  ?„๋ฆ„?ต๊ธฐ??๋ณด์กด ๊ฐ€์น˜๊? ?ˆ๋‹ค๋ฉ??ต์„ ???œ์˜ฅ ์ฃผ๊ฑฐ ?˜๊ฒฝ?„ย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>?…๊ทธ?ˆ์ด??/a>?˜๋ฉด ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??€์ง€์ฃผ์˜ ๋ถ์ดŒ ๊ฐ€?Œ๋™??๊ท??˜๋ฆ„??๊ฐ€์น˜๋? ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค๋ฉ? ?œ๋????„ํ•ด ์ง€?ด์กŒ???ต์„ ??166๋ฒˆ์???๊ฐ€์น??ํ•œ ์กด์ค‘๋ฐ›๊ณ  ์ง€์ผœ์ ธ???œ๋‹ค.

?”๊ตฐ?ค๋‚˜ ?ต์„ ??166๋ฒˆ์???๋ถ์ดŒ ๊ฐ€?Œ๋™???ž์„œ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ???œ์˜ฅ ์ง‘๋‹จ ์ง€๊ตฌ์ด๋ฉ? ?„์กด?˜๋Š” ๊ฐ€???ค๋ž˜???œ์˜ฅ ์ง‘๋‹จ ์ง€๊ตฌ์ด๊ธฐ๋„ ?˜๋‹ค. ?ต์„ ??166๋ฒˆ์??๋Š” ?œ์šธ??๊ณ ๋ ค ?œ๋? ?จ๊ฒฝ?ด๋˜ ?œ์ ˆ??๊ณจ๋ชฉ๊ธธ์ด ?„์ง???จ์•„ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ ‡?ค๋ฉด ๊ท?์ง€??๋ฐ‘์—???ด๋งˆ?ด๋งˆ??๋ณด๋ฌผ???จ์–ด ?ˆ์„ ???ˆ๊ณ , ??๋งŽ์?ย ์กฐ์‚ฌ๊ฐ€ ?„์š”?˜๊ฒ ?ผ๋‚˜ ?„์กด?˜๋Š” ๊ฐ€???ค๋ž˜???™๋„ค???˜๋„ ?ˆ๋‹ค.

๊ทธ๋Ÿผ?๋„ ??์ง€??? ?ฌ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ๋กœ ๋ฌถ์—ฌ ?ˆ๋‹ค

์ง€??13?? ?™๋?๋ฌ??ผํ•‘ ?€?ด์˜ย ๊ณต์žฅย ??• ???˜๋Š” ์ฐฝ์‹ ???ดํ??ด์ด ?œ๋””???ด์ œ?๋‹ค. ๊ฐœ์ธ?์œผ๋ก?์ฐฝ์‹ ?™ย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>๋ด‰์ œ ๊ณต์žฅ?ค์˜ ์ง€???‘๋™์กฐํ•ฉ ๊ฒฐ์„ฑ??๋ช??„์— ๊ฑธ์ณ ๊ณ ๋??˜๊ณ , ๋ฏธ๋ ฅ?ด๋‚˜๋ง?์ง€???ฌํšŒ???„์???์ฃผ๋ ค ?ธ๋ ฅ?˜๋˜ ์ค??ฃ๊ฒŒ ??๋งค์šฐ ?Œ์ค‘?˜๊ณ  ๊ฐ€์น??ˆ๋Š” ?Œ์‹?ด์—ˆ?? ?œ์šธ?œ๋Š” ์ค‘์žฌ?๋กœ???๋ฆฌ์ง€๋ง??น์ฐฌ ๋ฐœ๊ฑธ?Œ์„ ?ด๋””? ๋‹ค.

๊ทธ๋ ‡?ค๋ฉดย ?ฌ๊ฐœ๋ฐ?/a>์ง€??œผ๋ก?๋ฌถ์—ฌ ?ˆ๋Š” ?ต์„ ??166๋ฒˆ์?, ??100?????œ๋????„ํ•ด ๊ฑด์„ค??๊ฐ€???ค๋ž˜???œ์˜ฅ ์ง‘๋‹จ ์ง€๊ตฌ๋Š” ?ด๋–ป๊ฒ??ด์•ผ ? ๊นŒ. ๋ถˆ๊ณผ 10?„์˜ ์ฐจ์ด๊ฐ€ ๋ถ์ดŒ??๋ณ€?”์‹œ์ผฐ๋‹ค. ๋งŒ์•ฝ 10?????ด๋Š ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ?…์ž๊ฐ€ ?˜ํ???๋ถ์ดŒ ?œ์˜ฅ?ค์? ?„์ถ”?˜๋?๋ก?์ดˆ๊ณ ์ธ??„ํŒŒ???จ์?๋ก?๋งŒ๋“ค?ด์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค๋ฉ? ๊ทธ๋ž˜??๊ท?๊ฐœ๋ฐœ?ˆ์ด ์ฑ„ํƒ??๋ถ์ดŒ???ฌ๋ผ์กŒ๋‹ค๋ฉ? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??์ง€๊ธ??ด๋–ค ๋ถ์ดŒ??๋ณด๊ณ  ?ˆ์„๊น?

<?„์ž ์ฃ?gt; ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์— ?€???๋ฃŒ??์ฃผ๋กœ ๊น€?€๊ธฐย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629″ target=”_blank”>๋ฐ•์‚ฌ ?ผ๋ฌธ๊ณ??ธํ„ฐ๋ท??ฑ์ด?ˆ๊ณ , ๊ท????›ย?a href=”http://www.pressian.com/article/article.asp?article_num=10130626112629&#8243; target=”_blank”>? ๋ฌธ ๊ธฐ์‚ฌ๋ฅ??ผ์ผ??์ฐพ์•„๊ฐ€๋ฉ?๊ถค์ ??๊ฟฐ๋งž์ถ”์—ˆ?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋ถ์ดŒ?ด๋ผ???ธํ˜•?๋Š” ?ด๊ด‘?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ์œผ?? ๋ถ€?„๋Ÿฝ๊ณ?๋ถ€?„๋Ÿฝ๊ฒŒ๋„ ๋ถ์ดŒ??๋งŒ๋“  ?น์‚ฌ?๋Š” ??๋ชจ๋ฅด???•ํŽธ?ด๋‹ค. ???ˆํ?๊นŒ์šด ๊ฒƒ์? ?•์„ธ๊ถŒ์˜ ?์†, ?•๋ชฝ???จ๊? ์ฑ?<๊ตฌ๋ฆ„ ?ฐ๋ผ ๋ฐ”๋žŒ ?ฐ๋ผ>???•์„ธ๊ถŒ์— ?€??๊ธฐ๋ก?ˆ๋‹ค?”๋ฐ????์ฑ…์„ ?„์???๊ตฌํ•  ???†์—ˆ???์ด?? ?•์„ธ๊ถ?? ์ƒ???„์†?ค๊ณผ ๊ผ?๋งŒ๋‚  ???ˆ๊ธฐ๋ฅ?๋ฐ”๋???ย kkim2@snu.ac.kr

?„์‹œ ?ด์•ผ๊ธ?/b>
<1> ?œ์šธ, ‘200????‚ฌ’ ?ํ•˜?ด๋ณด??๋ชปํ•˜?คโ€?™œ?
<2> ?˜์ฒญ?˜์ฒญ ?ฉ์‚ฐ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ, ‘?ฐ์—”์ฆˆํŒก’๋ง?๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ ?Œ์•˜?ด๋„??/a>
<3> ?œ์šธ ์ตœ๊ณ ???œ์˜ฅ ์ง€๊ต? ??‚ฌ ?์œผ๋ก??ฌ๋ผ์ง€??/a>
/๊น€๊ฒฝ๋? ?œ์šธ?€ ?˜๊ฒฝ?€??/a>??๊ต์ˆ˜

๊ฐ€?ฐ๋ฆฌ๋ธ”๋กœ๊ทธ์ •๋ณด์„ผ??GBC)ย |ย ๊ฐ€?ฐ๋ฆฌ

 

?ฌํšŒ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ๊ณ?์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ??

๊ณ ์ฒ ??(?€?ต๋ น ?๋ฌธ ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์œ„?ํšŒ ?„์›?? ?œ์šธ?€ ๊ต์ˆ˜, ?ด์–‘??
‘์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „(sustainable development)’?ด๋ผ??๊ฐœ๋…?€ 1980?„๋? ?ดํ›„ ?˜๊ฒฝ??๊ด€??UN ?Œ์˜?์„œ ?•๋ฆฝ??๊ฐœ๋…?ผ๋กœ???„๊ตฌ?๊ฒŒ??๋งค์šฐ ?์†Œ??๊ฐœ๋…?ด๋‹ค. ?ด๋Š” ‘?˜๊ฒฝ’?ด๋ผ??๋ง์„ ๋นผ๊ณ  ‘๋ฐœ์ „’?ด๋ผ??๋ง์„ ์ฃผ์ถ•?ผ๋กœ ?ด์„œ ?˜๊ฒฝ??๊ด€??๋ฉ”์‹œ์ง€๋ฅ??ด๊ณ ????๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก??ฌ๋Ÿฌ ์ค‘์š”???˜๋?๋ฅ??จ์ถ•?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ??๋ง์? ๋ฌด์—‡๋ณด๋‹ค??์ง€๊ธ??ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ?น๋ฉด?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ?˜๊ฒฝ๋ฌธ์ œ???˜๊ฒฝ๋ฌธ์ œ?ผ๋Š” ?…์ž?์ธ ๋ฌธ์ œ?์—ญ?ผ๋กœ ?ฐ๋กœ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ?˜์–ด ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ???ด๋””๊นŒ์???๊ฒฝ์ œ?€ ?ฌํšŒ??๋ฐœ์ „?ด๋ผ??๋งฅ๋ฝ?์„œ ?์„ฑ?˜๊ณ  ?œ๊ธฐ?˜๋Š”, ์ฆ?๋ฐœ์ „????์ธก๋ฉด?ผ๋กœ???ดํ•ด?˜์–ด???œ๋‹ค???ฌ์‹ค???˜๋??œ๋‹ค. ?˜๊ฒฝ๋ฌธ์ œ???ธ๋ฅ˜๊ฐ€ ๋ฐœ์ „??์ถ”๊ตฌ?˜๋Š” ?? ?„์—ฐ?์œผ๋ก?๋ฐœ์ƒ?˜๋Š” ๋ฌธ์ œ?ด๊ณ , ?ธ๊ฐ„?€ ๊ฒฐ์ฝ” ๋ฐœ์ „???€??์ถ”๊ตฌ๋ฅ?๋ฉˆ์ถœ ???†๋‹ค. ?˜๊ฒฝ๊ณ?๋ฐœ์ „??๋ฌธ์ œ??๊ฐ๊ธฐ ๊ฐœ๋ณ„?์œผ๋ก??ฑ๋ฆฝ??๋ณ„๊ฐœ???ฌํ•ญ???„๋‹ˆ??๊ทผ์›?์œผ๋ก??˜๋‚˜๋ก??ตํ•ฉ?˜์–ด ?ˆ๋Š” ๋ฌธ์ œ๋ก?๋ณด์•„???œ๋‹ค.
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋ถ„๋ช…???˜๊ฒฝ๊ณ?๋ฐœ์ „??๋ฌธ์ œ๊ฐ€ ?œ๋กœ ?€๋ฆฝํ•˜๊ณ?์ถฉ๋Œ???˜๋ฐ–???†๋Š” ?ด์œ ???„์—ฐ??์กด์žฌ?œ๋‹ค. ๋ฐœ์ „??์ถ”๋™?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ?œ๋งˆ?”๋กœ ?ธ๊ฐ„???•๊ตฌ(needs)?ด๋‹ค. ?˜๊ฒฝ๋ฌธ์ œ???˜์‹?€ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???•๊ตฌ๋ฅ?์ถฉ์กฑ?œํ‚ค๊ธ??„ํ•˜???ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ?ด์šฉ???˜๋ฐ–???†๋Š” ?์—ฐ?ด๋ผ???ํƒœ๊ณ„๊? ?ธ๊ฐ„??๋ฌด๋ถ„๋ณ„ํ•œ ?•๊ตฌ๋ฅ?๋ฌดํ•œ???˜์šฉ?˜๊ณ  ์ถฉ์กฑ?œํ‚ฌ ???ˆ๋Š” ?ํƒœ๊ฐ€ ?„๋‹ˆ?ผ๋Š” ?ฌ์‹ค???ธ์‹?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?์—ฐ?€ ?๋ž˜ ?ค์Šค๋ก??์ •?????ˆ๋Š” ?ฅ๋ ฅ??๊ฐ–์ถ˜ ?ํƒœ๊ณ„์?์ง€๋ง??ด์ œ??๊ทธ๋™?ˆ์˜ ?ธ๊ฐ„??๋ฌด๋ถ„๋ณ„ํ•œ ๊ณต๋žต ?Œ๋ฌธ???ค์Šค๋ก??์ •?????ˆ๋Š” ?ฅ๋ ฅ???์‹ค?จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ?์—ฐ???ฌ๊ฐ???„๊ธฐ??์ฒ˜ํ•ด ?ˆ๋‹ค???ฌ์‹ค??๋ถ€?ธํ•  ???†๋‹ค.
?ˆ์ „?๋Š” ๊ณต๊ธฐ?€ ๋ฌผ์? ๊ทธ์? ?ˆ๋Š”?€๋ก?์ทจํ•  ???ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ์?๋ง?์ง€๊ธˆ์? ๊นจ๋—??๊ณต๊ธฐ๋ฅ??„ํ•ด??์ง‘์ง‘๋งˆ๋‹ค ๊ณต๊ธฐ์ฒ? •๊ธฐ๊? ?„์š”?˜๊ณ  ๊นจ๋—??๋ฌผ์„ ?Œ๋Š” ?ฐ์—…???ด๋””?œ๋‚˜ ๊ฐ€???˜์ต???จ๋Š” ?ฐ์—…?ผ๋กœ ๋ฒˆ์ฐฝ?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ฐ„๋‹จ???ฌ์‹ค??๋ณด์•„??๊นจ๋—??๋ฌผ๊ณผ ๊ณต๊ธฐ???น๋ณ„??๊ด€๋ฆฌ์˜ ?€?์œผ๋ก???๊ต???์ธ ๋ฌธ์ œ?ด๊ณ  ???ธ๊ณ„?์ธ ๋ฌธ์ œ๋ก??˜์–ด ๋ฒ„๋ ธ?? ?œ๋กœ ?ค๋ฅธ ๋ฒ•์น™?ผ๋กœ ?€์ง์ด๊ณ??ˆ๋Š” ?ธ๊ฐ„???•๊ตฌ?€ ?์—ฐ???ํƒœ๊ณ„๋Š” ?ธ๋ฅ˜???์กด?„๋žต?์„œ ์กฐ์ •?˜๊ณ  ?ตํ•ฉ???˜๋ฐ–???†๋‹ค. ?ํƒœ๊ณ„์˜ ?œ๊ณ„๋ฅ??˜์‹?˜๋ฉด???ธ๊ฐ„???•๊ตฌ๋ฅ?์ถฉ์กฑ?œํ‚ค???„๋ช…??๋ฐฉ์•ˆ??๋ชจ์ƒ‰?˜์? ?Š๋Š”?ค๋ฉด ?ธ๊ฐ„???•๊ตฌ๋ฅ?์ถฉ์กฑ?œํ‚ค??๊ฒ??์ฒด๊ฒ??„ํ˜‘??๋ฐ›๋Š”?ค๋Š” ?ฌ์‹ค???ฌ๋ฆฌ ?œํ˜„?˜๋ฉด ๊ฒฝ์ œ?€ ?ฌํšŒ??๋ฐœ์ „?ด๋ผ???ธ๋ฅ˜ ๊ณตํ†ต??๋ชฉํ‘œ๋ฅ??„ํ•ด?œ๋„ ?˜๊ฒฝ๋ฌธ์ œ???ธ์‹?€ ๊ฐ•๋ ฅ?˜๊ฒŒ ?”๊ตฌ?œ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ค์‹œ ๋งํ•ด??๊ธฐ์กด??๋ฐœ์ „?จ๋Ÿฌ?ค์ž„?ผ๋กœ??๋ฐœ์ „?์ฒด๊ฐ€ ์ง€?๋  ???†๋Š” ์ง€๊ฒฝ์— ?ฌํ–ˆ?ผ๋?๋ก? ๋ฐœ์ „??์ง€?๊??ฅํ•˜๊ธ??„ํ•ด?œ๋„ ?˜๊ฒฝ?˜์‹???„์ œ๋ก????ˆ๋กœ??๋ฐœ์ „ ?จ๋Ÿฌ?ค์ž„???ˆ์‹ค???„์š”?˜๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์ด??
?œ๋งˆ?”๋กœ, ?ด์ œ???์—ฐ??๋ณธ๋ž˜???˜๋??์„œ ?ค์Šค๋ก??์—ฐ???????†๋Š” ?ํƒœ?ด๊ณ  ?์—ฐ???ค์Šค๋ก??์—ฐ?????†์„ ???ธ๋ฅ˜???์กด๊ณ?๋ณด๋‹ค ?˜์? ?ถ์˜ ์งˆ์„ ?„ํ•œ ?ธ๋ฅ˜?ฌํšŒ??๋ฐœ์ „ ?์ฒด๊ฐ€ ?ฌ๊ฐ???„๊ธฐ??์ฒ˜ํ•œ?ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ?๋ช…???ฌ์‹ค?ด๋‹ค. ?ด์ œ ?์—ฐ???์—ฐ?ผ๋กœ ?????ˆ๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“œ??๊ฒƒ์? ?ธ๊ฐ„???ฅ๋ ฅ๊ณ??˜์????ฌ๋ ค ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฏธ๋ž˜?ธ๋??๊ฒŒ ?์—ฐ?ค์šด ?์—ฐ??๋ฌผ๋ ค ์ค????ˆ์œผ?ค๋ฉด ?„์žฌ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???•๊ตฌ๋ฅ??ด๋””๊นŒ์? ์ถฉ์กฑ?œํ‚ฌ ๊ฒƒ์ธ์ง€๋ฅ?์ฑ…์ž„๊ฐ์„ ๊ฐ–๊ณ  ?์—ฐ???ํƒœ๊ณ„๋? ?Œ์ค‘?˜๊ฒŒ ?ธ์‹?˜๋Š” ?ฐ์„œ ์ถœ๋ฐœ?œ๋‹ค๊ณ?๋ณ????ˆ๋‹ค. ?ด๋Ÿฐ ?˜๋??์„œ 1980?„๋? ‘? ์—” ?˜๊ฒฝ๊ณ?๋ฐœ์ „??๊ด€???ธ๊ณ„?„์›????์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „?ด๋ผ???ธ๊ฐ„???•๊ตฌ?€ ?ํƒœ๊ณ„์˜ ?œ๊ณ„๋ฅ??จ๊ป˜ ๊ณ ๋ ค?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก?๋ณด๊ณ , ‘๋ฏธ๋ž˜?ธ๋????•๊ตฌ๋ฅ?์ถฉ์กฑ?œํ‚ฌ ???ˆ๋Š” ?ฅ๋ ฅ???€?ดํ•˜์ง€ ?Š์œผ๋ฉด์„œ ?„์„ธ?€???•๊ตฌ๋ฅ?์ถฉ์กฑ?œํ‚ค??๋ฐœ์ „’?ด๋ผ๊ณ??•์˜?˜์???
1992???˜๊ฒฝ๊ณ?๊ฐœ๋ฐœ??๊ด€??UN?Œ์˜(๋ฆฌ์šฐ ?˜๊ฒฝ?Œ์˜)?์„œ??’?˜๊ฒฝ?์œผ๋ก?๊ฑด์ „?˜๊ณ  ์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „’?ด๋ผ??๊ฐœ๋…???ค์‹œ๊ธ?๊ฐ•์กฐ?˜์—ˆ๊ณ??ดํ›„ UN?์„œ?”ย?์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์œ„?ํšŒ(CSD)๋ฅ??ค์น˜?˜๊ณ  ๋งค๋…„ ๊ฐ๊ตญ??์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์„ ?„ํ•ด ?ฅ๊?๊ธ??‘์˜๋ฅ?๊ณ„์†?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. 2002???”ํ•˜?ค์Šค๋ฒ„๊ทธ?์„œ ?ด๋ฆฐ ์ง€?๊??ฅ์„ธ๊ณ„์ •?ํšŒ??WSSD)?์„œ??์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „???„ํ•œ ?ค์ฒœ??์ค‘์š”?ฑ์„ ?ค์‹œ ?•์ธ?˜๊ณ , ?ฅํ›„ 10??0?„๊ฐ„ ์ง€๊ตฌ์ „์ฒด์˜ ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์„ ?„ํ•œ ๊ณผ์ œ?€ ?ดํ–‰๊ณ„ํš???ฉ์˜?ˆ๋‹ค. ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ???ด๋…?€ 1990?„๋?๋ฅ?๊ฑฐ์น˜๋ฉด์„œ, ‘?˜๊ฒฝ๊ณ?๋ฐœ์ „??์กฐํ™”’๋ฅ??˜์–ด??๋นˆ๊ณค?ด์น˜, ์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ?Œ๋น„?€ ?์‚ฐ ??๊ฒฝ์ œ?? ?ฌํšŒ?? ?˜๊ฒฝ??์ง€?๊??ฅ์„ฑ???ตํ•ฉ?์œผ๋ก?์ถ”์ง„?˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ?ผ๋กœ ?•๋??˜์—ˆ?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๋ฏธ๋ž˜๋ฅ??ฌ๋Š” ?ต์‹ฌ?์ธ ??์ถ•์ธ ๊ฒฝ์ œ, ?ฌํšŒ, ?˜๊ฒฝ??์ข…ํ•ฉ?์œผ๋ก?๊ณ ๋ ค?˜๋ฉด??๋ฐ์? ๋ฏธ๋ž˜๋ฅ??ด์–ด?˜๊??๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ๋ฐ”๋กœ ‘์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „’??๊ฒƒ์ด??

์ง€?๊??ฅ์„ฑ ์ง€?˜์— ?˜ํ•œ ?œ๊ตญ ?‰๊?

?ฐ๋ฆฌ?˜๋ผ???ธ๊ณ„?์„œ ? ๋? ?†์ด ?•์ถ•?์ธ ๊ฒฝ์ œ?ฑ์žฅ???ด๋ฃฌ ๋ฏผ์ฃผ์ฃผ์˜??๋ชจ๋ฒ”๊ต??๋ก??ฑ์žฅ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???’์? ?ธ๊ตฌ๋ฐ€?„์? ์ง‘์•ฝ?์ธ ?ฐ์—…?œ๋™?ผ๋กœ ?˜๊ฒฝ?ค์—ผ???ฌํ™”?˜์—ˆ?? ?ํ•œ ?ธ๊ตฌ์ง‘์ค‘ ๋ฌธ์ œ???ฌ๊ฐ?˜์—ฌ, ?˜๋„๊ถŒ์—??๋ฉด์  11.8%???ธ๊ตฌ 46.7%, ?œ์กฐ??57%, ์ค‘์•™?‰์ •๊ธฐ๊? 80%?ด์ƒ??์ง‘์ค‘?˜์–ด ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ธ๊ตฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ ๋ฉด์„ ๋ณด์•„?? ๊ธ‰์†??๊ณ ๋ น?”๊? ๊ต?? ?„์ฒด??์ง€?๊??ฅ์„ฑ???„ํ˜‘??๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก??„๋ง?œ๋‹ค. ?ํ•œ ๋ฏผ์ฃผ??๊ณผ์ •??๊ฒฐ์‹ค๋ก?๊ฒฝ์ œ???ดํ•ด๊ด€๊ณ„์? ๊ฐ€์น˜๊ฐ„???ด๋Š ??๋ณด๋‹ค??๋ถ„๋ช…?˜๊ฒŒ ?œ๋Ÿฌ?˜๊ฒŒ ?˜์—ˆ์ง€๋ง??ด๋? ?ตํ•ฉ?????ˆ๋Š” ?ˆ๋กœ???ฐ๋??˜์‹๊ณ?์ฒด์ œ๊ฐ€ ?•์„ฑ?˜์? ๋ชปํ•˜๊ณ??ˆ๋Š” ?•ํŽธ?ด๋‹ค.
?ด๋Ÿฌ??๋ถ€๋ฌธ๊ฐ„??๋ถˆ๊ท ??๋ฐœ์ „?€ ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ ์ง€?œ์—?œ๋„ ?˜ํ??œ๋‹ค. ?œ๊ตญ??๊ต??์ด์†Œ?์? ?ธ๊ณ„ย  12??3?„๊ถŒ?ด๊ณ , 1?ธ๋‹น ๊ต??์ด์†Œ?์? 54?„์ด์ง€๋ง? ?ธ๊ณ„๊ฒฝ์ œ?ฌ๋Ÿผ(WEF: World Economic Forum)??๋ฐœํ‘œ??2002???˜๊ฒฝ ์ง€?๊??ฅ์„ฑ์ง€??ESI: Environmental Substantiality Index) ?‰๊??์„œ??์กฐ์‚ฌ?€??142๊ฐœ๊ตญ ์ค‘์—??136?„๋กœ ๊ฑฐ์˜ ์ตœํ•˜?„์— ๋จธ๋ฌผ?€?? ๊ต? œ?์—ฐ๋ณด์ „?ฐ๋งน(IUCN)๊ณ?๊ต? œ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ?ฐ๊ตฌ?ผํ„ฐ(International Development Research Center)???์—ฐ?ํƒœ๊ณ„๋ณต์ง€์ง€??EWI: Ecosystem Wellbeing Index) ?‰๊??์„œ??180๊ฐœ๊ตญ ์ค?161?„๋กœ ์ตœํ•˜?„๊ถŒ?ผ๋กœ ?‰๊??˜์—ˆ?? ๋ฐ˜๋ฉด ๊ฑด๊ฐ•, ?ธ๊ตฌ, ?ฌ์‚ฐ, ์ง€?? ๋ฌธํ™”, ๊ณต๋™์ฒ? ?•ํ‰???ฑ์„ ?‰๊????ธ๊ฐ„๋ณต์?์ง€??HWI: Human Wellbeing Index)?์„œ??180๊ฐœ๊ตญ ์ค?27?„๋กœ ?‰๊??˜์—ˆ?? ?ด๋Ÿฌ???‰๊?๋ฅ?๋ณ????ฐ๋ฆฌ?˜๋ผ??๊ทธ๋™?ˆ์˜ ๊ฒฝ์ œ???ฌํšŒ??๋ฐœ์ „???์‘?˜๋Š” ?˜๊ฒฝ?˜์‹??๊ตฌ์ถ•?๋Š” ?„์????ค๋–จ?ด์ง„ ?ํƒœ?ด๋‹ค.

์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์„ ?„ํ•œ ? ์ง„๊ต?˜ ?ธ๋ ฅ

2002??9?? ?จ์•„๊ณ??”ํ•˜?ค์Šค๋ฒ„๊ทธ?์„œ ?ด๋ฆฐ ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ???ธ๊ณ„?•์ƒ?Œ์˜?์„œ ๊ฐ๊ตญ ?•์ƒ?ค์? ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์ด ?ธ๊ณ„ ๋ฐœ์ „??๊ธฐ๋ณธ ๋ชฉํ‘œ?ด๋ฉฐ ?ด๋? ?„ํ•ด ?•์น˜???˜์?๋ฅ?๊ฐ–๊ณ  ?ธ๋ ฅ?ด์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค๊ณ?์ฃผ์žฅ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฐ๊ตญ ?€?œ๋“ค?€ ?”ํ•˜?ค์Šค๋ฒ„๊ทธ ? ์–ธ๋ฌธ๊ณผ ?‰๋™๊ณ„ํš??์ฑ„ํƒ?ˆ๋‹ค. ???ดํ›„ ? ์—” ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์œ„?ํšŒ(UN CSD)??2004?„๋???2?„์„ ??์ฃผ๊ธฐ๋ก?๊ฐ๊ตญ??์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ???ดํ–‰?ํ™ฉ???‰๊??˜๊ธฐ๋ก?๊ฒฐ์ •?ˆ๋Š”?? 2004?„โˆผ05??๊ธฐ๊ฐ„?๋Š” ๋ฌผ๊ณผ ?„์ƒ, ?ธ๊ฐ„?•์ฃผ, 2006??7??๊ธฐ๊ฐ„?๋Š” ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์„ ?„ํ•œ ?๋„ˆ์ง€, ?ฐ์—…๊ฐœ๋ฐœ, ?€๊ธฐ์˜ค????์ฃผ์š”?˜์ œ๋ฅ?์ค‘์  ?ผ์˜?˜๊ธฐ๋ก??˜์???
?ด์? ๊ฐ™์ด ๊ต? œ๊ธฐ๊ตฌ?€ ? ์ง„๊ต?? ๊ฐ์ข… ์ง€?œ๋? ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ?˜๊ณ  ?ด๋? ๋ฐ”ํƒ•?ผ๋กœ ๋ณด๋‹ค ์ข…ํ•ฉ?์ด๊ณ??ˆ๋ฐฉ?์ธ ?•์ฑ…???˜๋ฆฝ?˜์—ฌ ์ง‘ํ–‰?˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ?ผ๋กœ ๋ฐœ์ „?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. UN?€ 2000?„์— ?ต์‹ฌ ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์??œ๋? ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ?˜๊ณ  ?Œ์›๊ต?“ค??์ง€?๊??ฅ์„ฑ???’์ด?„๋ก ๊ถŒ๊ณ ?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ??์ง€?œ๋Š” ?ฌํšŒ๋ถ€๋ฌ??•ํ‰?? ๊ฑด๊ฐ•๊ด€๋ฆ? ๊ต์œก, ์ฃผํƒ, ?ˆ์ „, ?ธ๊ตฌ), ?˜๊ฒฝ๋ถ€๋ฌ??€๊ธ? ? ์?, ?ด์–‘, ?ด์ˆ˜, ?๋ฌผ?ค์–‘??, ๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ถ€๋ฌ?๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ตฌ์กฐ, ?Œ๋น„?€ ?์‚ฐ), ?œ๋„๋ถ€๋ฌ??œ๋„?•ํƒœ, ?œ๋„?ฉ๋Ÿ‰) ?ฑ์œผ๋ก?๊ตฌ์„ฑ?˜์–ด ?ˆ๋‹ค.
OECD????‚ฌ??์ตœ์ดˆ๋ก?2001?„์— ?˜๊ฒฝยท?ฌ๊ฒฝ ?ฅ๊? ?ฐ์„?Œ์˜๋ฅ??ด์–ด ?„์žฌ???˜๊ฒฝ?ํƒœ๋ฅ??‰๊??˜๊ณ  ?ฅํ›„ ?˜๊ฒฝ?„๋ง๊ณ??˜๊ฒฝ?„๋žต???˜๋ฆฝ?ˆ๋‹ค. ???Œ์˜?์„œ??๊ฒฝ์ œ?ฑ์žฅ๊ณ??˜๊ฒฝ?…ํ™”???ฐ๊ฒฐ๊ณ ๋ฆฌ๋ฅ??Š๊ธฐ(decoupling) ?„ํ•ด ?Œ์›๊ต?“ค???•์น˜?์ธ ?ธ๋ ฅ??๊ธฐ์šธ?ฌ์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค๊ณ??ฉ์˜?ˆ๋‹ค. OECD???˜๊ฒฝ, ?ฌํšŒยท๊ฒฝ์ œ ๋ถ€๋ฌ??ต์‹ฌ์ง€??? ์ •?˜๊ณ  ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ???„๋žต???˜๋ฆฝ?˜์—ฌ ?œํ–‰??๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ถŒ๊ณ ?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค.
๊ต???ค์˜ ?˜๊ฒฝ?˜์‹???„๋ฐ˜?์œผ๋ก??’๊ณ  ?˜๊ฒฝ๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๋ฐœ์ „??EU??๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ?ฌ์ƒ๊ฐ€?ฅ์—?ˆ์? ๋ณด๊ธ‰ ?•๋?, ๊ธฐํ›„๋ณ€?”๋?์ฑ???์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ???•์ฑ… ๋ถ€๋ฌธ์—??? ๋„?์ธ ??•  ์ฃผ๋„?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ˆ๋? ?ค๋ฉด EU??WSSD?์„œ ?ฌ์ƒ๊ฐ€?ฅ์—?ˆ์? ์ด์‚ฌ??๋น„์œจ??2010?„๊นŒ์ง€ 15%๋ก??•๋???๊ฒƒ์„ ์ฃผ์žฅ?ˆ๋‹ค. EU??5?„๋งˆ??EU ?˜๊ฒฝ?ฅ๊??Œ์˜๋ฅ?๊ฐœ์ตœ?˜์—ฌ ?ดํ•ด๊ด€๊ณ„์ž?ค์˜ ์ฐธ์—ฌ ?˜์— ? ๋Ÿฝ??์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ???„๋žต๊ณ??ดํ–‰๋ฐฉ์•ˆ???ผ์˜?œ๋‹ค. ?ํ•œ EU??WTO ?„ํ•˜ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ ?„์  ?ค์—??’?˜๊ฒฝ๊ณ?๋ฌด์—ญ ?ฐ๊ณ„’ ???˜๊ฒฝ๋ณด์ „???ตํ•œ ๋ฌด์—ญ๊ทœ์ œ???๊ทน?์ธ ?…์žฅ???ด๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค.
?”์•ฝ?˜๋ฉด ? ์ง„๊ต?“ค?€ ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ??๊ฐœ๋…??๊ต???•์ฑ…?์„œ ?ค์งˆ?์œผ๋ก??˜๋ ด?˜๊ณ  ?ดํ–‰?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด ?•๊ณ ???•์น˜??๋ฆฌ๋”??„ ๊ฐ–๊ณ , ๊ต?????ผ์˜?€ ์กฐ์ •???„ํ•œ ?œ๋„??์ฒด์ œ๋ฅ?๋งŒ๋“ค๋ฉ??จ๊ณผ?์ธ ?ดํ•ด?น์‚ฌ??์ฐธ์—ฌ๋ฅ??ด๋Œ???˜๊?๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค.

์ฐธ์—ฌ?•๋???์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์œ„?ํšŒ ๊ธฐ๋Šฅ๊ฐ•ํ™”?€ ?•์ฑ…๊ณผ์ œ

?ฐ๋ฆฌ ?•๋???๊ต????์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „???„ํ•ด,ย  2000??9?”์— ?€?ต๋ น ?๋ฌธ๊ธฐ๊ตฌ๋กœ์„œ ‘์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์œ„?ํšŒ’๋ฅ??ค๋ฆฝ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?œ๊ตญ?ฌํšŒ??์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „???ด๋Œ ๊ฐ๊ณ„ ๊ฐ์ธต???€?œ๋“ค๋ก?๊ตฌ์„ฑ??์ง€?์œ„??๊ทธ๊ฐ„ ?•๋? ๊ฐ์ฒ˜??์ฃผ์š” ?•์ฑ…???€??์ง€?๊??ฅ์„ฑ ์ธก๋ฉด?์„œ ?ฌ์ „ ?๋ฌธ?˜๊ณ , ?ํ•œ ์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „???˜๋Ÿฌ???์ ???ด๊ฒฐ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•œ ๊ต????์ง€?œ๋? ๋ชจ์•„?ด๋Š” ?ฑ์˜ ?ฑ๊ณผ๋ฅ?๊ฑฐ๋‘???”์œผ?? ๊ธฐ๋???๋น„ํ•ด?œ๋Š” ?ฑ๊ณผ๊ฐ€ ?ค์†Œ ๋ถ€์กฑํ–ˆ?ค๋Š” ?‰๊????ˆ๋‹ค.
์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „?€ ?ดํ•ด?น์‚ฌ?๋“ค๊ฐ„์˜ ?€๋ฆฝ๊ณผ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ??์กฐ์ •?˜์? ?Š๊ณ ?œ๋Š” ๊ฒฐ์ฝ” ?ฌ์„ฑ?????†๋‹ค. ?ดํ•ด?น์‚ฌ?๋“ค๊ฐ„์˜ ?ŒํŠธ?ˆ์‹ญ๊ณ?๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์กฐ์ •?ด๋ผ???ค์ฒœ๊ณผ์ •???ฐ๋ผ๊ฐ€์ง€ ?Š์œผ๋ฉ?์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „?€ ๊ฒฐ์ฝ” ?„์‹ค?”๋  ???†๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ผ??์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „???˜๋Ÿฌ???์ด??๊ด€?? ??• , ?œ๋„๊ฐ?๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ??์กฐ์œจ?˜๋ฉด???ฉ์˜๋ก??ด๋Œ?ด๋‚ด??๊ณผ์ •???€???ฐ๊ตฌ??์ง€?์œ„???ต์‹ฌ๊ณผ์ œ?ด๋‹ค. ?•์ฑ…๊ณ?๊ด€?จํ•˜??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์กฐ์ •?€ ?•์ฑ…๊ฒฐ์ • ?จ๊ณ„?์„œ ?ด๋ฃจ?ด์???’?ฌ์ „์กฐ์ •’, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?์ง‘ํ–‰๊ณผ์ •?์„œ ?„์—ฐ?์œผ๋ก?๋ฐœ์ƒ?˜๋Š” ?ดํ•ด?€๋ฆฝ๊ณผ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ???ด๊ฒฐ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•œ ‘?ฌํ›„์กฐ์ •’?ด๋? ?จ๊ณ„ ๋ชจ๋‘๋ฅ??„์š”๋ก??œ๋‹ค. ?ด๋– ???จ๊ณ„?ด๋“  ๊ท?๊ณผ์ •?€ ?ŒํŠธ?ˆ์‹ญ???•์‹ ๊ณ??๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ์ฒ ์???์ง€์ผœ์?๊ณ?๋ฐ˜์˜?˜๋„๋ก??ด์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค. ?Œ๋ฌธ??’?ŒํŠธ?ˆ์‹ญ(partnership)’๊ณ?’์กฐ์ •(coordination)’?€ ์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „???ดํ–‰?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ?ด๋ณด??์ฃผ๋Š” ?ต์‹ฌ?์ธ ??๊ฐœ์˜ ?‘๋™๊ธฐ์ œ???ˆ์ด??ย  ์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „???ด๋Ÿฌ???ค์ฒœ?๋ฆฌ??๊ฒฌ์ฃผ??๋ณ??? ์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€ ์ง€?์œ„??๊ท?๊ตฌ์„ฑ ๋ฉด์—???•๋?, ?œ๋??จ์ฒด, ๊ธฐ์—…??3?๊ฐ„ ?ŒํŠธ?ˆ์‹ญ ?๋ฆฌ๋ฅ?์ค€?˜ํ•˜๊ณ??ˆ์Œ?๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌ?˜๊ณ , ?ค์ œ ?œ๋™?์„œ???•์ฑ…???ฌ์ „๊ฒ€? ์— ?œํ•œ?˜๋Š” ?„์ฃผ ์ดˆ๋ณด?์ด๊ณ??Œ๊ทน?์ธ ‘?ฌ์ „์กฐ์ •’๋ง?์ฃผ๋กœ ?˜ํ–‰???”๋‹ค.
๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?ด๊ฒฐ???„ํ•ด?? ๊ต???•์ฑ…??์ดˆ๋™?จ๊ณ„?์„œ๋ถ€???ดํ•ด?น์‚ฌ?๊ฐ„???˜๊ฒฌ??์ถฉ๋ถ„??์กฐ์œจ?˜๊ณ  ?ํ•œ ?•์ฑ…?์—ญ๊ฐ„์— ?€๋ฆฝ๊ณผ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ???ฌ์ „?์œผ๋ก?์ตœ์†Œ?”ํ•˜???ด๋ฅธ๋ฐ??ˆ๋ฐฉ??๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•??๊ฐ€???จ์œจ?์ด?? ?˜์?๋ง? ๋ณต์žก???ดํ•ด๊ด€๊ณ„๋? ?ฌํ•จ?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ต???•์ฑ…?€ ๊ท?์ง‘ํ–‰๊ณผ์ •?์„œ ?ดํ•ด?น์‚ฌ?๋“ค๊ฐ„์— ?ˆ์ƒ์น?๋ชปํ–ˆ??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ๊ณ??€๋ฆฝ์ด ?œ์ถœ?˜๊ฒŒ ?˜๋Š” ๋ฐ? ์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „?ด๋? ์ธก๋ฉด?์„œ???ฌํ›„๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ??์กฐ์ •๊ณ?๊ด€๋ฆฌ๋„ ์ค‘์š”?˜๋‹ค. ์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€ ์ง€?์œ„????• ?€ ?„์˜ ??๊ฐ€์ง€ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์กฐ์ •? ํ˜• ์ค?์ฃผ๋กœ ?„์ž, ์ฆ??ฌ์ „์กฐ์ •๊ณ?๊ด€?จ๋˜???ˆ์—ˆ๊ณ? ?•์ฑ…์ถ”์ง„๊ณผ์ •?์„œ ?ค์ œ ๋ถˆ๊ฑฐ์ง€??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ???€?ด์„  ?ด๋– ???ํ–ฅ?ฅ๋„ ๋ฐœํœ˜?˜์? ๋ชปํ–ˆ?? ๋งŽ์? ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ?ด๋Ÿฐ ๋ฅ˜์˜ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?€ ?•์ฑ…?์—ญ ๋ฐ–์—???•๋??€ ?œ๋??ฌํšŒ๊ฐ„์˜ ?€?”์? ?‘์˜๋ฅ??ตํ•ด ?ด๊ฒฐ์ฝ”์ž ?ˆ์?๋ง? ?ฑ๊ณผ??๋ฏธ๋??˜๊ธฐ ๊ทธ์??†๋‹ค. ?˜๊ฒฝ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ???์‹œ?์œผ๋ก??ธ๋Š” ?ด๊ฒฐ๋ฐฉ์•ˆ???œ๋„?”๊? ?˜์? ?Š๊ณ ???ฐ๋ฆฌ?ฌํšŒ๊ฐ€ ์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ?ฌํšŒ๋ก??˜๊???๊ฒƒ์? ?”์›??๊ฒƒ์ด??
๊ต????์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์„ ?„ํ•ด ์ง€?์œ„???ค์Œ๊ณ?๊ฐ™์? ?ต์‹ฌ๊ณผ์ œ๋ฅ?์ถ”์ง„?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ?„์š”?˜๋‹ค. ์ฒซ์งธ, ์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ?ฌํšŒ๋ฅ??„ํ•œ ?ฌํšŒ?ตํ•ฉ???ด๋ฃจ??๊ฒƒ์ด ?œ๊ธ‰?˜๋‹ค. ์ง€?์œ„???ธ๋?, ์ง€?? ๊ณ„์ธต, ?‘์„ฑ๊ฐ?๊ฐ€์น˜๊? ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ๊ณ??ดํ•ด ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ???ฉ๋ฆฌ??์กฐ์ •???ตํ•ด ?ฌํšŒ??๋น„์šฉ??์ตœ์†Œ?”ํ•˜๊ณ?๋ฏธ๋ž˜ ๊ต???ตํ•ฉ??๋น„์ „???œ์‹œ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ด๋? ?„ํ•œ ?•์ฑ…๊ณผ์ œ๋ก?์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ??๊ด€???ฌํšŒ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ ?ด๊ฒฐ???„ํ•œ ๊ต??์ฒด๊ณ„๋ฅ?๊ตฌ์ถ•?˜๊ณ ???œ๋‹ค. ?ฌ๊ธฐ?๋Š” ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?ด๊ฒฐ ?„๋กœ?ธ์Šค ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ, ๊ต์œก?„๋กœ๊ทธ๋žจ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ, ๋ฒ•ยท์ œ??๊ฐœ์„ , ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?ด๊ฒฐ๊ณ?๊ด€?ฉ์˜ ๋ฌธํ™” ?ฑ์— ?€???ฐ๊ตฌ?€ ?•์ฑ…๊ฐœ๋ฐœ???ฌํ•จ?œ๋‹ค.
?˜์งธ, ์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฌ?๊ด€๋ฆ?์ฒด๊ณ„๋ฅ?๊ตฌ์ถ•??๊ณ„ํš?ด๋‹ค. ?ด๋? ?„ํ•ด?œ๋Š” ?ตํ•ฉ???˜์ž??๊ด€๋ฆ??•์ฑ…???คํ˜„?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด ๊ต????์กฐ์ •์ฒด๊ณ„๋ฅ??•์„ฑ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ?œ๊ธ‰?˜๋‹ค. ?˜์ž?์˜ ?ด์šฉ๊ณ?๊ด€๋ฆฌ๊? ๊ฒฝ์ œ???จ์œจ?ฑยท์‚ฌ?Œ์  ?˜์šฉ?ฑยท์ƒ?œ์  ๊ฑด์ „?ฑยท์ œ?„์  ?จ์œจ?ฑ์„ ?•๋ณด?????ˆ๋„๋ก??ดํ•ด๊ด€๊ณ„์ž๊ฐ??ฉ์˜๋ฅ??ด๋ฃฐ ???ˆ๋Š” ์ฒด๊ณ„๋ฅ?๋งŒ๋“œ??๊ฒƒ์ด ?„์š”?˜๋‹ค. ??๋ถ€๋ฌธ์˜ ?•์ฑ…๊ณผ์ œ?๋Š” ๋ฌ?๊ด€??๋ฒ•๊ณผ ๊ด€๋ฆ?์ฒด๊ณ„ ๊ฐœํŽธ, ?ฌํšŒ???ฉ์˜???ฐ๋ฅธ ?˜์ž???ต๊ณ„๊ตฌ์ถ•, ?˜๋ฆฌ๊ถŒ์˜ ?ฉ๋ฆฌ??๋ฐฐ๋ถ„์ฒด๊ณ„ ๊ตฌ์ถ• ?ฑ์ด ?ฌํ•จ?œ๋‹ค.
?‹์งธ, ์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ?๋„ˆ์ง€ ๋ฐ?๊ธฐํ›„๋ณ€?”๋??‘์ฒด๊ณ„๋? ๊ตฌ์ถ•??๊ณ„ํš?ด๋‹ค. ๊ธฐํ›„๋ณ€?”ํ˜‘?ฝ๊ณผ ?๋„ˆ์ง€ ?ˆ๋ณด ?ํ™ฉ??๋ณ€?”์— ?€?‘ํ•˜๊ธ??„ํ•ด?œ๋Š” ์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ?๋„ˆ์ง€ ?•์ฑ…???˜๋ฆฝ??๋งค์šฐ ์ค‘์š”?˜๋‹ค. ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์œ„?ํšŒ??๊ฒฝ์ œ???จ์œจ?ฑยท์‚ฌ?Œ์  ?˜์šฉ?ฑยทํ™˜๊ฒฝ์  ๊ฑด์ „?ฑ์„ ๊ฐ–์ถ˜ ?๋„ˆ์ง€ ?˜๊ธ‰๊ตฌ์กฐ๋ฅ??„ํ•œ ๊ต?????ฉ์˜์ฒด์ œ๋ฅ??•์„ฑ??๊ณ„ํš?ด๋‹ค. ?”์„?ฐ๋ฃŒ?€ ?์ž?ฅ์— ๊ณผ๋„?˜๊ฒŒ ?˜์กด?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ?๋„ˆ์ง€ ์ฒด๊ณ„?€ ๊ณต๊ธ‰ ?„์ฃผ???๋„ˆ์ง€ ?œ์Šค?œ์œผ๋ก??ธํ•œ ๊ฒฝ์ œ??๋ถ€?ด๊ณผ ?˜๊ฒฝ??๋น„์šฉ, ?ฌํšŒ??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ???ด์†Œ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•œ ?ฌํšŒ???ผ์˜์ฒด์ œ๋ฅ??œ๋„?”ํ•˜???ด์˜??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ต์‹ฌ ?•์ฑ…๊ณผ์ œ๋กœ๋Š” ?˜๊ฒฝ???„์ž… ๋ฐ??˜๊ฒฝ์นœํ™”???ธ์ œ๊ฐœํ˜???ตํ•œ ?๋„ˆ์ง€ ?Œ๋น„์ฒด๊ณ„???จ์œจ???œ๊ณ ?€ ๊ธฐํ›„๋ณ€?”ํ˜‘???€?? ?€๊ทœ๋ชจ ?๋„ˆ์ง€ ?ค๋น„??์ง€??๋ฐ??ฌ์ƒ๊ฐ€???๋„ˆ์ง€???œ์„ฑ?? ?๋„ˆ์ง€๊ฐœ๋ฐœ๊ณ?๊ด€?จํ•œ ?ฌํšŒ??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?ด์†Œ ๋ฐฉ์•ˆ ?ฑ์ด ?ˆ๋‹ค.
?ท์งธ, ์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๊ต?† ยท?์—ฐ๊ด€๋ฆ?์ฒด๊ณ„๋ฅ?๊ตฌ์ถ•??๊ณ„ํš?ด๋‹ค. ๊ต?† ?ด์šฉ๊ณ?๊ฐœ๋ฐœ??๋ฏธ์น˜???ฌํšŒยท๊ฒฝ์ œ??๋น„์šฉ ๋ฐœ์ƒ??์ตœ์†Œ?”ํ•˜๊ณ? ?๋ฌผ?ค์–‘?ฑ์„ ๋ณด์กด?˜๋ฉฐ, ?์—ฐ?์›??์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ?ด์šฉ ? ๋?๋ฅ?๊ตฌ์ถ•?˜๊ณ ???œ๋‹ค. ?ต์‹ฌ ?•์ฑ…๊ณผ์ œ๋กœ๋Š” ๊ต?† ??๊ณ„ํš??๊ฐœ๋ฐœ๊ณ?? ์? ?˜์š”๊ด€๋ฆฌ์˜ ?œ์„ฑ?? ๊ต?†  ?˜๊ฒฝ?ฉ๋Ÿ‰??๊ณ ๋ ค???˜๊ฒฝ์นœํ™”??๊ตํ†ต์ฒด๊ณ„ ๊ตฌ์ถ•, ?„๋žต?˜๊ฒฝ?‰๊? ?œ๋„ ?„์ž…, ?ํƒœ???‰์ •?˜๋„ ๊ฑด์„ค ?ฑ์„ ์ถ”์ง„??๊ณ„ํš?ด๋‹ค.
?ค์„ฏ์ง? ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์„ธ๊ณ„์ •?ํšŒ??WSSD) ?ต์‹ฌ๊ณผ์ œ๋ฅ??ดํ–‰?˜๊ณ  ?‰๊???๊ณ„ํš?ด๋‹ค. ?๋„ˆ์ง€ยท?์—ฐ๊ด€๋ฆ?๋ถ€๋ฌ???WSSD ?ดํ–‰๊ณ„ํš ์ค‘์—???œ๊ตญ???ค์งˆ?์œผ๋ก?์ค‘์š”?˜๊ณ  ๊ด‘๋ฒ”?„ํ•œ ?ฌํšŒ??์ฐธ์—ฌ?€ ?ฉ์˜๊ฐ€ ?„์š”???ผ๋“ค??์ง„ํ–‰?œํ‚ค๋ฉด์„œ, ์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „๊ณ?๊ด€?จ๋œ ๊ต???•์ฑ… ?„๋ฐ˜???‰๊???๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ต์‹ฌ ?•์ฑ…๊ณผ์ œ??์ค‘์•™?‰์ •๊ธฐ๊? ๋ฐ?์ง€๋ฐฉ์ž์น˜๋‹จ์ฒด์˜ ์ง€?๊??ฅ์„ฑ ?‰๊?, ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์„ ?„ํ•œ ๊ต? œ?‘๋ ฅ, ?™๊ต?€ ?ฌํšŒ?์„œ??์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ???๋ณดยท๊ต์œก ๋ฐ?์ง€?๊ธฐ๋ฐ?๊ฐ•ํ™” ?ฑ์ด??
?ด๋Ÿฌ???ต์‹ฌ๊ณผ์ œ ?ด์™ธ?๋„ ‘์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ?์‚ฐ๊ณ??Œ๋น„์ฒด์ œ ๊ตฌ์ถ•’, ‘?˜๊ฒฝ?„ํ•ด๋กœ๋??ฐ์˜ ๊ต??๋ณด๊ฑด ?ฅ์ƒ’, ‘?์—ฐ?์›??์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๊ด€๋ฆฌ์ฒด??๊ตฌ์ถ•’ ??์ค‘์š”???•์ฑ…๊ณผ์ œ?ค์„ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ??๊ณ„ํš?ด๋‹ค.

๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?ด๊ฒฐ ?•์ฑ…??๋ฐฉํ–ฅ

์ฐธ์—ฌ ?•๋???24๊ฐ??ฌํšŒ??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?„์•ˆ ์ค?๊ฒฝ๋?๊ณ ์†์ฒ ๋„ ๊ธˆ์ •?ฐใ†์ฒœ์„ฑ??๊ตฌ๊ฐ„ ?ธ์„  ๊ฒฐ์ •, ?œ์šธ?ธ๊ณฝ?œํ™˜?„๋กœ ?ฌํŒจ???ฐ๋„๊ตฌ๊ฐ„ ๊ฑด์„ค, ?œํƒ„๊ฐ•๋Œ ๊ฑด์„ค, ๊ฒฝ์ธ?ดํ•˜ ๊ฑด์„ค, ๋ฐฉ์‚ฌ?ฑํ๊ธฐ๋ฌผ ๊ด€๋ฆฌ์‹œ??๋ถ€์ง€? ์ •, ?ˆ๋งŒ๊ธˆ๊ฐ„์ฒ™์‚ฌ?…์ถ”์ง? ?Œ๊ฐ??๊ฑด์„ค ์ถ”์ง„ ?ฑ์˜ ?˜๊ฒฝ๋ถ„์•ผ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ???ด๊ฒฐ ๊ณผ์ œ๋ก??œ์‹œ?ˆ๋‹ค.ย  7?€ ?˜๊ฒฝ?„์•ˆ?€ ?ฌ์•ˆ๋งˆ๋‹ค ?œ๋กœ ?ค๋ฅธ ?น์„ฑ??๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ??ˆ์?๋ง? ?€๋ถ€๋ถ?๋ฌธ์ œ??๋ฐœ๋‹จ, ?„๊ฐœ ?‘์ƒ??์ธก๋ฉด?์„œ ๋ณ???๊ธฐ๋ณธ?์œผ๋ก?๋ช‡๊?์ง€ ๊ณตํ†ต?˜๋Š” ?น์ง•???ˆ๋‹ค. ?ฌ์—…์ฃผ์ฒด๊ฐ€ ๊ณต๊ณต๊ธฐ๊????? ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ??์ปค๋‹ค?€ ?ฌํšŒ๋ฌธ์ œ๊ฐ€ ?˜๊ธฐ ?„์— ?œ๊ธฐ???ค์–‘??๋ฌธ์ œ?œ๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ์ถฉ๋ถ„??๊ณ ๋ ค?˜์? ?Š์? ?? ๊ถŒํ•œ๊ณ?๊ถŒ์œ„๊ฐ€ ?ˆ๋Š” ์กฐ์ •??๊ธฐ๊ตฌ)๊ฐ€ ?†๋Š” ?? ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ ?น์‚ฌ?๋“ค ?ฌ์ด??์กฐ์ •๊ณ??ด์— ?€???˜์šฉ?????ด๋ฃจ?ด์?์ง€ ?Š๋Š” ???ฑ์ด ๊ท??น์ง•?ด๋‹ค.
?ด๋Ÿฌ??๋ฌธ์ œ๋ฅ??ด๊ฒฐ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด?œ๋Š” ?ฐ๋ฆฌ?ฌํšŒ??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?ด๊ฒฐ ?œ์Šค?œ์„ ?ˆ๋กญ๊ฒ?๊ตฌ์ถ•?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ?„์š”?˜๋‹ค. ?ด๋? ?„ํ•ด ๋จผ์? ๊ต?‚ด ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์กฐ์ •?œ๋„๋ฅ?๊ฒ€? ํ•ด๋ณธ๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ?˜๋ผ?๋Š” ?ค์–‘??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์กฐ์ •?œ๋„๊ฐ€ ๋งˆ๋ จ?˜์–ด ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋งŽ์? ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ?ด๋Ÿฌ???œ์Šค?œ์? ?‘๋™?˜์?๋ง?๊ฐ€์น˜๊? ์ฐจ์ด๊ฐ€ ?ฌ๊ฑฐ?? ?ดํ•ด๊ด€๊ณ„๊? ?ฌ๊ฒŒ ?ฝํ? ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์กฐ์ •???คํŒจ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ๊ฐ€ ์ข…์ข… ๋ฐœ์ƒ?œ๋‹ค. ?ด๋Ÿฌ??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์กฐ์ •???คํŒจ?˜๋Š” ?ด์œ ??๋ฌด์—‡?ธ๊?. ๋ฌธ์ œ?ด๊ฒฐ ?‘๊ทผ๋ฒ•์— ์ดˆ์ ??๋งž์ถฐ ๋ณด๋ฉด, ์ฒซ์งธ, ?น์‚ฌ?๊ฐ„ ?€?”๊? ?ด๋ฃจ?ด์?์ง€ ?Š๋Š” ?ฐ์—??๋ณ????ˆ๋“ฏ?? ๋ฌธ์ œ?ด๊ฒฐ ๊ตฌ์กฐ๊ฐ€ ?˜๋ชป ์งœ์—ฌ???คํŒจ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ๋ฅ??????ˆ๋‹ค. ?˜์งธ, ๋ฌธ์ œ?ด๊ฒฐ ์ง„ํ–‰๊ณผ์ •??์ง€?˜์น˜๊ฒ??€๋ฆฝ์ ?ด๊ณ  ๋น„ํšจ?จ์ ??๋ฐฉ์‹?ผ๋กœ ?ผ๊??œ๋‹ค???์ด?? ?‘์ธก??์ฃผ์žฅ๊ฐ„์— ?„๊? ?ณ์?์ง€ ?ฐ์???๊ฒƒ์ด ๋ฌธ์ œ?ด๊ฒฐ?ธ๋ ฅ???€์ข…์„ ?ด๋ค˜??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?‹์งธ, ๋ถ„์Ÿ?ด๊ฒฐ?„๋กœ?ธ์Šค๊ฐ€ ?˜๋ชป ?”์ž?ธ๋œ ???ฐ๋ฅธ ๋ฌธ์ œ???ฌ๋‹ค. ๋ถ„์Ÿ ?ฌ์•ˆ??๋งž๊ฒŒ ๋ฌธ์ œ?ด๊ฒฐ๊ตฌ์กฐ๋ฅ?๊ณต์ •?˜๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“ค๊ณ??ด๊ฒฐ?„๋กœ?ธ์Šค๋ฅ??•๊ต?˜๊ฒŒ ?”์ž?ธํ•˜๊ณ?๊ท?์ง„ํ–‰๊ณผ์ •???์‚ฐ???จ์œจ?์œผ๋ก??ด์˜?œ๋‹ค๋ฉ??ด๋Ÿฌ??๋ถ„์Ÿ???จ์”ฌ ?จ๊ณผ?์œผ๋ก??ด๊ฒฐ?????ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด??
? ์ง„?ธ๊ตญ?์„œ??์ค‘์žฌ, ?ฉ์˜?Œ์˜, ?œ๋?๋ฐฐ์‹ฌ?์ œ, ?œ๋‚˜๋ฆฌ์˜ค ?์ƒต ???ค์–‘???œ๋„๋ฅ??ด์˜?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?œ๊ตฌ ? ์ง„๊ต?˜ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์กฐ์ •?œ๋„???ฐ๋ฆฌ?˜๋ผ ?˜๊ฒฝ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ ?„์•ˆ ?ด๊ฒฐ??๋งŽ์? ?œ์‚ฌ?์„ ์ฃผ๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ต?ฑ…?ฌ์—… ๊ด€??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ ???ดํ•ด๊ด€๊ณ„๊? ?ฌ๊ณ  ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ ?น์‚ฌ?๊? ๋ณต์žก?˜๊ฒŒ ?ฝํ? ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ณต๊ณต๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ(?น์? ๋ถ„์Ÿ)???จ๊ณผ?์œผ๋ก??ด๊ฒฐ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด ?„์š”???์น™๊ณ?์กฐ๊ฑด?€ ?ค์Œ๊ณ?๊ฐ™๋‹ค.
์ฒซ์งธ, ๊ณต์ •??๋ฌธ์ œ?ด๊ฒฐ???€(???น์? ๊ตฌ์กฐ)???ˆ์–ด???œ๋‹ค. “๊ณต์ •???€”?ด๋? ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ ?น์‚ฌ?๋“ค??๋ฐ›์•„?ค์ผ ???ˆ๋Š” ?ผ์˜๊ตฌ์กฐ๋ฅ?๋งํ•œ?? ??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ??์ฃผ์š” ?น์‚ฌ?๋“ค??๊ณ ๋ฃจ ์ฐธ์—ฌ?˜๋Š” ๊ตฌ์กฐ?ฌ์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค. ?˜์งธ, ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ ๊ตฌ์กฐ๊ฐ€ ๋งŒ๋“ค?ด์?๋ฉ? ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?น์‚ฌ??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์ฃผ์ฒด)?ค์ด ์ฃผ๋„?์œผ๋ก?์ฐธ์—ฌ, ?จ๊ป˜ ๋ฌธ์ œ๋ฅ??€?ด๋‚˜๊ฐ€??๋ฐฉ์‹?ผ๋กœ ?ด์˜?ผ์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค. ?น์‚ฌ?๋“ค???˜์‚ฌ๊ฒฐ์ •๊ถŒ์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ?์ฐธ์—ฌ???จ๊ป˜ ?ด๊ฒฐ์ฑ…์„ ๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๊??„๋ก ?ด์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค. ?‹์งธ, ?นํžˆ ?ค์ˆ˜???น์‚ฌ?๊? ๊ด€?จ๋œ ๋ณต์žก??๋ถ„์Ÿ???จ๊ณผ?์œผ๋ก??ด๊ฒฐ?˜๋ ค๋ฉ?๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?ด๊ฒฐ?„๋ฌธ๊ฐ€??์กฐ๋ ฅยท์ง€?์ด ?„์ˆ˜?์ด?? ์ค‘๋ฆฝ???„๋ฌธ๊ฐ€๋ก??˜์—ฌ๊ธ??ฌ์•ˆ??๋งž๋Š” ๋ฌธ์ œ?ด๊ฒฐ?„๋กœ?ธ์Šค๋ฅ??•๊ต?˜๊ฒŒ ?”์ž?ธํ•˜๊ณ??์‚ฐ?์ธ ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ?ผ๋กœ ?ผ์˜๋ฅ?์ง„ํ–‰?˜๊ฒŒ ?ด์•ผ ๋ถ„์Ÿ???จ๊ณผ?์œผ๋ก??ด๊ฒฐ?????ˆ๋‹ค.
์ค‘์žฌ ???ค์–‘???ˆ์ฐจ?€ ๊ธฐ๋ฒ•???ตํ•œ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ๋ถ„์Ÿ?ด๊ฒฐ?ธ๋ ฅ?๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌ?˜๊ณ  ?น์‚ฌ?๊ฐ„ ?๋งŒ???ฉ์˜๊ฐ€ ?„์????ˆ๋˜๊ณ?๋ถ„์Ÿ๋น„์šฉ??์ง€?˜์น˜๊ฒ?์ป?๊ณต์ต๋ณดํ˜ธ ์ฐจ์›???€์ฒ˜๊? ?”๊ตฌ??๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ?๋Š” ๊ต???์œผ๋ก?๊ธด๊ธ‰???ฌ์•ˆ??๊ฒฝ์šฐ?๋Š” ๊ธด๊ธ‰์กฐ์ • ?ฑ์˜ ๋ฐฉ์‹?ผ๋กœ ๋ถ„์Ÿ์ข…๊ฒฐ??๋ชจ์ƒ‰???˜๋„ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ธด๊ธ‰์กฐ์ •????๊ฒฝ์šฐ ์กฐ์ •๊ธฐ๊???์ค‘๋ฆฝ?ฑ๊ณผ ๋ฒ•์ -?ฌํšŒ??๊ถŒ์œ„, ์กฐ์ •๊ณผ์ •???•๋‹น?? ์กฐ์ •?ด์šฉ???€?น์„ฑ???•๋ณด?ผ์•ผ ์กฐ์ •๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๊ฐ€ ๋ถ„์Ÿ?น์‚ฌ?๋“ค?๊ฒŒ ?˜์šฉ??๋ถ„์Ÿ??์ข…๊ฒฐ?œํ‚ฌ ???ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด??
?ค๋Š˜???ฐ๋ฆฌ?ฌํšŒ?์„œ ๋ถ„์ถœ?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ฐ์ข… ?˜๊ฒฝ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?„์•ˆ?ค์? ?จ์ˆœ???ผ๋????˜์????˜์–ด ?•๋???๊ณต๊ถŒ???‰์‚ฌ๋งˆ์? ๋ฐœ๋ชฉ???ก๊ณ  ?ˆ์œผ๋ฉ?๊ต? • ?˜ํ–‰???ฅ์• ๋ฅ??ผ์œผ?ค๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ?•๋„?ด๋‹ค. ?ด์— ?ฐ๋ผ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?ด๊ฒฐ???„ํ•œ ?•๋?????• ๊ฐ•ํ™”๊ฐ€ ?„์— ?†์ด ?”๊ตฌ?˜๋Š” ?Œ์ด๊ธฐ๋„ ?˜๋‹ค. ์ฐธ์—ฌ?•๋???๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์กฐ์ • ??Ÿ‰??๊ฐ•ํ™”?œํ‚ค๊ธ??„ํ•ด?œ๋Š” ์ฒซ์งธ, ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ???น์„ฑ???€???•ํ™•??๋ถ„์„๊ณ?์ง„๋‹จ, ?˜์งธ, ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?น์‚ฌ?๊ฐ„ ?€๋ฆฝ์ ???…์žฅ??์ค‘์žฌ?˜๊ณ  ?ฉ์˜?????ˆ๋Š” ?ฉ๋ฆฌ?์ธ ์กฐ์ •?œ์Šค?œ์ด ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ?˜์–ด???œ๋‹ค. ?‘์ž??๋ณ„๊ฐœ๊ฐ€ ?„๋‹ˆ???ํ˜ธ ๋ณด์™„?์œผ๋ก??‘๊ทผ?˜๋ฉด???ตํ•ฉ?์ธ ?œ๋„๋ก?๊ฐ•๊ตฌ?˜์–ด???œ๋‹ค. ๊ฐ€?? ?˜๊ฒฝ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ???”์ธ???ฌ๋ฐ”๋ฅด๊ฒŒ ๋ถ„์„?˜๊ณ  ์ง„๋‹จ?˜๋ฉฐ ์ฒ˜๋ฐฉ?????ˆ๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด?œ๋Š” ?ฐ์„  ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?ด๊ฒฐ???„ํ•œ ?ฉ๋ฆฌ??๋ฒ??œ๋„???ฅ์น˜๊ฐ€ ๋งˆ๋ จ?˜์–ด???˜๊ณ , ?ด๋? ๋ฐ”ํƒ•?ผ๋กœ ?ดํ•ด?น์‚ฌ?๋“ค??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?„๋ฌธ๊ฐ€???„์??ผ๋กœ ?์ ?ค์„ ?ํ˜ธ? ๋ขฐ๋ฅ?๋ฐ”ํƒ•?ผ๋กœ ๊ฐœ๋ฐฉ?์œผ๋ก??ผ์˜?˜๊ณ  ์ค‘์žฌ?˜๋Š” ?…์ฒด?์ธ ์กฐ์ •์ฒด๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ๊ตฌ์ถ•?˜์–ด???œ๋‹ค.
?ฐ๋ผ??์ฐธ์—ฌ?•๋???๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์กฐ์ •??Ÿ‰??๊ฐ•ํ™”?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด?œ๋Š” ?œํŽธ?ผ๋กœ??๊ด€??๋ฒ•๊ทœ ๋ฐ??œ๋„???•๋น„, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??ค๋ฅธ ?œํŽธ?ผ๋กœ???จ์œจ?์ธ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?œ์Šค?œ์˜ ๊ตฌ์ถ•๊ณ??ด์˜???ต์‹ฌ๊ณผ์ œ๋ก?์ถ”์ง„?˜์–ด???œ๋‹ค. ??์ค‘์—???นํžˆ ์ค‘์š”???„์ž, ์ฆ??จ์œจ?์ธ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?œ์Šค?œ์˜ ๊ตฌ์ถ•?ด๋‹ค. ?˜๊ฒฝ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?€ ?•์ฑ…?…์•ˆ ์ดˆ๊ธฐ?จ๊ณ„?์„œ, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??•์ฑ…???…์•ˆ๊ณ?์ง‘ํ–‰??์ฑ…์ž„์ง€๊ณ??ˆ๋Š” 1์ฐ?๊ธฐ๊??ด๋‚˜ ๋ถ€?œ์—???ฌ์ „?์œผ๋ก? ?น์? ?„์š”??๊ฒฝ์šฐ?๋Š” ?ฌํ›„?์œผ๋ก??ผ์˜?˜๊ณ  ์ค‘์žฌ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ฐ€??์ค‘์š”?˜๋‹ค. ?˜์?๋ง????จ๊ณ„?์„œ ์กฐ์ •???ด๋ ค??๊ฒฝ์šฐ??๊ต? •์กฐ์ •?ˆ์ฐจ๋ฅ?๋ฐŸ์•„ ?์œ„ ?จ์œ„๋ฅ??ตํ•ด ์กฐ์ •??๋ชจ์ƒ‰?˜๋„๋ก??˜๋˜, ๊ต?????ผ๋????˜๋Š” ?ฌ์•ˆ??๊ฒฝ์šฐ?๋Š” ๊ต???ต์น˜๊ถŒ์ž๊ฐ€ ๊ต?????ฉ์˜๋ฅ?๋ฐ”ํƒ•?ผ๋กœ ?ด๊ฒฐ?˜๋Š” ?ˆ์ฐจ?€ ?จ๊ณ„???ค์ •???“์•„???œ๋‹ค. ?ด๋ ‡๊ฒ?๋ณด๋ฉด, ์ฐธ์—ฌ?•๋? ?˜์—??๊ฐ•๊ตฌ?˜์–ด????๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์กฐ์ •?œ์Šค?œ์? ?ฌ๊ฒŒ 3 ?จ๊ณ„๋ก??˜๋ˆ„??๋ณ????ˆ๋‹ค.
1์ฐ?์กฐ์ •?€ ์ง€?์ฒด??๊ด€๊ณ„๋?์ฒ?์ฐจ์›?์„œ ๊ฐ•๊ตฌ?˜์–ด???œ๋‹ค. ???จ๊ณ„?์„œ ?ด์˜?˜์–ด????์ตœ์šฐ??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์กฐ์ • ๊ธฐ์ œ??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ???ฌ์ „???ˆ๋ฐฉ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๋ฉ? ?ด๋? ?„ํ•ด???•์ฑ…?…์•ˆ ๊ณผ์ •??๊ฐœ๋ฐฉ???ดํ•ด?น์‚ฌ?๋“ค???…์žฅ??์ฒ˜์Œ๋ถ€??์ถฉ๋ถ„??๋ฐ˜์˜?˜๋„๋ก??ด์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ???ค์ œ ๋ฐœ๋ฐœ??๊ฒฝ์šฐ?๋„ ?ดํ•ด?น์‚ฌ?๋“ค???ฉ์˜๋ฅ??ตํ•ด ?ด๊ฒฐ?ˆ์„ ?„์ถœ?????ˆ๋„๋ก??˜๋Š” ‘? ์—ฐ??์กฐ์ •๊ณผ์ •’??๊พธ๋ ค์ง€?„๋ก ?ด์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค.
2์ฐ?์กฐ์ •?€ ๊ต?ฌด์ด๋ฆฌ?ค์—??์กฐ์ •๊ถŒํ•œ???ตํ•ด ?œ๋„?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ???จ๊ณ„?์„œ??์ฃผ๋ฌด๋ถ€์ฒ˜๊ฐ„๊ฐ??์œจ์กฐ์ •???ฐ์„ ?์œผ๋ก?๊ถŒ์žฅ?˜๊ณ  ?…๋ ค?˜๋˜, ?ด๊ฒƒ???ด๋ ต๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ?คํŒจ??๊ฒฝ์šฐ ๊ต?ฌด์ด๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ??ˆ๋Š” ๊ต? •์กฐ์ •๊ถŒํ•œ???ด์šฉ??๋ถ€์ฒ˜๊ฐ„ ?…์žฅ????3 ?์  ๊ด€?์œผ๋ก?์กฐ์ •ยท์ค‘์žฌ?˜๋„๋ก??ด์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค.
3์ฐ?์กฐ์ •?€ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์กฐ์ •??์ตœ์ข… ?จ๊ณ„๋กœ์„œ, ์ฃผ๋กœ ๋ฒ”์‚ฌ?Œ์ , ๋ฒ”๊ตญ๊ฐ€?์ธ ์ฐจ์›?์„œ ์กฐ์ •???„์š”??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?ฌ์•ˆ???€?? ๊ต? •??์ตœ๊ณ  ์ฑ…์ž„?์ธ ?€?ต๋ น??๊ต???์ธ ?ฉ์˜?€ ์ง€?œ๋? ๋ชจ์•„ ์ง์ ‘ ์กฐ์ •๋ฐฉ์•ˆ???„์ถœ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ???? ์ง€?์œ„???€?ต๋ น?ผ๋กœ ?˜์—ฌ๊ธ?๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์กฐ์ •??์ตœ์ข… ?€?ˆ์„ ?„์ถœ?????ˆ๋„๋ก??„์?์ฃผ๊ณ  ?๋ฌธ?????ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?ด๊ฒฐ ?•์ฑ…?„๋กœ๊ทธ๋žจ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ?ด๋‚˜, ๊ตฌ์ฒด?์ธ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?ด๊ฒฐ ?ฌ์•ˆ???ค๋ฃฐ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ?? ๊ท??‘๊ทผ๊ณผ์ •??’์ฐธ์—ฌ’, ‘?ฌํšŒ???ฉ์˜’, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?’๊ณต์ต???ด๋? ?ธ๊?์ง€ ?์น™??๋ฐ˜์˜?˜๋„๋ก??ด์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค.

๋ณ??„์›?Œ์˜ ?ˆ๋กœ??๊ตฌ์„ฑ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•

์ฐธ์—ฌ?•๋???์ง€?์œ„???„๋ฌธ?์ธ ?•์ฑ… ?๋ฌธ??๊ธฐ๋Šฅ๊ณ?์ง€?œ๋กœ??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์กฐ์ • ๊ธฐ๋Šฅ??? ๊ธฐ?์ด๊ณ??ตํ•ฉ?์œผ๋ก??˜ํ–‰?˜๋Š” ๊ณผ์ •??์ฒด๊ณ„?์œผ๋ก??•๋ฆฝ?˜๋ ค๊ณ??œ๋‹ค. ?ด๋? ?„ํ•ด?œ๋Š” ?„์›?Œ์˜ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ??๊ธฐ์กด???„๋ฌธ๊ฐ€?€ ๊ด€๋ฃ?์ค‘์‹ฌ??์ฒด์ œ?์„œ ๋ฒ—์–ด??์ง€??˜ ?€๋ฟŒ๋ฆฌ ๋ฏผ์ฃผ์ฃผ์˜๋ฅ??ค์ฒœ?????ˆ๋Š” ์ง€?œ๋กœ???ธ์‚ฌ?€ ?„๋ฌธ?์ธ ?ธ์‚ฌ๋ก?๊ณจ๊ณ ๋ฃ?๊ตฌ์„ฑ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ๋ฐ”๋žŒ์งํ•˜?ค๊ณ  ๋ณด์•˜?? ๊ทธ๋ž˜??๊ธฐ์กด๋ฐฉ์‹??์ค‘์•™ ์ค‘์‹ฌ???ธ์„ ?์„œ ๋ฒ—์–ด??์ง€??˜ ?ค์–‘??๋ชฉ์†Œ๋ฆฌ๋? ?˜๋ ด?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด ์ง€๋ฐฉ์—???œ๋™?˜๋Š” ?ธ์‚ฌ?ค๊ณผ ?„๋ฌธ๊ฐ€, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??ค์–‘???ดํ•ด๊ด€๊ณ„์ž?ค๋กœ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ?ฉ๋ฆฌ?์ด?ผ๊ณ  ?๋‹จ?˜์??? ?ด์ฒ˜??์ง€??˜ ์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „???„ํ•ด ์ง€??˜ ?ฉ๋ฆฌ?์ธ ?ธ์‚ฌ?ค์„ ?„์›?ผ๋กœ ?„์ด‰?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด?œ๋Š” ?„์›?Œ์˜ ๊ทœ๋ชจ๊ฐ€ ?ค์†Œ ์ปค์???๊ฒƒ์ด ๋ถˆ๊??ผํ•˜?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???„์›?Œ์˜ ๊ทœ๋ชจ๊ฐ€ ์ปค์?๋ฉ?? ๋ก ๊ณ??˜์‚ฌ๊ฒฐ์ •???ค์†Œ ?œ๊ฐ„๊ณ?๋น„์šฉ???˜์–ด?˜๋Š” ?จ์ ???ˆ์?๋ง? ?ค์–‘???˜๊ฒฌ??? ๋ก ???ตํ•ด ๊ฒฐ์ •?˜๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ??? ์ค‘?˜๊ณ  ?ฉ๋ฆฌ?์ธ ๊ฒฐ๋ก ???ด๋? ???ˆ๋Š” ๊ฐ€?ฅ์„ฑ??์ปค์ง„?ค๊ณ  ๋ณ????ˆ๋‹ค.
?ด๋Ÿฌ???ด๋ ค???๋“ค???ˆ๊ณ  ?ˆ์Œ?๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌ?˜๊ณ  ์ฐธ์—ฌ?•๋??์„œ??์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์œ„?ํšŒ ๋ณธ์œ„?ํšŒ๋ฅ?๊ด‘์—ญ์ง€๋ฐฉ์ž์น˜๋‹จ์ฒด์—???œ๋™?˜๋Š” ๋ถ„์„ 16๊ฐ?์ง€?์ฒด๋ณ„๋กœ 3๋ช…์”ฉ ์ด?48๋ช…์„ ์ถ”์ฒœ๋ฐ›๊ณ , ?€?ต๋ น??์ง๋Šฅ?€?œ์„ฑ??๊ณ ๋ ค?˜์—ฌ 32๋ช…์„ ?„์ด‰?˜์—ฌ ์ด?80๋ช…์œผ๋ก?๊ตฌ์„ฑ?˜๋Š” ?ˆ์„ ?ํ•˜๊ณ??ด์— ๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜?˜์—ฌ ?€?ต๋ น?น์„ ๊ฐœ์ •?˜์???(2003.11.11). ์ง€๋ฐฉ์ž์น˜๋‹จ์ฒด๋ณ„๋กœ๋Š” ๊ด‘์—ญ?์น˜?จ์ฒด?? ๊ด‘์—ญ?˜ํšŒ, ?œ๋??จ์ฒด ?ฑ์ด ๊ฐ๊ฐ 2๋ช…์”ฉ ์ถ”์ฒœ?˜์—ฌ ๊ท?์ค?๊ฐ?1๋ช…์„ ?€?ต๋ น???„์ด‰?˜๊ณ  ??์ง๋Šฅ?€?œ๋กœ???™๊ณ„, ?ฐ์—…๊ณ? ?ฌ์„ฑ๊ณ??ฑ์—??์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์— ?€???„๋ฌธ?์ธ ?๊ฒฌ??๊ฐ€์ง?๋ถ„๋“ค???€?ต๋ น???„์ด‰?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ฐœ์ •???€?ต๋ น?น์˜ ๊ณจ์ž?ด๋‹ค.
๋ณ??„์›?Œ๋? ?ด๋ ‡๊ฒ?๊ตฌ์„ฑ??๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ๊ท?๊ทœ๋ชจ๊ฐ€ ?ฌ๊ณ  ?„์›?ค์˜ ๊ด€?ฌ์ด ?ค์–‘?˜๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ???„๋ฌธ?์ธ ?•์ฑ…?๋ฌธ ๊ธฐ๋Šฅ???ฝํ™”???ฐ๋ ค๊ฐ€ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ด๋Ÿฌ???œ๊ณ„๋ฅ?๊ทน๋ณต?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด ๋ณธ์œ„?ํšŒ ?„๋ž˜ ?์‹œ?์ธ ?„์›???ด์˜๊ด€???ฌํ•ญ???ผ์˜?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•œ ?ด์˜?„์›?Œ๋? ๊ตฌ์„ฑ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก??˜์??? ?ด์˜?„์›???„๋ž˜?๋Š” ?„๋ฌธ?ฑ์„ ๊ฐ€์ง??ธ์‚ฌ?ค๋กœ 5๊ฐœ์˜ ?„๋ฌธ?„์›?Œ๋? ๊ตฌ์„ฑ?˜์—ฌ ?„๋ฌธ?์ธ ?•์ฑ…๊ฐœ๋ฐœ?…๋ฌด๋ฅ??˜ํ–‰?˜๊ณ ???˜๋ฉฐ ?ด๋•Œ ?„๋ฌธ?„์›?Œ๋กœ??WSSD ?„์†?€์ฑ? ?๋ณด?€์ฑ??ฑ์„ ์ถ”์ง„?˜๋Š” ?œ๋„๊ฐœ์„ ยท?๋ณด ?„๋ฌธ?„์›?? ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?ด๊ฒฐ ?•์ฑ…???˜๋ฆฝ?˜๋Š” ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?ด๊ฒฐ?•์ฑ… ?„๋ฌธ?„์›?? ๋ฌ? ๊ต?† , ?์—ฐ๊ด€???•์ฑ…???˜๋ฆฝ?˜๋Š” ๋ฌผยท๊ตญ? ยท์ž?ฐ์ „๋ฌธ์œ„?ํšŒ, ์ง€?๊??ฅํ•œ ?๋„ˆ์ง€?€ ?ฐ์—…?•์ฑ…???˜๋ฆฝ?˜๋Š” ?๋„ˆ์ง€ยท?ฐ์—… ?„๋ฌธ?„์›?? ๋งˆ์?๋ง‰์œผ๋ก??˜๊ฒฝ๋ฌธ์ œ?€ ๊ฑด๊ฐ• ๊ด€???•์ฑ…???˜๋ฆฝ?˜๋Š” ?˜๊ฒฝยท๊ฑด๊ฐ• ?„๋ฌธ?„์›?Œ๋? ?๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ? ์ •?์ธ ?ˆ์œผ๋ก??œ์•ˆ?˜์??? ?„์›???œ๋™??์ง€?ํ•˜??๊ธฐํš?ด์˜?ค์—??๋ณธ์œ„?ํšŒ, ?ด์˜?„์›?? ?„๋ฌธ?„์›?Œ๋? ์ง€?ํ•˜???‰์ •๊ณ??ฐ๊ตฌ?…๋ฌด๋ฅ??ด๋‹น?˜๊ณ  ?„๋ฌธ?„์›??๋ณ„๋กœ ?€??๊ตฌ์„ฑ?˜๋ฉด ๋ณด๋‹ค ?„๋ฌธ?์ด๊ณ??จ์œจ?์ธ ?ฐ๊ตฌ?€ ?‰์ •์ง€?์ด ?ด๋ฃจ?ด์งˆ ???ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก?๊ธฐ๋??œ๋‹ค.

๊ธ€??๋งˆ์น˜๋ฉ?

?ด์ œ ์ฐธ์—ฌ?•๋??์„œ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ฒฝ์ œ, ?ฌํšŒ, ?˜๊ฒฝ??๋ชจ๋‘ ๋ฐœ์ „?˜๋Š” ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ???จ๋Ÿฌ?ค์ž„???„์‹ค?์„œ ?คํ˜„?˜๊ณ ???œ๋‹ค. ๊ธฐ์—…, ?œ๋??ฌํšŒ, ?•๋?๊ฐ€ ?˜์„ ?ฉ์ณ ?œ๋กœ ?€?”ํ•˜๊ณ??‘๋ ฅ???˜๊ฐ„?ค๋ฉด ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ฒฝ์ œ?ฑ์žฅ๊ณ?๋ฏผ์ฃผ์ฃผ์˜??๋ฌผ๋ก  ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์—?œ๋„ ๋ชจ๋ฒ”?์ธ ?ˆ๋กœ??๋ชจ๋ธ??๋งŒ๋“ค ???ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?„์žฌ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ ๋ชจ๋‘๊ฐ€ ๊ฑฑ์ •?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ?ฌํšŒ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?€ ?ต์••???•๋?๋กœ๋???์ฐธ์—ฌ๋ฏผ์ฃผ???•๋?๋ก??„ํ™˜?˜๋Š” ๊ณผ์ •?์„œ ๊ฒช๋Š” ?˜๋“  ?ฌํšŒ??๊ณผ์ •?ด๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ???ˆ๋กœ??๊ฐ€๋ฒ„๋„Œ?ค์? ์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์˜ ?๋„ˆ์ง€๋ก??นํ™”?œํ‚ฌ ๊ฒƒ์ธ๊ฐ€, ?„๋‹ˆ๋ฉ?๋งŒ์ธ??๋งŒ์ธ???€???ฌ์Ÿ?ผ๋กœ ?ด๋ณด??๊ฒƒ์ธ๊ฐ€, ?˜๋Š” ๊ธฐ๋กœ?????ˆ๋‹ค. ?˜์„ ?ฉ์ณ ?œ๊ตญ??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ?ด๊ฒฐ ๋ชจ๋ธ๊ณ?์ง€?๊??ฅ๋ฐœ?„์ด?ผ๋Š” ?ˆ๋กœ??๋ชจ๋ฒ”???ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋งŒ๋“ค???ด์–ด????๊ฒƒ์ด??

 

 

 

 

 

?๋ฌธ๋ณด๊ธฐ:

http://iss.gsnu.ac.kr/publications/wpapers/gochulhuan(11.27).hwp

์ถœ์ฒ˜: http://iss.gsnu.ac.kr

??ธด??๊ฐ€?ฐ๋ฆฌ

 

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?๊ตญ? ๋?, ์ง€?์ฒด ์ฃผ๋„ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ ์ถ”์ง„

?•๋?๊ฐ€ ์ง€๋ฐฉ์ค‘์ถ”๋„?œ๋? ?ก์„ฑ??๊ท??ฑ๊ณผ๋ฅ?์ฃผ๋?์ง€??œผ๋ก??•์‚ฐ?œํ‚ค??์ชฝ์œผ๋ก?์ง€??ฐœ๋ฐœ์„ ์ถ”์ง„?˜๊ธฐ๋ก??ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ ?ด๋ช…๋ฐ??•๋??์„œ ?ด๋†จ????+2 ๊ด‘์—ญ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ถ?๋ฐœ์ „?„๋žต?™์„ ?€์น˜ํ•˜??๊ฒƒ์ด์ง€๋ง??•๋?๊ฐ€ ๊ต์ฒด???Œ๋งˆ??๋ฐœ์ „?„๋žต???ˆ๋ฌด ?์ฃผ ๋ฐ”๋€Œ์–ด ?ฐ์†?ฑ์ด ?จ์–ด์ง€???ฐ๋‹ค ๊ณ„ํš??๊ตฌ์ฒด?ฑ๋„ ?†๋‹ค??์ง€?์ด ?˜์˜จ??

๊ต?† ๊ตํ†ต๋ถ€??4???•๋??ธ์ข…์ฒ?‚ฌ?์„œ ?ด๋ฆฐย ?…๋ฌด๋ณด๊ณ ?์„œ ??๊ฐ™์?ย ๊ณผ์ œ๋ฅ?์ค‘์ ?์œผ๋ก?์ถ”์ง„?˜๊ฒ ?ค๊ณ  ๋ฐ•๊ทผ???€?ต๋ น?๊ฒŒ ๋ณด๊ณ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?…๋ฌด๋ณด๊ณ ๋ฅ?๋ณด๋ฉด ์ง€๋ฐ?์ค‘์ถ”?„์‹œ 10?ฌ๊ฐœ๋ฅ??ก์„ฑ????๊ท??ฑ๊ณผ๋ฅ?์ฃผ๋?์ง€??œผ๋ก??•์‚ฐ?œํ‚ค????0+ฮฑ ์ง€๋ฐฉ์ค‘์ถ”๋„?œ๊ถŒ ?ก์„ฑ?„๋žต?™์„ ?œ์‹œ?ˆ๋‹ค. ์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€???•๋?๊ฐ€ ์ฃผ๋„??๊ถŒ์—ญ๋ณ„๋กœ ?€๊ทœ๋ชจ ?„๋กœ?ํŠธ๋ฅ?์ง„ํ–‰?ˆ์?๋ง??ž์œผ๋กœ๋Š” ์ง€?์ฒด๊ฐ€ ์ฃผ๋„???„์‹œ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ???˜๊ณ , ?ด๋? ?ตํ•ด ? ํ‡ด?˜๋Š” ์ง€๋ฐฉ์ค‘์ถ”๋„?œ๋? ?˜์‚ด๋ฆฌ๊ฒ ?ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?„์‹œ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ?„ย?a href=”http://news.khan.co.kr/kh_news/khan_art_view.html?artid=201304042212265&code=920100&#8243; target=”_blank”>? ๋„??/a>ย ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ๋ณด๋‹ค???„์‹ฌ ?ฌ์ƒ??์ค‘์ ?ผ๋กœ ?ด๋ค„์ง„๋‹ค.

๊ณผ๊ฑฐ 5+2 ๊ด‘์—ญ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ถ?๋ฐœ์ „?„๋žต?€ ?˜๋„๊ถŒยท์ถฉ์ฒ?ถŒยท?€๊ฒฝ๊ถŒยท?๋‚จ๊ถŒยทํ˜ธ?จ๊ถŒ ??5๊ฐ?๊ถŒ์—ญ๊ณ?๊ฐ•์›๊ถŒยท์ œ์ฃผ๊ถŒ ??2๊ฐ??น๋ณ„๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ถŒ์„ ?นํ™” ๋ฐœ์ „?œํ‚จ?ค๋Š” ๊ตฌ์ƒ?ด์—ˆ?? ?˜์?๋ง????„๋žต?€ ์ง€??Šน?”์‚ฌ?…๊ณผ ๋ณด์กฐ๊ธ??„์ฃผ๋ก?์ง„ํ–‰??์ง€??ฃผ๋ฏผ์˜ ?ค์ œย ์ฒด๊ฐ?จ๊ณผ๊ฐ€ ??•˜?ค๊ณ  ๊ต?† ๋ถ€?”ย?a href=”http://news.khan.co.kr/kh_news/khan_art_view.html?artid=201304042212265&code=920100&#8243; target=”_blank”>?‰๊??ˆ๋‹ค. ?ฌ์‹ค???คํŒจ???•์ฑ…?ด๋ผ???ป์ด??

๊ต?† ๋ถ€ ๋ฐ•๊ธฐ??1์ฐจ๊??€ ?œ์?๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€ ์ง€??ฐœ๋ฐ??ฌ์—…??์ง€?˜์น˜๊ฒ???๊ทธ๋ฆผ??๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??™ํ›„์ง€??์ค‘์‹ฌ?ผ๋กœ๋ง?์ง„ํ–‰?˜๋‹ค๋ณด๋‹ˆ ?•์ž‘ ?„์‹ฌ์ง€??˜ ?™ํ›„?„๊? ?ฌ๊ฐ???ํ™ฉ?์ด?ผ๋ฉฐ ?œ๋„?œ๊ถŒ???€??? ํƒ๊ณผย?a href=”http://news.khan.co.kr/kh_news/khan_art_view.html?artid=201304042212265&code=920100&#8243; target=”_blank”>์ง‘์ค‘???ตํ•ด ๊ฐ?๊ถŒ์—ญ???ฑ์žฅ?„ย?a href=”http://news.khan.co.kr/kh_news/khan_art_view.html?artid=201304042212265&code=920100&#8243; target=”_blank”>๊ฒฌ์ธ??๊ฑฐ์ ?ผ๋กœ ?ก์„ฑ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ฐ€???„์‹ค?์ธ ๊ท ํ˜•๋ฐœ์ „ ๋ฐฉ์•ˆ????๊ฒƒโ€์ด?ผ๊ณ  ๋งํ–ˆ??

?˜์?๋ง?๊ต?† ๋ถ€??๊ฐœ๋…๋ง??œ์‹œ?ˆ์„ ๋ฟ?๊ตฌ์ฒด?์ธ ๋ฐฉ์•ˆ?€ ?ด๋†“์ง€ ?Š์•˜?? ?•๋?๊ฐ€ ์ง€?•ํ•ด์ฃผ๊ธฐ๋ณด๋‹ค ์ง€?์ฒด???๋ฐœ?์ธ ? ์ฒญ??๋ฐ›์•„ ์ง€?ํ•˜๊ฒ ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?๋ณ‘??๊ต?† ?•์ฑ…๊ต?žฅ?€ ?œ์ค‘์ถ”๋„?œ๊ถŒ?€ ์ง€???„์š”???˜ํ•ด ์ถ”์ง„?˜๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ??10๊ฐ? 20๊ฐœ๊? ???˜๋„ ?ˆ๋‹ค?๊ณ  ๋งํ–ˆ?? ?•๋???๊ธฐ๋ณธ?„๋žต ๋ฐ?์ถ”์ง„๋ฐฉ์•ˆ??12?”์? ๋งˆ๋ จ?˜๊ฒ ?ค๊ณ  ๋ฐํ? ์ค€๋น„๊? ????๊ฒ??„๋‹ˆ?๋Š” ?‰๊????˜์˜จ??

๊ต?† ๋ถ€???ด๋‚  ?˜์„œ๋ฐ?KTX???์šฉ??์ฒ ๋„๊ฒฝ์Ÿ์ฒด์ œ????์ฒ ๋„๊ณต์‚ฌ?€ ๋ฏผยท๊??ฉ๋™๋ฐฉ์‹ ???ค์–‘??๋ฐฉ์‹??๊ฒ€? ํ•ด ?ค์Œ?ฌ๊นŒ์ง€ ?„์ž…๋ฐฉ์•ˆ???•์ •?˜๊ฒ ?ค๊ณ  ๋ฐํ˜”?? ?™๋‚จ๊ถ?? ๊ณต???„์ž…?ฌ๋????ค๋Š” 6?”๋????„๊ตญ ??ณต?˜์š” ์กฐ์‚ฌ๋ฅ??œ์ž‘?œ๋‹ค๊ณ??ค๋ช…?ˆ๋‹ค. ?˜ํƒ?œ์‚ฐ??๋ฐœ์ „???„ํ•œ ์ง€?๋ฒ•???์‹œ์ง€?๋ฒ•) ?œ์ •?ˆ์? ?ค์Œ??์ค?๊ต?šŒ???œ์ถœ?œ๋‹ค.ย ?€๊ธฐ์—…ย ์ง‘๋‹จ??๋ฌผ๋ฅ˜ ๋ถ„์•ผ ?ผ๊ฐ ๋ชฐ์•„์ฃผ๊ธฐ???€?ด์„œ??๊ทœ์ œ๋ฅ?๊ฐ•ํ™”?˜๊ธฐ๋ก??ˆ๋‹ค.

urban planning community law

Localism and Planningย [Paperback],ย Simon Ricketts

English Regional Planning 2000-2010: Lessons for the Future (RTPI ??/a>,ย Corinne Swain

A Practical Approach to Planning Law,ย ย Victor Moore,

Planning Law Essentials ย ,

A.M. Slaterย (Author)ย 

 

Neighbourhood Planning: Communities, Networks and Governance[Hardcover],ย Nick Gallent

Community Planning: Integrating Social and Physical Environments[Paperback],ย Phil Heywood

ย 

?œ๊ตญ???ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ˜๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ์˜ ์กฐ๊ฑด, ?์žฌ์ค€

[?”์??ธ์„ธ?? ?œ๊ตญ???ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ˜๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ์˜ ์กฐ๊ฑด

?์žฌ์ค€ ?ธํ‚ค?„์?๋ฉ˜์Šค?คํŠธ?์Šค์ฝ”๋ฆฌ???€?? 2009.12

๊ฒฝ์˜ ๋ถ„์•ผ?์„œ ?์ฃผ ?ฌ์šฉ?˜๋Š” ๋ง?์ค‘์— “Think Globally, Act Locally”?ผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?˜๊ฒฝ ?ด๋™?ด๋‚˜ ๊ต? œ ๊ต์œก ๋ถ„์•ผ?์„œ??์ข…์ข… ?ฐ์ด????๋ง์? ?๊ฐ?€ ๊ธ€๋กœ๋ฒŒ?˜๊ฒŒ ?˜๋˜ ?‰๋™?€ ๊ฐ€๊นŒ์šด ๊ณณ๋????˜๋ผ???ป์ด??
๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ????๋ง์„ ์ฒ˜์Œ ???ฌ๋žŒ?€ ?ค์ฝ”?€?œ๋“œ???จํŠธ๋ฆ?๊ฒŒ๋””?ค๋กœ ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์˜???„๋ฌธ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ?„๋‹Œ ?„์‹œ๊ณ„ํš๊ฐ€?ผ๋Š” ?์ด ?ด์ฑ„๋ก?‹ค. ๊ทธ๊? 1915?„์— ๋ฐœ๊ฐ„???€??์ง„ํ™”?˜๋Š” ?„์‹œ?์„œ???ด๊ฐ™?€ ์ปจ์…‰??์ค‘์‹ฌ?ผ๋กœ ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ?„์‹œ ๊ณ„ํš๋ก ์„ ?ค๋ช…?˜๊ณ , ?ฐ์—…?๋ช… ์ค‘์ด???๊ตญ ?๋”˜๋ฒ„๋Ÿฌ???™ํ›„ ์ง€??ด?ˆ๋˜ ?ฌ๋“œ ?€?ด์— ๊ธฐ์ˆ™?ฌ๋? ๊ฑด๋ฆฝ?จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ์ง€??˜ ?ฌ๋„?ฝ๊ณผ ๋ฐœ์ „??? ๋„?ˆ๋‹ค.

๊ฒŒ๋””?ค๊? ์ฃผ์žฅ?˜๋˜ ???ด๋ก ???ต์‹ฌ?€ ๊ณต๊ฐ„ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ(spacial form)???ตํ•˜???ฌํšŒ ๊ตฌ์กฐ๋ฅ?๋ณ€?”์‹œ?????ˆ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ์ฆ?Act Locally???ฌํšŒ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ?๋“ค???ํ˜ธ ?‘์ด‰???˜๋Š”???ˆ์–ด ๋ฌผ๋ฆฌ?์ธ ๋ฐฐ์น˜๊ฐ€ ๋งค์šฐ ์ค‘์š”?˜๋ฉฐ, ?ด๋? ?ตํ•˜???ฌํšŒ๊ฐ€ ๋ณ€?”๋  ???ˆ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์„ ?˜๋??œ๋‹ค.

?ด๊ฐ™?€ ๊ณต๊ฐ„ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ???ตํ•ด ?„์ฒญ???จ๊ณผ๋ฅ??ป์? ?€?œ์ ???ˆ๊? ๋ฐ”๋กœ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ???ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ?๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ?? ๋ช?????๋ฒค์ฒ˜?€?œ๋? ์กฐ์„ฑ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•˜???ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ?๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ๋ก?์ฒ˜์Œ ์ถœ์žฅ??๊ฐ€๋ฉด์„œ ?˜๋งŽ?€ ๋ฒค์ฒ˜ ๊ธฐ์—…???”๋žŒ???ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ?๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ???„๋?์ฒ??ด๋–ค ๊ณณ์ธ์ง€ ๊ถ๊ธˆ???ˆ์—ˆ?? ๋ฒค์ฒ˜ ?ฑ๊ณต ?ฌ๋?๋ฅ??ฝ๋‹ค๋ณด๋ฉด ์ข…์ข… ?ฑ์žฅ?˜๋Š” ?คํƒ ?ฌ๋“œ ?€?™๊ต, ?€?™๋กœ(University Avenue), ??์นด๋????ˆ์•Œ, ?ฐํ˜ธ?? ?Œ๋“œ??๋กœ๋“œ, ๊ตฌ๊??Œ๋ ‰?ค๋ผ๊ณ?๋ถˆ๋ฆฌ??๊ตฌ๊? ๋ณธ์‚ฌ ?ฑ์„ ๋ฐฉ๋ฌธ?˜๋ฉด??๊ฐ€???ฌ๊ฒŒ ?๋? ?์? ?ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ?๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ?ผ๊ณ  ?น๋ณ„??๊ฒƒ์? ?†๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค.

?ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ?๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ???•๋ง ?น๋ณ„???์„ ์ฐพ์„ ???†๋Š” ๊ณณ์ด?? ?˜์ฆˆ๋ง‰ํ•œ ๊ฑด๋ฌผ?ค์ด ๋ช?๊ฐ??ˆ์„ ๋ฟ?๊ทธ๋‹ค์ง€ ์ฒจ๋‹จ?ค๋Ÿฝ์ง€?? ๊ทธ๋ ‡?ค๊ณ  ์ฐฝ์˜?ฑ์„ ๋ถˆ๋Ÿฌ?ผ์œผ?ค๋Š” ๊ท?๋ฌด์—‡??์ฐพ์„ ???†์—ˆ?? ?…ํŠน?˜๊ธฐ๋ก?? ๋ช…??๊ตฌ๊? ๋ณธ์‚ฌ?์„œ????‹œ ๊ทธ๋‹ค์ง€ ?น๋ณ„??๊ฒƒ์„ ์ฐพ์„ ???†์—ˆ?? ์ง์›?ค์—๊ฒ?๋ฌด์ œ?œ์œผ๋ก??Œ์‹๊ณ??Œ๋ฃŒ, ?์‚ฌ๋ฅ??œ๊ณต?˜๊ณ , ๋ฆฌ์…‰??์ง์›???ฉ์†Œ๋งŒํ•œ ๊ฐœ๋? ?†์— ?๊ณ  ?…๋ฌด๋ฅ?๋ณด๊ณ  ?ˆ์—ˆ?ค๋Š” ?์ด ์กฐ๊ธˆ ?น๋ณ„??๋ฟ์ด?ˆ์?๋ง? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ??๋ฒค์ฒ˜ ?ฑ๊ณต???์ธ?ด๋ผ๊ณ ๋Š” ???˜๋Š” ?†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ด๋–ป๊ฒ??ดํ† ๋ก??‰๋ฒ”??๋ณด์ด??๊ณณ์—???ธ๊ณ„ ๊ตด์???Think Globally?˜๋Š” ์ฒจ๋‹จ ๊ธฐ์—…?ค์ด ?ฐํ›„์ฃฝ์ˆœ๊ฒฉ์œผ๋ก??˜์˜ฌ ???ˆ์—ˆ?”์? ?˜๋ฌธ?????˜๋ฐ–???†์—ˆ??

?ด๋Ÿฐ ?˜๋ฌธ???€???€?ต์? ๊ท?์ง€??˜ ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ธฐ์—…??๋ฐฉ๋ฌธ?˜๊ณ , ?ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ?๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ??๋ฒ ํ…Œ?‘๋“ค๊ณ??€?”ํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ ?ป์„ ???ˆ์—ˆ?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ทธ๊ณณ?์„œ ?ผํ•˜???ฌ๋žŒ?ค์˜ ?‰๋™๋ฐ˜๊ฒฝ???˜์™ธ๋ก?์ข๋‹ค??๊ฒ? ์ฆ?Act Locally?˜๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ?๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ???ผ๋ฐ˜?์œผ๋ก??คํƒ ?ฌ๋“œ ?€?™์ด ?ˆ๋Š” ?”๋กœ ?Œํ† ??๋ถ์ชฝ๋ถ€???จ์ชฝ???ฐํ˜ธ?œ๊นŒ์ง€ ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐœ์˜ ?‘์? ?„์‹œ?ค์„ ?ฐ๊ฒฐ?˜๋Š” ์ง€??„ ๋งํ•œ?? ?œ์‹œ๊ฐ??•๋„ ๋ถ์ชฝ?ผ๋กœ ์ฐจ๋? ๋ชฐ๊ณ  ๊ฐ€๋ฉ??Œํ”„?€?œ์Šค์ฝ”์ด??๋งŒ์•ฝ ?œ์šธ ?˜๋„๊ถŒ์— ๋น„์œ ?œ๋‹ค๋ฉ??‘๊ทผ??๋ฉด์œผ๋ก?๋ดค์„ ???˜์›?ด๋‚˜ ?Œ์ฃผ ?•๋„๋ก? ?ค์‹œ ๋งํ•ด ?œ์šธ ?˜๋„๊ถŒ์˜ ?„์„ฑ?„์‹œ ?•๋„ ?˜์???๋ถˆ๊ณผ?˜๋‹ค.

?ฌ๊ธฐ???ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ?๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ?ฑ๊ณต?????ˆ์—ˆ??์ค‘์š”???”์ธ??์ฐพ์„ ???ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ด€??๋น„์ฆˆ?ˆ์Šค ๋ถ„์•ผ??์ค‘์š”??๋ชจ๋“  ๊ณผ์ •???ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ?๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ ์ง€???ด์—??๋ชจ๋‘ ?Œํ™”?????ˆ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ด๊ณณ???์ฝ” ?œ์Šค?œ์? ? ๊ธฐ? ์„ ?ฐ๊ตฌ?˜๋Š” ?คํƒ ?ฌ๋“œ ?€?™๊ต, ? ๊ธฐ? ์— ?ฌ์ž?˜๋Š” ๋ฒค์ฒ˜์บํ”ผ?? ? ๊ธฐ? ์„ ๊ตฌํ˜„?˜๋Š” ๋ฒค์ฒ˜ ๊ธฐ์—…, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?๊ท?๊ธฐ์ˆ ๊ณ?๋ฒค์ฒ˜ ๊ธฐ์—…???ก์ˆ˜?˜์—ฌ ?์šฉ?”ํ•˜???€??๊ธฐ์—…?ค๋กœ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ?œ๋‹ค.

????๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ถ•์˜ ๋ฌผ๋ฆฌ?์ธ ?„์น˜๋ฅ?๋ณด๋ฉด ?ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ?๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ??๊ฒฝ์Ÿ?ฅ์ด ๋ณด์ธ?? ?„์ฒญ??๊ทœ๋ชจ???คํƒ ?ฌ๋“œ ?€??์บ ํผ??๋ฐ”๋กœ ๋ถ์ชฝ???ธ์—ฌ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ธธ์? ? ์ˆ˜??๋ฒค์ฒ˜์บํ”ผ???Œ์‚ฌ?ค์ด ?„์น˜?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ?Œ๋“œ ??๋กœ๋“œ?? ๊ตฌ๊????ฌ์ž??KPCB, ?ธ์ฝฐ?ด์–ด์บํ”ผ?? ?คํƒ ?ฌ๋“œ ๋ฒค์ฒ˜ ?„๋กœ๊ทธ๋žจ???คํฐ?œ๋ง?˜๋Š” DFJ๋ฅ??ฌํ•จ?˜์—ฌ ๊ธ??„์ฒด๊ฐ€ ?˜๋งŽ?€ ๋ฒค์ฒ˜์บํ”ผ???…์ฒด๋ก?์ฑ„์›Œ???ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฌผ๋ก  ๊ณ ์ธต ๋นŒ๋”ฉ???„๋‹Œ ๋งˆ์น˜ ๋ฐฉ๊ฐˆ๋ก?๊ฐ™์ด ?๊ธด 1, 2์ธ??’์ด??๊ฑด๋ฌผ?ค์ด ์ฃผ์ฐจ?ฅ์„ ?ฌ์ด???ผ๊ณ  ?˜์–ด???ˆ๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ผ??๋ฒค์ฒ˜ ๊ธฐ์—…???ฌ์ž ? ์น˜๋ฅ??„ํ•ด ๊ธธ์„ ?˜์„œ๋ฉ??˜๋‚˜??๊ธธ์—?œ๋งŒ ์ตœ์†Œ 20๊ฐ??ด์ƒ???ฌ์ž?Œ์‚ฌ๋ฅ?๋งŒ๋‚  ???ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด??

?คํƒ ?ฌ๋“œ ?€?™๊ต???™์ชฝ?ผ๋กœ????๊นŒ๋????ˆ์•Œ?ด๋ผ???ด๊ตญ?์ธ ?ด๋ฆ„??๊ฐ€์ง?๊ธธ์ด ?ˆ๊ณ  ??๊ธธ์—???œ์ž‘?ด์„œ ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ณ ์†?„๋กœ๋ฅ??€๊ณ??ฐํ˜ธ?œ๋กœ ?ด๋ ค๊ฐ€??๋ณด๋ฉด ๊ทธ์•ผ๋ง๋กœ ๊ธ€๋กœ๋ฒŒ ?œ์žฅ??? ๋„?˜๋Š” ๊ธฐ์—…?ค์˜ ๊ฐ„ํŒ??์ค„์ค„??๋ณ????ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ตฌ๊?, ?ค๋ผ?? ? ํ”Œ, ?ธํ…”, ?œ์Šค์ฝ??ฑ์˜ ๋ณธ์‚ฌ๊ฐ€ ?„๋? ??์ง€??— ?ฌ์ง„?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค. ??๊ธฐ์—…?ค์? ์ง์ ‘ ? ๊ธฐ? ์„ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ?˜๊ธฐ???˜์?๋ง??™๊ต??๋ฒค์ฒ˜ ๊ธฐ์—…?ค์— ?˜ํ•ด ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ??๊ธฐ์ˆ ๊ณ?๋ฒค์ฒ˜์บํ”ผ???…์ฒด?ค์ด ?ฌ์ž???Œ์‚ฌ๋ฅ??ธ์ˆ˜?˜์—ฌ ?ฌ์—…???ค์šฐ????• ???˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ์ฆ??€?™์—??๊ธฐ์ˆ ???˜์˜ค๋ฉ?๋ฒค์ฒ˜์บํ”ผ?ˆ์—???ฌ์ž?˜๊ณ , ?์šฉ?”์? ?ฌ์ž ?Œ์ˆ˜???€๊ธฐ์—…?ค์ด ?ด์ฃผ???์—ฐ?ค๋Ÿฐ ?ํƒœ๊ณ„๊? ๊ตฌ์„ฑ?˜์–ด ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด??

?ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ˜๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ์˜ ??? ๋ช…??๋ฒค์ฒ˜์บํ”ผ?ˆ๋ฆฌ?คํŠธ??๋งŒ์•ฝ ?๊ธฐ ?Œ์‚ฌ?์„œ ์ฐจ๋กœ 30๋ถ??ด๋‚ด ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ?์„œ ?Œ์‚ฌ ๊ฒฝ์˜์ง„์„ ๋งŒ๋‚  ???†๋‹ค๋ฉ?๊ท??Œ์‚ฌ?๋Š” ?ฌ์ž๋ฅ??˜์? ?Š๋Š”?ค๋Š” ๋ง์„ ???•๋„?? ๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ??๊ด€??๋น„์ฆˆ?ˆ์Šค??๋ชจ๋“  ?„๋กœ?ธ์Šค ?จ์œ„๊ฐ€ ์ฐจ๋กœ 30๋ถ?๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ ?ด๋‚ด???„์น˜?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ?ด๊ฐ™?€ ๋ฒค์ฒ˜ ?ํƒœ๊ณ„๋Š” ๊ฐ€๊นŒ์šด ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ๋ก??ธํ•ด ?„์ฒญ???œ๋„ˆ์ง€ ?จ๊ณผ๋ฅ??ป๊ณ  ?ˆ์œผ๋ฉ? ?ด๋? ?ตํ•ด ?ˆ๋????๋„??๋ฐœ์ „??๊ฑฐ๋“ญ?˜๋ฉฐ ?„์„ธ๊ณ?? ๊ธฐ???ฐ์—…??? ๋„?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด??

๋ฒค์ฒ˜?ฌ์ž๊ฐ€ ?œ์„ฑ?”๋œ 70?„๋? ?ดํ›„ ?ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ?๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ??๋ฐ˜๋„์ฒ? ?ต์‹ , ?ธํ„ฐ???œ๋น„?ค๋? ๊ฑฐ์ณ, ์ง€๊ธˆ์? ?น์ƒ‰?ฑ์žฅ???Œ๋งˆ๋ก?๋ณ„๋‹ค๋ฅ??•๋?์ง€?๋„ ?†์ด ์ง„ํ™”?ด๊?๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ตฌ๊????ฌ์ž??KPCB??์ก??„์–ด, ?ฌ์„ ์ฐฝ์—…??๋น„๋…ธ??์ฝ”์Šฌ???ฑ์? ?ด๋? ?น์ƒ‰๊ธฐ์ˆ  ๊ธฐ์—… ?ฌ์ž?€ ?ก์„ฑ???ผ์‹ ???คํ•˜๊ณ??ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก??Œ๋ ค???ˆ๋‹ค.

๋ฌผ๋ฆฌ?์œผ๋ก??ํ˜ธ ?‘๊ทผ?ฑ์ด ์ข‹๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์? ?ค์‹œ ๋งํ•ด ์นœ๋???์ปค๋??ˆํ‹ฐ๋ฅ??˜๋??œ๋‹ค. ?ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ?๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ?์„œ???ธ๋งฅ??์ค‘์š”?ฑ์„ ๊ต‰์žฅ???’๊ฒŒ ?‰๊??œ๋‹ค. ์ปค๋??ˆํ‹ฐ??๊ตฌ์„ฑ?๋“ค?€ ?œ๋กœ ๋ชจ๋ฅด???ฌ๋žŒ???†์—ˆ๊ณ?๊ท??คํŠธ?Œํฌ ?ด์—???ฌ์—… ?„์ด?”์–ด ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ, ?Œ์‚ฌ ?ค๋ฆฝ, ?ฌ์ž ? ์น˜, ?ฌ์—… ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?๊ฒฐ๊ตญ ?Œ์‚ฌ ๋งค๊ฐ???ด๋ฅด???์ฝ” ?œ์Šค?œ์˜ ๋ชจ๋“  ?”์†Œ๊ฐ€ ?ด๋ฃจ?ด์?๊ณ??ˆ์—ˆ??

?ด๊ฐ™?€ ๊ณผ์ •???ตํ•˜??? ๋ขฐ๊ฐ€ ?๊ธฐ๊ณ? ๊ท?? ๋ขฐ๋ฅ?๋ฐ”ํƒ•?ผ๋กœ ?๋‹ค๋ฅ?๋ฒค์ฒ˜ ๊ธฐ์—…??์ฐฝ์—…?˜๋Š” ๊ณผ์ •??๋ฐ˜๋ณต?˜๋Š” ?ˆ์ด?? ?ธ๊ณ„ ์ตœ๊ณ ??๋ฒค์ฒ˜์บํ”ผ?ˆ์ธ KPCB??๋ชจํ† ๊ฐ€ Relationship & venture Capital?ด๋ผ???์—???ธ๋งฅ??์ค‘์š”?ฑ์ด ?ผ๋งˆ???’์? ?‰๊?๋ฅ?๋ฐ›๋Š”์ง€ ์ง์ž‘?????ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด??

๋ฐ˜๋ฉด ?ฐ๋ฆฌ?˜๋ผ???ํ™ฉ???œ๋ฒˆ ?ดํŽด๋ณด์ž. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ?˜๋ผ???ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ?๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ?€ ๊ฐ™์? ??• ???ด์ฃผ??์ง€??ด ๋ช‡๋ช‡ ๊ณณ์— ๋ถ„์‚ฐ?˜์–ด ?ˆ๋Š” ?‘์ƒ??๋ณด์ธ?? KAIST๋ฅ?์ค‘์‹ฌ?ผ๋กœ ???€?•์—ฐ๊ตฌ๋‹จ์ง€, ๋ฒค์ฒ˜์บํ”ผ?ˆ๊ณผ ๋ฒค์ฒ˜ ๊ธฐ์—…??์ค‘์‹ฌ?ผ๋กœ???Œํ—ค?€ ๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ, ์ค‘์†Œ๊ธฐ์—…???„์ฃผ๋กœํ•œ ๊ตฌ๋กœ ?”์??ธ๋‹จ์ง€ ?ฑ์ด ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???€?•์—??๋ฒค์ฒ˜์บํ”ผ?ˆ์ด ๋งค์šฐ ๋นˆ์•ฝ?˜๊ณ , ?Œํ—ค?€ ๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ?๋Š” ?™๊ต๊ฐ€ ?†์œผ๋ฉ?๊ตฌ๋กœ?๋Š” ?™๊ต???†๊ณ  ๋ฒค์ฒ˜์บํ”ผ?ˆ๋„ ๊ฑฐ์˜ ?†๋‹ค.

๋ฌผ๋ก  ?œ์šธ์ง€???„์ฒด๋ฅ?๋ณธ๋‹ค๋ฉ??€?™๊ต?ค๋„ ๋งŽ๊ณ  ?‰์ •๋ถ€์ฒ? ๊ธฐ์—…, ๋ฒค์ฒ˜์บํ”ผ?ˆ๋„ ๋งŽ๋‹ค. ๊ฐ?๊ธฐ๋Šฅ?????„์‹œ ?ˆ์— ?ˆ๊ธฐ๋ง??˜๋ฉด ?˜์? ?Š๋Š?๋Š” ๋ฐ˜๋ฌธ???ˆ์„ ???ˆ์?๋ง? ?ˆ๋??์ธ ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ?„๋‹Œ ๋ฌผ๋ฆฌ?? ?ฌ๋ฆฌ???‘๊ทผ?ฑ๊ณผ ?œ๊ฐ„???œ์šฉ??์ฐจ์›?์„œ ๋ณด๋ฉด ?„๋ฌด?˜๋„ ??๊ฒฉ์ฐจ๊ฐ€ ?ˆ์„ ?˜๋ฐ–???†๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?๊ฒฐ์ •?์œผ๋ก??ฐ๋ฆฌ?˜๋ผ?๋„ ?Œ๋????€๊ธฐ์—…??๋งŽ์?๋ง?๋ฒค์ฒ˜๊ธฐ์—…???œ๋ฐœ?˜๊ฒŒ ?ธ์ˆ˜?ด์ฃผ???€๊ธฐ์—…?€ ?˜๋‚˜???†๋‹ค???์? ๋งค์šฐ ?„์‰ฌ??๋ถ€๋ถ„์ด??

?ด๋Š” ๊ต?‚ด??๋ถˆํ•„?”ํ•œ ๊ทœ์ œ, ?ค์†Œ ๋ถ€์กฑํ•œ ?ธ๋™ ? ์—ฐ?ฑ์ด???ฌ์—… ๋ฐฉ์‹??์ฐจ์ด๋ก??ธํ•œ ๋ถ€๋ถ„๋„ ?๋‹น???ฌ๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ???จ์ˆœ??์ง€๋ฆฌ์ ??๋ฐฐ์น˜๋งŒ์œผ๋ก??ด๊ฒฐ ?????ˆ๋Š” ๋ฌธ์ œ๊ฐ€ ?„๋‹ˆ๊ธฐ๋Š” ?˜๋‹ค. ?ค๋งŒ ?ด๋Ÿฐ ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ?ด์œ  ?Œ๋ฌธ??๋ฒค์ฒ˜ ๊ธฐ์—…?ค๋งŒ??๋งŒ๋“ค???????ˆ๋Š” ?์‹ ?์ธ ๊ธฐ์ˆ  ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ?ด๋‚˜ ๊ท??œ๋น„?ค๋? ?ฅ๊ธฐ?์ธ ?ฐ์—… ๊ฒฝ์Ÿ???ฅ์ƒ???œ์šฉ?˜์? ๋ชปํ•˜??๊ฒƒ์ด ?ˆํ?๊นŒ์šธ ๋ฟ์ด??

?จํŠธ๋ฆ?๊ฒŒ๋””?ค๋Š” ?„์‹œ๊ณ„ํš๊ฐ€?ด๋ฉด?œ๋„ ?๋ฌผ?™์ž?€?ผ๋ฉฐ, ??‚ฌ?™์ž?ค์ด ๊ทธ๋? ?น์ƒ‰?•์น˜??์ฐฝ์‹œ?ผ๊ณ  ???•๋„๋ก?? ๊ตฌ?์ธ ?˜๊ฒฝ?ด๋™๊ฐ€?€?? ?„์žฌ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ?˜๋ผ ?•์น˜๊ณ„์? ๋น„์ฆˆ?ˆ์Šค๊ณ„์—???”๋‘๊ฐ€ ?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ?น์ƒ‰?ฑ์žฅ ๊ตฌํ˜ธ??๋น„๋‹จ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ?˜๋ผ๋ฟ??„๋‹ˆ??๋ฏธ๊ตญ ?ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ?๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ, ?˜์•„๊ฐ€ ?„์„ธ๊ณ„๋? ?€์ง์ด???ˆ๋กœ???จ๋Ÿฌ?ค์ž„???˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค.

?จํŠธ๋ฆ?๊ฒŒ๋””?ค๊? ?์กด???ˆ๋‹ค๋ฉ??ฐ๋ฆฌ?๊ฒŒ ๊ณผ์—ฐ ?ด๋–ค ์กฐ์–ธ???????ˆ์„๊น? ?•๋????•์ฑ…??์ง€?? ?๊ธฐ?์ธ ?น์ƒ‰ ๊ธฐ์ˆ  ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?๊ทธ๋? ?ตํ•œ ?ฑ์žฅ??์ค‘์š”?˜์?๋ง???๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์„ ?ž๋‹น๊ธ????ˆ๋Š” ๊ฐ€??๊ธฐ๋ณธ???˜๋Š” ๋ฒค์ฒ˜ ?ฐ์—… ?ก์„ฑ??๋ฐ‘๊ทธ๋ฆผ์„ ?ค๋ฆฌ์ฝ?๋ฐธ๋ฆฌ???? ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??จํŠธ๋ฆ?๊ฒŒ๋””?ค์˜ Think Globally, Act Locally?€ ๋ง์˜ ?˜๋?๋ฅ??˜์ƒˆ๊ธฐ๋ฉด???ค์‹œ ??๋ฒ??๊ฐ??๋ณด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ข‹์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด??

?…๋ ฅ: 2009-12-29 21:02

๊ต???์„œ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด๋กœ
?ˆ์Šน์ค€

?ˆ์Šน์ค€(ๅฎ‰ๅ‹้ง? 1966-1991) – ?œ์šธ?œ์ƒ?ผ๋กœ ?ผ๋ณธ๊ณ?๋ฏธ๊ตญ?์„œ ์ค‘๋“ฑ ๋ฐ?๊ณ ๋“ฑ๊ต์œก??๋ฐ›์•˜๊ณ? 1986??๊ฒจ์šธ๋ถ€???ผ๋…„๊ฐ??ฐ์„ธ?€?์„œ ?˜ํ•™??๋ฐ??ˆ๋‹ค. 1991???ฌ๋ฆ„, ๋ฒ„๋ชฌ?ธ์ฃผ???ด๋Š ?œ๊ณจ๋งˆ์„?์„œ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด์šด???„์žฅ?ค์Šต ?„์ค‘ ์ถ”๋ฝ?ฌ๊ณ ๋ก??€๊ณ„ํ•œ ?? ๊ทธ์˜ ? ์?(?บ่‘—) {๊ต???์„œ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด๋กœ – ?จํ•œ??๊ทผ๋??”๋? ?ค์‹œ ?๊ฐ?˜๋ฉฐ, From State to Community: Rethinking South Korean Modernization}๊ฐ€ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ??<?ฌํšŒ?ํƒœ?™์—ฐ๊ตฌ์†Œ>??์ฃผ์„ ?ผ๋กœ ์ถœ๊ฐ„?˜์—ˆ?? ??์ฑ…์? ?๋ž˜ New School for Social Research???…ํ•™?˜๋ฉด???œ์ถœ???ผ๋ฌธ???•๋ฆฌ??๊ฒƒ์ธ?? ?€?๋Š” ???ผ๋ฌธ??๋ณด์™„?‘์—…??๊ณ„ํš?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ์—ˆ?ค๊ณ  ?œ๋‹ค. ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๋ฉด์—??๋ฏธ์™„???‘์—…?ด๋ผ๊ณ??˜๋”?ผ๋„ ???€?œ๋Š” ?ผ์ œ ?๋?์ง€?œ๋? ?ดํ›„ ์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€???œ๊ตญ ๊ทผ๋??”์˜ ๊ณผ์ •??๋ฏผ์ค‘???ถ๊ณผ ?์—ฐ ?ํƒœ๊ณ„์— ๊ฐ€?ด์ง„ ?„์ฒญ???์ƒ??์ฃผ๋ชฉ?˜๋ฉด??๊นŠ์ด ๋น„ํŒ?์ธ ๊ฐ๋„?์„œ ?ผ๋ชฉ?”์—ฐ?˜๊ฒŒ ?Œํ—ค์น˜๊ณ  ?ˆ์„ ๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ???˜๋‚˜??์ฐฝ์กฐ?์ธ ?€?ˆ์œผ๋กœ์„œ ์ง€??ณต?™์ฒด?€ ๊ท?๋ฌธํ™”???ฌ๊ฑด???ค๋“?ฅ์žˆ๊ฒ??œ์•ˆ?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ?์—??๊ฒฝ์ฒญ??๋งŒํ•œ ์ง€???ธ์ž‘(?žไฝœ)?ผ๋กœ ๋ณด์ธ?? ๋ฌผ๋ก  ?ด๋Ÿฐ ์ข…๋ฅ˜???œ๊ฐ???„ํ? ?ˆ๋กœ??๊ฒƒ์ด?ผ๊ณ ???????†์œผ???ด๋ฅธ๋ฐ?’?ฌํšŒ?ํƒœ???ด๋ผ๊ณ??˜๋Š” ์ค‘์š”??? ํŒŒ???ด๋ก ???€ ?์—?? ?นํžˆ ๊ถŒ์œ„์ฃผ์˜??๊ต??๊ตฌ์กฐ??๊ฐ•ํ™”?€ ?ํƒœ???„๊ธฐ???ฌํ™”???ฐ๊??ฑ์„ ? ์นด๋ก?ฒŒ ์ฃผ๋ชฉ?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ?์? ?€๋ฟŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฏผ์ฃผ์ฃผ์˜???€???ฌํšŒ??? ๋…??๊ฐ•ํ™”?˜๋Š” ???ฌ๊ฒŒ ๊ธฐ์—ฌ?????ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก??๊ฐ?œ๋‹ค. ?ฌ๊ธฐ???Œ๊ฐœ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ???€?œ์˜ ?„์ฒด๋กœ๋???๋ถ€๋ถ„๋?๋ถ„์„ ๋ฐœ์ทŒ??๊ฒƒ์ธ?? ๊ท??Œ๋ฌธ???ผ์? ?„๊ฐœ๊ฐ€ ๋ถ€?œ๋Ÿฝ์ง€ ๋ชปํ•œ ?๋‚Œ??์ค„์? ๋ชจ๋ฅธ?? ๋ฐœ์ทŒ๋ฅ??ˆ๋ฝ??์ฃผ์‹  ?ฐ๋ฆฌ๋ง?๋ฒˆ์—ญ๋ณ??˜๊ฒฝ?ด๋™?ฐํ•ฉ ์ถœํŒ๋ถ€, 1995??????ž?ด์ž ?€?์˜ ๋ถ€์นœ์ธ ?ˆ์ฐฝ?์”จ๊ป?๊ฐ์‚ฌ?œ๋ฆฐ??

?จํ•œ??๊ทผ๋??? ๋น„ํŒ๊ณ??€??

?จํ•œ??๊ทผ๋??”๊ณผ?•์? ์ง€???ฌ๋Ÿฌ ???™์•ˆ ?น๋ณ„??์ฃผ๋ชฉ??๋ฐ›์•„?”๋‹ค. 1950?„๋? ์ดˆ๊ธฐ???œ๊ตญ?„์Ÿ???˜ํ•œ ?„๋ฉด???Œ๊ดด ?ดํ›„, ?จํ•œ??’๊ธฐ์ ?์ธ’ ๊ฒฝ์ œ???…์ ?€ ???ธ๊ณ„??๊ทผ๋??”์— ?˜๋‚˜??๋ชจ๋ธ๋ก??๊ฐ?˜์–ด?”๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ค๋Š˜???จํ•œ?์„œ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???„์ง???๋??ต์น˜ ๊ธฐ๊ฐ„??์ง€๋ฐฐ์? ์ฐฉ์ทจ??์ฃผ๋œ ?˜๋‹จ?ผ๋กœ ?ฐ์????ฌ๋Ÿฌ ?ต์••???œ๋„?ค๊ณผ ๊ด€?‰๋“ค ๋ฐ?๊ฐ€์น˜๋“ค??๋ณ????ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ต???€ ?๋ณธ???จ๊ป˜ ?ด๋Ÿฐ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค??? ์??œํ‚ค๊ณ?๊ฐ•ํ™”?œ์ผœ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ธ๋ฉด?์ธ ๊ฒฝ์ œ???ฑ๊ณต???ค์—??๋ฏธ๊ตญ๊ณ??ผ๋ณธ???€??๋ฌด๊ฑฐ???˜์กด, ?ธ์ฑ„?„๊ธฐ, ๋ถ€?คํ™”??๊ธฐ์—…?? ๋ถ€(ๅฏ???์ค‘์•™ ์ง‘์ค‘, ?ฉํ?”๋œ ?์—… ๋ฐ??ํƒœ???„๊ธฐ?€ ๊ฐ™์? ๋งŽ์? ๊ตฌ์กฐ??๋ฌธ์ œ?ค์ด ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?Œ๋“??๋ถ„๋ฐฐ๊ฐ€ ?๋??์œผ๋ก?๊ณตํ‰?˜๋‹ค๊ณ ๋Š” ?˜์?๋ง? ?…๋ฆฝ ?ด๋ž˜ ?ฌํšŒ์ง‘๋‹จ??๊ฒฉ์ฐจ๊ฐ€ ์ปค์ง„ ?•๋„???€??๋งŒํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ? ์????€??๊ณต์œ ๊ถŒ์ด ?ฌ์œ (็งๆœ‰)๋ก?๋ฐ”๋€œ์— ?ฐ๋ผ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด๊? ๊ณต์œ ?˜๋Š” ? ์????†์–ด์กŒ์œผ๋ฉ? ?์ดŒ??๊ณต๋™์ฒด๋“ค?€ ๊ทผ๋??”๋? ?„ํ•œ ‘๊ต????๊ณ„ํš??๊ฒฝ์ œ’???˜ํ•ด ์ฒด๊ณ„?์œผ๋ก?๋ฌด๋„ˆ???”๋‹ค. ?จํ•œ??๊ทผ๋??”๋Š” ?จ์? ?œ๊ตฌ???€?์—?œ๋งŒ ‘?ฑ๊ณต?์ธ’๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก?๋ณ????ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด??
๊ทผ๋??”์˜ ๊ณผ์ •?€ ?™์‹œ??๊ต???•์„ฑ(state-formation)??๊ณผ์ •-?จ์ˆœ??๊ทผ๋??์ธ ๊ธฐ์ˆ ๊ณ?๊ท?๋ฌผ์งˆ?์ธ ?ฐ๋ฌผ???„์ž…??๊ทธ์น˜์ง€ ?Š๋Š”-?ด์—ˆ์ง€๋ง? ?ํ•œ ?ฌํšŒ๊ตฌ์กฐ?€ ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์ด ?์—ฐ๊ณผ์˜ ๊ด€๊ณ?๋ฐ??ฌ๋žŒ???ํ˜ธ๊ฐ„์˜ ๊ด€๊ณ„์—???œ๋กœ ?‘์šฉ?˜๋Š” ๊ธฐ๋ณธ???œ๋„???˜๋‚˜????๋ณ€?”๋? ?ผ์œผ??๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค.

?๋ ˆ???Œ๊ดด

1910?„์— ?ผ๋ณธ???œ๊ตญ???•์‹?ผ๋กœ ?ฉ๋ณ‘?˜๋ฉด?? ?ผ๋ณธ???ฐ์—…?๋ณธ?€ ?œ๊ตญ๊ฒฝ์ œ???€??์ง€๋ฐฐ๋? ?•๋??˜์??? 1912?„๋???1919?„๊นŒ์ง€ ?ค์‹œ??? ์? ์กฐ์‚ฌ?ฌ์—…????๊ณผ์ •??์ฒ??จ๊ณ„?€?? ?๋?์ง€ ?•๋????˜ํ•˜๋ฉ? ???ฌ์—…??๋ชฉ์ ?€ ? ์??ธ์ œ(?Ÿๅœฐ็จ…ๅˆถ)๋ฅ??•๋ฆฝ?˜๊ณ , ?ฌ์œ ? ์?๋ฅ?๋ณดํ˜ธ?˜๋ฉฐ, ?์—…???์‚ฐ?ฑ์„ ์ฆ๋??œํ‚ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ค์ œ๋กœ๋Š” ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ????๊ฐ€์ง€ ?จ๊ฒจ์ง?๋ชฉ์ ???ˆ์—ˆ?? ์ฒซ์งธ๋ก? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?œ๊ตญ???ผ๋ณธ???€???€??๊ณต๊ธ‰?๋กœ ?„ํ™˜?œํ‚ด?ผ๋กœ???ผ๋ณธ?์„œ ‘?€๋ฏธ๊? ?€?„๊ธˆ’ ?•์ฑ…??๊ฒฌ์??˜๋ ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ?˜์งธ๋ก? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?œ๊ตญ???๋??ค์„ ? ์?๋กœ๋???๋ชฐ์•„?„์œผ๋กœ์จ ?ฑ์žฅ?˜๋Š” ?ผ๋ณธ??์ฃผ๋„???œ์กฐ?…์„ ?„ํ•ด ๊ฐ’์‹ผ ?ธ๋™??์ฐฝ์ถœ?˜๋ ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ?๋?์ง€???์—…?•์ฑ…?ค์? ?œ๊ตญ???๋??ค์„ ๊ฐ€?œํ•˜๊ฒ??ˆ์„ ๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ???„ํ†ต?์ธ ?œ๊ณจ??๊ณต๋™์ฒด๊ตฌ์กฐ์— ?Œ๊ดด???จ๊ณผ๋ฅ?๋ฏธ์ณค?? ??๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ค‘์š”???ˆ๋Š” ?„ํ†ต?์œผ๋ก??ด๋ ค??๊ณต๋™???‘์—…์กฐ์ง???๋ ˆ???Œ๊ดด?ด๋‹ค. ?๋ ˆ??๊ด€?˜์—ฌ??์กฐ๊ธˆ ?์„ธ???ดํŽด๋ณ?๊ฐ€์น˜๊? ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?œ๋ƒ?˜๋ฉด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ??๊ทผ๋?๊ต????๋ฐ”ํƒ•?????ฌํšŒ๊ตฌ์กฐ???€???€??ไปฃๆกˆ)???˜๋Š” ?˜๋‚˜??๊ตฌ์ฒด?์ธ ๋ชจ๋ธ???ฐ๋ฆฌ?๊ฒŒ ?œ์‹œ?˜๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค. ?๋ ˆ??๊ด€????‚ฌ??๊ธฐ๋ก?€ ?œ๊ธฐ 200?„๊ฒฝ???ผํ•œ(ไธ‰้Ÿ“)?œ๋?๋ก?๊ฑฐ์Šฌ???ฌ๋ผ๊ฐ„๋‹ค. ?๋ ˆ??์ดˆ๊ธฐ?•ํƒœ???ˆ์–ด?œ๋Š” ๋งˆ์„??๋ชจ๋“  ?ฑ์ธ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ?๋“ค???ฌ๋ƒฅ, ?ดํš, ?์‚ฌ ๋ฐ?๊ฑด์„ค??์ฐธ๊??˜์??? ?๋?์ง€?œ๋?๊ฐ€ ?œ์ž‘???Œ๊นŒ์ง€, ?๋ ˆ??๊ตฌ์„ฑ?์? 16?ธ์? 55???ฌ์ด???ฑ์ธ ?จ์ž?ค์— ?œ์ •?˜์—ˆ?ผ๋ฉฐ, ๊ณต๋™?ผ๋กœ ?˜๋Š” ?‘์—…?€ ?์—…?์‚ฐ??์ดˆ์ ???์—ˆ?? ?‘์—…?์˜ ์ฐธ์—ฌ๋ฅ?๊ฑฐ๋??˜๋Š” ?ฑ์ธ ?จ์ž???ฐ๋Œ๋ฆผ์„ ?นํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๋งˆ์„?์„œ ์ซ“๊ฒจ?˜๊ธฐ๊นŒ์? ?˜์???
?œํ•ด??6?”๋???7?”์— ๊ฑธ์นœ ?ผํ•˜??๊ณ„์ ˆ๊ณ??˜๋จธ์ง€ ๊ธฐ๊ฐ„??์ค€๋น„ํ•˜??๊ณ„์ ˆ๋ก??˜๋‰˜?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ชจ์‹ฌ๊ธฐ์? ๊น€๋งค๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ?ผํ•˜??๊ณ„์ ˆ ?™์•ˆ????๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ฃผ๋œ ?œ๋™?ด์—ˆ?? ?ผํ•˜??๊ณ„์ ˆ???ค๋ฉด ๊ตฌ์„ฑ?๋“ค?€ ?จ๊ป˜ ๋ชจ์—ฌ ๊ทธ๋“ค???‘์—…??๊ณ„ํš?˜๊ณ  ์กฐ์ง?˜์??? ?๋ ˆ?๋Š” ๊ท??์ฒด??๊ทœ์•ฝ???ˆ์—ˆ?ผ๋ฉฐ, ๊ฐ?๊ตฌ์„ฑ?์? ๊ท??˜์‚ฌ๊ฒฐ์ • ๊ณผ์ •??์ฐธ์—ฌ?˜์??? ?‘์—…?€ ?ค์Œ๊ณ?๊ฐ™์? ?œ์„œ๋ก?๋งˆ์„???ˆ๋Š” ๋ชจ๋“  ? ์?๋ฅ??ฌ๊ด„?˜์??? ์ฒซ์งธ๊ฐ€ ๊ณต์œ ์ง€, ?˜์งธ๊ฐ€ ?ธ๋™?ฅ์ด ?†๋Š” ? ์?(๋ฏธ๋ง?ธ๊ณผ ?ฅ์• ?๊? ?Œ์œ ?˜๋Š” ? ์?), ?‹์งธ๊ฐ€ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ?๋“ค ?์‹ ???Œ์œ ?˜๋Š” ? ์?, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??์œผ๋ก??€์ง€์ฃผ๋“ค???Œ์œ ?˜๋Š” ? ์????œ์„œ?€?? ?€์ง€์ฃผ๋“ค?€ ?ต์ƒ ?๋ ˆ???„์??ผ๋กœ ?ด์ต???ป์—ˆ?ผ๋ฉฐ, ?๋ฐœ?์œผ๋ก?๊ท??ด์ต???์‘?˜๋Š” ?€๊ฐ€๋ฅ??€ ?๋Š” ?ˆ์œผ๋ก?๋งˆ์„??๊ธฐ์ฆ?˜์??? ?ผํ•  ?ฅ๋ ฅ???ˆ๋Š” ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ตฌ์„ฑ?์? ๊ณต๋™์ฒด์— ๊ธฐ์—ฌ?˜์? ?Š์œผ๋ฉ??ˆ๋˜๊ณ? ๊ณต๋™์ฒด๋Š” ๊ธฐ์—ฌ???ฅ๋ ฅ???†๋Š” ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฐ€์กฑ์„ ?„์™”?? ?„๋ฌด???œ์™ธ?˜์? ?Š์•˜?ผ๋ฉฐ, ?ด๋–ค ๊ฐœ์ธ??๊ณต๋™์ฒด์— ?€???…๋‹จ?????˜๊? ?†์—ˆ??
๋ช?๊ฐ€์ง€ ๊ด€?‰๋“ค???๋ ˆ???น์ง•???ด๋ฃจ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?˜๋‚˜?? ?ผ์—????ƒ ?ธ๋ž˜?€ ์ถค์ด ?˜๋ฐ˜?˜์—ˆ???์ด?? ?ฅ๊ตฌ?€ ?ผ๋ฆฌ๋ฅ?๊ฐ–์ถ˜ ? ๋„์ง‘๋‹จ(?ˆๅฐŽ?†ๅœ˜)??๋ฆฌ๋“ฌ??๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋‚ด๋ฉ? ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์? ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ??๋งž์ถ”???ผ์„ ?˜๋ฉด???จ๊ป˜ ?ธ๋ž˜๋ฅ?๋ถˆ๋??? 1884???œ๊ตญ???ฌํ–‰?ˆ๋˜ ์นผ์Šค(W.R. Carles)???„ํ•œ??
“??100๋ช?๊ฐ€?‰์ด ?ผ์„ ?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ์—ˆ?????œ๊ตญ ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์? ??ƒ ์ง‘๋‹จ?ผ๋กœ ?ผํ•˜๊ธฐ๋? ์ฆ๊ธฐ??๊ฒ?๊ฐ™์œผ๋ฉ? ?€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์? ?ธ๋ž˜๋ฅ??˜๊ณ  ?ˆ์—ˆ??”
?ผ์—????ƒ ๊ณต๋™???์‚ฌ?€ ?ด์‹???ฐ๋ž?? ?„ํ˜•?์œผ๋ก? ๊ณต๋™???‘์—…?€ ?ด๊? ?????œ์ž‘?˜์??ผ๋ฉฐ, ๋ช??œ๊ฐ„ ?™์•ˆ ์ง‘์ค‘?์œผ๋ก??ผํ•œ ?ค์—??๊ฐ„๋‹จ???์‚ฌ๊ฐ€ ?€? ๊ณผ ?จ๊ป˜ ?œ๊ณต?œ๋‹ค. ?ค์—???ผํ•˜???ฌ๋žŒ?ค์˜ ๊ฐ€์กฑ๋“ค?€ ๊ต๋?๋ก?๋ถ€?Œ์ผ???ˆ๋‹ค. ?•์˜ค๊ฐ€ ?˜๋ฉด ??์ฐจ๋ฆฐ ?์‹ฌ???œ๊ณต?˜๊ณ , ???œ๊ฐ„?ด๋‚˜ ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ???ธ๋ž˜?€ ์ถค์ด ?ค๋”ฐ?๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ ๋Š” ???œ๊ฐ„ ?™์•ˆ ??ž ?????? ?ด๊? ์ง??Œ๊นŒ์ง€ ์ง‘์ค‘?์œผ๋ก??ผ์„ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ชจ๋‘ 12?œ๊ฐ„?ด๋‚˜ ?˜๋Š” ?˜๋ฃจ???‘์—…?œ๊ฐ„ ?™์•ˆ ?ค์ œ๋ก??ผํ•˜???œ๊ฐ„?€ 8?œ๊ฐ„๋ฟ์ด๋ฉ? ?˜๋จธ์ง€ 4?œ๊ฐ„?€ ๊ณต๋™???์‚ฌ, ?ด์‹ ๋ฐ?์ถค์— ์ถฉ๋‹น?˜์—ˆ??
?๋??ต์น˜?€ ?”๋ถˆ???๋ ˆ???œ์„œ???†์–ด?ธ๊ฐ”?? ?ˆ๋? ?ค๋ฉด, 1915?„์— ์ค‘๋? ?œ๊ตญ???ˆ๋Š” ?์„ฑ๊ต?ๆดชๅŸŽ????139๊ฐ?๋งˆ์„?๋Š” 197๊ฐœ์˜ ?๋ ˆ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด๊? ์กด์žฌ?˜์??ผ๋ฉฐ, ๊ท?์ค‘์˜ 83.2%???์ฒด???Œ์•…?ฐ์ฃผ?จ์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ??ˆ์—ˆ?? ?œ๊ตญ?์„œ??๋ชจ๋“  ๋ชจ์‹ฌ๊ธ??‘์—…???๋ ˆ???˜ํ•ด ?‰ํ•ด์กŒ๋‹ค??๋ณด๊ณ ๊ฐ€ ?ˆ์—ˆ?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ??1945??๋ง์— ?ด๋ฅด๊ธฐ๊นŒ์ง€ ๋ช?๊ฐ€์ง€ ?ด์œ  ?Œ๋ฌธ???ด๋“ค ์ค‘์˜ ๊ฑฐ์˜ ๋ชจ๋‘๊ฐ€ ?†์–ด?ธ๋ฒ„?ธ๋‹ค. ?œ์žฅ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐ€ ?์ดŒ์ง€??—๊นŒ์? ์นจํˆฌ?จ์— ?ฐ๋ผ ?‘๋™?•์‹ ???†์–ด?ธ๊ฐ”?? ?์‚ฐ?€ ?์  ๊ณต๋™์ฒด์˜ ?„์š”๋กœ๋???๊ฐœ์ธ???ด์œค?๋กœ ?ด๋Œ?ค๊ฐ”?? ?•์น˜๊ถŒ๋ ฅ??์ค‘์•™??์ง‘์ค‘?˜๊ณ  ๊ฒฝ์ฐฐ?ฅ๊ณผ ๊ด€๋ฃŒ์ œ๊ฐ€ ?•์‚ฐ?จ์— ?ฐ๋ผ, ๊ณต๋™์ฒด์˜ ?์œจ?€ ๊ท?๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜???ƒ๊ฒŒ ?˜์—ˆ?? ?๋ ˆ๋ฅ??„ํ•ด ์ค‘์š”???์‚ฐ?ด์—ˆ??๊ณต๋™์ฒด์˜ ? ์???? ์?์กฐ์‚ฌ?ฌ์—…???œํ–‰?จ์— ?ฐ๋ผ ?†์–ด?ธ๊ฐ”?? ?„๊ธˆ??๋ฐ›๋Š” ?์—… ?ธ๋™?์? ?Œ์ž‘?์˜ ?˜๊? ?˜์–ด?จ์— ?ฐ๋ผ, ์ฃผ๋กœ ?์ž‘?์ด?ˆ๋˜ ?๋ ˆ??์ฐธ๊??๋Š” ๊ท??˜๊? ์ค„์–ด๊ฐ”๋‹ค. ?•ํŽธ?????…ํ™”?œํ‚จ ๊ฒƒ์? ๋งŽ์? ?Š์??ด๋“ค???„๊ธˆ?ธ๋™?๊? ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด ?„์‹œ์ง€??œผ๋ก??ด์ฃผ??๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ์œผ๋ฉ? ??์ฐ??ธ๊ณ„?€?„์ด ?ผ์–ด?จ์— ?ฐ๋ผ ?ผ๋????ฌ๋žŒ?ค์? ์ง•์ง‘???ผํ•ด ?ธ๊ตญ?ผ๋กœ ?ด์ฃผ?˜๊ธฐ???˜๋Š” ?œํŽธ ๋งŽ์? ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์ด ์ง•์ง‘???นํ–ˆ?? ?๋?์ง€ ?•๋????ฅ๋ฅ ???ด์œ ๋ก??€? ์˜ ?์‚ฐ๊ณ??์•…???ฐ์ฃผ์กฐ์ฐจ??๊ธˆ์??˜์??”๋ฐ, ?ด๋Ÿฐ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค?€ ?๋ ˆ?๋Š” ?†์–ด?œ๋Š” ?ˆ๋  ๋ถ€๋ถ„๋“ค?ด์—ˆ??

?๋?์ง€??๊ทผ๋???

๊ฐ•์š”??๊ทผ๋??”๋Š” ?์—…???Œ๊ดด๋ฅ?๊ฐ€?ธ์™”?? 1930?„๋??๋Š” ๊ณต์—…?œํ’ˆ???€???˜์ถœ??36.3%๋ฅ?์ฐจ์??˜๊ธฐ???ด๋ฅด?€?? ?ฐ์—…๋ถ€๋ฌธ๋ณ„ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ๋น„๋Š” ?ํ•œ ๊ฐ™์? ์ถ”์„ธ๋ฅ??˜ํ??ธ๋‹ค. 1920?„์—๋ง??ด๋„ ?์—…๋ถ€๋ฌธ์? ์ด์ƒ?ฐ์•ก??80% ?ด์ƒ???์‚ฐ?ˆ๋˜ ๊ฒƒ์ด, 1940?„์—??๊ณต์—…๋ถ€๋ฌธ์ด ?์—…๋ถ€๋ฌธ๋ณด?ค๋„ ????๋ชซ์˜ ?์‚ฐ???˜๊ฒŒ ?˜์—ˆ?? 1910?„๋???1919?„๊นŒ์ง€ ๊ณต์žฅ ?˜๋Š” 13๋ฐ? ?๋ณธ๊ธˆ์? 16๋ฐ? ์ข…์—…???˜๋Š” 6๋ฐ? ์ด์ƒ?ฐ์•ก?€ 24๋ฐฐ๋กœ ๊ฐ๊ธฐ ์ฆ๊??˜์??? 1921?„๋???1930?„๊นŒ์ง€???ฌ์ด???๋ณธ?€ 1.4๋ฐ??˜์–ด?จ์— ๊ทธ์ณค?ผ๋‚˜ ๊ณต์žฅ ?˜๋Š” 4๋ฐฐ๋กœ ?˜์—ˆ?? 1930?„๋????ผ๋ณธ?€ ?œ๊ตญ?์„œ ์ค‘๊ณต?…๊ณผ ๊ตฐ์‚ฌ?œ์„ค??๊ฑด์„ค?˜๊ธฐ ?œ์ž‘?˜์—ฌ, ๊ท?์ดˆ๊ธฐ?๋Š” ๋ฐœ์ „?ฐ์—…(?ผ้›ป?ฃๆ?)???œ์ž‘?˜์??ผ๋ฉฐ, ๊ท??์— ๊ฐ€?œ๋Š” ?„๊ธฐ?”ํ•™๊ณต์—…??์ฐฉ์ˆ˜?ˆ๋‹ค. 1938?„์— ?œ์กฐ?…์ฒด???˜๋Š” 2,278๊ฐœ์— ?ด๋ฅด?€?”๋ฐ, ?ด๋Š” 1923?„์— ?ˆ์—ˆ???˜๋ณด??10๋ฐ??ด์ƒ?ผ๋กœ ???˜์–ด??๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค.
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???œ๊ตญ??๊ณต์—…?”๋Š” ?ผ๋ณธ???๋ณธ๊ณ??ผ๋ณธ??๊ธฐ์ˆ ๋ก??ผ๋ณธ???˜์š”๋ฅ?์ถฉ์กฑ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด ?ผ๋ณธ???˜ํ•ด ?ด์˜?˜๋Š” ์ฃผ๋?๋ถ€???จ้‚Š?จ็š„) ๋ฐœ์ „??์ง€?˜์? ?Š์•˜??
?๋?์ง€ ?œ๋???๊ณต์—…?”๋Š” ?œ๊ตญ?ฌํšŒ??๊นŠ์? ?ํ–ฅ??๋ฏธ์ณค?? ?„๊ธˆ?ธ๋™?์˜ ?˜๊? ๊ธ‰๊ฒฉ???˜์–ด?ฌ๋Š”?? ?ด๋“ค ?„๊ธˆ?ธ๋™?๋“ค???€๋ถ€๋ถ„์ด ๋งค์ผ 12?œ๊ฐ„ ?ด์? 16?œ๊ฐ„???ก์ฒด?ธ๋™??๊ฒฌ๋ŽŒ?ด๋ฉด???ผ๋ณธ???‰๊ท  ?„๊ธˆ??๋ฐ˜์„ ๋ฐ›์•˜?? ?๋?์ง€?œ๋???๊ณต์—…?”๋Š” 1920?„์˜ ?ฑ์ธ ?จ์ž ?ธ๊ตฌ??10๋ถ„์˜ 1??500,000๋ช…์— ?ด๋ฅด???ค์—…?ด๋†๋ฏ?ๅคฑๆ???พฒๆฐ????ํ•œ ?ˆ๋‹ค. 1938?„๊นŒ์ง€ ?„๊ธˆ?ธ๋™?์˜ ?˜๋Š” 150๋ง?๋ช…์ด ?˜์—ˆ?? ?ธ๋™???์ดŒ์ง€??œผ๋กœ๋????„์‹œ๋ก?? ์ž…?จ์— ?ฐ๋ผ ?„์‹œ ?ค์—…???ฌํ™”?˜๊ณ  ๋นˆ๋?๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ?๊ฒจ?ฌ๋‹ค. ?๋?์ง€?œ๋???๊ณต์—…?”๋Š” ?ํ•œ ?œ๊ตญ?ฌํšŒ??๋ถ„์—ด??๊ฐ€?ธ์™”?? ์ฆ??๋??น๊ตญ?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€??๋ณดํ˜ธ๋ฅ?๋ฐ›์? ?๋Š” ๋ฒˆ์˜??๋ฐ˜๋ฉด, ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋ณดํ˜ธ๋ฅ?๋ฐ›์? ๋ชปํ•œ ?๋Š” ๊ฐ€?œํ•˜๊ฒ???๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ด๋Ÿฌ???ํ™ฉ?€, ?œ๊ตญ?์„œ ๊ฐ€์ง??์? ๊ฐ–์? ๋ชปํ•œ ???ฌ์ด??์กด์žฌ?ˆ๋˜ ๋ฏธ๋ฌ˜???‘๋™?•์‹ ???Œ๊ดด?˜๋ฉด??๊ถŒ๋ ฅ๊ตฌ์กฐ??์ค‘์•™์ง‘๊ถŒ?”๋? ๊ฐ€?ธ์™”??

? ์‹๋ฏผ์ฃผ?˜์  ๋ฐœ์ „

??์ฐ??ธ๊ณ„?€?„์˜ ์ข…์‹๊ณ??ผ๋ณธ???œ๊ตญ?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€?ฐ์˜ ์ฒ ์ˆ˜๊ฐ€ ๊ณ??๋?์ฃผ์˜??์ข…์‹???˜๋??˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ?„๋‹ˆ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?จํ•œ?์„œ ์ง€๋ฐฐ๋? ?•๋ฆฝ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด ๋ฏธ๊ตฐ?•์ฒญ?€ ์ง€?œ๋‚  ?œ๊ตญ์ฃผ์˜ ?ผ๋ณธ???Œ์œ ?˜์???๋ชจ๋“  ?ฐ์—…?œ์„ค??85%???€??1945?„์— ๊ด€? ๊ถŒ??? ์–ธ?˜์??? ??๊ด€? ๊ถŒ??์ทจ๋“๊ณ??จ๊ป˜, ?๋ น๊ตฐ์? ?Œ๊ดด?์ธ ๊ฒฝ์ œ?•์ฑ…???œํ–‰?˜๊ธฐ ?œ์ž‘?˜์??? ๋ฏธ๊ตญ?€ ?ด๋“ค ?ฐ์—…?œ์„ค??๋ถˆํ•˜(?‚ไธ‹)?˜๋„๋ก??ˆ์œผ๋ฉ? ๊ณผ๋‹ค??์ง€?๋? ?จ๋ฐœ?จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ?ธํ”Œ?ˆ์ด?? ?‰๊??ˆํ•˜ ๋ฐ?๊ธˆ์œต๊ณ??ธํ™˜??๋งˆ๋น„๋ฅ?์ดˆ๋ž˜?˜์??? ๋ฏธ๊ตญ?€ ?ํ•œ ?œ๊ตญ???จ์œจ?์ธ ์ง€๋ฐฐ๋? ? ์??˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•˜???€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ ?๋?์ง€?œ๋? ?œ๋„?ค์„ ๊ทธ๋?๋ก?? ์??˜์??ผ๋ฉฐ, ?ผ๋ณธ??๋ฐ‘์—??๊ทผ๋ฌด?ˆ๋˜ ๊ด€๋ฆฌ์? ๊ฒฝ์ฐฐ??๊ทธ๋?๋ก??˜์กด?˜์???
?๋?์ง€?œ๋????€๊ฐœ๋ฐœ ?จํ„ด?€ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ???๋ น ?˜์—?œ๋„ ๊ณ„์†?˜์—ˆ?? ?ผ๋ณธ???ต์น˜๊ฐ€ ?๋‚ฌ???น์‹œ, ???๋???70%๊ฐ€ ?Œ์ž‘?์ด?ˆ์œผ๋ฉ? ์ด๊ฒฝ์ง€??๋ฐ??ด์ƒ???Œ์ˆ˜???€์ง€์ฃผ๊? ?Œ์œ ?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ์—ˆ??
?์œ ?œ์žฅ??๊ธฐ๋Šฅ?€ ?€??๊ต์—ญ???ตํ•ด ๊ฐ•ํ™”?˜์—ˆ?ผ๋ฉฐ, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?€???€??๋งค์ (่ฒทๅ )???•๋??˜์??? ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ? ์??€๊ธˆ๊ณผ ๊ท??ด์ž???ํ™˜ ๋ฐ??ธ๊ธˆ???ฉ๋?๋ฅ?์ฆ๋??œ์ผฐ?ผ๋ฉฐ, ?ด๋กœ?ธํ•ด ?์„ธ?๋??ค์? ?”์šฑ ๊ณค๊ถ?˜๊ฒŒ ?˜์—ˆ?? ???•์ฑ…?€ 1946?„์— ๋ณ€๊ฒฝ๋˜???€???˜๋งค(?ถ่ฒท) ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ์ด ๊ณ ์ •?˜์—ˆ?ผ๋‚˜, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ 1948?„์˜ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ?์‚ฐ ?๊???6๋ถ„์˜ 1?ด์? 7๋ถ„์˜ 1 ๋ฐ–์— ?˜์? ?Š์•„, ??๋งŽ์? ?˜์˜ ?๋??ค์ด ?์?๋ฅ?? ๋‚˜๊ฒ??˜์—ˆ?? ?œ๋•Œ ?€???˜์ถœ๊ต?ด?ˆ๋˜ ?จํ•œ??๋ฏธ๊ตญ???๋ น??์ง€ 3???ค๋??ฐ๋Š” ?€???˜์ž…?˜์? ?Š์œผ๋ฉ??ˆ๋˜๊ฒ??˜์—ˆ??
๊ฒฝ์ œ??๋ถ•๊ดด??๋ฏธ๊ตญ??๊ฒฝ์ œ ๋ฐ?๊ตฐ์‚ฌ?์กฐ???€??๊ทผ๋ณธ???ด์œ ๊ฐ€ ?˜์—ˆ?ผ๋ฉฐ, ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ?œ๋ฐ˜?„์— ?€??๋ฏธ๊ตญ??์ง€๋ฐฐ๋? ?”์šฑ ?•์žฅ?ˆ๋‹ค. 3?„์˜ ?๋ น ๊ธฐ๊ฐ„ ์ค? ๋ฏธ๊ตญ??๊ฒฝ์ œ?์กฐ??์ฃผ๋กœ ?๋ฃŒ, ?˜๋ฅ˜, ?˜์•ฝ??๋ฐ??ก๋ฅ˜?€ ๊ฐ™์? ?ผ์ƒ???„์ˆ˜?ˆ์œผ๋ก??ด๋ฃจ?ด์กŒ??
1960?„๋„???˜์ž…(่ผธๅ…ฅ)์ด์•ก??90%???ฌํ•œ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ?์กฐ???€๋ฏธ์˜์กด๋„๊ฐ€ ?’์? ?ˆ๋กœ???•๊ตฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ๋ฅ?์ฐฝ์ถœ?˜์??? ?๋ฃŒ???•ํƒœ๋ฅ?์ทจํ•œ ?์กฐ??๋ฏธ๊ตญ???€???จํ•œ???˜์กด?„๋? ?ฌํ™”?œ์ผฐ?ผ๋ฉฐ, 1962?„์—๋ง??ด๋„ ?จํ•œ?€ ?๋ฃŒ??60% ?ด์ƒ???˜์ž…?ด์•ผ๋ง??ˆ๊ณ , ์ง๋ฌผ ?๋ฃŒ??๊ฒฝ์šฐ?๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์˜ 80%???˜์—ˆ?? ?‰์—ฌ?์‚ฐ๋ฌ??•ํƒœ???์กฐ???ด๋Ÿฌ??๋ฌผ์ž?ค์˜ ๊ต?‚ด ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ์„ ?จ์–ด?จ๋ ธ?ผ๋ฉฐ, ?์—…??์นจ์ฒด?€ ?นํžˆ ?์„ธ๊ทœ๋ชจ ?์—…???€?ด๋? ๊ฐ€?ธ์™”?? ?ˆ๋? ?ค๋ฉด, ๋ชฉํ™”๋ฐ?? 1945?„์˜ 260,000 ?•๋ณด๋กœ๋???1968?„์—??16,443 ?•๋ณด๋ก?์ค„์—ˆ?? ?์—…?์‚ฐ๊ณ??œ์กฐ???ฌ์ด??๊ต?‚ด??๊ท ํ˜•??? ์????˜๊? ?†์—ˆ?ผ๋ฉฐ, ?„์‹œ์ง€??ณผ ?์ดŒ์ง€???ฌ์ด??๋ถˆ๊ท ?•์? ?”์šฑ ?๋“œ?ฌ์?๊ฒ??˜์—ˆ??
?•์น˜?ยท๊ฒฝ?œ์  ์ธก๋ฉด???œ๊ตญ์ฃผ์˜???จํ•œ??๊ทผ๋??”๊ณผ?•์„ ?ดํ•ด?˜๋Š” ?ฐ์— ๋งค์šฐ ์ค‘์š”?˜์?๋ง? ๊ทธ๋ ‡?ค๊ณ ?ด์„œ ๊ท??„์ฒด๋ฅ????ค๋ช…?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ?„๋‹ˆ?? ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ?๋Š” ?๋‹ค๋ฅ?์ฐจ์›???œ๊ตญ์ฃผ์˜๊ฐ€ ์กด์žฌ?˜๋Š”?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์ด ?„ํ†ต???€?ด์„œ ๊ฐ–๋Š” ๊ณต๊ฐ(?ฑๆ„Ÿ)๊ณ??ผ์ƒ?ํ™œ??๊ด€?ต์†???œ์„œ??์นจํˆฌ?˜๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ??๊ฐ์??˜๊ธฐ์กฐ์ฐจ ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ ?ฝ์?๊ฐ€ ?Š๋‹ค. ??’๋ฌธํ™”???œ๊ตญ์ฃผ์˜’???ด๋–ค ๋ช…ํ™•??๋ฌผ๋ฆฌ?????†์ด???ผ์ƒ?ํ™œ???ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ต?ฉด??์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?œ๊ตญ์ฃผ์˜???•์น˜๊ถŒ๋ ฅ???‘์ˆ˜?˜๋Š” ?ฐ๋ฟ๋ง??„๋‹ˆ?? ๋ฌธํ™” ๊ท??์ฒด??๊ตฌ์กฐ??๋ณ€?”์—???ด์žฌ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?œ์–‘??๊ธฐ์ˆ ?ค์„ ?ต๋“?˜๊ณ  ?์šฉ?˜๋ฉด?? ?จํ•œ?์„œ????์ฐ??ธ๊ณ„?€?„์ด ?๋‚œ ?ค์˜ ์งง์? ?™์•ˆ??๊ธฐ๋…๊ต์? ?์–ด??๊ธ‰์†???•์‚ฐ???ด๋ฃจ?ด์กŒ??
?ธ๊ตญ?์„œ ๊ต์œก๋ฐ›์? ์ง€?์ธ?ค๊ณผ ?•์น˜ ์ง€?„์ž?ค์? ?ด๋ฐฉ?„์˜ ?จํ•œ?์„œ ๋ฌธํ™”???œ๊ตญ์ฃผ์˜???ฌ์ž(ไฝฟ่€?๋กœ์„œ ์ค‘์š”????• ???ด๋‹น?˜์??? ?จํ•œ??์ดˆ๋? ?€?ต๋ น ?ด์Šน๋งŒ์?, ๋งŒ์ฃผ?€ ์ค‘๊ตญ??๊ฑฐ์ ?????ค์–‘???…๋ฆฝ?ฌ์Ÿ??์ฐธ๊??จ์ด ?†์ด ?„๋ฆฐ?คํ„ด ?€?™์—??๋ฐ•์‚ฌ?™์œ„๋ฅ?๋ฐ›๊ณ  31???™์•ˆ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ??๊ฑฐ์ฃผ?˜์??? ?จํ•œ?์„œ 1961??๊ตฐ์‚ฌ์ฟ ๋ฐ?€๋ฅ?์ฃผ๋„?˜๊ณ  ๊ธ‰์†??๊ณต์—…?”์˜ ? ๋ด‰???ฐ๋˜ ?ฅ๊ธฐ์ง‘๊ถŒ ?€?ต๋ น ๋ฐ•์ •?ฌ๋Š” ?ผ๋ณธ??๋ฏผ์กฑ์ฃผ์˜?€ ?œ์–‘??๋ฌธํ™”???œ๊ตญ์ฃผ์˜๊ฐ€ ๊ฒฐํ•ฉ??๊ธฐ๊????ผ๋ณธ???ก๊ตฐ?ฌ๊??™๊ต?์„œ ?ˆ๋ จ??๋ฐ›์•˜?? 1960?„๋??€ 1970?„๋???๊ฒฝ์ œ??๊ธฐ์ ??๋งŽ์? ๊ธฐํš?๋“ค๊ณ?๊ทธ๋ฐ–???˜๋ฆฌ??๊ด€๋ฃŒ๋“ค ๊ฐ€?ด๋ฐ???œ์–‘???€?™์—???™์œ„๋ฅ?๋ฐ›์? ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์ด ๋งŽ์•˜?? ?œ์–‘๋ฅ˜์˜ ?๊ฐ๊ณ??ด๋ฐ?ฌ๋กœ๊ธ??์—???ˆ๋ จ?????•๊ณ„ ?ธ์‚ฌ?ค์ด ?น๋????จํ•œ?์„œ ๋ฌธํ™”??๊ธฐ์ดˆ๋ฅ??“๋Š” ??์ฃผ๋™???˜์—ˆ???ฌ๋žŒ?ค์ด??

?˜์ถœ์ฃผ๋„??๊ณต์—…??

๋ฐ•๋??ต๋ น ์น˜ํ•˜???œ๊ตญ๊ฒฝ์ œ??๊ฐ•๋ ฅ??์ค‘์•™์ง‘๊ถŒ?”๋œ ๊ต?????˜ํ•œ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ๊ณ„ํš๊ณ??˜์ถœ์ฃผ๋„??๊ณต์—…?”๋? ๊ฒฐํ•ฉ??๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ˆ๋? ?ค๋ฉด ๊ต??์ด์ƒ?ฐ์— ?€???˜์ถœ??๋น„์œจ?€, 1950?„๋??๋Š” 5%??์ฑ??ˆ๋˜?ˆ๋˜ ๊ฒƒ์ด 1980?„๋??๋Š” ??35%๋ก??ฌ๋ผ๊ฐ”๋‹ค. 1961?„์— ?ค๋ฆฝ??๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ธฐํš?์? ๊ณ„์†?์ธ 5๊ฐœ๋…„ ๊ณ„ํš?ค์„ ?…์•ˆ?ˆ๋‹ค. ??๊ธฐ๊ฐ„?€ ??๊ฐœ์˜ ?์ด???จ๊ณ„๋ก?๊ตฌ๋ถ„???˜๊? ?ˆ๋‹ค. ์ฆ??ธ๋™์ง‘์•ฝ?์ธ ๊ฒฝ๊ณต?…์ œ?ˆ์˜ ?˜์ถœ??๊ฐ•์กฐ?ˆ๋˜ 1960?„๋??€ ?๋ณธ์ง‘์•ฝ?์ธ ์ค‘ํ™”?™๊ณต?…์ œ?ˆ์˜ ?˜์ถœ??๊ฐ•์กฐ?ˆ๋˜ 1970?„๋??ด๋‹ค. ??20???™์•ˆ ?œ๊ตญ?€ ?’์? ?ฑ์žฅ๋ฅ? ๊ฐ€?๋œ ?๋ณธ์ถ•์  ๋ฐ?๋น ๋ฅธ ๊ณต์—…?”๋? ?ด๋ฃฉ?˜์??? ๊ต?????ฌ์ž?€ ?์‚ฐ???ต์ œ?จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ?…์ ?๋ณธ๊ฐ€๋กœ์„œ??๊ธฐ๋Šฅ???˜ํ–‰?˜์??? ๊ณต์—…?”๋Š” ?ธ๊ตญ??์ฐจ๊?๊ณ??ฌ์ž?€ ?จ๊ป˜ ?ธ๊ตญ???๋ฃŒ?€ ?œ์žฅ??๋ฐ”ํƒ•???์—ˆ?ผ๋ฉฐ ?ฐ๋ผ???ธ๊ตญ???•๋ ฅ???€???„ํ—˜?ฑ์ด ์กฐ์„ฑ?˜์—ˆ??
๋ฏผ์ค‘??์ง‘๋‹จ?์ธ ?€??—??๋ถˆ๊ตฌ?˜๊ณ  ???ผ๊ฐ„??๊ด€๊ณ„์ •?ํ™”๋ฅ??„ํ•œ ์กฐ์•ฝ??1965?„์— ์กฐ์ธ?˜์—ˆ?ผ๋ฉฐ, ??์กฐ์•ฝ???ตํ•ด ?ผ๋ณธ?€ ๋ฐฐ์ƒ๊ณ?์ฐจ๊??ผ๋กœ 8???ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ฅ??œ๊ณต?˜์??? ?ค์ด??๋ฐ•์ •๊ถŒ์? ๋ฒ ํŠธ?จ์ „?์— ๊ตฐ๋?๋ฅ??Œ๊ฒฌ?จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€?ฐ์˜ ๊ฒฝ์ œ?์กฐ๋ฅ??•๋ณด?˜์??? ???ˆ์? ???Œ์•„๊ฐ€์ง€ ?Š๋Š” ?จํ•œ???˜์ถœ?ฐ์—…??๊ฐ•ํ™”?˜๋Š” ??๋ถˆ๊?๊ฒฐํ•œ ?๋ณธ???œ๊ณต?˜์??? ?œ์กฐ?…์? ?•์žฅ?˜์—ˆ๊ณ??˜์ถœ?€ ?˜์–ด?ฌ์œผ๋ฉ?๊ต??์ด์ƒ?ฐ์? ์ฆ๊??˜์??”๋ฐ, ???๋„??๋ชจ๋‘๊ฐ€ ?€?ผ์šด ๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค.
?ด๋Ÿฌ??๋ชจ๋“  ๊ต?? ๊ฐœ์ž…?€ ์ง€?์ ??๊ธ‰์†??๊ณต์—…?”๋? ๊ฐ€?ธ์™”?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ?๋Š” ?ํ•œ ??๋ฏธ๋ฌ˜?˜๊ณ  ?Œ๊ดด?์ธ ๋งŽ์? ?ค๋ฅธ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ?ค์ด ?ˆ์—ˆ?? ?‘์—… ?˜ํ–‰ ๊ธฐ์?๊ณ??˜์ถœ๋ชฉํ‘œ???ธ๋™์ฐฉ์ทจ๋ฅ??ฌํ™”?œํ‚ค๊ณ??‘์—…?ฅ์—?œ์˜ ๊ฐ€๋ถ€?ฅ์ (ๅฎถ็ˆถ?ท็š„) ?„๊ณ„์งˆ์„œ๋ฅ?๊ฐ•ํ™”?˜์??? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?ค์? ?ํ•œ ??๋งŽ์? ๋ณดํ˜ธ?€ ๋ณด์กฐ๋ฅ?๋ฐ›๊ธฐ ?„ํ•œ ?€๊ธฐ์—…๊ฐ„์˜ ๊ณผ๋‹ค??๊ฒฝ์Ÿ??์ด‰์ง„?œ์ผฐ๊ณ? ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ?์œผ๋ก?์ค‘ํ™”?™๊ณต?…์˜ ๋ฌด๋ชจ???•์žฅ??์ดˆ๋ž˜?˜์??ผ๋ฉฐ, ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ??์ฐ??์œ ?Œ๋™???”์„ ??๊ฒฝ์ œ???Œํƒ„??? ๋ฐœ?˜์???๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ???˜๊ฒฝ???Œ๊ดด?๋„ ??๋ชซ์„ ?˜์???
๊ณต์—…?”๋? ?„ํ•œ ๊ต?? ๊ฐœ์ž…???„๊ฐœ??๊ต??๊ต?? ?์ฒด???•์„ฑ?๋„ ๊ธฐ์—ฌ?ˆ์Œ???ํ•œ ์ฃผ์˜?˜์? ?Š์œผ๋ฉ??ˆ๋œ?? ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ๊ณ„ํš???œ์ž‘???? ?จํ•œ??๊ต????์ง€๊ธ?๊ทธ๊ฒƒ??๊ฐ€์ง€??๋ฐ”์? ๊ฐ™์? ?˜์„ ๋ชจ๋‘ ๊ฐ–์???๋ชปํ–ˆ?? ?คํžˆ??๊ต??๊ฐ€ ์ถ”์ง„??๊ณต์—…?”์˜ ๊ณผ์ •??๊ต?? ?ค๊ฒŒ๋ชจ๋‹ˆ๋ฅ??•๋ฆฝ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•œ ๋ฌผ์งˆ?? ?ด๋…??๋ฐ?๋ฒ•์ ??๊ธฐ์ดˆ๋ฅ??•์žฅ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ?„์™”??๊ฒƒ์ด??
?„ํ†ต?์ธ ? ๊ต??๊ฐ€์น˜์— ?˜ํ•œ ์ถฉ์„ฑ๊ณ??จ๋„๊ฐ€ ๊ต????๊ณต์—…?”๋? ?„ํ•ด ์กฐ์ž‘?˜๊ณ  ์กฐ์ •?˜์—ˆ?? ๋ฐ•๋??ต๋ น???ฌ์ƒ?€, ?์—ฐ?์œผ๋ก??•์„ฑ???œ๊ณจ ๋งˆ์„??’๊ฒŒ์œผ๋ฆ?๊ณ?’?„์ง„????๊นจ๋œจ๋ฆฌ์? ?Š๊ณ ?œ๋Š” ?ˆ๋กœ??๊ณต์—…?”๋œ ๊ต?????๊ฒจ???˜๊? ?†๋‹ค??? ๋…??๋ฐ”ํƒ•????๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ์˜ ?œ๊ฐ?ผ๋กœ???œ๊ณจ??๊ณต๋™์ฒด๋„ ?œ์žฅ๊ฒฝ์ œ ์ฆ??Œ๋น„๊ฒฝ์ œ?œ์žฅ???ฌ์ด?ด์— ?ก์ˆ˜?˜์–ด?ผ๋งŒ ?˜๋ฉฐ, ?„ํ†ต?์ธ ‘?์—…’?€ ?๋ณธ?ฌ์ž??๊ธฐ์ดˆ๋ฅ???๊ทผ๋???’?๊ธฐ???ผ๋กœ ?„ํ™˜???„์š”๊ฐ€ ?ˆ์—ˆ??
?ˆ๋งˆ???•์‹ ?€ ๊ฐ•๋ ฅ???ด๋ฐ?ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ๋กœ???‘์šฉ?˜์??? ์ฆ?๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๋งˆ์„ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด์  ?•์‹ ???Œ๊ดด?˜๊ณ  ?„์‹œ์ค‘์‹ฌ???๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜???์‚ฐ๋ฐฉ์‹??์ฑ„ํƒ?˜๋Š” ???ด๋ก ??๊ทผ๊ฑฐ๋ฅ??œ๊ณต?˜์??? ??๊ธฐ๊ฐ„?™์•ˆ ?๋??ค์? ?จ์? ?์‚ฐ๊ณผ์ •???€???ต์ œ๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ??๊ทธ๋“ค ?์‹  – ๊ทธ๋“ค???˜์??€ ? ์ฒด- ???€???ต์ œ๊นŒ์????ƒ๊ณ  ๋ง์•˜?? ?ธ๋™?€ ?Œ์™ธ?˜๊ณ , ‘๊ฒฝ์ œ??๊ฐ€์น˜๊? ๊ณต๋™์ฒด์  ๊ฐ€์น˜๋? ?€์ฒดํ–ˆ?? ?ค์—…๊ณ??๋????„์ถœ?€ ?œ๊ณจ?์„œ ?•๋??˜์—ˆ๊ณ? ?ํƒœ???„๊ธฐ๋ฅ?๋ฐ”ํƒ•???์ดŒ์ง€??— ?ผ์ณ์กŒ๋‹ค.
๊ทผ๋??”์˜ ๊ตฌ์กฐ??๋ฌธ์ œ?€ ?ํƒœ?„๊ธฐ

1960?„๋??€ 1970?„๋???๊ฑธ์ณ ?˜์ถœ์ฃผ๋„ ๊ณต์—…?”๋Š” ๊ทผ๋…„???€????๋ช…๋ฐฑ?˜๊ฒŒ ?œ๋Ÿฌ??๋ช?๊ฐ€์ง€ ๊ตฌ์กฐ?์ธ ๋ฌธ์ œ?์„ ๊ฒฝ์ œ??๊ฐ€?ธ์™”?? ์ฒซ์งธ๋กœ๋Š” ์ค‘ํ™”?™๊ณต?…์˜ ๊ธ‰๊ฒฉ??๊ฑด์„ค???จํ•œ??๊ณต์—…??๊ท ํ˜•?กํžŒ ?„์ฒด??๋ฐœ์ „??๊ฐ€?ธ์˜ค๊ฒ??˜์? ๋ชปํ•œ ?์ด?? ์ค‘ํ™”?™๊ณต???œํ’ˆ???ฌ๋ฃŒ๋ก??˜๋Š” ?ค๋ฅธ ๊ต?‚ด?ฐ์—…??์ง€?ํ•ด์ฃผ๋Š” ?จ๊ณผ๋ฅ??ด์? ๋ชปํ–ˆ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?Œ๋น„์ง€?ฅ์ ??์ค‘ํ™”?™๊ณต??๊ท??์ฒด๊ฐ€ ?˜์ž…???์žฌ๋ฃŒ์— ?˜์กด??๊ณ„์†?ˆ์œผ๋ฉ??ฐ๋ผ??์ค‘ํ™”?™๊ณต?…์„ ์ง€?ํ•˜???ฐ์—…??๋ฐœ๋‹ฌ???๊ทน?˜์? ๋ชปํ–ˆ?? ??๋ช…๋ฐฑ??๋ฌธ์ œ???ธ๊ตญ???๋ณธ๊ณ??œ์žฅ???€???จํ•œ???˜์กด?ฑ์ด??
๋ถˆ์•ˆ?•ํ•œ ?ธ๊ตญ?œ์žฅ???€???ฌํ™”???˜์กด?ฑ์?, ?นํžˆ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ๊ณ??ผ๋ณธ???€???จํ•œ??๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ฅ?๊ทนํžˆ ์ทจ์•ฝ?˜๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“ค?ˆ๋‹ค. 1984?„์— ?จํ•œ???˜์ถœ?ก์˜ 50.2%๊ฐ€ ?ผ๋ณธ ?๋Š” ๋ฏธ๊ตญ???๋?๋ก???๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ์œผ๋ฉ? ?˜์ž…??47.3%๊ฐ€ ?ด๋“ค ???˜๋ผ๋กœ๋????ค์–ด?”๋‹ค.
?ธ๊ตญ?๋ณธ?€ ?˜์ถœ์ฃผ๋„??๊ณต์—…?”๊ณผ?•์—??์ค‘์š”????• ???ˆ๋˜ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ˆ์ปจ?€, ?จํ•œ?์„œ ?ธ๊ตญ???๋ณธ???€???˜์กด๋ฅ ์? 1974??75%?์„œ 1980?„์—??83.5%๋ก??˜์–ด?ฌ๋‹ค. ?ธ๊ตญ?ธ์˜ ์ง์ ‘ ?ฌ์ž๊ฐ€ ์ง‘์ค‘?˜์—ˆ??์ค‘ํ™”?™๊ณต?…์˜ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ?˜์กด๋ฅ ์? ???’์•˜??
?จํ•œ??๊ทผ๋??”๋Š” ?ํƒœ???„๊ธฐ??์ง๊ฒฐ?˜์–ด ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ณต์—…?”์˜ ์ง์ ‘??๊ฒฐ๊ณผ???จํ•œ???ฐ์—…๊ณตํ•ด??์ง€๊ธ??ผ์ƒ?ํ™œ ?์˜ ?ด๋””?๋“ ์ง€ ?ผ์ ธ?ˆ๋Š” ?•๋„???€ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?˜์ถœ์ฃผ๋„??๊ณต์—…?”๊? ๊ธ‰์†??์ง„ํ–‰?˜๋Š” ?™์•ˆ, ?•๋???์กฐ์„ธ??๊ฐ๋ฉด๊ณ?๊ทธ๋ฐ–??? ์ธ์ฑ…์„ ?จ๊?๋ฉด์„œ ?ธ๊ตญ?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€??๊ณตํ•ด๊ฐ€ ?ฌํ•œ ?ฐ์—…?ค์„ ?œ๋ฐœ??? ์น˜?˜์??? ?ฌ์•ผ(?จ้‡Ž) ?จ์ฒด?ค์ด ๊ณตํ•ด๋ฅ?๊ฐ์‹œ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•œ ์กฐ์ง??๊ฒฐ์„ฑ??1980?„๋? ์ค‘๊ฐ„๊นŒ์?๋ง??ด๋„ ???˜๋‚˜???˜๊ฒฝ๋ฌธ์ œ๋ฅ??ค๋ฃจ??๊ธฐ๊???์กด์žฌ?˜์?๋ฅ??Š์•˜?? ๊ท??ค์—?œ์•ผ ?•๋????˜๊ฒฝ์ฒ?„ ?ค๋ฆฝ?ˆ๋Š”?? ๊ท?์ฃผ๋œ ??• ?€ ?˜๊ฒฝ๊ณตํ•ด๋ฅ???–ด ๊ฐ์ถ”๊ณ? ?๋ฃŒ๋ฅ?์กฐ์ž‘?˜๋ฉฐ, ?•๋????•์ฑ…??๋ณ€?ธํ•˜??๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค.
?ฌ๊ธฐ??’?ํƒœ???„๊ธฐ’?€ ๋ฌผ์งˆ?์ธ ?˜๊ฒฝ???Œ๊ดด๋ณด๋‹ค ?จ์”ฌ ??๋งŽ์? ๊ฒƒ์„ ?˜๋??œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?์—ฐ???˜๊ฒฝ๊ณ?์กฐํ™”๋ฅ??ด๋ฃจ๋ฉด์„œ ์กด์žฌ?˜๋Š” ?ฌํšŒ?ยท๊ฒฝ?œ์ ยท๋ฌธํ™”??์กฐ์ง๊ณ?๊ฐ€์น˜์˜ ?Œ๊ดด๋ฅ??ํ•œ ๋งํ•˜??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ํƒœ?์œผ๋ก?๊ฑด์ „???ฌํšŒ?œ๋„?ค์˜ ?Œ๊ดด๊ฐ€ ?์—ฐ?˜๊ฒฝ???Œ๊ดด ?ค์— ?ด์žฌ???ˆ์Œ???ธ์‹?˜์—ฌ?ผ๋งŒ ?œ๋‹ค. ‘๊ต??๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ณ„ํš’?ด๋ผ???ด๋ฆ„?ผ๋กœ ?˜ํ–‰??์ง€??ฒฝ?œ์— ?€??๊ต????๊ฐœ์ž…?€ ?์‚ฐ?๋“ค???์‚ฐ๊ณผ์ •?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€???ผ์–ด?“์•˜?? ๋งˆ์„๊ณต๋™์ฒด๊? ๊ท??์ฒด???์‚ฐ๊ณ??Œ๋น„??๊ณผ์ •???€???ต์ œ๋ฅ??????†๊ฒŒ ?˜์—ˆ?? ๊ท?๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋ก? ๋งˆ์„๊ณต๋™์ฒด์—??๊ฒฐ์†?ฅ์ด ?†์–ด์กŒ์œผ๋ฉ? ๊ณต๋™์ฒด์˜ ?์œจ๊ณ?์ง€???็บŒ)??๊ด€??๊ฐ๊ฐ ?ํ•œ ?†์–ด?ธ๋ฒ„๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๋ง์•˜??
?๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜?€ ?ํ’ˆ?”๋Š” ?์‚ฐ???ˆ์–ด?œ์˜ ?ธํ˜œ???ธ๊ฐ„๊ด€๊ณ„๋? ๊ณ ๋ฆฝ??๊ฐœ์ธ ?ฌ์ด??๊ธˆ์ „??๊ด€๊ณ„๋กœ ?„ํ™”?œ์ผฐ?? ๊ฐœ์ธ???๊ณ„??๊ณต๋™?ํ™œ์ฒด์  ๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜???์‹ค๋ก??ธํ•ด ?„ํ˜‘??๋ฐ›์•˜๊ณ? ?๋??ค์? ?ํƒœ?์œผ๋ก??ด๋กœ???์กด๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•??์ฑ„ํƒ?˜๋„๋ก?๊ฐ•์š”?นํ•˜?€?? ?์—ฐ, ?ˆ์ปจ?€ ? ์???’?์—ฐ?์›’?ผ๋กœ???€?ํ™”?˜์–ด๋ฒ„๋ ธ?? ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ?์œผ๋ก??์—ฐ???€??๊ท ํ˜•๊ณ?์ฑ…์ž„??๊ฐ๊ฐ?€ ๋ฌผ์งˆ???์‚ฐ๊ณ??Œ๋น„ ?์—???ฌ๋ผ?ธ๋ฒ„?ธ๋‹ค. ?ํƒœ??๊ท ํ˜•?€, ?น์ƒ‰?๋ช…, ‘์ง‘์•ฝ?์ธ’ ?จ์ผ ?‘๋ฌผ ๋ฐ?์ง‘์ค‘?์ธ ๊ธฐ๊ณ„?”์? ?”ํ•™๊ณ?๊ฐ™์? ?ฌ์—…๊ณ„ํš???ตํ•ด, ‘?์ดŒ??๋นˆ๊ณค๋ฌธ์ œ(๊ท??์ฒด๋ฅ?๊ต??๊ฐ€ ๋งŒ๋“ค????๋ฅ??ด๊ฒฐ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•œ’ ๊ต????๊ฐœ์ž…???˜ํ•ด ?”์šฑ ?Œ๊ดด?˜์—ˆ?? ?ด๋Ÿฌ??๊ฐœ์ž…์กฐ์น˜???์ดŒ?์„œ ?????˜์กด๊ณ?๋นˆ๊ณค???ผ์œผ?ค๋ฉด?? ์ฃผ๊ธฐ?์ธ ๋ณ‘์ถฉ?ด๋? ๋ถˆ๋Ÿฌ?”๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??ด๋Ÿฌ??๋นˆ๊ณค?€ ?์ดŒ?ธ๊ตฌ๋ฅ??„์‹œ์ง€??œผ๋ก??€???ด์ฃผ?˜๊ฒŒ ?˜์??ผ๋ฉฐ, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?ํ•œ ?ฌ๊ฐ???„์‹œ???˜๊ฒฝ๋ฌธ์ œ๋ฅ??ผ์œผ์ผฐ๋‹ค.
๊ทผ๋??”์˜ ‘?œํƒ’?€ ?์‚ฐ??๊ด€๊ณ„์—??๋ฌผ๋ก  ๊ฐœ์ธ???ฌ์ด??๊ด€๊ณ„์— ๊นŠ๊ณ  ?ด๋กœ???„ํ™˜???˜๋ฐ˜?˜์–ด?ผ๋งŒ ?ป์–ด์ง„๋‹ค. ?ด๋Ÿฌ??? ํ˜•??๊ทผ๋??”๋? ?ตํ•ด ?ํƒœ???„๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ์กฐ์„ฑ?˜์—ˆ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?๋?์ง€ ?ดํ›„ ?œ๋???๊ฒฝํ—˜?€ ???์— ?ˆ์–ด ?๋?์ง€?œ๋???๊ฒฝํ—˜๊ณ??ฌ๊ฒŒ ?ค๋? ๊ฒƒ์ด ?†๋Š”?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?๋?์ง€?œ๋? ?™์•ˆ??์ฒ˜์Œ ?„์ž…?˜์—ˆ??๊ต???•์„ฑ??๋ฌผ์งˆ?? ?•์‹ ??๋ฐ??œ๋„?์ธ ์ธก๋ฉด?ค์ด ๊ท??ค์—??๊ทธ๋?๋ก?๊ณ„์†?˜๊ณ  ?ฌํ™”?˜์—ˆ๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค.
๊ต?????์‚ฐ??์ข…์‚ฌ?˜๋Š” ?์? ?ฌํ™”???ธ๋™???ต์?๋ก?์ถ”์ถœ(?ฝๅ‡บ)???„์œผ๋กœ์จ ?œํƒ??๋ฐ›๋Š” ???ฌ์ด?์„œ, ?ํƒœ?์œผ๋ก??Œ๊ตญ?์ด๊ณ??„๊ธฐ?ธ์Šน???ฑๆฉŸไพฟไน˜?????ผ๋ จ???œ๋„??์ค‘๊ฐœ ??• ???œ๋‹ค. ?ด๋Ÿฌ??๊ด€?์—??๋ณ??? ๊ต?????ํƒœ???„๊ธฐ???€?ด์„œ ์ถฉ๋ถ„???ด๊ฒฐ์ฑ…์„ ๋งˆ๋ จ???˜๊? ?†๋‹ค. ?œ๋ƒ?˜๋ฉด ?ด๋Ÿฌ???ด๊ฒฐ์ฑ…์? ๊ต?????ฌ๋Ÿฌ ?œ๋„?€ ๊ณต์ง?๋“ค???˜์กด?˜๋Š” ๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ท?๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜???„ํ˜‘?˜๊ฒŒ ??๊ฒƒ์ด๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค.

๊ทผ๋??”์? ๊ต??

๊ธ‰๊ฒฉ??๊ณต์—…?”๋Š” ?์—…?ฌํšŒ๋ฅ??Œ๊ดด?˜๊ณ , ?ฌ๊ฐ???„์‹œ๋ฌธ์ œ?ค์„ ๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋ƒˆ?? ๊ณต์—…?”์˜ ์ถ”์ง„?ฅ์ด?ˆ๋˜ ?ฌํšŒ ๊ฒฝ์ œ ?ํ™œ???€??๊ต????๊ฐ•๋„?’์? ๊ฐœ์ž…?€ ?•์น˜??๊ฒฝ์ œ?์ธ ?˜์„ ์ค‘์•™??์ง‘์ค‘?œ์ผฐ๊ณ? ์ง€๋ฐฉ์˜ ?์œจ?ฑ์„ ?Œ๊ดด?˜์??? ?’์? ?์‚ฐ?ฑ๊ณผ ?’์? ?Œ๋“???„ํ•œ ?ค๊ทธ์นจ์? ๊ธฐ๋ก?์ธ ๊ทผ๋ฌด ?œ๊ฐ„???ฐ์žฅ๊ณ??จ๊ป˜, ๋งค๋…„ ?˜์ฒœ ๋ช…์˜ ?ฌ๋ง?๋? ?ด๋Š” ?ฌ๊ณ ?€ ์ค‘๋…??๋น„์œจ???’์ด???์ธ???˜์—ˆ?? ?˜์ถœ???„ํ•ด ๋ฌด๋ฆฌ?˜๊ฒŒ ?ด๋ˆ ๊ณต์—…?”๋Š” ?œ๊ตฌ??๋ฌธํ™”?ยท์‚ฌ?Œ๊ฒฝ?œ์  ์ง€๋ฐฐ๋? ? ๋„(?ˆๅฐŽ)?˜๋Š” ?œํŽธ, ?จํ•œ???„ํ†ต?์ธ ?•๊ตฌ?€ ?๊ธ‰?์กฑ??๊ตฌ์กฐ๋ฅ??Œ๊ดด?˜์??? ?„๋งˆ??์ฃผ๋ชฉ?˜์—ฌ????๊ฐ€??์ค‘์š”??์ธก๋ฉด?€ ๋ฌธํ™”???จ์ ˆ๊ณ??œ๊ตฌ???ฌ๊ณ ๋ฐฉ์‹???œ๊ตญ???•์ฒด??ๆญฃ้ซ”??๊ณ?๊ฐ€์น˜๋? ์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜๊ฒ???๊ฒƒ์ด????๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?œ๊ตฌ์ง€?ฅ์ ??๊ทผ๋??”๋Š” ?œ๊ตฌ???€??๋ฌผ์งˆ?์ด๊ณ??œ๋„?์ธ ?˜์กด๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ?? ?œ๊ตฌ ๊ฐœ๋…???จ๋Ÿฌ?ค์ž„??๊ต? œ?”๋กœ ?ธํ•œ ๋ฌธํ™”??์ข…์†?ฑ๊นŒ์ง€๋ฅ?๊ฐ€?ธ์™”?? ?ด๋Ÿฐ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค??๋ช????„์ด ๊ฑธ๋ฆฐ ?ฑ๊ณต?์ธ ?œ๊ตฌ์ง€?ฅ์  ๊ทผ๋??”์˜ ?ด๋งค?ค์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???ด๋Ÿฐ ?˜์œ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ?ค์„ ๊ทผ๋??”์˜ ?จ์ˆœ??’๋ถ€?‘์šฉ’?ผ๋กœ ๋ณด๋Š” ?ฐ์„œ ???˜์•„๊ฐ€??๊ฒƒ์ด ์ค‘์š”?˜๋‹ค. ?คํžˆ??๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค?€ ๊ทผ๋??”์— ?ด์žฌ?˜๋Š” ?ด๋–ค ๊ณ ์œ ???ฑ๊ฒฉ???์— ๋ฟŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฐ•๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๋ถ€?์ ˆ??๊ทผ๋??”๋กœ ?๊ธด ?ด์•…(ๅฎณๆƒก)???ด์†Œ?œํ‚ค๊ธ??„ํ•ด?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ทผ๋???๊ท??์ฒด??๊ฐœ๋…??์ข€?????ดํ•ด?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์—?œ๋????œ์ž‘?˜์—ฌ?ผ๋งŒ ?œ๋‹ค.
?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ? ์˜?˜์—ฌ????๊ทผ๋??”์˜ ??์ค‘์š”??์ธก๋ฉด?€ ๊ทผ๋?๊ต????๋ณธ์„ฑ?ด๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???”ํžˆ ๊ต??๋ฅ? ๋ชจ๋“  ?ฌํšŒ???•์น˜??๋ณ€?”๊? ๊ท??์—???ด๋ฃจ?ด์?๊ฒ??˜์–ด ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ธฐ๋ณธ?์ธ ?€??๋งˆ๋ จ?˜๋Š”, ?˜๋‚˜???ˆ๋??์ด๊ณ?๋ถˆ๋??์ธ ?ค์ฒด๋ก??Œ์•…?œ๋‹ค. ?จํ•œ????๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ค‘์š”??๋ฌธ์ œ??๊ทผ๋??”๊? ๊ถŒ๋ ฅ??์ค‘์•™์ง‘์ค‘๊ณ?๋ณ‘ํ–‰?˜์–ด?”๋‹ค???์ด?? ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ณต์—…?”์˜ ๊ณ„ํš???ด๋‹น?˜๋Š” ๊ณต๋ฌด?์œผ๋กœ๋????๋ช…?์ธ ?ฌ์•ผ?จ์ฒด?ค์— ?ด๋ฅด๊ธฐ๊นŒ์ง€ ?ฌํšŒ ๋ชจ๋“  ๋ถ„์•ผ๊ฐ€ ??๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ?˜๋‹ค. ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ?์œผ๋ก?๋ฐ˜์ฒด???ด๋™??์ดˆ์ ??๊ต???€๊ณ? ๊ต??๊ถŒ๋ ฅ???ฅ์•…???จ๊ณผ?์ธ ?ฌํšŒ ๋ณ€?”์˜ ๊ฒฐ์ •?์ธ ?„์ œ์กฐ๊ฑด?ผ๋กœ ?๊ฐ?˜์–ด?”๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???€?ˆ์ด ?˜๋Š” ?ˆ๋กœ???ฌํšŒ๊ตฌ์กฐ๋ฅ?์ฐฝ์กฐ?˜๋Š” ๊ณผ์ •??์ฐฉ์ˆ˜?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ๊ทผ๋?๊ต??๋ฅ??˜์–ด ?˜๊???๊ฒƒ์„ ?˜๋??œ๋‹ค. ?ฌ๊ธฐ??๋ฐŸ์•„????์ฒ?๋ฒˆ์งธ ?จ๊ณ„??๊ต?????•์„ฑ???˜๋‚˜??์ง„ํ–‰ ์ค‘์ธ ๊ณผ์ •?ด๋ผ??๊ฒƒ์„ ?ธ์‹?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ท??€?จํ•ด ๋ณด์ด??๋ชจ์Šต?๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌ?˜๊ณ , ๊ต???ผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ๊ต?????™์˜?์„œ ๊ท??•ํ†ต?ฑ์„ ์ฐพ์? ?Š์œผ๋ฉ????˜๋Š” ๋ถˆ์•ˆ?•ํ•œ ??‚ฌ???ค์ฒด??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ???™์˜???๊ทน?์œผ๋ก?? ์????„์š”๊ฐ€ ?ˆ์œผ๋ฉ? ๊ต?? ?ˆํŒŽ???ฌ๋Ÿฌ ์ง‘๋‹จ ?ฌ์ด???ดํ•ด๊ด€๊ณ„์˜ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ???˜ํ•ด ?„ํ˜‘???˜๋„ ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด??
์ฒซ์งธ๋ก? ๊ทผ๋??”์˜ ๊ฐœ๋…?€ ์ง„๋ณด?œ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ทธ์? ๋ณ€?”ํ•˜??๊ฒƒ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ???ฌ๋Ÿฌ ?จ๊ณ„๋ฅ?๊ฑฐ์ณ ๋ฐœ์ „?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ธ?? ?ด๋Ÿฌ??๋ฐœ์ „??๊ฐ??จ๊ณ„??๋ฌผ์งˆ?์ธ ๋ถ€(ๅฏ??€ ?ฌํšŒ?์ธ ๋ณต์?๋ฅ?์ฆ๋??œํ‚ค๊ธ??„ํ•ด ?์—ฐ???ด์šฉ?˜๋Š” ???•๊ต???˜๋‹จ???ฌ์šฉ?œ๋‹ค. ์ง„๋ณด?€ ?ด๋ฆ„?ผ๋กœ ?๋????œ๋???์ฃผ๋กœ ?๋???์ง‘๋‹จ?ค์ด ๊ต?? ?ฌํšŒ???ค๊ฒŒ๋ชจ๋‹ˆ?์ธ ๊ฐ€์น˜๋“ค??๋ฐ›์•„?ค์ด๊ฒ??˜์—ˆ?? ์ง„๋ณด?€, ๊ณ ๋„???€?‰์†Œ๋น„์‚ฌ?Œ๋? ?๊ฐ?˜๋“ ์ง€ ?ฌํšŒ์ฃผ์˜?ฌํšŒ๋ฅ??๊ฐ?˜๋“ ์ง€??๊ด€๊ณ„์—†??๋ณ€?”๋Š” ?ด๋–ค ๋ชฉ์ ??์ง€?ฅํ•œ?ค๋Š” ?˜๋??์„œ, ๋ชฉ์ ๋ก ์ ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?œ๊ตญ??๊ฒฝ์šฐ?๋Š”, ?จ์ชฝ๊ณ?๋ถ์ชฝ??๋ชจ๋‘๊ฐ€ ?๋?์ง€??๊ฒฝํ—˜ ๋ฐ?์ค‘์•™์ง‘๊ถŒ??๊ทผ๋?๊ต??, ๊ฐ•๋ ฅ??๊ตฐ์‚ฌ?? ๊ณต์—…?”์˜ ์ถ”์ง„๊ณ?๊ฐ™์? ?๋?์ง€ ๊ฒฝํ—˜??์นดํ…Œ๊ณ ๋ฆฌ?์„œ ?๊ฒจ?ฌ๋‹ค???ฌ์‹ค ?Œ๋ฌธ?? ?จ๊ณผ ๋ถ??ฌ์ด???ด๋ฐ?ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ์˜ ๋ถ„ํ• ?€ ๊ท??˜๋?๊ฐ€ ?ฌ๋??ด์กŒ??
?˜์งธ๋ก? ๊ทผ๋??”์˜ ?œ๊ตฌ??๊ฐœ๋…?์„œ??์ง„๋ณด???˜๋Ÿ‰?์œผ๋ก?์ธก์ •?œ๋‹ค. ?ซ์ž(?ธๅญ—)??๊ท€๊ฒฐ๋˜์ง€ ?Š๋Š” ๊ฒ? ?ˆ์ปจ?€ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด์˜ ?๋‚Œ?ด๋‚˜ ?ผํ•˜??์ฆ๊ฑฐ?€๊ณ?๊ฐ™์? ๊ฒƒ์? ๋ฐœ์ „???ˆ์–ด ๊ท??˜๋?๋ฅ??ƒ๋Š”?? ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?๋งŒ์•ฝ???ด๋–ค ๊ฒƒ์ด ?ซ์ž??๊ท€๊ฒฐ๋  ???ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๊ธฐ๋งŒ ?˜๋‹ค๋ฉ? ?’์„?˜๋ก ??์ข‹๊ณ  ??๋ฐ”๋žŒ์งํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ด ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ณต์ (?ฌ็š„)??๊ต?????ด๋ฐ?ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ์? ?๋ช…???ด๋ฐ?ฌ๋กœ๊ธ?๋ชจ๋‘๊ฐ€ ?˜๋Ÿ‰?”ํ•  ???†๋Š” ?ํ™œ??์ธก๋ฉด?ค์? ๋ฌด์‹œ??์ฑ??Œ๋“, ๊ต??์ด์ƒ??๋ฐ??ฑ์žฅ๋ฅ ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์? ?˜๋Ÿ‰?์ธ ๋ฐœ์ „??์ธก๋ฉด??์ฃผ๋œ ๊ด€?ฌ์„ ?๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???˜๋Ÿ‰?”์— ?ฝ๋งค?? ?๋?์ฃผ์˜ ?ด๋ฐ?ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ๊? ?„์ œ?ˆ๋˜ ? ํ˜•??’๋ฌผ์งˆ??๋ถ€’?€ ‘?ฌํšŒ??๊ฐœ์„ ’ ?†์ด??๊ฐœ์ธ??๋ณต๋ฆฌ๋ฅ?๊ฐœ๋…?”ํ•˜๊ณ??„์‹ค?”ํ•  ???ˆ๋‹ค???ฌ์‹ค??๋ช?๋ณด๊ฒŒ ?œ๋‹ค.
?‹์งธ๋ก? ๊ทผ๋??”๋Š” ๋ณดํŽธ?์ด๊ธฐ๋? ์ฃผ์žฅ?œ๋‹ค. ?œ์–‘???ด๋ก ?ค์? ?์ด???ฌํšŒ???ด์žฌ?˜๋Š” ๊ฐ€์น? ๋ฌธํ™” ๋ฐ??•๊ตฌ??์ฐจ์ด??๊ด€??๊ณ ๋ ค?†์ด ?์šฉ?œ๋‹ค. ?ด๋Ÿฌ??๋ณดํŽธ?ฑ์„ ?•๋‹น?”์‹œ์ผœ์ฃผ??๊ฒƒ์? ‘๊ณ„๋ชฝ(enlightenment)’๊ณ?’๊ณผํ•™?์ธ ๊ฐ๊?????๊ด€??? ๋Ÿฝ??๊ด€?์ด?? ๊ฐ€์น˜์ค‘๋ฆฝ์ ??๋ณดํŽธ?์ธ ๊ณผํ•™???€??๋งน๋ชฉ?์ธ ๋ฏฟ์Œ?€, ?œ๋กœ ?ค๋ฅธ ๋ฌธํ™”???„ํ†ต???ธ๊ณ„๊ด€??๋ฐ˜์˜?˜๋Š” ๊ณผํ•™???ค์–‘?ฑ์„ ๋ฌด์‹œ?˜๋ฉด?? ?œ๊ตฌ???„ํ†ต??๊ณผํ•™??๊ฐ–๋Š” ?€?น์„ฑ???ˆ๋??์ธ ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก??˜๋ชป ?ธ์‹?œ๋‹ค. ?ด๋Ÿฌ??๊ด€?์? ?•์น˜?€ ๊ถŒ๋ ฅ??๊ณผํ•™??๋ฐœ์ „ ๊ณผ์ •???ํ–ฅ??์ค€?ค๋Š” ?ฌ์‹ค??๋ฌด์‹œ?˜๋ฉด?? ๊ณผํ•™???…๋ฆฝ?์ด๊ณ?๊ฐ๊??์ธ ์ง„๋ณด??๊ด€??๋งน๋ชฉ?์ธ ๋ฏฟ์Œ??๋ฐ€๊ณ??˜๊?๊ฒ??œ๋‹ค. ๊ทผ๋??”์— ๊ด€??๋ฐ”๋กœ ?ด๋Ÿฌ??๊ด€?์ด ๊ทผ๋??์ธ ๊ฒ?(๊ณต์—…?์ธ ๊ฒ? ๊ณผํ•™?์ธ ๊ฒ? ?์‚ฐ?์ธ ๊ฒ? ๋ถ€? ํ•œ ๊ฒ?๊ณ??„๊ทผ?€?์ธ ๊ฒ?(?„ํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒ? ๋ถˆํ•ฉ๋ฆฌํ•œ ๊ฒ? ๋น„์ƒ?ฐ์ ??๊ฒ? ?์กด?์ธ ๊ฒ????œ๋กœ ๋ฐ˜๋??˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?ผ๋Š” ?€??๋ฐ•ํžŒ ?๊ฐ??๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋‚ด???œ๋กœ ?ค๋ฅธ ?ฌํšŒ?ค์„ ๋ถ„์„?˜๊ณ  ?ดํ•ด?˜๋Š” ??๋ฌด์ฐจ๋ณ„์ ?ผ๋กœ ?์šฉ?˜๊ฒŒ ??๊ฒƒ์ด??

๋ง‘์Šค์ฃผ์˜?€ ?์—ฐ

?„๋????ธ๊ณ„?์„œ ?ฌํšŒ??๋ณ€?”๋? ?ผ์œผ?ค๊ณ  ?ถ์–ด?˜๋Š” ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์—๊ฒ?๋ง‘์Šค์ฃผ์˜???ผํ•  ???†๋Š” ๊ด€?จ์ด ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ง‘์Šค???€?‘์? ๋ถ€๋ฅด์ฃผ?„์˜ ?ฌํšŒ๊ด€๊ณ„์— ?€??๋น„ํŒ๊ณ?๊ณผํ•™???ฌํšŒ์ฃผ์˜??๊ฐœ๋…??๋ฐ”ํƒ•?????๋ช… ?„๋กœ?ํŠธ???€??๊ทธ์˜ ์ง‘๋… ?Œ๋ฌธ???น๋ณ„??์ฃผ๋ชฉ???Œ์–ด?”๋‹ค. ๋ง‘์Šค์ฃผ์˜???ต์••?์ธ ๊ทผ๋?๊ต?? ?ฌํšŒ???€??๊ฐ€??๋ช…๋ฃŒ??๊ธ‰์ง„??๊ฐœํ˜???œ์•ˆ?˜๋ฉฐ, ?นํžˆ ?จํ•œ???ˆ์–ด?œ๋Š” ?„์ง???ฌ๋Ÿฌ ?๋ช…?ด๋™???ธ์„ ??์ฃผ๋ฅ˜๋ฅ??ด๋ฃจ๊ณ??ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒ?๊ฐ™๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ?? ๋ง‘์Šค???˜ํ•ด ๊ณ ๋ฌด???ฌ๋Ÿฌ ?•์น˜???ด๋™๊ณ?์ฒด๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€ ?ด๋ฃฐ ???ˆ์—ˆ??๋ฐ”์— ?€?ด์„œ????„“?€ ์ขŒ์ ˆ๊ฐ์ด ?ผ์ ธ ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋„ ?ํ•œ ?ฌ์‹ค?ด๋‹ค. ๋ง‘์Šค??? ๋ฌผ๋ก ์˜ ๊ฐœ๋…?€ ?ค์ง ๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๋ฐœ์ „๋งŒ์ด ?์—ฐ๊ณ??ฌํšŒ ?ฌ์ด??๊ฐ„๊ฒฉ??๋ฉ”์šธ ???ˆ๋‹ค๊ณ?์ฃผ์žฅ?˜๋Š” ๊ธฐ์ˆ ???„๋กœ๋ฉ”ํ…Œ?ฐ์Šค์ฃผ์˜?€ ?”๋ถˆ???ฑ์ˆ™?œ๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ????๋งฅ๋ฝ?์„œ ๊ทธ์˜ ? ๋ฌผ?ฌ๊???๋ฟŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฅ?์ฐพ์„ ?˜๊? ?ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ง‘์Šค???˜ํ•˜๋ฉ?’?ผ๋งŒ?์ธ’ ?๊ธฐ?œ๋?๋กœ๋???๊ทผ๋??๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜?๋กœ ?„์ง„?˜๋Š” ??‚ฌ-๋ฌผ์งˆ???‰์—ฌ??์ฆ๋?, ?์‚ฐ??๋ฐœ์ „ ๋ฐ??ธ๊ฐ„??์ฆ๊?๋ก??น์ง•์ง€?ด์งˆ ???ˆ๋Š”-??๊ณผํ•™๊ณ?๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๊ณ ๋„?”๋œ ?˜๋‹จ???ตํ•ด ๊ฐ€?ฅํ•œ, ?์—ฐ๊ณ„์— ?€????๊ณ ๋„?”๋œ ์ง€๋ฐฐํ˜•?œ์˜ ์ง„ํ™”??๊ด€????‚ฌ?ด๋‹ค. ๋ง‘์Šค?๊ฒŒ ?ˆ์–ด?œ๋Š” ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ๋ณต์žก???•ํƒœ??๊ฒฝ์ œ???•์น˜???œ๋„?ค์?, ๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๋ฐœ์ „๊ณ??จ๊ป˜ ?•์ธ?˜๋Š” ์ง„๋ณด?์ธ ??‚ฌ??๊ฐœ๋…?†์ด???๊ฐ???˜๊? ?†๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด??
๋ง‘์Šค?๊ฒŒ ?ˆ์–ด?œ๋Š”, ?์—ฐ???€???ธ๊ฐ„??? ์น˜???œ๋„??์ข…๋ง(็ต‚ๆœซ)?€, ?์—ฐ???˜๋‚˜???ฌํšŒ?์ธ ์นดํ…Œ๊ณ ๋ฆฌ๋ก??ดํ•ด?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์˜ ?œ์ž‘???˜๋??œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ?˜์—ฌ, ?ฌํšŒ๋ฐœ์ „??๋ชจ๋“  ?จ๊ณ„?์„œ ?๊ธฐ???์—ฐ???€???ธ๊ฐ„??๋งค๊ฐœ?‘์šฉ???„์š”?ฑ์ด ?์—ฐ?€ ?ฌํšŒ?์œผ๋ก?์กฐ๊ฑด?”๋˜??๊ฒƒ์ด?ผ๋Š” ?๊ฐ??๋ถˆ๋Ÿฌ?ผ์œผ?จ๋‹ค. ?ด๋Ÿฌ???œ๋„???์—ฐ???€?ด์„œ ?ด๋Š ?•๋„???๋?๊ฐ์„ ๊ฐ–๊ฒŒ ?œ๋‹ค. ?œ๋ƒ?˜๋ฉด ?์—ฐ???ฌํšŒ??์นดํ…Œ๊ณ ๋ฆฌ๋ก?๋ณด๋Š” ๋ง‘์Šค??๊ฐœ๋…?€ ?์—ฐ???€???‰ํ˜น???ฌ์Ÿ???„์š”๋ก??˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค.
?์—ฐ?€ ‘๋งน๋ชฉ???ด๊ณ  ‘?ธ์ƒ‰?˜๊ธฐ’ ?Œ๋ฌธ?? ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?’?ฉ๋ฆฌ?์ธ’ ?ธ๊ฐ„?€ ?์—ฐ??๋งž์„œ??’?ธ์šฐ์ง€’?Š์œผ๋ฉ??ˆ๋˜๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ?? ??‚ฌ??์ง„๋ณด??๋ถˆ๊??ผํ•˜๊ฒ??œ๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ผ???์—ฐ???ฌ์†Œ?ฑ์ด?ผ๋Š” ?œ์•ฝ?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€???ธ๊ฐ„???ค์–ด?ฌ๋ฆฌ๊ธ??„ํ•ด?œ๋Š” ??๊ณ ๋„?”๋œ ์ง€๋ฐฐ์˜ ?˜๋‹จ๋งŒ์ด ?„์š”?˜๊ฒŒ ?œ๋‹ค. ๋ฌธ๋ช…??๋ฌธ์ œ???€์ฒด๋กœ ?ฌํšŒ??์ง€๋ฐฐ์— ?˜ํ•ด ?์—ฐ??’?ธ์ƒ‰?? ?˜์„ ?„๋ฅด๊ณ?๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒ??จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ??๋งŽ์? ?‰์—ฌ๋ฅ?์ฐฝ์ถœ?˜๋Š” ๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๋ฌธ์ œ๊ฐ€ ?œ๋‹ค.
?์—ฐ?€ ?ฌ์œ ?ฌ์‚ฐ???†๋Š” ๊ณ„๊ธ‰?†๋Š” ?ฌํšŒ?์„œ๊นŒ์????•๋ณต?˜๊ณ  ?™ํ™”?˜๊ฒŒ ?œ๋‹ค. ?์—ฐ???€?ํ™”?˜์? ?Š์„ ???†๊ฒŒ ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ?ธ๋™?ด๋‹ค. ๊ณ„๊ธ‰?†๋Š” ?ฌํšŒ๊นŒ์????ด๋Ÿฐ ์ข…๋ฅ˜???ธ๋™???†์•จ ?˜๋Š” ?†๋‹ค-?์—ฐ???์œ ?€ ?€?ํ™”???์œ ๋กœ์šด ?ธ๊ฐ„์กด์žฌ๋ฅ??„ํ•ด ?„์š”?˜๋ฉฐ ๊ท??„์ œ์กฐ๊ฑด???œ๋‹ค. ๋ช…ํ™•??๋ชฉ์ ?ผ๋กœ ?‰ํ•ด์ง€???์‚ฐ?œ๋™?€ ?น์ •???„์š”๋ฅ??„ํ•ด ?์—ฐ??์ค€ ๋ฌผ์งˆ???ด์šฉ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ธ?? ?ด๋Ÿฌ???์‚ฐ?œ๋™?ผ๋กœ?œ์˜ ?ธ๋™?์„œ??์ฃผ์ฒด?€ ๊ฐ์ฒด???„์ „??์กฐํ™”???ˆ์„ ?˜๊? ?†๋‹ค.
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋ฏ€๋ก? ?ธ๋™?ด๋ผ???˜๋‹จ???˜ํ•ด???ฐ์—…?์„œ ?Š์ž„?†์ด ?ด๋ฃจ?ด์????์—ฐ???ˆ๋ฐ”๊ฟˆ์? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ??๋ถ€๋ฅด์ฃผ???ฌํšŒ?์„œ ?ผ์–ด?˜๋Š???๋Š” ?ฌํšŒ์ฃผ์˜ ?ฌํšŒ?์„œ ?ผ์–ด?˜๋Š?์— ๊ด€๊ณ„์—†??๊ณ„์†?œ๋‹ค. ๋ง‘์Šค?๊ฒŒ ๋ฌธ์ œ๊ฐ€ ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ?์‚ฐ๋ฐฉ์‹??๋ฐœ์ „๊ณ??‘์—…??ไฝœๆ?????๊ฒฐ๊ณผ?์ธ ?จ์ถ•?ด๋‹ค.
?ˆ๋??ธ๊? ์ง€?ํ•˜??๋ฐ”์? ๊ฐ™์ด, ‘?ธ๊ฐ„???์œ ??๋ฌธ์ œ??๋ง‘์Šค???˜ํ•ด ?์œ  ?œ๊ฐ„??๋ฌธ์ œ๋ก?์ถ•์†Œ?˜๋ฉฐ’?ธ๊ฐ„???ด๋ฐฉ?œํ‚ค??๊ณผ์ œ??๊ธฐ์ˆ ๋ก?๊ท€์ฐฉ๋œ?? ๋ง‘์Šค???˜ํ•˜๋ฉ?์ง€๋ฐฐ๋Š” ?ด๋ฐฉ???„์ œ์กฐ๊ฑด?ด๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ??์ง€๋ฐ?๊ท??์ฒด???•๋‹น?”๋  ?˜๊? ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ฌ์‹ค, ๋ง‘์Šค??’?ธ๋ฅ˜๊ฐ€ ?์—ฐ???•๋ณต?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์? ๋ณด์กฐ(ๆญฅ่ชฟ)๋ก? ?ธ๊ฐ„?€ ?ค๋ฅธ ?ธ๊ฐ„?ค์ด??๊ท??์‹ ??๋น„ํ–‰???€???ธ์˜ˆ๋ก??„๋ฝ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก?๋ณด์ธ??๊ณ??ธ๊ธ‰?œ๋‹ค. ?ฌ๊ธฐ?์„œ ๊ทธ์˜ ๊ด€?ฌ์‚ฌ???ค๋ฆฌ?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ๊ณ??คํžˆ??๊ธฐ์ˆ ?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ˆ์ปจ?€, ?ธ๊ฐ„???ด๋ฐฉ???„์š”???์œ ๋กœ์šด ?œ๊ฐ„๊ณ?๋ฌผ์งˆ???์š”๊ฐ€ ?์‚ฐ?‘์‹??์ถฉ๋ถ„??๋ฐœ์ „???˜ํ•ด ๋งˆ๋ จ?˜์? ?Š๋Š” ?? ๊ณ„๊ธ‰?ฌํšŒ??๋ถˆ๊??ผํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก??จ๋Š”?? ?์ ˆ??๊ธฐ์ˆ ?˜์???์งˆ์  ๋ณ€?”๋? ?„ํ•ด ?„์š”??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ฌํšŒ์งˆ์„œ??์ดˆ์ธ๊ฐ„์ ???์‚ฐ๋ฐฉ์‹??๊ด€??๋ฒ•์น™?ค์ด ๊ฐ•์ œ?˜๋Š” ๊ฐ€?ด๋ฐ ๋ฐœ๋‹ฌ?˜๋ฉฐ, ?ค์Šค๋กœ๋? ‘?ธ๋™??๋ก?๊ทœ์ •์ง“๋Š” ‘?ฌํšŒ??์กด์žฌ’?ด๊ณ  ๊ท?’๊ธฐ๋Šฅ’??’๊ธฐ๋ณธ?์œผ๋ก?๊ฒฝ์ œ?์ธ’ ?ธ๊ฐ„?€ ?์‚ฐ???„๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ?œ๋‹ค. ?ธ๊ฐ„???˜ํ•œ ?ธ๊ฐ„??์ง€๋ฐฐ๋Š” ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ??๊ธฐ์ˆ ?์œผ๋ก??„์š”?˜๊ณ  ๊ฐ€?ฅํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ธ ???•๋‹น?”๋˜??๊ฒƒ์ด??
?ฐ๋ผ?? ?๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜, ๊ต??๊ต?? ๋ฐ?๊ธฐ์ˆ ???์‹ ?€ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?ค์ด ?„๋ฌด๋ฆ??˜์˜๊ณ??Œ๊ดด?์ด??? ์??ผ๋„, ?ด๋ฐฉ???„ํ•œ ?Œ๋ง?ค๋Ÿฌ??๊ธธ๋กœ??์กด์žฌ?œ๋‹ค. ๋ง‘์Šค???๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜???€???€?ˆ์œผ๋กœ์„œ ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??ํƒœ???Œ๊ดด๋ฅ??ผํ•  ???ˆ๋Š” ๋ฐฉ์‹?ผ๋กœ ์ฒœ๋…„(?ƒๅนด)??๊ฑธ์ณ ๋ฐœ์ „?˜์–ด ?”๋˜ ๋น„์„œ๊ตฌ์„ธ๊ณ„์˜ ? ์‚ฌ?œ๋?๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ–๋Š” ๊ฒฐ์ •?์ธ ์ค‘์š”?ฑ์„ ๊ฐ„๊ณผ?œ๋‹ค. ?”์šฑ?? ๊ทธ๋Š” ‘๋ฏธ๊ฐœ?ธ๋“ค’???จ์? ๋ฌธ๋ช…?”์‹œ??๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ??’๊ณต์—…???œํ‚ค๊ธฐ๊นŒ์ง€ ?จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ๊ทธ๋“ค????‚ฌ ?์— ?Œ์–ด?ค์ด?????€???ด๋ฐ?ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ์  ?ด๋ก ๊ทผ๊ฑฐ๋ฅ??œ๊ณต?œ๋‹ค. ?ธ๋„???€???๊ตญ???ต์น˜?€ ?๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜???„์ž…?๋Š” ?ธ๋„๋ฅ?๋ถ€๋ฅด์ฃผ?„๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋ก??„ํ™˜?œํ‚ค??’??‚ฌ???„๋ฌด’๊ฐ€ ?ˆ์—ˆ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ณ ์œ ??์ง€??ฌธ?”๋? ์ง€??๋น„์„œ๊ตฌ์„ธ๊ณ„๋Š” ?ฐ์—…?”์˜ ?ด๋ฆ„ ?„๋ž˜ ?Œ๊ดด?˜์—ˆ?ผ๋ฉฐ, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ณ?๋นˆ๊ณค?”์? ๋ฌธํ™”???•์ฒด?ฑ์˜ ?„๊ธฐ๋ฅ?๊ฐ€?ธ์™”?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋ง‘์Šค?๊ฒŒ ?ˆ์–ด?œ๋Š” ?ด๋Ÿฌ???„๊ธฐ?ค์? ?ผํ•ด?????ผ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ???คํžˆ???˜์˜?ด์•ผ ???ผ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ?„์ž๋ณธ์ฃผ?˜์‹œ?€???ฌํšŒ?•ํƒœ, ๊ธฐ์ˆ , ๋ฌธํ™”??๊ด€??๋ฐ?๊ฐ€์น˜๋Š” ๊ทธ์? ‘?ธ๋ฅ˜?????ด๋งก๊ฒจ์กŒ??๋ฟ์ธ ๋ฐ˜๋ฉด, ?œ์–‘??๋ช‡๋ช‡??’๊ฐ€???ž์„  ๊ต???????˜ํ•œ ?„์ž๋ณธ์ฃผ?˜์‚ฌ???Œ๊ดด??’??‚ฌ??์ง„๋ณด’๋ก?๋ถˆ๋ ค???”๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋ง‘์Šค ?์‹ ??์ง€?ํ•˜??๋ฐ”์? ๊ฐ™์ด, ๊ณ„๊ธ‰?ฌํšŒ???„์ฒด๋กœ์„œ???ธ๋ฅ˜๊ฐ€ ๋งŒ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์? ?„๋‹ˆ?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ์ฃผ๋กœ ? ๋Ÿฝ???œ์ •??๋งŽ์? ?Š์? ?˜์˜ ์ง‘๋‹จ???ํ•˜??’?ž์„  ?ฌ๋žŒ?????ด๋ฃฉ??’?…์ ’??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ‘?ํ—˜???œ๋?’ ?ด์ „??์ง€๊ต??„์˜ ?€?ค์ˆ˜???ธ๋ฅ˜??๊ทธ๋“ค ?ค์Šค๋กœ์˜ ๋ฐฉ์‹???˜ํ•œ ?์น˜?€ ???Œ๊ดด?์ธ ?์—ฐ๊ณผ์˜ ๊ด€๊ณ„๋? ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ??ˆ์—ˆ?? ๋น„์„œ๊ตฌ์„ธ๊ณ„์˜ ? ์‚ฌ?œ๋?๋ฅ?๋ณ??? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???์—ฐ๊ณ??ฌํšŒ ?ฌ์ด????์นœํ™”??่ฆชๅ’Œ????๋ณด๊ฒŒ ?œ๋‹ค. ?ฌํšŒ??๊ธฐ๋ณธ์กฐ์ง?? ๋งˆ์„??๋ฐ?๊ณ ์„?ค์˜ ?€๋ถ€๋ถ„์? ?…์˜ ?์—ฐ??์กฐ๊ฑด???ˆ์šฉ?????ˆ์„ ๋งŒํ•œ ?ฌ๊ธฐ?€ ?•ํƒœ??๋ฐ”ํƒ•???์—ˆ?? ?์‚ฐ์กฐ์ฐจ??๊ธฐํ›„, ? ์–‘ ๋ฐ?? ์???? ํ˜•??์ฃผ๋กœ ๋ฐ”ํƒ•???์—ˆ?? ?ด๋“ค?€ ‘?์—ฐ?ธ๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ์ธ?? ?๋ฌผ ์ง€??  ?œ๋„?ค์ด?ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ง‘์Šค??์ง„๋ณด๊ด€???ฐ๋ฅด๋ฉ??์—ฐ?˜๊ฒฝ???œ์•ฝ??๋งž์ถ˜ ?ธ๊ฐ„?ฌํšŒ???•์„ฑ?€ ๋ฐ›์•„?ค์ผ ???†๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ‘?์œ ???์—ญ’??’?„์—ฐ???์—ญ’??์ข…์†?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ?˜๋???๊ฒƒ์ด๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค. ?์—ฐ?€ ?œ์ข…???€?์ด ?„๋‹ˆ??๊ทน๋ณต๊ณ?๋ณ€๊ฒฝ์˜ ?€?์ด ?˜์–ด???œ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๋ง‘์Šค?๊ฒŒ ?ˆ์–ด?œ๋Š” ?ํƒœ?์œผ๋ก?๊ฑด์ „???ฌํšŒ?œ๋„?ค์? ?๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜??๋ณดํŽธ?์ธ ๋ฌธ๋ช…???จ๊ณผ???˜ํ•ด ๋ฐฐ์ œ?˜์–ด??????‚ฌ???„์ง„?ฑ์„ ๋ฐ˜์˜?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ผ ๋ฟ์ด??

?จํ•œ???ˆ์–ด?œ์˜ ?๋ช… ?„๋กœ?ํŠธ

?จํ•œ???ˆ์–ด?œ๋Š” ๊ณต์—…?”์˜ ๊ธฐํš?๋“ค ๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ???ด๋“ค ๊ธฐํš?๋“ค???…์žฌ??๋ฐ˜๋??˜๋Š” ?€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ ?ด๊ฒฌ์ง‘๋‹จ(?ฐ่ฆ‹?†ๅœ˜)?ค๊นŒ์ง€??๊ทผ๋??”์— ๊ด€???œ๊ตฌ???ด๋ก ?ค์„ ๋ฐ›์•„?ค์??? ?๋ช… ?„๋กœ?ํŠธ??๋ชฉํ‘œ???•์น˜๊ถŒ๋ ฅ???ด์ „(็งป่ฝ‰)???์–ด?ธ์„œ???ˆ๋˜๋ฉ? ?ฌํšŒ ๊ท??์ฒด??๊ฐœ์กฐ???์–ด?ธ์•ผ๋ง??œ๋‹ค. ?จํ•œ?€ ?จ์ ˆ??๊ฐ€์น˜์? ๋ฌธํ™”??๊ด€?‰์„ ?€?ดํ•˜๊ฒ??ฌ์ฐฝ์กฐํ•จ?ผ๋กœ?? ?œ๊ตญ์ฃผ์˜ ?ธ๋ ฅ??๋ถ€๊ณผํ•œ ๊ฐ€์น˜์? ?ธ๊ณ„๊ด€?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€??๋ฒ—์–ด???„์š”๊ฐ€ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ง‘์Šค???๋ช…?ด๋ก ๊นŒ์????ด๋Ÿฌ???ฌ๊?์ฆ์˜ ?ˆ์™ธ๊ฐ€ ?˜์–ด?œ๋Š” ???œ๋‹ค.
?จํ•œ???ˆ์–ด???™์ƒ?ด๋™๊ณ??ธ๋™?ด๋™?€ 1970?„๋??€ 1980?„๋????ˆ์–ด ?์ฆ?์œผ๋ก?๊ฐ€?œํ™”?˜์—ˆ?? ๊ทธ๋“ค?€ ?์ƒ??์ดˆ์›”???˜์˜ ?ฌ์ƒ๊ณ?๊ฒฉ์‹ฌ??๊ณ ํ†ต??๊ฒช๋Š” ?ฌ์Ÿ???˜์—ฌ?”์Œ?๋„, ๊ต?? ?? ฅ??๊ตฌ์กฐ ๋ฐ??จํ•œ๊ณ?๋ฏธ๊ตญ??๊ตฐ์‚ฌ???Œ๋ฌธ???๋??์œผ๋ก??‘์? ?ฑ๊ณผ๋ฐ–์—??๊ฑฐ๋‘์ง€๋ฅ?๋ชปํ–ˆ?? ??๊ต?? ?? ฅ??๊ตฌ์กฐ???จํ•œ??๊ต?????•๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด?œ๊? ?„๋‹ˆ??๊ถŒ๋ ฅ ?ˆ๋Š” ?Œ์ˆ˜???ด์ต???„ํ•˜??๊ท??ค์— ?ˆ๋Š” ๋ฏธ์ œ๊ต?ฃผ?˜์? ?จ๊ป˜ ์กด์žฌ?œ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์ด ??๋ช…ํ™•?ด์กŒ?? ?ด๋Ÿฌ???ฐ๋ผ๋ฆ?๊ฒฝํ—˜?€ ?œ๊ตญ์ฃผ์˜???€???€?ธ์  ?ฌ์Ÿ???€?ด์  ๊ณ„๊ธ‰?ฌ์Ÿ๋ณด๋‹ค ??์ค‘์š”?˜๋‹ค???๊ฐ???ผ์œผ์ผฐ๋‹ค. ?„ํˆฌ?์ธ ?‰๋™์ฃผ์˜๊ฐ€ ?จํ•œ??์กด์žฌ?˜๋ฉฐ, ???‰๋™์ฃผ์˜๊ฐ€ ๊ฒจ๋ƒฅ?˜๋Š” ?œ์ ?€ ?œ๊ตฌ??์ง€๋ฐฐ์??? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ?ฐ๋„ ๊ท??‰๋™์ฃผ์˜???ด๋ฐ?ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ๋Š” ๊ทผ๋??”์? ?”๋ถˆ???„์ž…?˜์—ˆ???œ๊ตฌ???„ํ†ต๊ณ?๊ฐ€์น˜์˜ ?จ๋Ÿฌ?ค์ž„??๋ฒ—์–ด?˜์? ?Š๋Š”?? ๊ณ„๊ธ‰๊ณ??„๋กค?ˆํ?๋ฆฌ์•„ ๊ฐœ๋…??์ข‹์? ?ค๋?๊ฐ€ ??๊ฒƒ์ด??
?„๋กค?ˆํ?๋ฆฌ์•„๊ณ„๊ธ‰ ๊ฐœ๋…?€ ?œ๊ตญ์ฃผ์˜ ?ธ๋ ฅ???˜ํ•ด ?œ๊ตญ ?ฌํšŒ??์กฐ์„ฑ?˜์–ด ??๋ฌผ์งˆ??๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ??๋ฒ”์œ„ ?ˆ์—???•์˜?˜์–ด?”๋‹ค. ?„๋กค?ˆํ?๋ฆฌ์•„๊ณ„๊ธ‰??๊ด€???ธ์‹?€ ?œ๊ตญ????‚ฌ?์„œ ๊ฝ????˜๋?๋ฅ?๊ฐ€?ธ์˜จ, ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ??๋น„๋ฌผ์งˆ์ ??์ฐจ์›??๊ณ ๋ ค???€?์— ?ฃ์? ?Š๋Š”?? ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ?์œผ๋ก? ?œ๊ตญ ??‚ฌ?์„œ ?๋ช…???˜ํ–‰?์ธ ๋ฏผ์ค‘?ด๋ผ??๊ฐœ๋…?€ ?จ์? ?œ๊ตฌ์ง€?ฅ์  ๊ทผ๋??”์— ?˜ํ•ด ?์„ฑ???น์ •???€?Œ๋“ ๊ณ„์ธต??๋ฟ์ธ ?„๋กค?ˆํ?๋ฆฌ์•„๊ณ„๊ธ‰??๊ฐœ๋…???œ์ •?˜๊ณ  ๊ท€์ฐฉ๋œ?? ๋ฐ”๊พธ??๋งํ•˜๋ฉ? ๊ณ„๊ธ‰?ฌ์Ÿ??๋ฏผ์ค‘???ด๋ฐ?ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ๋? ์ง€๋ฐฐํ•ด?”์Œ?๋„, ?ฌ์‹ค ๋ฏผ์ค‘ ?์‹ ?ค์? ๊ณ„๊ธ‰??๊ฐœ๋…??๊ฑฐ์˜ ๊นจ๋‹ซ์ง€ ?Š๋Š”?? ?ฌ์‹ค?? ?จํ•œ???๋ช… ?„๋กœ?ํŠธ???ค์–‘???•ํƒœ(?นํžˆ ?˜๋™?์ธ ?•ํƒœ)???๋?๊ณ?๋ฏผ์ค‘???€???์— ๊ฐ„์ง ?˜์–ด???ฐ์†?ฑ์„ ์ฆ์ง„?œํ‚ค???˜์? ?Š์Œ?ผ๋กœ??๋ฌธํ™”???จ์ ˆ???ฌํ™”?œ์ผฐ?? ๋ช…๋ฐฑ?????Œ๋ฌธ?? ๋ง‘์Šค์ฃผ์˜ ?๋ช… ?„๋กœ?ํŠธ??๋ฏผ์ค‘??์ง€๊ฐ?์ฒด๊ณ„(?ฅ่ฆบ้ซ”็ณป)?์— ?Œ๊ณ ?ค์?๋ฅ??Š๋Š”?? ?œ๋ƒ?˜๋ฉด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์˜ ?ค์–‘???ธ์–ด?€ ๋ฌผ๋ ค๋ฐ›์? ๊ฐ€์น˜์— ?ฐ์žก๊ณ??ˆ์? ?Š๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค. ?๋ช… ?„๋กœ?ํŠธ??๋ฏผ์ค‘???€?˜์—ฌ ๊ณต์‹?์ธ ๊ต?? ?ด๋ฐ?ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ๋งŒ?ผ์ด????„ค๊ณ??œํ•ด??๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ?‰๋™๊ฐ€?ค์˜ ๋ฏผ์ค‘?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€?ฐ์˜ ?ด๋Ÿฌ???Œ์™ธ๊ฐ€ ?จํ•œ?์„œ ๊ทผ๋…„???™์ƒ?ด๋™๊ณ??ธ๋™?ด๋™???? ฅ?์ธ ?„์œ„์ฃผ์˜(?่ก›ไธป็พฉ)๋ฅ?๋ถˆ๋Ÿฌ?ผ์œผ?ค๋Š” ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋ฅ?๊ฐ€?ธ์™”??

๊ต??๋ฅ??˜์–ด??

?จํ•œ?์„œ ๊ต???•์„ฑ ๋ฐ?๋ช…ํ™•??๊ณ„๊ธ‰?•์„ฑ๊ณ??จ๊ป˜ ?๊ธฐ๊ฒ????ํƒœ???„๊ธฐ๋ฅ?๊ทน๋ณต???„๋žต?€ ??๊ฐ€์ง€๊ฐ€ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ท??˜๋‚˜???ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ?•์ฑ…??๋ณ€?”๋? ?ผ์œผ?ค๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด ๊ต????๊ถŒ๋ ฅ๊ณ?๊ต?????„๊ตญ?์ธ ?œ๋„?ค์„ ?ฅ์•…?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ??’?„๋กœ๋ถ€???„๋ž˜๋กœ์˜’ ?‘๊ทผ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•?€ ๊ทœ๋ชจ๊ฐ€ ?ฌ๊ณ  ?จ์œจ?์ธ ์กฐ์ง??? ์?๋ฅ??„์š”๋ก??˜๋ฉฐ, ?„์กด?˜๋Š” ?ฌํšŒ ?ˆ์—??๊ถŒ๋ ฅ?ฌ์Ÿ?€ ??์นดํ…Œ๊ณ ๋ฆฌ???ํ•œ?? ?œ๋ƒ?˜๋ฉด ๋น„๋ก ?ค๋ช…???ฅ๊ธฐ?์ธ ๋ชฉํ‘œ๊ฐ€ ?ฌํšŒ๋ฅ?์ฒ ์???๋ณ€?”์‹œ?ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด??? ์??ผ๋„, ๊ท?์ง์ ‘?์ธ ๋ชฉํ‘œ???„์กด?˜๋Š” ๊ต????๊ถŒ๋ ฅ???ฅ์•…?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค.
?ฌ๊ธฐ?์„œ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ต???ค๊ฒŒ๋ชจ๋‹ˆ๊ฐ€ ?๊ฒจ????‚ฌ๋ฅ??Œ์•„๋ณ??„์š”๊ฐ€ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?„์ž๋ณธ์ฃผ?˜์‹œ?€???œ๊ตญ?€ ๊ฒฐ์ฝ” ?”ํ•ฉ?˜๊ณ  ?ธ์•ˆ?˜๋ฉฐ ?‰๋“ฑ???ฌํšŒ๊ฐ€ ?„๋‹ˆ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ?๋Š” ๊ท??์ฒด???ด๋???๊ธด์žฅ???ˆ์—ˆ?ผ๋ฉฐ, ?ด๋Ÿฌ??๊ธด์žฅ?€ ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ ?๋?๋ด‰๊ธฐ?์„œ ์น˜์—ด?˜๊ฒŒ ?œ์ถœ?˜์—ˆ?? ?ฌํšŒ๊ณ„์ธต ?์˜ ๊ฐ?์ง‘๋‹จ?€ ๊ธฐ๋ณธ?์ธ ?์›?ค์— ?œ๊ฐ๊ธ??ค๋ฅธ ?‘๊ทผ???ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ด๋–ค ์ง‘๋‹จ???์›?ค์„ ?…์ ?์œผ๋ก?์ฐจ์??˜์???๋ชปํ–ˆ?? ?ธ๋™๊ณ??์›???€???‘๊ทผ, ๋ฐ”๊พธ??๋งํ•˜๋ฉ??ด์šฉ๊ถ?the use right)?€ ์นœ์กฑ๊ด€๊ณ„๋? ?ตํ•ด ์กฐ์ •?˜์—ˆ?ผ๋ฉฐ, ?ฌํšŒ๊ตฌ์กฐ๊ฐ€ ?ด๋–ป๊ฒ?๊ณ„์ธต?์ด?ˆ๋“  ๊ฐ„์— ‘๊ณ„๊ธ‰(class)’??๊ตฌ๋ณ„?€ ?†์—ˆ?? ์ฒœ์žฌ(ๅคฉ็ฝ)?€ ๊ฐ™์? ๊ทน๋‹จ?์ธ ?ฌ์ •???œ์™ธ?˜๊ณ ???์กด?€ ๋ณด์žฅ?˜์—ˆ?? ?œ๋ƒ?˜๋ฉด ?์›?€ ๋ถ„์—ฌ(?†่ˆ‡)?˜์—ˆ?ผ๋ฉฐ, ?ํ˜ธ๋ถ€์กฐ๊? ?ฌํšŒ์กฐ์ง??๊ธฐ์ดˆ?€๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค.
?ฐ์—…?”๊? ์ง„ํ–‰?จ์— ?ฐ๋ผ ์ง€??ณต?™์ฒด???ˆ์˜ ์นœ์กฑ์ง‘๋‹จ?ค์? ?•์น˜?์œผ๋ก?์ง€๋ฐฐ์ ??๋น„์ƒ?ฐ์  ๊ณ„๊ธ‰???„ํ•ด ๋ฌผ์งˆ ๋ฐ??ธ๋™??์ง€?์„ ?œ๊ณต?˜์? ?Š์œผ๋ฉ??ˆ๋˜?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ฌ์‹ค, ๋น„๋ก ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ?•ํƒœ???„ํ†ต?์ธ ๊ณ„์ธต???„์ง??์กด์žฌ?œ๋‹ค? ์??ผ๋„, ๊ต???ฌํšŒ ๊ท??์ฒด??๊ณ„๊ธ‰๊ด€๊ณ„์— ?˜ํ•ด ?น์ง•์ง€?ด์???๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ต???ฌํšŒ??๊ด€?ต๊ณผ ?ฉ์˜???…๊ฐ???˜์‚ฌ๊ฒฐ์ •๊ณผ๋Š” ๋ชจ์ˆœ?˜๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ?? ?ˆ๋กœ??๊ณ„๊ธ‰???…๊ฐ???ธ๋™๋ถ„์—…???•์น˜?์œผ๋ก?๊ฐ•์š”?œ๋‹ค. ?ฌ๊ธฐ?๋Š” ?€?? ?ด์†ก, ?œ์žฅ ?ฑ์„ ?ตํ•œ ?ฌ๋ถ„?ฌ์˜ ?ต์ œ๊ฐ€ ?ฌํ•จ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ต?????ต์น˜??๋ชฉ์ ?€ ์ง€๋ฐฐ๊ณ„๊ธ‰์„ ๋ณดํ˜ธ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ?˜์–ด?”์œผ๋ฉ? ?์œจ?์ด๊ณ??์น˜?์ธ ์ง€??ณต?™์ฒด?ค์˜ ?Œ๊ดด???น์—ฐ??๊ฒฐ๊ณผ?ด๋‹ค. ?„์‹œ์ง€??˜ ?ด๋–ค ์ง‘๋‹จ?ค์? ๋ฒˆ์˜???„๋ ค??๋ฐ˜๋ฉด ๊ธฐ๊ทผ, ๊ตถ์ฃผ๋ฆ? ๋ถ€์ฑ?๋ฐ??ํƒœ???„๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ?œ๊ณจ ์ง€??“ค???๋??ํ™œ??์ง€๋ฐฐํ•ด ?”๋‹ค.
๊ต???•์„ฑ?€ ?์ฃผ ๊ด€๋ฆฌ์ ?ด๋ฉฐ ?์œจ?์ธ ๋งˆ์„๊ณต๋™์ฒด๋“ค??๋ฌด๋ ฅ?”์? ?Œ๊ดด??๋ฐ”ํƒ•???๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ˆ๋? ?ค๋ฉด, ?˜ํšŒ๋ฏผ์ฃผ์ฃผ์˜???•ํƒœ๋ก??ด๋ฃจ?ด์???์ค‘์•™์ง‘๊ถŒ?”๋œ ?•์ฑ…?•์„ฑ?€ ์ง€??ณต?™์ฒด ?ˆ์˜ ?˜์‚ฌ๊ฒฐ์ •๊ณผ์ •?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€???ฌ๋žŒ?ค์„ ๋ถ„๋ฆฌ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ?˜๋??˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ?์‚ฐ๊ณผ์ •?์„œ ๊ฐ€??๋ถ„๋ช…?˜๋‹ค. ์ง€๊ธˆ์˜ ?จํ•œ?์„œ ?๋??ค์ด ๋ฌด์—‡???์‚ฐ?˜๋ฉฐ ?ด๋–ค ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•?ผ๋กœ ?์‚ฐ??๊ฒƒ์ธ๊ฐ€๋ฅ?๊ฒฐ์ •?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ?๋????„๋‹ˆ??๊ต?????„๋ฌธ๊ฐ€?ค๊ณผ ๊ด€๋ฃŒ๋“ค?ด๋‹ค. ๊ณ„๊ธ‰?•์„ฑ๊ณ?๊ต????๋งค๊ฐœ?‘์šฉ?€ ์ง€??ณต?™์ฒด?ค์˜ ?์น˜๋ฅ??Œ๊ดด?˜๋Š” ?ฐ์— ๊ฒฐ์ •?์ธ ??• ???˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ?? ๊ณ ๋„???ต์น˜? ์ด ??๊ด€๊ณ„๋? ?œ๊ณก?˜๊ณ  ์กฐ์ž‘?˜๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ?? ๊ถŒ๋ ฅ๊ตฌ์กฐ???ต๋ช…?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด ?˜๊ณ  ๋ชจํ˜ธ??๊ฒƒ์ด ?œ๋‹ค.
๋ช…์ œ(?ฝ้กŒ)๋ฅ?๊ฑฐ๊พธ๋ก??ค์ง‘?”๋ฐ?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???ํƒœ???„๊ธฐ๋ฅ?๊ทน๋ณต???„๋žต??๊ฐœ๋…?”ํ•  ?ˆ๋กœ??๊ธธ์„ ?Œ๊ฒŒ ?œ๋‹ค. ?์‚ฐ?๋? ?์‚ฐ๊ณผ์ •?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€??๋ถ„๋ฆฌ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ต???•์„ฑ???ต์‹ฌ?ด์—ˆ?ค๋ฉด, ๊ต?????ด์ฒด???์‚ฐ?๋“ค???์‚ฐ๊ณผ์ •?์„œ ๊ทธ๋“ค ?์‹ ??์ฐธ์—ฌ๋ฅ?์ฃผ์žฅ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋กœ๋????œ์ž‘?˜์? ?Š์œผ๋ฉ????œ๋‹ค. ? ์????€???ฌ์šฉ๊ถ? ?ฌ์šฉ???„ํ•œ ?์‚ฐ ๋ฐ?์นœ์กฑ๊ด€๊ณ„์— ๋ฐ”ํƒ•?????ธํ˜œ๊ด€๊ณ„์˜ ?€????งฃ)๊ฐ€ ๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ต???•์„ฑ??๊ณผ์ •?ด์—ˆ?ผ๋?๋ก? ์นœ์กฑ??๋ฐ”ํƒ•????๊ด€๊ณ„๋“ค?ด๋‚˜ ๊ทธ์? ? ์‚ฌ???ค๋ฅธ ?ธํ˜œ?์ธ ๊ด€๊ณ„๋“ค???ค์‹œ ๋งŒ๋“ค?ค๋Š” ?ธ๋ ฅ?€ ?ผ์ƒ?ํ™œ???€??๊ต???????ด์ƒ??์นจํˆฌ??๋งž์„œ??๊ฐ€??๊ฐ•๋ ฅ???€??ด ??๊ฒƒ์ด ?€๋ฆผ์—†?? ?•๊ตฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ๋ฅ?๋ฐ”๊พธ??๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ณ„๊ธ‰๊ด€๊ณ„๋? ? ์??˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•?ด์—ˆ?ผ๋?๋ก? ?๊ธฐ?์‹ ???•๊ตฌ๋ฅ?๋ฐ”๊? ?ธ๋ ฅ??๊ณ„๊ธ‰๊ตฌ์กฐ๋ฅ??€?ดํ•˜??๊ธธ์ด ??๊ฒƒ์ž„???€๋ฆผ์—†??
์ถ”์ƒ?์ด๊ณ??ต๋ช…?์ธ ๊ต?????ค์ฒด๋ฅ??€์ฒดํ•˜???จ์ด ?„๋‹Œ, ๊ตฌ์ฒด?์ธ ๊ณผ์ •????–‰(?†่กŒ)?œํ‚ค?ค๋Š” ?ด๋Ÿฌ???œ๋„?ด์•ผ๋ง๋กœ ์ง€๋ฐฐ์˜ ๊ตฌ์กฐ๋ฅ?๋ฒ—์–ด?????ˆ๋Š” ? ์ผ??๊ธธ์„ ๊ฐ€๋ฅด์ณ ์ฃผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ต???•์„ฑ???˜๋‚˜??์ง„ํ–‰ ์ค‘์ธ ๊ณผ์ •?ด๋?๋ก?๊ต???ด์ฒด ?ํ•œ ?˜๋‚˜??์ง„ํ–‰ ์ค‘์ธ ๊ณผ์ •?„์— ?€๋ฆผ์—†?ผ๋ฉฐ, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?œ๋ฒˆ???๊ธธ ???ˆ๋Š” ๊ณผ์ •?€ ?„๋‹ˆ?? ๊ต???€ ๊ณ„๊ธ‰???จ์ˆœ??’์ฒ ํ’๋ฅ?๊ฒจ๋ƒฅ?˜๋Š” ?๋ช… ?„๋กœ?ํŠธ???˜์ƒ??๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋‚ผ ๋ฟ์ด?? ๋งŒ์•ฝ ?๋ช… ?„๋กœ?ํŠธ๊ฐ€ ?Œ๋ง?˜๋Š” ๋ชฉํ‘œ๊ฐ€ ?๋ฆฝ?์ธ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด๋“ค ?ˆ์— ?์œ ๋กœ์šด ๊ฐœ์ธ?ค์„ ๋ฐœ์ „?œํ‚ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?ผ๊ณ  ?œ๋‹ค๋ฉ? ๊ท??˜๋‹จ ?ํ•œ ?๋ฆฝ?์ธ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด๋“ค ?ˆ์— ?์œ ๋กœ์šด ๊ฐœ์ธ?ค์„ ๋ฐœ์ „?œํ‚ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?ด์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ท?๊ณผ์ • ?ํ•œ ?๋ช…?์ด?ด์•ผ ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด??
?„์กด?˜๋Š” ?ฌํšŒ ?ˆ์—???์‚ฐ๊ด€๊ณ„์— ์ดˆ์ ??๋งž์ถ”๊ธฐ๋ณด?ค๋Š”, ?คํžˆ???ฌํšŒ ๊ท??์ฒด??์ดˆ์ ??๋งž์ถ”??๊ฒƒ์ด ?ˆ๋กœ???„๋žต??์ฐพ๋Š” ??? ์šฉ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ์ฆ?๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?ฌํšŒ๋ฅ?๊ฐœ์กฐ(?น้€??˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๋ฉ? ?์‚ฐ๊ณผ์ • ๊ท??์ฒด๋ฅ?๋ฐ”๊พธ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๋ฌด์—‡???„์š”?˜๊ณ  ?์‚ฐ?˜๊ณ  ?Œ๋น„??๊ฒƒ์ธ๊ฐ€๋ฅ?๊ฒฐ์ •?˜๋Š” ???ฅ๋™?์œผ๋ก?์ฐธ์—ฌ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ?์‚ฐ?๋“ค???ค์Šค๋กœ๊? ?Œ๋น„?˜๊ธฐ๋ฅ??ํ•˜??๊ฒƒ์„ ?์‚ฐ?????ˆ์„ ?Œ๋งŒ ๊ฐ€?ฅํ•˜?? ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ๋ฌผ๋ก  ๊ฐ?๊ฐœ์ธ???๊ธ‰?์กฑ???„์š”๋ก??˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ?„๋‹ˆ๋ฉ? ๋ฌด์—‡???์‚ฐ?˜๊ณ  ?Œ๋น„?˜์–ด????๊ฒƒ์ธ๊ฐ€๋ฅ?๊ฒฐ์ •?˜๋Š” ??๊ฐ?๊ฐœ์ธ??์ฐธ์—ฌ?????ˆ๋Š” ๊ณต๋™์ฒด์˜ ?•์„ฑ???„์š”๋ก??˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ?„์กด?˜๋Š” ?ฌํšŒ ?ˆ์˜ ๊ถŒ๋ ฅ๊ด€๊ณ„๊? ?„๋‹ˆ??๊ต???ฌํšŒ ๊ท??์ฒด๋ฅ?๋ฐ”๊พธ๊ฒ???์ง€??๊ฐ€?ฅํ•œ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด๋“ค??์ฐฝ์กฐ๋ฅ??˜๋??˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ณต๋™์ฒด๋? ์ฐฝ์กฐ?œ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์? ?ผ์ƒ?ํ™œ ?์˜ ?˜์‚ฌ๊ฒฐ์ •??๊ฐœ์ธ??์ฐธ์—ฌ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ?˜๋??˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด??
๋งŒ์•ฝ ์ฐธ์—ฌ???•์น˜๊ฐ€ ?˜๋‚˜???ˆ๋กœ???ฌํšŒ??๋ฐ”ํƒ•???•์„ฑ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?ผ๊ณ  ?œ๋‹ค๋ฉ? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?ํ•œ ?ˆ๋กœ??๊ฒฝ์ œ??๊ด€?‰๊ณผ ๋ถ€?ฉ๋˜???˜๊?์ง€ ?Š์œผ๋ฉ????œ๋‹ค. ์ง€๋ฐฉ์˜ ?•์น˜?๋Š” ์ง€๋ฐฉ์˜ ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐ€ ?˜๋ฐ˜?˜์? ?Š์œผ๋ฉ????œ๋‹ค. ?ฉ์ต๊ถ??จ็›Šๆฌ? usufruct)??๊ฐœ๋…?€ ์ค‘์•™์ง‘๊ถŒ?”๋œ ๊ต??๊ฒฝ์ œ?์„œ ๋ณดํŽธ?์œผ๋ก??์šฉ?˜์–ด?? ๋ฏธ์‹œ ๋ฐ?๊ฑฐ์‹œ ๊ฒฝ์ œ?™์ด๋ก ๋“ค??๊ธฐ๋ณธ?์ธ ๊ฐœ๋…?ค์„ ๋ฐ”๊พธ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ฉ์ต๊ถŒ์?, ์ฝฐํ‚ค?ฐํ?(Kwakiutl)์ก??ธ๋””?ธ๊ณผ ?ดํ• ๋ฏธ์šฐ??Ihalmiut)์ก??์Šค?ค๋ชจ?€ ๊ฐ™์? ๋งŽ์? ๋ฏธ๊ตญ??? ์ฐฉ๋ฏผ์? ๋ฌผ๋ก  ๋งŽ์? ?ค๋ฅธ ?„์ž๋ณธ์ฃผ???œ๋????ฌํšŒ?๋„ ?ˆ์—ˆ??๊ฒฝ์ œ??๊ด€?‰์ด?? ?ด๋–ค ๊ฒฝ์ œ???ˆ์–ด?œ๋„ ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ?˜๋“ฏ?? ?์‚ฐ๊ณ??Œ๋น„????๊ด€???์—??์กด์žฌ?˜๋ฉฐ ?„๊ตฌ, ? ์?, ?๋ฌผ(้ฃŸ็‰ฉ) ๋ฐ??˜๋ฅ˜???ด์šฉ???ด๋? ?ค๋”ฐ๋ฅธ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???์›?ค์? ?ฌ์šฉ?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ?œ์— ?ˆ์–ด?œ๋Š” ?ฌ์šฉ?์—๊ฒ??ํ•œ?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?ค์? ?ด๋Š ?„๊ตฌ???˜ํ•ด?œ๋„, ๊ณต์ค‘(?ฌ่ก†)???˜ํ•ด?œ๋„, ?Œ์œ ?˜์?๋ฅ??Š๊ณ , ๊ทธ์? ?ฌ์šฉ?์— ?˜ํ•ด ?ฌ์šฉ??๋ฟ์ด?? ?ฉ์ต๊ถŒ์? ?์›???€?ด์„œ???ด๋–ค ?•ํƒœ???Œ์œ ๊ถŒ๋„ ?ธ์ •?˜์?๋ฅ??Š๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ทผ๋? ๊ฒฝ์ œ?™์ž?ค์ด ?ด๋ ฌ??๋ณดํŽธ?์œผ๋ก??์šฉ?˜๋Š” ?ฌ์œ ?ฌ์‚ฐ๊ฐœ๋…???ด๋“ค ?ฌํšŒ?๋Š” ๊ฒฐ์ฝ” ์กด์žฌ?˜์? ?Š์•˜??
?ฉ์ต๊ถŒ์ด ๊ด€?‰์ด ?????ฌ์†Œ??scarcity)??๊ฐœ๋… ?ํ•œ ?ค๋ฅธ ?˜๋?๋ฅ?๊ฐ–๊ฒŒ ?œ๋‹ค. ?€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ ๊ฒฝ์ œ??๊ต๊ณผ?œ๋“ค?€ ‘๋ฌดํ•œ???ธ๊ฐ„?•๋ง๊ณ?๊ฐ€?ฉ์„ฑ(??”จ?????œ์ •???์› ?ฌ์ด??๊ทผ์›?์ธ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ’?ผ๋กœ???ฌ์†Œ?ฑ์„ ?•์˜?˜๋Š” ?ฐ์—???œ์ž‘?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๋งค์šฐ ๊ธฐ๋Šฅ?์ธ ?•์˜?ด๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???„์š”???•๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ?ฌ๋ฉด ?ด์ˆ˜๋ก? ?์—ฐ?€ ?์  ???์š”?˜๊ฒŒ ?œ๋‹ค. ?ฌ๊ธฐ??๊ฐ•์กฐ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ๋ฌผ์งˆ???์š”?ด๋‹ค. ????๋ฌผ์งˆ???•๊ตฌ??์ถฉ์กฑ?€ ?????ธ๊ฐ„๋ณต๋ฆฌ๋ฅ??˜๋??œ๋‹ค. ???•์˜๋กœ๋????˜๋‚˜???จ์ˆœ???ผ๋‹จ?ผ๋ฒ•???ธ๊ฐ„?€ ?์‹ ??๋ณต๋ฆฌ๋ฅ??„ํ•˜?ฌ์„œ???์—ฐ??์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜?ฌ์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค??๊ฒฌํ•ด๋ฅ??•๋ฆฝ?œํ‚จ?? ?ˆ์ปจ?€, ? ์ฐฉ๋ฏธ๊ตญ???ฌํšŒ๊ฐ€ ๊ฒฐ์ฝ” ?Š์? ?Š์•˜?? ๋ฌผ์งˆ???์š”๊ฐ€ ์ดˆ๋ž˜???๋ฌผ?™์  ?ํ–ฅ๊ณ?๋ฌธํ™”??๊ฒฐ๊ณผ???€???ธ์‹?€ ?ฌ์†Œ?ฑ์— ๊ด€????๊ธฐ๋Šฅ?์ธ ?•์˜(ๅฎš่?)?์„œ???ฌ๋ผ??๋ฒ„๋ฆฐ??
๊ธฐ๋ณธ???•๊ตฌ๋ฅ?์ถฉ์กฑ?œํ‚ค๊ธ??„ํ•œ ?จ์œจ?์ธ ?„๋žต?€, ?˜์ถœ์ฃผ๋„??๊ณต์—…?”์— ๋ฐ”ํƒ•????๊ฒƒ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ???คํžˆ??์ฃผ๋???๊ท??์‹ ???•๊ตฌ๋ฅ?์ถฉ์กฑ?œํ‚ฌ ?ฅ๋ ฅ??์ฆ๋??œํ‚ค???ฐ์— ?์–ด?ธ์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค. ?„์žฌ ?˜์????์‚ฐ?ฑ์œผ๋กœ๋„, ๋ชจ๋“  ?ธ๊ฐ„?€ ๋ฌผ์งˆ?์œผ๋ก??ธ์•ˆ???ํ™œ???ด๋‚˜๊ฐ????ˆ๋‹ค. ?ฌ์†Œ?ฑ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ??’?์š”???ผ๋กœ๋ถ€???ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ธฐ๋ณธ?•๊ตฌ??๊ด€???ˆ๋กœ???˜์‹???ผ์–ด?˜์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???•๊ตฌ???ต์••?์˜ ?•๊ตฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ???€์ค‘๋งค์ฒด์˜ ์กฐ์ž‘???˜ํ•ด?œ๊? ?„๋‹ˆ???ฐ๋ฆฌ???˜์‹?์ธ ? ํƒ???˜ํ•ด ?•์„ฑ?˜์–ด???œ๋‹ค. ?ด๋Ÿฌ???˜์‹?์ธ ? ํƒ?ค์? ?Œ๊ทœ๋ช??์‚ฐ๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๊ธฐ์ดˆ??๊ณต๋™์ฒด์  ?๊ธฐ์กฐ์ง๊ณ?์ง€??˜ ?‰์—ฌ ?์‚ฐ???€์ฒ˜ํ•˜???˜์†ก ๋ฐ??๋งค๋ง์˜ ?•์žฅ???ตํ•ด?œ๋งŒ ๊ฐ€?ฅํ•  ๋ฟ์ด?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???ํ•œ ๋ฌผ๊ณผ ๊ด‘๋ฌผ?€ ๋ฌผ๋ก  ?…๊ฐ™?€ ๋ชจ๋“  ?ฌ์ƒ๋ถˆ๋Šฅ??์ง€?๋“ค???œ์žฅ๊ฒฝ์ œ๋กœ๋???๋ฒ—์–ด?˜๊ฒŒ ???„์š”๊ฐ€ ?ˆ๋‹ค.

๊ณต๋™์ฒ?? ์?? ํƒ

์ง€??ฒฝ?œ์˜ ?ด๋–ค ?”์†Œ??๊ณต๋™์ฒด์˜ ? ์??€ ๊ทธ์— ๋ถ€?˜๋˜???์—ฐ?์›??๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜๋ณด๋‹ค ??๊ธฐ๋ณธ?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์? ?†๋‹ค. ๊ณต๋™์ฒด์? ๊ท?๊ตฌ์„ฑ???€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ ๋ถ€(ๅฏ???? ์????„์? ? ์? ๊ท??์ฒด?์„œ ?ฐ์ถœ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ??๊ฐ€์ง€ ?ด์œ ?์„œ ? ์???์ง€??ณต?™์ฒด???Œ์œ ๊ฐ€ ?˜์–ด?ผ๋งŒ ?œ๋‹ค.
์ฒซ์งธ๋ก? ? ์???๊ณ ์œ ??๊ฐ€์น˜๋Š” ?ธ๊ฐ„??์ฐฝ์กฐ??๊ฒƒ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ๋ฉ? ?ฐ๋ผ???ด๋–ค ๊ฐœ์ธ???„ํ•ด?œ๋„ ?•๋‹น?˜๊ฒŒ ?ฌ์ (็ง็š„) ?ฌ์‚ฐ?ด๋‚˜ ?Œ๋“?ผ๋กœ ?๊ฐ?˜์–ด?œ๋Š” ???œ๋‹ค. ?˜์งธ๋ก? ? ์???๊ฐ€์น˜์— ๊ด€???ด๋–ค ?‰๊???๊ท?? ์?๋ฅ??ฌ์šฉ?˜๊ฑฐ??๊ท?? ์????ฌ๋Š” ๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ท??ฌ๋žŒ?ค์˜ ?œ๋™๊ณ??ธ๋ ฅ??๊ฒฐ๊ณผ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋ฏ€๋ก?? ์???๊ณ ์œ ??๋ณธ๋ž˜??๊ฐ€์น˜์?, ๊ณต๋™์ฒด์˜ ?ธ๋ ฅ?ด๋‚˜ ????๊ฒฝ์ œ?ฅ์— ?˜ํ•ด ์ถ”๊????ด๋–ค ๊ฐ€์น˜์˜ ??๊ฐ€์ง€ ๋ชจ๋‘?์„œ ๋ณ??? ? ์?๋ฅ???ตฌ?์œผ๋ก?๊ณต๋™์ฒด์˜ ๊ด€๋ฆฌํ•˜??? ์œผ๋กœ์จ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด๋Š” ? ์?๋ฅ?๋ณด์ „???˜๊? ?ˆ๋‹ค. ? ์?๋ฅ??ฌ์šฉ?˜๋Š” ๊ฐœ์ธ?ค์? ๊ทธ๋“ค??๊ฐœ์ธ?ผ๋กœ???ฌ์ž??๋ฐ?๊ท?๊ฐ€์น˜๋? ๋ณด์œ ???˜๋Š” ?ˆ์?๋ง? ๊ณต๋™์ฒ??„์ฒด???ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์— ?€??๋ฐฐํ???๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฅ?์ฃผ์žฅ?ด์„œ?????œ๋‹ค.
‘๊ณต๋™์ฒ?? ์?? ํƒ’?€ ๋น„์˜๋ฆฌ์˜ ?ํ™œ๊ณต๋™์ฒ?์กฐ์ง?ด๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๋งค์ž…?˜์—ˆ๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๊ธฐ์ฆ??? ์?๋ฅ??ฌ์šฉ?˜๋ ค???ฌ๋žŒ?๊ฒŒ๋ง??„๋??จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ๊ท?? ์?๋ฅ??ฌ๊ธฐ?œ์žฅ?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€??๋ฒ—์–ด???ˆ๊ฒŒ ?œ๋‹ค. ?„์ฐจ?ธ์? ๋จธ๋ฆฟ??down payment)?†์ด ?ฌ์šฉ๊ฐ€์น˜์— ?…๊ฐ???Œ์ •???„์ฐจ๋ฃŒ๋? ์ง€๋ถˆํ•œ?? ?„์ฐจ?ธ์? ? ์?๋ฅ?? ๋‚  ?Œ์—??’๊ณต๋™์ฒ?? ์?? ํƒ’???ตํ•ด ?ค์ด???„์ฐจ?ธ์—๊ฒ??Œ์œ  ๊ฑด๋ฌผ?????˜๊? ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?Œ๋Š” ?ฌ๋žŒ?ด๋‚˜ ?ฌ๋Š” ?ฌ๋žŒ ์ค‘์˜ ?ด๋Š ์ชฝ๋„, ? ์????œ์žฅ๊ฐ€์น˜์— ?ฐ๋ผ ์ฆ๊????ด๋–ค ๋ถˆ๋กœ?Œ๋“???ป์???๋ชปํ•œ?? ?ด๋–ค ๊ฐœ์ธ??? ์?๋ฅ??Œ์œ ?˜์????Š์?๋ง?’๊ณต๋™์ฒ?? ์?? ํƒ’?€ ? ์?๋ฅ?๊ธฐ๋ณธ???์›?ผ๋กœ??๋ณด์œ ?˜๋ฉฐ, ๊ท??์› ?์—??๊ณต๋™์ฒด์? ๊ณต๋™์ฒ??ˆ์˜ ๊ฐœ์ธ?ค์? ?•๋‹น???ด์ต??๊ฐ–๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ?ธ์ •?œ๋‹ค.
‘๊ณต๋™์ฒ?? ์?? ํƒ’???ค๋ฆฝ?€ ?ํƒœ???ฌํšŒ????์ถœ๋ฐœ?์ผ ๋ฟ์ด?? ?ฌ๊ธฐ???ด๋“??๊ฐ€?ฅ์„ฑ??? ์???์ทจ๋“๊ณ?๊ฐœ๋ฐœ??? ์ธ(่ช˜ๅ› )???˜์? ?Š๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ?? ‘๊ณต๋™์ฒ?? ์?? ํƒ’???ค๋ฆฝ?€ ?ฅ๊ธฐ?์ธ ๊ณต๋™์ฒ?๋ฐœ์ „??๊ธฐ์ดˆ๊ฐ€ ?????ˆ๋‹ค. ??๊ณผ์ •???ตํ•ด ?‘๋ ฅ?์ธ ๊ด€๊ณ„์? ๊ณต๋™์ฒ??˜์‹??๋ฐ”ํƒ•??๋งˆ๋ จ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ‘๊ณต๋™์ฒ?? ์?? ํƒ’?€ ?นํžˆ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ?๋“ค???์‹ ?ค์˜ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด๋? ?ธ๋? ?ดํ•ด๊ด€๊ณ„์— ?˜ํ•œ ์ฐฉ์ทจ๋กœ๋???๋ณดํ˜ธ??๊ฒฝ์ œ???•์น˜???˜์„ ?„ํ˜•?์œผ๋ก?๊ฐ–์? ๋ชปํ•œ ?€?Œ๋“ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด๋“ค???ˆ์–ด?œ๋Š”, ๊ณ ๋„???•์น˜?ฅ์„ ๊ฐ–๊ฒŒ ??๊ฒƒ์ด??
๊ณต๋™์ฒ?? ์?? ํƒ?ค์„ ?ค๋ฆฝ?˜๊ฒŒ ?˜๋ฉด, ?ํƒœ?์ธ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด์˜ ?œ๋„?ค์ด ???ค๋ฅธ ๊ด€?‰๋“ค??์ด‰์ง„?˜๊ณ  ?ฅ๋ ค???˜๊? ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ˆ๋? ?ค๋ฉด, ๊ณต๋™ ?ƒ๋ฐญ??๋งŒ๋“ค?ด์งˆ ???ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋ฉ? ? ๊ธฐ?๋ฒ•???˜ํ•œ ?€?์‚ฌ๊ฐ€ ?ผ๋ฐ˜?”๋  ???ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?์—…?์‚ฐ๋ฌผ์? ?„์‹œ?€ ?์ดŒ ?ฌ์ด??์ง์ ‘?์ธ ?‘๋™์กฐํ•ฉ ์กฐ์ง???ตํ•ด ?„์‹œ์ง€??œผ๋ก??ด์†ก?????ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋ฉ? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด์˜ ๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ฅ??๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜???œ์žฅ์ฒด๊ณ„๋กœ๋?????๋ฒ—์–ด?˜๊ฒŒ ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?๋ ˆ?€ ๊ฐ™์? ?ํ™œ๊ณต๋™์ฒด์  ?‘์—…๊ด€?‰์ด ๊ณต๋™์ฒ??˜์‹???ฌ์ฐฝ์กฐํ•˜๊ณ??์‚ฐ?ฑ์„ ์ฆ๋??œํ‚ค๊ธ??„ํ•ด ?ฌ๋„?…๋  ???ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ??๊ฑด๊ฐ•???์ƒ???ต๊???๊ธฐ๋ฅด๊ณ??ํ’ˆ???ํ’ˆ?”๋? ๋ฐฉ์??˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•˜???ํ’ˆ?‘๋™์กฐํ•ฉ ?•ํƒœ???๋‹น๊ณ?์ฃผ์ (?’ๅบ—)???ํ™œ๊ณต๋™์ฒด์˜ ์ทจ์‚ฌ ?์‚ฌ ๋ฐ?๋ชจ์ž„???„ํ•ด ?ค๋ฆฝ?????ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ์ฐธ์—ฌ?์ธ ๊ธฐํš๊ณ?๋ฐœ์ „๊ณผ์ •???ตํ•ด ?ํƒœ??๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๊ณต๋™์ฒ??ˆ์— ?•์‚ฐ?????ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ํ˜ธ?€?‰๋“ค??๊ณต๋™์ฒ?๊ตฌ์„ฑ?๋“ค?๊ฒŒ ?ต์ž๋ฅ??ด์ฃผ๊ธ??„ํ•ด ?ค๋ฆฝ?????ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ฐ€?ฅ์„ฑ?€ ?ฌ์‹ค??๋ฌดํ•œ??๊ฒƒ์ด??
?˜๋‚˜??์ง„์ •???€๋ฟŒ๋ฆฌ ?๋ช…???ด๋Ÿฐ ?์œผ๋ก?๊ฐ€?ฅํ• ?”์???๋ชจ๋ฅธ??
๊ฒฐ๋ก 

๋น„๋ก ?€?ธ์˜์กดยท์™ธ์ฑ„์œ„๊ธฐยท๋ถˆ?‰๋“ฑ???Œ๋“๋ถ„๋ฐฐ???์ดŒ???ฉํ?”์? ๊ฐ™์? ‘๊ฒฝ์ œ?? ๋ฌธ์ œ?๋“ค??๋ฌด์‹œ?œ๋‹ค? ์??ผ๋„, ๊ทผ๋??”๊? ๊ณผ์—ฐ ?€?ค์ˆ˜???จํ•œ ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์„ ?„ํ•ด ?ํ™œ??์งˆ์„ ?ฅ์ƒ?œ์ผฐ?”๊???๊ด€?˜์—ฌ???ผ๋????ฌ์?๊ฐ€ ๋งŽ๋‹ค. ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์ด ๋ง‘์? ๊ณต๊ธฐ๋ฅ??จ์‰ฌ๊ณ?๊นจ๋—??๋ฌผ์„ ๋งˆ์‹ค ???†์„ ?? ???’์? ?ผ์ธ??๊ต???Œ๋“??๋ฌด์Šจ ?Œ์šฉ???ˆ๋Š”๊ฐ€? ????๊ฐ€์ง€ ?จ์ˆœ??์งˆ๋ฌธ??’๊ฒฝ์ œ??๊ธฐ์ ’??๋น„๊ทน???์ง•?”ํ•œ??
?ฌ๊ธฐ?์„œ ?œ๊ตฌ??๊ทผ๋??”์— ๊ด€???„ํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฐœ๋…???ฌํ‰๊ฐ€???„์š”?ฑ์ด ?œ๊ธฐ?œ๋‹ค. ??๊ฐ€์ง€ ๋ถ„๋ช…??๊ฒƒ์ด ?ˆ์œผ?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ์ง€?????????™์•ˆ๊ณ?๊ฐ™์? ?„๋žต?ผ๋กœ??๊ฐ?๊ฐœ์ธ??๋ณต์??€ ?ด๊ธ‹?˜์? ?Š๋Š” ? ์ฐฉ?์ด๊ณ??๋ฆฝ?์ธ ?ฌํšŒ๋ฅ?๊ฑด์„ค???˜๋Š” ?†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด?ผ๋Š” ?์ด?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?จ์? ?„์„ธ๊ณ„์ ?ผ๋กœ ?Œ๊ดด?์ธ ?ฐ์—…๊ฒฝ์ œ???ผ๋?๋กœ์„œ ???ฌํ™”??์ข…์†??๊ฐ€?ธ์˜ค๊ฒ???๋ฟ์ผ ๊ฒƒ์ด??
1960?„๋? ์ดˆ์— ?ˆ์–ด?œ๋Š” ?ธ๊ณ„?œ์žฅ???€??๊ฒฝ์Ÿ?ฅ์˜ ๊ฒฐ์—ฌ๊ฐ€ ๊ทผ๋??”๋? ?€?ดํ•˜??๊ฒฐํ•จ?ผ๋กœ ?ธ์‹?˜์–ด?”๋‹ค. ‘?ด๋– ???€๊ฐ€๋ฅ?์น˜๋ฅด?”๋ผ??๊ฒฝ์Ÿ?ฅ์„ ๊ฐ–์ถ”?????ฌ๋กœ๊ฑด์ด ์ง€๋ฐฐ์ ???ด๋ฐ?ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ๋? ?”์•ฝ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ณ ๋„??๊ฒฝ์ œ?ฑ์žฅ?€ ๊ต????๋ณต์?๋ฅ??Œ๋ณด์ง€ ?Š์? ์ฑ??ด๋ฃจ?ด์งˆ ???ˆ์œผ๋ฉ???๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒ??ด๋ฃจ?ด์ ธ???œ๋‹ค???๊ฐ???ํ•œ ???œ๊ธฐ??๊ณตํ†ต??๋ฏฟ์Œ?ด์—ˆ?? ๊ณต์—…?”๋Š” ?ผ๋ฐ˜?€์ค‘์„ ์ฒด๊ณ„?์œผ๋ก?๊ฒฝ์ œ?€ ?•์น˜?์„œ ๋ฐฐ์ œ?˜๊ณ , ?ธ๋™???€???ต์ œ๋ฅ?๊ฐ•ํ™”?˜๋ฉฐ, ?์—…???Œ๊ดด?˜๋Š” ?ฐ์— ๋ฐ”ํƒ•???์–ด?”๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??ด๋–ค ??๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ ?ฌ์ƒ?€ ?„์ฒด??๋ฐœ์ „???„ํ•ด ๋ถˆ๊??ผํ•˜?ค๋Š” ?ธ์‹?????œ๋????ด๋ฐ?ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ๋? ์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜?€?? ?˜๋ฌธ?†์ด ‘?ฑ๊ณต?์ธ’ ๊ทผ๋????ธ๋ ฅ ?ดํ›„???ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ?„๊ธฐ??์ง๋ฉด?˜๊ฒŒ ???ฌ์‹ค?€ ??๊ทผ๋??”์— ๊น”๋ ค?ˆ๋Š” ?ด๋ฐ?ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ์˜ ?ํ•ฉ?ฑ์— ?€???˜๋ฌธ??๊ฐ–๊ฒŒ ?œ๋‹ค.
?ค๋Š˜? ์˜ ?€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ ?ฌํšŒ???œ๋„?ค์? ๊ต??๊ต????์งˆ์„œ๋ฅ?? ์??˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•œ ?ต์ œ?ฅ์น˜๋กœ์„œ??๊ธฐ๋Šฅ???˜ํ–‰?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ต??๊ต??๊ฐ€ ?„๋‹Œ ?ฌํšŒ???œ๋„?ค์ด ?œ๊ตญ?ฌํšŒ?๋Š” ?•์‹ค??๋ฟŒ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด??
?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ฐ€์ก? ๋งˆ์„ ?๋Š” ๊ต??๊ต?????œ๋„???€ ?ˆ์—???ฐ๋ฆฌ??์กด์žฌ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•??๊ฒฐ์ •?????ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ˆ์—ฐ๊ณ?์ง€??ด ?จ๊ป˜ ?ฐ๊ณ„??๊ฐ€์กฑ์ด?ผ๋ง๋ก?๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ธฐ์ดˆ?์ธ ?œ๋„?ด๋‹ค. ๊ต??๊ต????๋น„๋ก ?ค๋Š˜???ฌํšŒ???ธ์‹??์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜๊ณ ๋Š” ?ˆ์?๋ง???‚ฌ?์œผ๋ก?๋งํ•˜๋ฉ??„์ฃผ ๊ทผ๋ž˜??๊ฒƒ์ด๊ณ??œ๊ตฌ???ฐ๋ฌผ?ด๋‹ค. ?ด๋ฆฐ?„์ด??๊ฐ๊ธฐ ??๊ฐœ์ธ?ผ๋กœ??๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?๊ฐ€์กฑ์˜ ??๊ตฌ์„ฑ?์œผ๋กœ์„œ ?œ์–ด?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??˜์„œ ๊ทธ๋Š” ??์ง€??ณต?™์ฒด???ํ•˜๊ฒ??œ๋‹ค. ๊ต?????€??๊ตฌ์„ฑ?์˜ ์ง€?„๋Š” ๊ท??ค์— ?ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด??
?๋?์ง€ ?ด์ „ ?œ๋? ?œ๊ตญ???ฌํšŒ??๊ฐ€์น˜๋? ?˜์ฐพ๊ธ??„ํ•ด???ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ต??๊ต?????€??์ดˆ์›”???„์š”๊ฐ€ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฏผ์ค‘?ฌ์ด???ฐ๋?๋ฅ??๊ธฐ๊ฒ??˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ๊ต??๊ต??????‚ฌ๊ฐ€ ?„๋‹ˆ???…์—???ผํ•˜???ฌ๋žŒ?ค์˜ ??‚ฌ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๋งˆ์„๊ณต๋™์ฒด๋Š” ?ฌ๋ผ?ธ๊?๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋ฏผ์กฑ์ฃผ์˜?€ ?๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜??๋ฒˆ์ฐฝ?๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌ?˜๊ณ  ๋งˆ์„๊ณต๋™์ฒด์˜ ? ์‚ฐ?€ ?ธํ˜œ?€ ?„์š”๋ฅ??„ํ•œ ?์‚ฐ ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??ค์–‘??์ฐธ์—ฌ???˜์‚ฌ๊ฒฐ์ • ๊ณผ์ •?ด๋ผ???•ํƒœ๋ก??„์ง ?จ์•„?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋งˆ์„?€ ?ค์‹œ ?œ๋ฒˆ ์ค‘์•™์ง‘๊ถŒ?”๋œ ๊ต??๊ถŒ๋ ฅ?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€???๋??์œผ๋ก??์œ ๋ก?ณ  ?๋ฆฝ?์ธ ?์น˜๊ณต๋™์ฒด๊? ?????ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด??
?จํ•œ??๊ต???•์ฑ…?€ ์ง€๋ฐฐ์ ???ธ๊ณ„???œ์žฅ์ฒด๊ณ„?€, ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ๋ฐ??ค๋ฅธ ?ธ๊ตญ?ธ๋ ฅ?ค์— ?˜ํ•œ ?•์น˜?? ๊ฒฝ์ œ??๋ฐ?๋ฌธํ™”?์ธ ์ง€๋ฐฐ๋? ? ๋‚˜?œ๋Š” ?๊ฐ?????†๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ?˜์—ˆ?? ๊ทธ๋ ‡?ค๋ฉด, ๋ฏผ์ค‘???์กด?€ ?๋ฆฝ???Œ๋ณต???ฌ๋ ค?ˆ์œผ๋ฉ? ?ด๋Ÿฌ???๋ฆฝ???Œ๋ณต?€ ๋ฌธํ™”???ค๊ฒŒ๋ชจ๋‹ˆ?€ ?์‹ ???•๊ตฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ๋ฅ??Œ๋ณต?จ์œผ๋กœ์จ๋ง?๊ฐ€?ฅํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ์ง€?œ์ˆ˜ ???„์— ๊ฑธ์นœ ?์ดŒ???Œ๊ดด?์„œ ?ป์? ??๊ฐ€์ง€ ๊ตํ›ˆ?€, ๊ฐ•๋ ฅ??์ค‘์•™์ง‘๊ถŒ???•๋???์ง€๋ฐฉ์˜ ?๋??ค์„ ?„ํ•˜???ด๋–ค ?ด๊ฒฐ์ฑ…๋„ ๋งˆ๋ จ?????ˆ์„ ๊ฒ?๊ฐ™์?๊ฐ€ ?Š๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?˜์‚ฌ๊ฒฐ์ • ๊ณผ์ •?์„œ ?Œ์™ธ?˜์–ด???๋??ค์ด ๊ทธ๋“ค ?์‹ ??๊ณต๋™์ฒด์˜ ?˜์‚ฌ๊ฒฐ์ • ๊ณผ์ •??์ฐธ์—ฌ?˜๊ธฐ ?œ์ž‘???? ๋ฌธ์ œ?ด๊ฒฐ???„ํ•œ ?ต์? ๋น„๋กœ???˜์˜ค๊ฒ???๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๋ฐœ์ „??์ฐธ๋œ ?˜๋?๋ฅ??„๋Š” ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์? ๋ฐœ์ „???„์š”??๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ท?๊ณต๋™์ฒด์— ?ฌ๋Š” ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค๋ฟ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?๋ฆฝ๊ณ??•๊ตฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ???€???ต์ œ๋ฅ??˜์ฐพ??๊ณผ์ •?€ ๋ฏผ์ฃผ์ฃผ์˜??๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ธฐ๋ณธ?์ธ ๊ฐœ๋… <?์‹ ???ํ™œ???€???ต์ œ?€ ?์‹ ??๊ณต๋™์ฒด์—??์ฐธ์—ฌ>๊ณ??™์ผ??๊ฒƒ์ด??
?ฐ๋ฆฌ???•๊ตฌ???ธ๊ณ„ ?๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜ ์ฒด์ œ??๊ฐ€๊ณตํ•  ๋งค์ปค?ˆ์ฆ˜???˜ํ•ด ?์„ฑ?˜๋Š” ?•๊ตฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ???˜ํ•ด?œ๊? ?„๋‹ˆ???ฐ๋ฆฌ???˜์‹?์ธ ? ํƒ?ค์— ?˜ํ•ด ?•์„ฑ?˜์–ด?ผ๋งŒ ?œ๋‹ค. ?ด๋Ÿฌ???˜์‹?์ธ ? ํƒ?ค์? ?Œ๊ทœ๋ชจ์ ???์‚ฐ๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๊ณต๋™???๊ธฐ์กฐ์ง?”๋? ?ตํ•ด?œ๋งŒ ๊ฐ€?ฅํ•˜๋ฉ? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?Œ์™ธ???์‚ฐ๊ณผ์ •??๊ฐœ์„ ?˜๊ฒŒ ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ด๊ฒƒ?ด์•ผ๋ง๋กœ ?ผ์ƒ?ํ™œ??๊ตฌ์„๊ตฌ์„๊นŒ์? ๊ฐœ์ž…?˜๋Š” ๊ทผ๋?๊ต?????? ฅ๊ณ??ด๋ฐ?ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ๋? ๋ฐฐ์ œ?˜๊ณ , ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???์‹ ๊ณ??ฐ๋ฆฌ?ค์˜ ๊ณต๋™์ฒ??ˆ์—???ํƒœ??๊ท ํ˜•???˜์ฐพ??? ์ผ??๊ธธ์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด??

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