๊ฒฝ์ œ?„๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ?„์‹œ??๋ชจ์Šต??๋ฐ”๊? ๊ฒƒ์ธ๊ฐ€?

๊ฒฝ์ œ?„๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ?„์‹œ??๋ชจ์Šต??๋ฐ”๊? ๊ฒƒ์ธ๊ฐ€?

Posted onย 07/20/2008

?˜์ด๋น„์–ธ์ฃผ์˜???ํ–ฅ??๋ฐ›์? ?ค์ˆ˜??์ง„๋ณด์ฃผ์˜?๋“ค?€ 1890???ฐ๋˜์ฃผ์˜??์ฃผํƒ?„์›?Œ๊? ?ค๋ฆฝ?˜๋ฉด?œ๋????ด๋? ์ฃผ๋„?ˆ๋‹ค. 1893?„์— ???„์›?Œ๋Š” ?˜ํšŒ๊ฐ€ ์ง์ ‘ 1890?„๋„ ๋ฒ•์— ???ฅ์— ๊ทผ๊ฑฐ?˜์—ฌ ๊ณต์????€๊ทœ๋ชจ ๊ฑด์„ค?ฌ์—…???œํ–‰?˜๋„๋ก?๊ถŒ๊ณ ?ˆ๊ณ  ๋งŽ์? ?ค๋“๊ณ??ผ์Ÿ ?์— ?˜ํšŒ ?„์ฒด?????•์ฑ…???น์ธ?˜๊ฒŒ ?˜์—ˆ?? ?ฐ๋˜์ฃผ์˜?Œ๋Š” ?ด๋? ๊ฑด๋ฌผ???ค์–ด???ˆ์ด ๊ฑฐ์˜ ?†๋Š” ?ฐ๋˜???ด๋?๋ฅ?๋ฒ—์–ด???ธ๊ณฝ์ง€??— ?€?ด์„œ ๊ฑด์„ค ๊ถŒํ•œ???†์Œ???Œ๊ฒŒ ?????ฐ๋˜ ์ฃผ์˜ ๋ณ€?๋ฆฌ ?๋Š” ?ด๋? ๋ฒ—์–ด??๊ณณ์˜ ?น์?์ง€??—๊นŒ์? ?์‹ ?ค์ด ?˜๋…ธ?™์ž๊ณ„๊ธ‰ ?„ํŒŒ?ธโ€??จ์?๋ฅ?๊ฑด์„ค?????ˆ๋„๋ก??˜๋Š” 1900?„์˜ ๋ฒ•๊ฐœ?•์— ์ฐฌ์„ฑ?˜๋„๋ก?๊ต?šŒ???•๋ ฅ??๊ฐ€?ˆ์œผ๋ฉ? ?ด๋ฒ•??๊ทผ๊ฑฐ?˜์—ฌ ?ฐ๋˜์ฃผ์˜?Œ๋Š” 4๊ฐœ์˜ ?จ์??ฌ์—…??์ฐฉ์ˆ˜?ˆ๋‹ค.[?ด์ผ???„์‹œ, ?ผํ„ฐ ?€, ?„์„œ์ถœํŒ ?œ์šธ, 2000, pp71~72]

?ด๊ฒƒ???ค๋Š˜???ฐ๋ฆฌ?๊ฒŒ ๋งค์šฐ ?ต์ˆ™??? ๋„?? ๊ท?์ค‘์—?œ๋„ ๋ฒ ๋“œ?€??Bed Town)???œ์ดˆ???????ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ตํ†ต??๋ฐœ๋‹ฌ๋ก??๊ฑฐ๋ฆ??ด๋™?ฑ์ด ?ฅ์ƒ?จ์— ?ฐ๋ผ 20?ธ๊ธฐ ์ดˆ์˜ ?˜์š•?์ธ ?„์‹œ๊ณ„ํš๊ฐ€?ค์? ?ธ๋™?๊ณ„๊ธ‰์—๊ฒ?๊ณผ๋??˜๊ณ  ๋น„์œ„?์ ???„์‹ฌ?€??๊ต์™ธ์ง€??— ์พŒ์ ??๊ณต๊ฐ„???œ๊ณต?˜์—ฌ ์ฒด์ œ๋ชจ์ˆœ???ด๊ฒฐ?˜๊ณ ???ˆ์—ˆ??๊ฒƒ์ด??

๊ทธ๋ž˜??๊ฒฐ๊ณผ??

?„์‰ฝ๊ฒŒ๋„ ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์ด ???Œ์‹ ?์ธ ?ด๋“ค???˜๋„??๋ฐ”๋?๋ก??ด๋ฃจ?ด์?์ง€???Š์•˜?ค๊ณ  ?œ๋‹ค. ์ฆ?๊ต์™ธ?„์‹œ???„์‹ฌ ๊ทผ์ฒ˜???ˆ๋ฆ„??๋ฐฉ๋ณด????๋น„์‹ผ ๊ต์™ธ์ฃผํƒ???„๋?๋ฃŒ๋? ์ง€๋ถˆํ•  ?ฅ๋ ฅ???ˆ๋Š” ๋ถ€? ํ•œ ?™๋ จ๊ณต๋“ค??์ฐจ์?๊ฐ€ ?˜์—ˆ?? ?€?„๊ธˆ???œ๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๋น„์ˆ™?จ๊ณต?ค์? ?ฌ์ „???„์‹ฌ???ฌ๋Ÿผ??๊ฐ‡ํ? ?ˆ์–ด???ˆ๋‹ค.

?ด์จŒ???๋ฒ„?ˆ์? ?˜์›Œ??Ebenezer Howard)?ผ๋Š” ???…ํŠน???ฌํšŒ?ฌ์ƒ๊ฐ€?ด์ž ?„์‹œ๊ณ„ํš๊ฐ€???˜ํ•ด ์ฃผ์ฐฝ???„์›?„์‹œ??๊ฐœ๋…?€ ๋ฐ”๋‹ค ๊ฑด๋„ˆ ??‹œ ?„์‹ฌ?ฌ๋Ÿผ?”๋กœ ๊ณ ํ†ต ๋ฐ›๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ๋ฏธ๊ตญ???„์‹œ?ค์—๊ฒŒ๋„ ???ธ๊ธฐ๋ฅ??ป๊ฒŒ ?˜์—ˆ?? ๋ฏธ๊ตญ??๊ฒฝ์šฐ ?“์? ?…๋ฉ?ด๋ฆฌ?€ ๋ฏผ๊ฐ„?Œ์‚ฌ???˜ํ•ด ๊ณต๊ธ‰?˜๋Š” ์ฒ ๋„, ?ค์ด??์ญ?๋ฒ‹์? ?„์‹œ๊ฐ?๊ณ ์†?„๋กœ?€ ???„๋กœ ?„๋? ?ฌ๋ฆฌ???๋™์ฐจ์˜ ๊ธ‰์†??๋ณด๊ธ‰ ?ฑ์œผ๋ก?๊ต์™ธ?”๋Š” ?˜๋‚˜??๋ฏธ๊ตญ?์ธ ?„์‹œ?”์˜ ?„ํ˜•???˜์—ˆ?? ๊ฐ™์? ์ฑ…์— ?ฐ๋ฅด๋ฉ?๋ฏธ๊ตญ?์„œ ?๋™์ฐ?์ง€?ฅ์ ??๊ต์™ธ๊ฐ€ ?˜์‹?์œผ๋ก? ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??€๊ทœ๋ชจ๋ก?๊ณ„ํš?˜๊ณ  ?ค์ฒœ?˜์—ˆ?ค๊ณ  ?œ๋‹ค.

๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ???ด์ œ ?ด์ฉŒ๋ฉ??ด๋Ÿฌ???„ํ˜•?์ธ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ???๊ฒฝ???ฝ๊ฐ„?€ ๋ฐ”๋€”์???๋ชจ๋ฅด๊ฒ ๋‹ค.

๋ฏธ๊ตญ ?„์‹œ?ค์˜ ๊ต์™ธ?์„œ??? ๊ทœ์ฃผํƒ???€???˜์š”๊ฐ€ ์ง€??3?„๊ฐ„ ๊ธ‰๊ฒฉ?˜๊ฒŒ ?จ์–ด์ง€๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฐ˜๋ฉด ? ์‹ค์ฒ˜๋ถ„๊ณ??ฌ๊ธฐ?์œผ๋ก?(์ง€?ด์ง„) ๊ฑด๋ฌผ๋ก??ธํ•ด ?˜์š”?๋ณด???จ์”ฌ ๋งŽ์? ๊ณต๊ธ‰??์ดˆ๋ž˜?˜์—ˆ?? ?™์‹œ??์น˜์†Ÿ???ฐ๋ฃŒ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ์? ์ง์žฅ๊นŒ์????๊ฑฐ๋ฆ??ต๊ทผ??๊บผ๋ฆฌ๊ฒ?๋งŒ๋“ค๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค.

Demand for new homes on the outskirts of US towns has fallen spectacularly in the last three years, while foreclosures and speculative building have created a far greater supply of homes than there are buyers. At the same time, soaring fuel costs have made the long commute to work that much less attractive.[US builders forced to sell off holdings, July 18 2008]

์ฆ?๊ณ ์œ ๊ฐ€?€ ์ฃผํƒ?œ์žฅ ๋ถ€์ง„์ด?ผ๋Š” ?๋Œ???ด์„ ???„์‹œ??๊ต์™ธ์ฃผํƒ ?œ์žฅ??๊ธ‰๊ฒฉ?˜๊ฒŒ ?‰๊ฐ?œํ‚ค๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค??๋ง์ด?? ?ค์ œ๋ก??ค๋Š˜???€์ค‘๊ต?ต๋ง???ฌํ? ?œ๊ตฌ??๋น„ํ•ด ?๋??์œผ๋ก???๋ฐœ๋‹ฌ??๋ฏธ๊ตญ?์„œ ?„์‹œ๊ฐ? ?๋Š” ?„์‹œ?€ ๊ต์™ธ๊ฐ?๊ตํ†ต?€ ?๊??ฉ์— ?ฌ๊ฒŒ ?˜์กด???˜๋ฐ–???†๊ณ  ๊ณ ์œ ๊ฐ€???ธ๋™๊ณ„๊ธ‰???ด๋™?ฑ์„ ?ฌ๊ฒŒ ?€?ดํ•˜???”์†Œ๋ก??‘์šฉ??๊ฐœ์—ฐ?ฑ์ด ?ฌ๋‹ค.

๋ฌผ๋ก  ?„์žฌ?€ ๊ฐ™์? ?๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜??๋น„์ •?์ ???‘๋™???„์‹œ?€ ๊ท?๊ต์™ธ??๋ชจ์Šต??๊ทผ๋ณธ?์œผ๋ก?๋ฐ”๊ฟ”?“๊ธฐ???ด๋ ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๋ฌผ์ ๊ณ„ํš?€ ?จ๊ธฐ๊ฐ„์— ?คํ˜„?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ?„๋‹Œ ?ด์•„?ˆ๋Š” ?๋ฌผ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ?ค๋žœ ๋ณ€?œ๋? ๊ฑฐ์น˜๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค. ?˜์?๋ง??ด๋–ค ?์œผ๋กœ๋“  ๋ณ€?”๋Š” ์ง€?๋  ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก??ˆ์ƒ?œ๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฃŒ???€???ˆ๋กœ??๊ด€?? ์ฃผํƒ?œ์žฅ???ฅ๊ธฐ์นจ์ฒด, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??ด๋™?˜๋‹จ???€???ˆ๋กœ??๊ณ ์ฐฐ ??๋ฏธ๊ตญ???„์‹œ๋ฅ??ฌํ•จ???„๋??„์‹œ?ค์? ?ˆ๋กœ??์ฒ ํ•™??๊ณ ๋???? ์•ˆ๊ฒ??˜์—ˆ??

?ˆ์–ธ์ปจ๋? ๊ด‘๋ฒ”?„ํ•œ ?€์ค‘๊ต???œ์„ค???•๋น„?€ ์ง์ฃผ๊ทผ์ ‘(?ทไฝ่ฟ‘ๆŽฅ)???„์‹œ๊ณ„ํš???ˆ๋กœ???€?ˆ์œผ๋ก??œ์‹œ??๊ฒ?๊ฐ™๋‹ค.

(์ฃ?) ?ด๋Ÿฌ??๋ชจ์Šต?ค์? ๊ฐœ์ธ???๋™์ฐจ๋? ?ตํ•œ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ??๊ฐœ์ธ์ฃผ์˜??์ฐฌ์–‘???์ง•?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋“ค?ด์—ˆ๊ณ??ด๋Ÿฌ???๋™์ฐ??„์‹œ???€??๊ฐ€???€?œ์ ??์ฃผ์ฐฝ?๋Š” ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ?œ์ƒ??๊ฑด์ถ•๊ฐ€ ?„๋žญ??๋กœ์ด???ผ์ด??Frank Lloyd Wright)?€??

(์ฃ?) ?ค์ œ๋ก?๋ฏธ๊ตญ??์ง์žฅ ์ค‘์—???๊ฑฐ๋ฆ??ต๊ทผ?๋“ค???„ํ•ด ์ฃ???๊ทผ๋ฌด ?€? ์— ์ข€ ??๋งŽ์? ๊ทผ๋กœ?œ๊ฐ„ ?™์•ˆ ?ผํ•˜๊ณ??˜๋ฃจ๋ฅ?์ค„์ด??์ฃ??ผ์ œ ๊ทผ๋ฌด๋ฅ??ค์‹œ?˜๋Š” ๊ธฐ์—…???ˆ๋‹ค๊ณ??˜๋Š”??๊ท?๋น„์œจ???ผ๋งˆ???˜๋Š”์ง€???????†์œผ??๋ฏธ๊ตญ ?ธ๋™๊ณ„๊ธ‰???๋™์ฐ? ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??์œ  ?˜์กด?ฑ์ด ?ผ๋งˆ???ฐ๊?๋ฅ?๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ๋Š” ?˜๋‚˜???ค๋????????ˆ๊ฒ ??

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s