?ค๊ทธ๋ฆ?- ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค

? ์ฒด???€?˜์—ฌ 2 : ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค
?œ๋กœ ?ด๊นจ๋ฅ?๊ฑธ์–ด ?ผ๋ ค???????†๋Š” ?„์‹œ?ค์„ ?˜๋Š” ๋งŒ๋“ค๊ฒ ๋„ค.
ย ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย ?™์??ค์˜ ?ฌ๋ž‘?ผ๋กœ,
ย ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย ?™์??ค์˜ ?จ์ž?ค์šด ?ฌ๋ž‘?ผ๋กœ.
ย ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย  ย – ?”ํŠธ ?˜ํŠธ๋จ? ?œ์˜ค ๋ฏผ์ฃผ์ฃผ์˜ ?ˆ๋? ?„ํ•˜?ฌโ€?/div>

249-1. ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค??๋จผ์? ?ค์ค‘??๊ณจ๊ฒฉ๊ณ?์ฒ™์ˆ˜๋ก??๊ฐ?????ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?ค์ค‘???œ๋™??์ง€?ํ•˜??์กฐ์„ฑ???˜๊ฒฝ?ด๋ฉฐ, ?•๋™?ค์‚ฌ?Œ์  ๊ด€๊ณ„โ€ค์Šต๊ด€?ค์š•๋งโ€ค์??โ€ค๋ฌธ?”์  ?Œ๋กœ???€?ฅ๊ณ ?€ ๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๊ตฌ์„ฑ?˜๋Š” ?ฌํšŒ???˜๊ฒฝ?ด๋‹ค. ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???ค์ค‘??๊ณผ๊ฑฐ(?ค์ค‘??์ข…์†๊ณ?๊ณ ํ†ต๊ณ??ฌ์Ÿ)๋ฅ??ˆ๊ธฐ๊ณ??ค์‹œ ?‘๋™?œํ‚ฌ ๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ?? ?ค์ค‘??๋ฏธ๋ž˜??์กฐ๊ฑด ?ํ•œ (๊ธ์ •?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด??๋ถ€?•์ ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?œ์‹œ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??? ๊ธฐ???€? ๋Š” ๊ฝ??์ฃผ ๊ธฐ๋Šฅ์ฃผ์˜?์ด๋ฉ??„๊ณ„?์ธ ๊ด€๊ณ„๋“ค???จ์ถ•?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก??ดํ•ด?˜๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ???˜๋ชป??์ชฝ์œผ๋ก??ด๋Œ ???ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ท??€???ฐ๋ฆฌ??๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค๋ฅผย?b>๋น„์œ ๊ธฐ์  ๋ช?/b>?ผ๋กœ, ์ฆ??ค์ค‘??๊ธฐ๊? ?†๋Š” ? ์ฒด๋ก??ดํ•ด?œ๋‹ค. ๋ง‘์Šค???ค๋ขฐ์ฆˆ์? ๊ฐ€?ฐ๋ฆฌ?๊ฒŒ ?๊ฐ??์ค€ ๊ตฌ์ ˆ?์„œ ?œ์ž?ฐ์? ?ธ๊ฐ„??๋น„์œ ๊ธฐ์  ๋ช? ์ฆ??ธ๊ฐ„??๋ชธ์ด ?„๋‹Œ ?œ์—???์—ฐ?์ด?ผ๊ณ  ๋งํ•œ?? ?์—ฐ??์ฐฝ์กฐ???ธ๊ฐ„?œ๋™??? ๋???๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด?ผ๋Š” ๋ถ€๋ฅ?๊ตฌ์„ฑ?˜๊ณ , ?ด๋ฒˆ?๋Š” ?ด์ „???ธ๊ฐ„?œ๋™???์—ฐ???ˆ๊ฒจ์ง€๋ฉ?๊ธฐ์ž…?œ๋‹ค๊ณ?๋ง‘์Šค???ค๋ช…?œ๋‹ค. ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???ค์ค‘??๋น„์œ ๊ธฐ์  ๋ชธ์œผ๋กœ์„œ????• ??๋งก๋Š”?? ?ด๋Š” ?ถ์ •์น˜์  ?์‚ฐ???œ๋????์  ??๊ฐ•ํ•ด์ง„๋‹ค.
249-2. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ?์‚ฐ??์ฃผ๋ชฉ?????ฌ์‹ค ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???”์šฑ ?•ํ™•?˜๊ณ  ?œ์‚ฌ?์ธ ? ๋น„, ์ฆ‰ย?b>?ค์ค‘?๊ฒŒ ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???ฐ์—…?ธ๋™๊ณ„๊ธ‰??๊ณต์žฅ๊ณผ๋„ ๊ฐ™์? ๊ฒƒ์ด?ผ๋Š” ? ๋น„???„๋‹ฌ?œ๋‹ค. ?ด์ „ ?œ๋???๊ณต์žฅ?€ ์ฃผ์š”???ฅ์†Œ๋ฅ?๊ตฌ์„ฑ?ˆ๊ณ  ?ฐ์—…?ธ๋™๊ณ„๊ธ‰????๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ค‘์š”???œ๋™??์กฐ๊ฑด???œ์‹œ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ทธ๋“ค???์‚ฐ, ?ด๋???๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ๊ณผ ์กฐ์ง?? ?๋??€ ๋ฐ˜๋????œํ˜„?ด๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???„๋? ?ค์ค‘???์‚ฐ?œ๋™?€ ๊ณต์žฅ ?ด๋ฒผ?ฝ์„ ?˜์ณ?˜๋Ÿฌ ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค ?„์ฒด???ค๋ฉฐ?ค๊ณ , ๊ท?๊ณผ์ •?์„œ ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???œ๋™???น์งˆ๊ณ?? ์žฌ?ฅ์? ๊ทผ๋ณธ?์œผ๋ก?๋ณ€?•๋œ?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???์‚ฐ, ๋งˆ์ฃผ์น? ?๋???๊ฐ??์—ญ?์„œ ?ค์ค‘???œ๋™??๊ณ ๋ ค?จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ?ด๋Ÿฌ??๋ณ€?”๋? ์ถ”์ ?˜๊ธฐ ?œ์ž‘??๊ฒƒ์ด??
250-1. ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???ถ์ •์น˜์  ?์‚ฐ???ฅ์ด?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์˜ ๊ณต๊ฐ„, ์ฆ??ฌ๋žŒ?ค์ด ?จ๊ป˜ ?ด์•„๊ฐ€๊ณ? ?์›??๊ณต์œ ?˜๊ณ , ?Œํ†ต?˜๊ณ , ?ฌํ™”?€ ?„์ด?”์–ด๋ฅ?๊ตํ™˜?˜๋Š” ๊ณต๊ฐ„?ด๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค. ?ฌ์‹ค ?„๋? ?ดํƒˆ๋ฆฌ์•„?ด๋Š” ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒ??ดํƒˆ?ด์•„?ด๋กœย il comune)???„์‹œ๋ฅ?๊ฐ€๋ฆฌํ‚ค???จ์–ด๋ก??ฌ์šฉ?˜๋Š” ์ค‘์„ธ ?ผํ‹ด?ด์˜ ?ฉ๋ฒ•??๋ณด์กด?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ 3๋ถ€?์„œ ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌ?ˆ๋“ฏ???ถ์ •์น˜์  ?์‚ฐ??? ๋?๋กœ์„œ ๋ณต๋ฌด?˜๋Š” ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์? ?…โ€ค๊ด‘๋ฌผโ€ค๋ฌผ?ค๊??ค์? ๊ฐ™์? ๋ฌผ์งˆ???”์†Œ?ค์— ๋ฟŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฐ•ํ??ˆ๋Š” ?œ์ž?ฐ์ ??๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒโ€์ด ?„๋‹ˆ?? ?ธ์–ด?ค์ด๋ฏธ์??ค์??โ€ค์ •?™โ€ค์ฝ”?œโ€ค์Šต๊ด€?ค์‹ค์ฒ??์— ?ˆ๋Š” ?œ์ธ๊ณต์ ??๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒโ€์ด?? ???ธ๊ณต?์ธ ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์? ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค?????ํ† ๋ฅ??๋ฅด๋ฉ?๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค๋ฅ?๊ตฌ์„ฑ?œ๋‹ค. ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???ถ์ •์น˜์  ?์‚ฐ???œํ™˜???„์ ?ผ๋กœ ?ฝ์ž…?˜๋ฉฐ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ???ตํ•ฉ?˜์–ด ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ถ์ •์น˜์  ?์‚ฐ??๋ฟŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฐ•ํ??ˆ๋Š” ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์˜ ?€?ฅ์†Œ???‘๊ทผ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ?์‚ฐ??? ๋??ด๋ฉฐ, ?์‚ฐ??๊ฒฐ๊ณผ??๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค๋ฅ??ฌ๊ตฌ?ฑํ•˜๊ณ?๋ณ€?•ํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ?๋Š” ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???ˆ๋กญ๊ฒ??ˆ๊ฒจ์ง„๋‹ค. ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค??๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์„ ?์‚ฐ?˜๋Š” ๊ณต์žฅ?ด๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ถ์ •์น˜์  ?์‚ฐ???ด๋Ÿฌ???œํ™˜?€ ?€๊ทœ๋ชจ ๊ณต์—…๊ณ??€์กฐ์ ?ผ๋กœ ?๋ณธ?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€???์  ?์œจ?์ด ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ท??‘๋ ฅ?€???์‚ฐ๊ณผ์ • ?์ฒด?์„œ ?๊ฒจ?˜๊ณ , ?ด๋–ค ๋ช…๋ น??๋ถ€๊ณผ๋˜???์‚ฐ?ฑ์— ?ฅ์• ๋ฅ?๊ฐ€?ธ์˜ค๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค. ?ฐ์—… ๊ณต์žฅ?€ ๊ท??์‚ฐ?ฑ์ด ?๋ณธ๊ฐ€?ค์˜ ?‘๋ ฅ?€??๋ช…๋ น???˜์กด?˜๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ?ย?b>?ด์œค???ณ๋Š”?? ๋ฐ˜๋ฉด ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???๋ณธ???์œจ?์œผ๋ก?์ฐฝ์ถœ??๋ถ€๋ฅ??ฌํš?????ˆ๋Š” ? ์ผ???˜๋‹จ?ธย?b>์ง€?€๋ฅ?์ฃผ๋กœ ?ณ๋Š”?? ?„์‹œ??๋ถ€?™์‚ฐ๊ฐ€์น˜๋Š” ?€๋ถ€๋ถ?๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์˜ ?œํ˜„?ด์ž, (?ฐ๋ฆฌ๋ฅ??˜๋Ÿฌ?ธ๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค??์ง€?•์— ๋ฟŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฐ•ํ??ˆ๋Š”) ๊ฒฝ์ œ?™์ž?ค์ด ?œ์™ธ๋ถ€?ฑโ€์ด?ผ๊ณ  ๋ถ€๋ฅด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??3๋ถ€?์„œ ?ถ์ •์น˜์  ?์‚ฐ???ด๋Ÿฌ??์ธก๋ฉด?ค์„ ?๊ตฌ?ˆ๋Š”?? ?ด์ œ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ท?์ธก๋ฉด?ค์ด ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???ด๋–ป๊ฒ??˜ํ??˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š”์ง€๋ฅ??????ดํ•ด?????ˆ๋‹ค.
251-1. ?ถ์ •์น˜์  ?์‚ฐ?€ ?ˆ๋กœ??๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???•ํƒœ๋ฅ?์ฐฝ์กฐ?˜๋ฉด???„์‹œ๋ฅ?๋ณ€?•์‹œ?ค๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฑด์ถ•๊ฐ€?ค๊ณผ ?„์‹œ?ฌ๊??ค์˜ ?œ์??์ธ ?œ๋?๊ตฌ๋ถ„?€ ?„์‹œ??๋ณ€?”๋? ?œ์‹œ?˜๋Š”?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?„์‹œ??๊ฒฝ์ œ??๊ธฐ๋Šฅ??๋ณ€?™์— ๋ถ€?ฉํ•œ?? ?์—…?์‚ฐ??์ง€๋ฐฐ์ ???ฌํšŒ?€ ?„์ž๋ณธ์ฃผ?˜์  ?ฌํšŒ?์„œ ?„์‹œ???ผ๋ฐ˜?์œผ๋ก?๊ตํ™˜???ฅ์„ ?œ๊ณต?œ๋‹ค.ย ?์—…?„์‹œ???์‚ฐ?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€??๋ถ„๋ฆฌ?˜์–ด?ˆ๋Š”?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?ฌํ™”๊ฐ€ ์ฃผ๋กœ (?ฐ์—??์ฑ„๊ตด?˜๊ฑฐ???ค์—???๋ผ???? ?ค๋ฅธ ๊ณณ์—???์‚ฐ?˜๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค. 18?ธ๊ธฐ๋ถ€??๊ฑฐ๋???๊ณต์—…?„์‹œ???•์„ฑ?€ ?ธ๋™?๋“ค???„์‹œ์ง€??œผ๋ก?์ง‘์ค‘?œ์ผฐ๊ณ? ?ค์–‘???ฐ์—…?ค์„ ๊ฐ€๊นŒ์›Œ์ง€๊ฒ?๋งŒ๋“ค?ˆ๋‹ค(์ฝ”ํฌ???ฉ๊ด‘๋กœ์? ?œ์ฒ ?Œ์? ?๋™์ฐจ๊ณต??.ย ๊ณต์—…?„์‹œ???๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜???์‚ฐ??๋ถ€?ํ•  ???ˆ๋„๋ก??˜๋Š” ์ฃผ์š”??์ง€?›๋? ์ค??˜๋‚˜?ด๋‹ค. ๋ฌผ๋ก  ?„์‹œ???˜๊ณต?ˆ๋…ธ?™์ด???œ์กฐ??๊ฐ™์? ?์‚ฐ?????ˆ์–ด?”์?๋ง? ๊ณต์žฅ?€ ๊ฒฝ์ œ???์‚ฐ???ค๊ฒŒ๋ชจ๋‹ˆ???ฌ๊ธ‰???„์‹œ๋ก???ฒจ?“๋Š”?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ณต์žฅ?ด๋ผ??๊ณต๊ฐ„?€ ?„์‹œ???ˆ์Œ?๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌ?˜๊ณ  ?ฌ์ „??๋ถ„๋ฆฌ?˜์–ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ฐ์—…?ธ๋™๊ณ„๊ธ‰?€ ๊ณต์žฅ?์„œ ?์‚ฐ?????? ?ค๋ฅธ ?ํ™œ ?œ๋™???˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด ๊ณต์žฅ ?ด๋ฒผ?ฝ์„ ์ง€???„์‹œ๋ก?๊ฐ„๋‹ค. ?ค๋Š˜???œ๋””?ดย?b>?ถ์ •์น˜์  ?„์‹œ๊ฐ€ ์ถœํ˜„?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฒฝ์ œ???์‚ฐ??๊ณต๊ฐ„๊ณ??„์‹œ๊ณต๊ฐ„?€ ?ถ์ •์น˜์  ?์‚ฐ???ค๊ฒŒ๋ชจ๋‹ˆ๋ก??ดํ–‰?จ์— ?ฐ๋ผ ?œ๋กœ ์ค‘์ฒฉ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ???ˆ๋‹ค. ?˜๋‚˜๋ฅ??ค๋ฅธ ?˜๋‚˜๋กœ๋???๋ถ„๋ฆฌ?ด๋‚ด??๊ณต์žฅ ?ด๋ฒผ?ฝ์? ???ด์ƒ ์กด์žฌ?˜์? ?Š๋Š”?? ?œ์™ธ๋ถ€?ฑโ€์? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ??๊ฐ€์น˜ํ™”?˜๋Š” ?์‚ฐ???ฅ์— ???ด์ƒ ?ธ๋??์ด์ง€ ?Š๋‹ค. ?ธ๋™?๋“ค?€ ??๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค?์„œ, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ??๋ชจ๋“  ๊ท ์—ด๊ณ??ˆ์—???์‚ฐ?œ๋‹ค. ?ฌ์‹ค ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์˜ ?์‚ฐ?€ ?„์‹œ????๊ท??์ฒด???ค๋ฆ„ ?„๋‹ˆ๊ฒ??˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค.
251-2. ?ฌํšŒ???ถ์— ?˜ํ•ด ?์‚ฐ?˜๋Š” ?™์‹œ???ฌํšŒ???ถ์„ ?์‚ฐ?˜๋Š” ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์—??๋ชฐ๋‘ ?ธ์—??๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค๋ฅ?๊ทœ์ •?˜๋Š” ???ค๋ฅธ ?น์งˆ???ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?ˆ์ธก๋ถˆ๊??ฅํ•˜๊ณ??ฐ๋ฐœ?์ธ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์น? ???•ํ™•??๋งํ•˜?๋ฉด ?€?????€??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์ด?? ?ค๋? ๋ณด๋“ค?ˆ๋ฅด?์„œ ๋ฒ„์??ˆ์•„ ?ธํ”„, ?œ์ž„??์กฐ์ด?ค์—??๋กœ๋ฒ ๋ฅดํŠธ ๋ฌด์งˆ๊ณ??œ๋„๋ฅ??„์Šค? ์˜ˆ?„์Šค?ค์— ?ด๋ฅด???„๋???? ๋Ÿฝ ๋ชจ๋”?ˆ์ฆ˜ ๋ฌธํ•™?์„œ ?ฌํ˜„??๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค??๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์น?๊ฐ„์˜ ?ด๋Ÿฌ??๊ด€๊ณ„๋? ๊ฐ•์กฐ?œ๋‹ค. ?„์›?ํ™œ?€ ?™์ผ??๊ฒƒ์˜ ?จ์กฐ๋กœ์šด ๋ฐ˜๋ณต?ผ๋กœ ๊ทธ๋ ค์ง„๋‹ค. ?น์‹ ?€ ?น์‹  ๋งˆ์„???ฌ๋Š” ๋ชจ๋“  ?ฌ๋žŒ???Œ๊ณ  ?ˆ์œผ๋ฉ? ??„  ?ฌ๋žŒ???„์ฐฉ?€ ?„์ฒญ?˜๊ฒŒ ?€?ผ์šด ?ฌ๊ฑด?ด๋‹ค. ๋ฐ˜๋?๋ก?๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???น์ด?ฑ๋“ค ๊ฐ„์˜ ?ˆ์ธก๋ถˆ๊??ฅํ•œ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์˜ ?ฅ์ด?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?น์‹ ???Œ์? ๋ชปํ•˜???ฌ๋žŒ?ค๊ณผ??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์ผ ๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ???ค๋ฅธ ๊ณณ์—?????ฌ๋žŒ?ค๊ณผ??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์ด๋ฉ? ?์ด??๋ฌธํ™”?ค์–ธ?ดโ€ค์??โ€ค์ •? ์„ธ๊ณ„์???๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์ด?? ๊ฐ€??๋ณด๋“ค?ˆ๋ฅด??๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค๋ก??ค์–ด๊ฐ€??๊ฒƒ์„ ?œ๋‹ค์ค??ˆ์— ๋ชธ์„ ?ด๊ทธ??๊ฒƒโ€์œผ๋ก??๊ฐ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์ด ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์—, ์ฆ??œ์˜ˆ๊ธฐ์น˜ ?Š๊ฒŒ ?ผ์–ด?˜๋Š” ?ผ๋“ค, ์ง€?˜๊???๋ชจ๋ฅด???ฌ๋žŒ?คโ€์—๊ฒ??์‹ ???„์ „???ด์–ด์ค??? ?œ๋ณด?ธ์ ??๊ต๊ฐ?์— ์ทจํ•˜๊ฒ?๋งŒ๋“ ?? ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์? ?ธ๋œป ๋ณด๋ฉด ?ค์–‘์ฒ?multiplicity)???น์ด?ฑ๋“ค??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ๊ณผ ?ด๊ธ‹?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜?? ?ฌ์??ด๋Š” ๋ชจ์ˆœ??๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜??๋ณด์ผ ???ˆ์?๋ง? (?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ?ž์„œ ?ถ์ •์น˜์  ?์‚ฐ??๋งฅ๋ฝ?์„œ ?ดํŽด๋ดค๋“ฏ?? ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์? ?™์ผ?ฑ๊ณผ ?ฌ๋ฆฌ ?„์ ?ผ๋กœ ?‘๋ฆฝ๊ฐ€?ฅํ•˜?? ๋ณด๋“ค?ˆ๋ฅด๊ฐ€ ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค??๋งฅ๋ฝ?์„œ ๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ๋“ฏ??๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ?ˆ์ธก๋ถˆ๊??ฅํ•œ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์? ?œ๋กœ?๊ฒŒ ?„์š”?˜๋‹ค.
252-1. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ?ผ๋‹จ ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค๋ฅ??ด๋Ÿฌ???น์งˆ?ค๋กœ ?•์˜?˜๊ณ ?˜๋ฉด, ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???ถ์ด ?ผ๋ฐ˜?์ธ ์ง€๊ตฌ์  ์กฐ๊ฑด???˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค???์? ๋ถ„๋ช…?ด์ง„?? ?‘์ ??๊ด€?์—???ด๊ฒƒ?€ ?ธ๊ณ„ ??‚ฌ๊ฐ€ ์ตœ๊ทผ??๋ฌธํ„ฑ???˜์—ˆ?ค๋Š” ?ฌ์‹ค, ์ฆ?์ฒ˜์Œ?ผ๋กœ ์ง€๊ตฌ์ธ???ค์ˆ˜๊ฐ€ ?„์‹œ์ง€??— ?ด๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค???ฌ์‹ค๊ณ?์กฐ์‘?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???„์‹œ ๊ณต๊ฐ„๊ณ??ธ๊ณ„ ?ธ๊ตฌ???€???ด๋Ÿฌ???‘์ ??๊ด€?์? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ•์กฐ?˜๊ณ ???˜๋Š” ๋ณ€?•์„ ๊ทธ๋‹ค์ง€ ???ฌ์ฐฉ?˜์???๋ชปํ•œ?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??์งˆ์ ??๊ด€?์? ?„์‹œ?€ ?œ๊ณจ ๊ฐ„์˜ ?„ํ†ต??๋ถ„ํ• ???ด๋–ป๊ฒ?๋ถ•๊ดด?˜๊ณ  ?ฌ์กฐ์ง๋˜?ˆ๋Š”์ง€???€???ค๋ฅธ ๊ด€?์„ ?œ๊ณต?œ๋‹ค. ?ˆ๋? ?ค์–ด ๋ง‘์Šค๊ฐ€ 19?ธ๊ธฐ ?„๋ž‘?ค์˜ ?•์น˜???๊ฒฝ??๋ถ„์„?˜๊ณ  ?„์‹œ ?„๋กค?ˆํ?๋ฆฌ์•„?ธ์˜ ?•์น˜???ฅ๋ ฅ???๋????•์น˜???ฅ๋ ฅ๊ณ?๊ตฌ๋ณ„???? ๊ทธ์˜ ์ถ”๋ก ?€ ?Œํ†ต๊ณ??‘๋ ฅ??๊ธฐ์ดˆ?œ๋‹ค. ?„๋กค?ˆํ?๋ฆฌ์•„?ธ๋Š” ?„๋กค?ˆํ?๋ฆฌ์•„??๊ฐ„์˜ ๊ต๋ฅ˜ ๋ฐ??ผ์Ÿ???„ํ•œ ?Œ๋กœ?ค์„ ์ฐฝ์ถœ?จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ?Œ์‹๊ณ??•๋ณด???‘๊ทผ?˜๊ธฐ๋ง??˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ???ด๋??์œผ๋ก??Œํ†ต???ฅ๋ ฅ ?ํ•œ ๊ฐ–๋Š”?? ?„์‹œ ?„๋กค?ˆํ?๋ฆฌ์•„?ธ๋Š” ๊ณต์žฅ?์„œ ?œ๋กœ ?˜๋????ผํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ ?ด๋? ์ฃผ์–ด???ˆ๋Š” ?‘๋ ฅ???ค์ฒœ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??19?ธ๊ธฐ ?„๋ž‘???๋??ค์? (?์–ด??๋ง‘์Šค???‰๊??์„œ?? ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ด€๊ณ„๋ง?ด๋‚˜ ?ฌํšŒ??์ง์กฐ ?†์ด ?œ๊ณจ ?ฌ๊ธฐ?€๊ธฐ์— ?ฉ์–ด??๊ฐ€์กฑ๋‹จ?„๋‚˜ ?‘์? ๊ณต๋™์ฒ??จ์œ„๋ก?๊ณ ๋ฆฝ?˜์–ด ?ˆ์—ˆ?ค๋Š” ?์—???Œํ†ต?์ด์ง€ ?Š์•˜?? ?„๋‹ˆ, ?ฌ๋ฆฌ ๋งํ•˜?๋ฉด, ๋ง‘์Šค???๋????œ์ž?ฐ์ ??๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒโ€์— ๋ฟŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฐ•ํ??ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก? ?„๋กค?ˆํ?๋ฆฌ์•„?ธ๋? ?œ์ธ๊ณต์ ??๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒโ€โ€•๋ง‘?ค๋Š” ?ด๊ฒƒ???•์น˜???‰๋™???„์ˆ˜?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก??ฌ๊ธด?คโ€•์— ๋ฟŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฐ•ํ??ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก?๊ฐ„์ฃผ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ค๋Š˜???Œํ†ต๊ณ??ฌํšŒ???‘๋ ฅ???Œ๋กœ??์ง€๊ตฌ๋? ๊ฐ€๋กœ์?๋ฅด๋ฉฐ ?ผ๋ฐ˜?”๋˜๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค. ?œ๊ณจ?ํ™œ?€ ???ด์ƒ ๊ณ ๋ฆฝ๊ณ??Œํ†ต๋ถˆ๊??ฅ์„ฑ?ผ๋กœ ?น์ง•์ง€?Œ์?์ง€ ?Š๋Š”?? ๋ฌผ๋ก  ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์—???์ด??๊ฐ•๋„(intensity)๊ฐ€ ์กด์žฌ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ท?๋ถ„ํ• ? ์? ?˜๋„?œํ™˜๊ฒฝ์ธ๊ฐ€ ?œ๊ณจ?˜๊ฒฝ?ธ๊??™์˜ ?ฌ๋??€ ?์  ๋ฌด๊??ด์ง„??
253-1. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ?ธ๊ณ„??๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค?”์— ์ฃผ๋ชฉ???? ๋ชจ๋“  ?ฅ์†Œ๊ฐ€ ?™์ผ??๊ฒƒ์ด ?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ์Œ???จ์˜?˜๋ ค??๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ฒฐ์ฝ” ?„๋‹ˆ?? ?คํžˆ???ฐ๋ฆฌ??๋ชจ๋“  ?ฅ์†Œ๊ฐ€ ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์˜ ?์ด???น์งˆ?ค๊ณผ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ??๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ๋Š” ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ๋“ค???˜ํ•ด ๊ตฌ๋ณ„?˜์–ด???จ์„ ?จ์˜?˜๊ณ ???œ๋‹ค. ?ž์„œ ๊ฒฝ์ œ???ธ๋??ฑ์˜ ๋งฅ๋ฝ?์„œ ?ค๋ฃจ?ˆ๋“ฏ?? ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์? ๊ธ์ •?์ผ ?˜๋„ ?ˆ๊ณ  ๋ถ€?•์ ???˜๋„ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค????™?์ธ ์ง€??  ๋ฌธํ™” ?Œ๋กœ?ค์? ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์˜ ๊ธ์ •?์ธ ?•ํƒœ?ด์?๋ง? ?ค์—ผ?ค์ฐจ?‰โ€ค์‚ฌ?Œ์  ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ ๊ฐ™์? ๊ฒƒ๋“ค?€ ๋ถ€?•์ ???•ํƒœ?ด๋‹ค. ?ด์? ? ์‚ฌ?˜๊ฒŒ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์น???‹œ ?ด๋กœ???˜๋„, ?ด๋กœ???˜๋„ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฑด์ถ•๊ฐ€?ค๊ณผ ๊ฑด์ถ•?ฌ๊??ค์ด ๋ฏธ๊ตญ?์„œ???œ๋ฉ”๊ฐˆ๋กœ?ด๋ฆฌ?คโ€?- 1930?„๋???๋ฒ ๋?๋ฆฐโ€ค๋‰ด?•โ€ค์ƒ?˜์ด๋ก??€?œ๋˜??๊ณ ์ „?์ด๊ณ?์ง‘์ค‘??๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???•ํƒœ๋ฅ??€์ฒดํ•˜๊ณ??ˆ๋Š”, ๊ทœ์ œ???•ํƒœ???†์ด ?„๋ฌด?‡๊ฒŒ ๋ง??๊ธด ์ง€??- ???ฑ์žฅ??? ํ†ต?ดํ•  ?? ๊ทธ๋“ค?€ ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด ?ฝํ™”?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ?น์ด?ฑ๋“ค??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์— ?€??๋ฐฉํ•ด๊ฐ€ ?˜์–ด?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์— ??˜?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ด์? ? ์‚ฌ?˜๊ฒŒ ๋งˆ์ด???ฐ์ด๋น„์Šค?? ?์  ?ผ๋ฐ˜?์ด ?˜์–ด๊ฐ€??์ง€๊ตฌ์  ์กฐ๊ฑด???•์˜?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด ?œ์Šฌ?ผโ€์ด?ผ๋Š” ?ฉ์–ด๋ฅ??ฌ์šฉ????๊ฑฐ์ฃผ๋ฏผ๋“ค??๊ฐ€?œ๋ณด?ค๋Š” ๊ทธ๋“ค???˜๋Ÿฌ?ธ๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์˜ ๋ถ€?•์  ?•ํƒœ?ค๊ณผ ๊ทธ๋“ค??์ข…์†?˜์–ด ?ˆ๋Š” ?ด๋กœ??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ๋“ค??๊ฐ•์กฐ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด ๊ท??ฉ์–ด๋ฅ??ฌ์šฉ?œ๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ด€?์—????๋ชจ๋“  ?•์„ฑ๋ฌผ๋“ค?€ ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์˜ ๊ฐ•๋„ ๋ฐ??น์งˆ?ค์ด ?€๋งˆ๋‹ค ์ฐจ์ด๊ฐ€ ?˜๋Š” ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค?ค์ด??
254-1. ?ผ๋ จ??์ตœ์‹  ?ฐ๊ตฌ?ค์? ?„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด ?„์‹œ?•ํƒœ???น์ˆ˜?? ์ฆ??ผ๊ณ ???˜์ด์ง€๋ฆฌ์•„ ?œ์ผ????ตฌ?„์‹œ]?€ ?จ์ƒค??์ฝฉ๊ณ ???˜๋„]?์„œ ?”ํ•˜?ค์Šค๋ฒ„๊ทธ???ด๋ฅด???„ํ”„๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค(Afropolis)๋ฅ??๊ตฌ?œ๋‹ค. ๋งŽ์? ?„ํ”„๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค?ค์ด ๊ทน๋‹จ?์ธ ๋ฐ•ํƒˆ๊ณ?๊ฐ€?œ์œผ๋ก??น์ง•์ง€?Œ์ง„???˜๋”?ผ๋„ ?„ํ”„๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค๋ฅ??ฌ๋Ÿผ?ด๋‚˜ ?คํŒจ???„์‹œ๋ก?๊ฐ„์ฃผ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋งŒ?ผ๋กœ??๋ถˆ์ถฉ๋ถ„ํ•˜?ค๊ณ  ???™์ž?ค์? ์ฃผ์žฅ?œ๋‹ค. ?ธ๋??์ธ ๊ด€?์—??๋ณด๋ฉด, ?„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด???ˆ๋Š” ?€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???€๊ฐ??„์‹œ๊ณ„ํš??๋ถ€?ฌํ–ˆ๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๋น„ํšจ?จ์ ?ด์—ˆ?ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ๋ถ„๋ช…?˜๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ?????™์ž?ค์?, ๋ฌด๋„ˆ์ง€???ธํ”„?ผ์? ๊ทน๋นˆ?๋“ค?๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌ?˜๊ณ  ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค๊ฐ€ ?ค์ œ๋ก??‘๋™?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค???ฌ์‹ค??์ฃผ๋ชฉ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ์ฃผ๋กœ ?ธ๋??ธ๋“ค?๊ฒŒ???€๋ถ€๋ถ?๋น„๊??œ์ ?? ?Œํ†ต?ค์ด?™์„ฑ?ค๊ณ ?ฉโ€ค๊ต๋ฅ˜โ€คํ˜‘?ฅ์˜ ๋น„๊ณต???คํŠธ?Œํฌ?ค์„ ?ตํ•ด ?‘๋™?œ๋‹ค. ?ค์‹œ ๋งํ•ด, ๋นˆ์ž-?ค์ค‘?€ ?ผ๋‚œ์ฒ˜๋? ์ฐพ๊ณ  ?ฌํšŒ???ถ์˜ ?•ํƒœ?ค์„ ?์‚ฐ?˜๋ฉด?? ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์˜ ?•์žฅ???Œ๋กœ?ค์„ ?ตํ•ด ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด?ผ๋Š” ?์›??์ง€?์ ?ผ๋กœ ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌ?˜๊ณ  ์ฐฝ์กฐ?˜๋ฉด???์กด?„๋žต??์ฐฝ์•ˆ?œ๋‹ค. ?˜๋นˆ?๋“ค???ถ์? ๋ฉ‹์???๊ทธ๋“ค??๊ฑฑ์ •?˜์? ๋ง๋ผ?™๊ฑฐ?? ?˜๋ชจ???„์‹œ?ค์ด ?ด์? ๊ฐ™์•„???œ๋‹ค?™๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ๋ฌผ๋ก  ?„๋‹ˆ?? ?ด๋Ÿฌ???ฐ๊ตฌ?ค์ด ๊ฐ–๋Š” ์ค‘์š”?ฑ์? ๊ทนํ•œ ??ฒฝ??์กฐ๊ฑด ?˜์—?œ์กฐ์ฐจ๋„ ๋นˆ์ž?ค์ด ๋ฌด์—‡???????ˆ๋Š”์ง€๋ฅ? ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?๊ทธ๋“ค??๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์„ ?ด๋–ป๊ฒ??์‚ฐ?????ˆ๊ณ  ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์„ ?ด๋–ป๊ฒ?์กฐ์ง?????ˆ๋Š”์ง€๋ฅ?๋ณด์—ฌ์ค€?ค๋Š” ?์ด??
254-2. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ์ง€๊ธˆ๊ป ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???น์งˆ๋ก??ฌ์šฉ??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์ด?ผ๋Š” ๊ฐœ๋…?€ ๊ทธ์? ?˜๋™?์ด๊ณ??์—ฐ๋ฐœ์ƒ?์ด?? ?ค์ค‘?๊ฒŒ ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค๊ฐ€ ?ฐ์—…?ธ๋™๊ณ„๊ธ‰?๊ฒŒ ๊ณต์žฅ๊ณผ๋„ ๊ฐ™์? ๊ฒƒ์ด ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด?œ๋Š”, ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์˜ ?ฅ์†Œ?ฌ์•ผ ? ๋ฟ๋ง??„๋‹ˆ??์กฐ์ง?”์? ?•์น˜???ฅ์†Œ?ด๊ธฐ???ด์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค. ?ด๊ฒƒ?ดย?b>?ด๋ฆฌ??/b>?ผ๋Š” ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ?ค์  ๊ฐœ๋…???•์˜??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?น์ด?ฑ๋“ค ๊ฐ„์˜ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์ด ?•์น˜?์œผ๋ก?์กฐ์ง?˜๋Š” ?ฅ์†Œ ๋ง์ด?? ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???„๋???๋ถ€???ˆ๋ฌ˜??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์ด ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์˜ ?ˆ๋กœ???์‚ฐ?ผ๋กœ ๊ท€๊ฒฐ๋  ?? ๊ฐ€???ฌ๋žŒ?ค์ด ๊ฐ์ž???์ด??์ง€?๊ณผ ?ฅ๋ ฅ???Œํ†ต?˜์—ฌ ?‘๋ ฅ?์œผ๋ก??ˆ๋กœ??๋ฌด์–ธ๊ฐ€๋ฅ??•์„ฑ?????œ๋Ÿฌ?œ๋‹ค. ?ค์ œ๋ก?๊ท??ˆ๋ฌ˜??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์? ?ฌํšŒ??๋ชธ์ด ๊ฐ๊ฐ???€๋ก??ˆ์„ ?Œ๋ณด?????ฅ๋ ฅ ?ˆ๋Š”, ?ˆ๋กœ???ฌํšŒ??๋ชธ์„ ?์‚ฐ?œ๋‹ค. ๋ฌผ๋ก  ๋ชจ๋“  ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์ด ๊ธฐ์œ ๊ฒƒ์? ?„๋‹ˆ?? ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค?์„œ ?ผ์–ด?˜๋Š” ?€?ธ๋“ค๊ณผ์˜ ?์—ฐ๋ฐœ์ƒ?์ธ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ๋“ค ์ค??€?ค์ˆ˜???€๋ฆฝ์ ?ด๊ฑฐ???Œ๊ดด?์ด๋ฉ? ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์˜ ?ด๋กœ???•ํƒœ๋ฅ??์‚ฐ?œ๋‹ค. ?น์‹ ???ด์›ƒ?ค์ด ?ด๋Š” ?Œ์Œ?ผ๋กœ ๋ฐค์ž ???ค์น  ?Œ๋‚˜ ๊ทธ๋“ค??๋ฒ„๋ฆฐ ?ฐ๋ ˆ๊ธฐ์—???„์ƒˆ๊ฐ€ ???? ???ผ๋ฐ˜?์œผ๋กœ๋Š” ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค??๊ตํ†ต์ฒด์ฆ๊ณ??€๊ธฐ์˜ค?ผ์ด ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฑฐ์ฃผ๋ฏผ๋“ค???ถ์˜ ์งˆ์„ ?จ์–ด?จ๋ฆด ??๊ทธ๋ ‡?? ?€?ธ๋“ค๊ณ??ˆ๋กœ??๊ด€๊ณ„๋? ?•์„ฑ?˜๋Š” ?? ์ฆ??Œํ†ต๊ณ??‘๋ ฅ??์ฆ์ง„?ค์‹œ๊ณ? ?ˆ๋กญ๊ณ???๊ฐ•ํ•œ ?ฌํšŒ??๋ชธ์„ ์ฐฝ์กฐ?˜๋ฉฐ, ??๊ธฐ์œ ๊ณตํ†ต???ถ์„ ?ณ๋Š” ๊ด€๊ณ„๋? ?•์„ฑ?˜๋Š” ?ผ์? ?ฝ์? ?Š๋‹ค. ๋ถˆํ–‰???€๋ฆฝ์  ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ๋“ค?€ ๊ทธ์? ๋ฐ˜๋?๋ก??ฌํšŒ??๋ชธ์„ ?ด์ฒด?˜๊ณ  ?ค์ค‘??๊ณตํ†ต???ถ์„ ๋ถ€?จ์‹œ?จ๋‹ค. ?ฌ์‹ค ?ฐ์—ฐ??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์? ?€๋ถ€๋ถ??ด๋กญ๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ?? ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค ๊ฑฐ์ฃผ๋ฏผ๋“ค?€ ์ข…์ข… ?€?ธ๋“ค๊ณผ์˜ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์„ ?ผํ•˜๊ธ??„ํ•ด, ?œ๋กœ๋ฅ?์ณ๋‹ค๋ณด์? ?Š๊ณ  ์กฐ์šฉ??์ง€?˜๊?๊ธ??„ํ•ด ?์‹ ??๊ณ ๋ฆฝ?œํ‚จ?? ๊ทธ๋“ค?€ ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ณต๊ฐ„??๋ณด์ด์ง€ ?Š๋Š” ๋ฒฝ์„ ?ธ์šฐ๋ฉ? ๋งˆ์น˜ ๋ฌด์‹ ๊ฒฝํ•˜๊ณ?๋ฌด๊ฐ๊ฐํ•œ, ๊ณ ํ–‰?ผ๋กœ ?์ฒ˜ ?…์? ?ผ๋?์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ?‘์ด‰???”๊ฐ?ด์ง„?? ?น๊ถŒ์ธต์? ?์‹ ??๊ณ ๋ฆฝ???์—ญ??? ํ?œ๋‹ค. ?์‹ ๊ณ?๊ทผ๋ณธ?์œผ๋ก??ค๋ฅธ ?ฌ๋žŒ??๊ทผ์ฒ˜???ด๋ฉด?œ๋„ ?์‹ ๊ณ??‘๊ฐ™?€ ?ฌ๋žŒ?คํ•˜๊ณ ๋งŒ ๊ต๋ฅ˜?˜๋ ค๊ณ??œ๋‹ค. ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค??๊ทœ์ •???น์งˆ?ค์ด ?…ํ™”?˜๋Š” ?? ์ฆ????ด์ƒ ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์˜ ๊ณต๊ฐ„???€?ธ๊ณผ??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ๋„ ?Œํ†ต๊ณ??‘๋ ฅ???ฅ์†Œ???„๋‹ˆ๊ฒ??˜๋Š” ?Œ์ด??
255-1. ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???•์น˜??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์˜ ์กฐ์ง?”์ด?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ??๊ณผ์ œ??๊ธฐ์œ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์„ ์ฆ์ง„?œํ‚ค๊ณ?๊ทธ๊ฒƒ??๋ฐ˜๋ณต?˜๊ฒŒ ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒ? ๋ถˆํ–‰??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์„ ์ตœ์†Œ?”ํ•˜??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ๋จผ์? ?€?์— ?€??๊ฐœ๋ฐฉ?ฑ๊ณผ ?ค๋ฅธ ?ด๋“ค๊ณผ์˜ ๊ด€๊ณ„๋? ?•์„ฑ???ฅ๋ ฅ???„์š”๋ก??œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ธฐ์œ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์„ ?ณ๊ณ  ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ?˜์—ฌ ?????ฅ๋ ฅ??๊ฐ€์ง??ฌํšŒ??๋ชธ๋“ค??์ฐฝ์กฐ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•จ?ด๋‹ค. ?˜์งธ๋ก?(๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??„๋งˆ???”์šฑ ์ค‘์š”?˜๊ฒŒ?? ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ?€๋ฆฝ์ ?คํŒŒ๊ดด์  ๊ด€๊ณ„๋“ค?์„œ ๋ชธ์„ ๋นผ๊ณ , ๊ท?๊ด€๊ณ„๋“ค??๊ธฐ์ธ??์น˜๋ช…?์ธ ?ฌํšŒ??๋ชธ๋“ค???ด์ฒด?˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•???ตํžˆ??๊ฒƒ์„ ?„์š”๋ก??œ๋‹ค. ๋งˆ์?๋ง‰์œผ๋ก???๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???•์น˜??(?์—ฐ๋ฐœ์ƒ??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ๋“ค???€๋ถ€๋ถ„์ด ๊ท?์ฆ‰์‹œ ๊ธฐ์œ ๊ฒƒ์? ?„๋‹ˆ๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ?? ?€๋ฆฝ์  ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์„ ๊ฐ€?ฅํ•œ ??๊ธฐ์˜๊ณ??์‚ฐ?์ธ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์œผ๋ก?๋ณ€?•์‹œ?ค๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•??๋ฐœ๊ฒฌ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ?„์š”๋ก??œ๋‹ค.
256-1. ???œ์ ?์„œ ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค?์„œ??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์˜ ์กฐ์ง?”๊? ?•์น˜?์ธ ๋ฌธ์ œ??๋ฟ??„๋‹ˆ??์ง์ ‘?์œผ๋ก?๊ฒฝ์ œ?์ธ ๋ฌธ์ œ?ด๊ธฐ???˜๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์? ๋ถ„๋ช…??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ฌ์‹ค ๊ธฐ์œ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์? ๊ฒฝ์ œ?์œผ๋ก?์ค‘์š”???‰๋™?ด๋ฉฐ, ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ ์ธก๋ฉด?์„œ ?ถ์ •์น˜์  ๊ฒฝ์ œ???•์ ?ด๋‹ค. ๊ธฐ์œ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์—??๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌ?˜๊ณ  ?์‚ฐ?œ๋‹ค. ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ?ž์„œ ?œ์•ˆ???ฌ๋กœ๊ฑดโ€•๋‹ค์ค‘์—๊ฒ?๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???ฐ์—…?ธ๋™๊ณ„๊ธ‰?๊ฒŒ ๊ณต์žฅ๊ณผ๋„ ๊ฐ™์? ๊ฒƒโ€•์— ?€???ˆ๋กœ??๊ด€?์„ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ?๊ฒŒ ?œ๊ณต?œ๋‹ค. ?ค์ค‘??๊ธฐ์œ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์˜ ์กฐ์ง?”๋Š”, (?น์ • ๊ธฐ๊ณ„ ์ฃผ๋???๋น??˜๋Ÿฌ ?ธ๊ฑฐ???ฐ์†??์กฐ๋ฆฝ?ผ์ธ?์„œ ?‘๋™?˜๋Š” ?? ๊ณต์žฅ ?ˆ์—???‘๋ ฅ???€???ด๋ฃจ???ธ๋™?๋“ค???์‚ฐ??๋ฐฐ์น˜???์‘?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋ถ€???ถ์ •์น˜์  ?์‚ฐ?€ ?ค๋ฅธ ์ชฝ์—?? ์ฆ??๋ณธ???œ๊ฐ???„๋‹ˆ???ค์ค‘???œ๊ฐ?ผ๋กœ ?ฌ์ฐฉ?˜์–ด???œ๋‹ค. ?ด๊ฒƒ???ต์‹ฌ?ด๋‹ค. ?ฌ์‹ค ?๋ณธ?€ ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค?์„œ ๊ธฐ์œ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์„ ์กฐ์ง?????†๊ณ , ?ค๋งŒ ?์‚ฐ??๊ณตํ†ต??๋ถ€๋ฅ??ฌํš?˜๊ฑฐ???˜ํƒˆ?????ˆ์„ ๋ฟ์ด?? ?ค์ค‘?€ ?ด๋Ÿฌ??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์„ ?์œจ?์œผ๋ก?์กฐ์ง?ด์•ผ?˜๋ฉฐ, ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???•์น˜???„์š”???ˆ๋ จ???„๊ฐœ?ด์•ผ?œ๋‹ค. ?ด์? ? ์‚ฌ?˜๊ฒŒ ๊ทธ๋ ˆ?ด์Šค ๋ณต์Šค?€ ?œ์ž„??๋ณต์Šค?? 1960?„๋? ์ค‘๋ฐ˜ ๋ธ”๋ž™?Œ์›Œ?ด๋™??๋งฅ๋ฝ?์„œ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ??์ฃผ์š”?„์‹œ๊ฐ€ ?€๋ถ€๋ถ??‘์ธ?”๋˜๊ณ??ˆ์„ ???œ๋„?œ๋Š” ?‘์ธ???…์ด?คโ€๋ผ???ฌ๋กœ๊ฑด๊ณผ ?จ๊ป˜ ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???์œจ??์กฐ์ง?”๋ผ???•์น˜๋ฅ??œ์•ˆ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?์œจ?ฑ์ด?ผ๋Š” ?Œ๋ž˜์นด๋“œ ?„๋ž˜?์„œ ?ผ์–ด???„์‹œ๋ฐ˜๋??€ ?ฌ์‹ค ?ฐ์—…?„์‹œ???„๊ธฐ, ?˜์•„๊ฐ€ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ?ค๊ธฐ๋ชจ๋‹ˆ???„๊ธฐ๋ฅ??ณ๋Š” ์ฃผ์š”???™๋ ฅ?ด์—ˆ?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ค๋Š˜? ์˜ ?„์‹œ ๋ฐ˜๋??€, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ???ฌ์ „???ธ์ข…???˜ํ•ด ๊ฐ•ํ•˜๊ฒ??•์˜?œ๋‹ค ? ์??ผ๋„ ???ด์ƒ ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ฐ์—…???•์ƒ???˜ํ•ด ?ด๋Œ?ด์?์ง€ ?Š๋Š”?? ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???์‚ฐ???๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜??๊ฐ€์น˜ํ™”??๋ฐ•ํ??ˆ์„ ???„์‹œ ๋ด‰๊ธฐ??์กฐ์ง?”์˜ ?ˆ๋กœ???•ํƒœ?ค์„ ?Œ๋ฆฌ???…ํŠน???”์†Œ?ค์„ ๋ณด์—ฌ์ค€?? ๊ณต์žฅ๊ณ?๊ธฐ๊ณ„??๋งž์„  ?ธ๋ณด?€์ฃผ์˜ ?•์‚ฐ??๊ฐœ์‹œ?ˆ๋˜ ?ฐ์—…?ธ๋™?๋“ค??์ฒ??Œ์—…์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๋ง์ด??
256-2. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ค์ค‘?€ ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค??์กฐ์ง?”๋? ๊ด€๋ฆฌํ•˜?„๋ก ?์œ ๋ก?ณ  ?‰ํ™”๋ก?ฒŒ ?ˆ๋ฝ???์ด ?œ๋ฒˆ???†๋‹ค. ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค??๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ๋งŒ???„๋‹ˆ?? ?๋??€ ?? ฅ???˜ํ•ด?œ๋„ (?„๋งˆ??๊ฐ€???˜๋??ฌ์žฅ?˜๊ฒŒ) ๊ทœ์ •?œ๋‹ค. ๋งˆ์?๋ง‰์œผ๋ก??ด์›๋ถ„์„???ตํ•ด ?ด๋Ÿฌ??์ธก๋ฉด??๊ฐ•์กฐ?˜๊ฒ ?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ณ ๋? ?ฌ๋ž?ด์—?œย?b>๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค๊ฐ€ ?๋?์ง€๋ฅ?์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜๊ณ??ต์ œ?˜๋Š” ?œ๋ชจ(ๆฏ??„์‹œ?๋ผ???์ด?? ?ด๋Š” ?œ๊ตญ์ฃผ์˜ ?œ๋????„๋ž‘?ค์‹ ?ฉ์–ด๊ฐ€ ?ฌ์šฉ??๋ฐฉ์‹?ด๊ธฐ???œ๋ฐ, ?˜๋ฉ”?ธ๋กœ?ด๋ฆฌ???„๋ž‘?คโ€™๋ผ??๋ง์? ?„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด?ค์•„?œ์•„?คํƒœ?‰์–‘?ค์บ๋ฆฌ๋น„?ˆ์— ?ˆ๋Š” ?„๋ž‘???๋?์ง€?€ ๊ตฌ๋ณ„?˜๋Š” ? ๋Ÿฝ???ˆ๋Š” ?„๋ž‘?ค์ด?? ?ค๋Š˜???œ๋ฉ”?ธ๋กœ?ด๋ฆฌ?คโ€๋Š” ?ฌ์ „???„๊ณ„๋ฅ??œ์‹œ?˜์?๋ง? ๊ท?์ง€๋ฆฌํ•™?€ ๋ณ€?”ํ–ˆ?ผ๋ฉฐ ??๋ณต์žก?ด์ ธ๊ฐ„๋‹ค. ๋ฌผ๋ก  ?ผ๋ฐ˜?์ธ ์ธก๋ฉด?์„œ, ?๋???๊ด€๊ณ„๋? ๋ฐ˜์˜?˜๋Š” ?„๋???๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???ฌ์ด??(๊ฐ€???ด์š•๊ณ?๋ฉ•์‹œ์ฝ”์‹œ???ฌ์ด?? ?ฐ๋˜๊ณ?๋ญ„๋ฐ”?? ?Œ๋ฆฌ?€ ?ค์นด๋ฅ? ?ํ•˜?ด์? ์ฒ?‘ ?ฌ์ด?? ์ค‘์š”??๋ถˆํ‰?ฑ์ด ?จ์•„?ˆ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์? ?ฌ์‹ค?ด๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ฐ๋ฆฌ???ด๋Ÿฌ???„๊ณ„๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ??๋ชจ๋“  ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค ?ˆ์—, ?Œ๋กœ???„์ฃผ ๊ฐ€๊นŒ์ด??(?์ด??๊ตฌ์—ญ??๊ฐ„์—, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?๊ฐ๊ฐ??๊ตฌ์—ญ???ˆ์—) ์กด์žฌ?˜๋Š” ?„๊ณ„???ํ•œ ?ดํŽด๋ณ??„์š”๊ฐ€ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ?ฐ์ฃผ?์„œ ๋ณด๋Š” ์ง€๊ต??œ๋ฉด???ด์???heat map) ๊ฐ™์?, ๊ฐ•๋„?€ ๋ฌธํ„ฑ??์ง€๋ฆฌํ•™?ด๋‹ค.
257-1. ?„๋???๋ชจ๋“  ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค?? ๊ท??„๊ณ„?€ ๋ถ„ํ• ???œ๋„?”๋œ ?ธ์ข…์ฃผ์˜, ๋ถ€?์? ๋นˆ์ž??๋ถ„๋ฆฌ, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?๊ธฐํ? ๋ฐฐ์ œ?€ ์ข…์†???ค๋ฅธ ?ค์–‘??๊ตฌ์กฐ?ค์„ ?ตํ•ด ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ถ€?จ์‹œ?ค๊ณ  ?ด๋กœ??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ๋“ค??๋ง‰๋Š”?ค๋Š” ?์—??๋ณ‘์ ?ด๋‹ค. ?ํŒŒ?ธ๋ฃจ๊ฐ€ ๋ฒฝ์˜ ?„์‹œ?ผ๊ณ  ๋งํ•˜??๊ฒƒ์? ๊ท??„์‹œ??๋ณ‘์„ ์ง„๋‹จ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?๊ท?๋ณ‘์ ??์ธก๋ฉด?€ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ??๊ธ์ •?์ธ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ๋“ค??๋ง‰์„ ๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ??๋ถ€?•์ ??๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ๋“ค???น์‹ ?๊ฒŒ ?ผ๋ถ“๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค???์ด?? ?ธ๊ณ„??๋งŽ์? ์ง€๋ฐฐ์ ??์ง€??—?? ?น์‹ ??๊ฐ€?œํ•˜๊ณ??น์‹ ???ผ๋?๊ฐ€ ์ง™์? ?‰์ด?ผ๋ฉด ?น์‹ ?€ ์ง€?˜์ฒ ???€๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ฐจ๋? ๋ช??Œ๋งˆ??๊ฒฝ์ฐฐ??๊ฒ€๋ฌธ์„ ๋ฐ›๊ฒŒ ?œ๋‹ค. ?ธ๊ณ„??์ข…์†??์ง€??—???น์‹ ???ด์›ƒ?€ ๋ถ„๋ช… ๋ฒ”์ฃ„๋ก? ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?๊นจ๋—??๋ฌผ๊ณผ ์ถฉ๋ถ„???˜์ˆ˜์ฒ˜๋ฆฌ??๋ถ€์กฑ์œผ๋ก??ธํ•œ ์งˆ๋ณ‘?ผ๋กœ ๊ณ ํ†ต ๋ฐ›๊ณ  ?ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???•๊??ด๋‹ค. ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค๊ฐ€ ๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ๋Š” ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์˜ ?•ํƒœ???น์‹ ??๋ฒ—์–ด?˜์•ผ???•ํƒœ?ด๋‹ค.
257-2. ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค??๋ถ„ํ• ?€ ๊ฒฝ์ œ?์œผ๋ก?์ง€?€?€ ๋ถ€?™์‚ฐ๊ฐ€์น˜์— ?˜ํ•ด ์ง€?์ ?ผ๋กœ ?์‚ฐ?˜๋ฉฐ ๊ฐ•์ œ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ณ ๊ธ‰์ฃผํƒ?”๋Š” ๋ชจ๋“  ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค?์„œ ?‘์? ๊ทœ๋ชจ๋ก?์ง€๊ตฌ์  ?„๊ณ„?€ ๋ถˆํ‰?ค์„ ?ฌ์ƒ?ฐํ•˜๋ฉ??ฌํšŒ??๋ถ„ํ• ??์ฐฝ์ถœ?˜๊ณ  ? ์??˜๋Š” ?˜๋‚˜??๋ฌด๊ธฐ?ด๋‹ค. 3๋ถ€?์„œ ?ผ์˜?ˆ๋“ฏ??์ง€?€?€ ๋ถ€?™์‚ฐ๊ฐ€์น˜๋Š” ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒ? ์ฆ?๊ฒฝ์ œ?™์ž?ค์ด ?ฐ๋ฆฌ๋ฅ??˜๋Ÿฌ?ธ๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค??๊ธ์ •?โ€ค๋??•์  ?ธ๋??ฑ์ด?ผ๊ณ  ๋ถ€๋ฅด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์—??์ง์ ‘?์œผ๋ก?? ๋ž˜?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??์ง€?€๊ฐ€ ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ๋งบ๋Š” ๊ด€๊ณ„๋Š” ?œ์ˆ˜?˜๊ฒŒ ?˜๋™?์ด๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๊ธฐ์ƒ?์ด์ง€ ?Š๋‹ค. ๋ฌผ๋ก  ?ด์œค???ณ๋Š” ?ฐ์—…?๋ณธ???•ํƒœ?€ ?ฌ๋ฆฌ, ์ง€?€???์‚ฐ??์กฐ์ง?”์? ์ง์ ‘?์ธ ๊ด€๊ณ„๋? ๊ฐ–์? ?Š๋Š”?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ณ„๊ธ‰๋ถ„ํ• ??๋ณด์กด?˜๊ณ  ?•์žฅ?œํ‚ค??๋ถ€???ฌํš๊ณ??ฌ๋ถ„๋ฐฐ๋Š” ?ฌํšŒ???์‚ฐ, ๊ตฌ์ฒด?์œผ๋กœ๋Š” ๋น„๋ฌผ์งˆ์  ?ธ๋™?ฅ์ด ๊ฐ–๋Š” ?์‚ฐ?ฑ์˜ ์กฐ์ง?”๋? ?ฌํ•จ?œ๋‹ค. ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ??์ง€?€๊ฐ€ ? ์ž? ์ฃผ?˜์? ๊ท?๊ธˆ์œต?”์ฒด?œ์˜ ?จ๋Ÿฌ?ค์ž„?์ธ ๊ฒฝ์ œ???„๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ?˜์—ˆ?”์?๋ฅ??ค๋ช…?˜๋Š” ???„์????˜๋Š”?? ๊ธˆ์œต?”์ฒด?œ๋Š” (5๋ถ€?์„œ ?ดํŽด๋ณด๊ฒ ์ง€๋ง? ๊ณ„๊ธ‰๊ตฌ๋ถ„? ์— ?ฐ๋ฅธ ๋ถ€???ฌ๋ถ„๋ฐฐ๋ฟ๋ง??„๋‹ˆ???จ๋น„??๋ฐ?๋น„๋ฌผ์งˆ์  ?ฌํ™”???์‚ฐ???„๋…?œ๋‹ค. ์ง€?€??๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค?์„œ ?์‚ฐ?˜๊ณ  ๊ณต๊ณ ?”๋œ ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๋ถ€๋ฅ?๋ถ€?๋“ค???˜์ค‘?ผ๋กœ ?ฌ์œ ?”ํ•˜?”ย?b>๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์˜ ?ˆ์‚ฌ?Œํ™”๋ฅ??ตํ•ด ?‘์šฉ?œ๋‹ค. ?ค์Šค๋งŒ์˜ ?Œ๋ฆฌ???€๋กœ๋“ค??๊ฐ–๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ? ๋ช…???œ๊ฐ??? ๋“ค?€ ?ด๋Ÿฌ???˜์˜ ๋ฐฐ์น˜???„์š”?˜์? ?Š๋‹ค. ์ง€?€?€ ๋ถ€?™์‚ฐ?€, ?„์‹œ?๊ฒฝ ?„์ฒด๋ก?? ๋™?์œผ๋ก??•๋??˜๊ณ  ?ฌํšŒ??์ฐฉ์ทจย ?ฅ์น˜(dispositifs)๋ฅ??ด๋ฃจ??๋ถ„์ ˆ ๋ฐ??ต์ œ???ธ์žฌ?˜๋Š” ๊ธฐ๊ตฌ(apparatuses)?ด๋‹ค. ?„๋? ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค??๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??์งœ์ž„?ˆ๊? ?? ฅ???ค๋ฅธ ?ด๋–ค ?•ํƒœ?ค๋งŒ?ผ์ด???…๋ž„?˜๊ณ  ?œํญ??์นจ๋ฌต??๊ฒฝ์ œ???ต์ œ๋ฅ??‰์‚ฌ?œ๋‹ค.
258-1. ?ฌ๊ธฐ???˜๋‹ค์ค‘์—๊ฒ?๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค๊ฐ€ ?ฐ์—…?ธ๋™๊ณ„๊ธ‰?๊ฒŒ ๊ณต์žฅ๊ณผ๋„ ๊ฐ™๋‹ค?™๋Š” ?ฐ์— ??๋ฒˆ์งธ ?˜๋??€ ๋งˆ์?๋ง???๋ฒˆ์งธ ?˜๋?๊ฐ€ ?˜์˜จ?? ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค??๊ณต์žฅ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ?„๊ณ„?€ ์ฐฉ์ทจ, ?? ฅ๊ณ?๊ณ ํ†ต, ๊ณตํฌ?€ ?„ํ””???ฅ์†Œ?ด๋‹ค. ?ธ๋™?์„ธ?€?๊ฒŒ ๊ณต์žฅ?€, ๋ชธ์ด ?ค์น˜??๊ณณ์ด๋ฉ?๊ณต์—…???”ํ•™๋ฌผ์งˆ??์ค‘๋…?˜๊ณ  ?„ํ—˜??๊ธฐ๊ณ„??์ฃฝ์ž„?นํ•˜??๊ณณ์ด?? ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???„ํ—˜?˜๊ณ  ?ด๋กœ???ฅ์†Œ?ธ๋ฐ, ?นํžˆ ๋นˆ์ž?ค์—๊ฒ?๊ทธ๋ ‡?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋ฐ”๋กœ ???Œ๋ฌธ??๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค??๊ณต์žฅ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ?๋??€ ๋ฐ˜๋????ฅ์†Œ?ด๊ธฐ???˜๋‹ค. ?ž์—???ดํŽด๋ดค๋“ฏ???ถ์ •์น˜์  ?์‚ฐ???์œจ?ฑ์„ ?„์š”๋ก??˜๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ???๋ณธ?€ ?์‚ฐ๊ณผ์ •???์  ?ธ๋??์ด ?˜๋ฉฐ, ๊ฐ€์น˜๋? ?˜ํƒˆ?˜๋Š” ?๋ณธ??๋ชจ๋“  ?˜๋‹จ?ค์? ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์— ?ฅ์• ๋ฌผ์„ ?“๊ณ  ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ???Œ๊ดด?˜๊ฑฐ??๋ถ€?จ์‹œ?จ๋‹ค. ?๋ณธ?€ ?ด์ฉŒ๋ฉ???„ค?์œผ๋ก?๋ถ€???์‚ฐ???ฅ๋ฒฝ???œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ?˜์—ฌ ?ค์ค‘??๋ถ„๋…ธ?€ ?๋????„๊ณ„?€ ?ต์ œ???? ฅ??๋งž์„œ??์ชฝ์œผ๋ก??ฅํ•  ๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ?? ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์˜ ?์‚ฐ?ฑ๊ณผ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์˜ ?์œ ๋ฅ?๋ฐฉ์–ด?˜๋Š” ์ชฝ์œผ๋ก??ฅํ•˜๊ธฐ๋„ ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ?????์‚ฐ?์ธ ?ค์ค‘?€ ?•ํ™•???ด๋””??๋ฐ˜๋????ผ์œผ?ค๋Š”๊ฐ€? ?ฐ์—…?ธ๋™?๋“ค?๊ฒŒ ๊ณต์žฅ?€ ๋ถ„๋ช…???ฅ์†Œ๋ฅ??œ๊ณต?œ๋‹ค. ์ฆ??ฌ์žฅ???น์‹ ??๋ฉด์ „???ˆ์œผ๋ฉ? ๊ธฐ๊ณ„?ค์ด ?Œ๊ดด?˜๊ฑฐ??๊ณต์žฅ???๊ฑฐ?˜๊ฑฐ???์‚ฐ??์ค‘๋‹จ?˜๊ฑฐ???????ˆ๋‹ค.
259-1. ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???ค์ค‘?€, ๋ฐ˜๋????ˆ์–ด [?ฐ์—…?ธ๋™๊ณ„๊ธ‰??๊ณต์žฅ๊ณ? ๋น„๊ต??๋งŒํ•œ ?ฅ์†Œ๋ฅ?๊ฐ–๊ณ  ?ˆ์? ?Š๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜?? ๊ทธ๋ž˜??๊ท?๋ถ„๋…ธ๋ฅ??ˆ๊ณต??๋ถ„์ถœ?˜๋Š” ?„ํ—˜??๋ฌด๋ฆ…?ฐ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜??๋ณด์ธ?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ฐ๋ฆฌ??์ตœ๊ทผ???ด๋Ÿฌ??๋ฌธ์ œ???€???ด๊ฒฐ์ฑ…์„ ?คํ—˜?˜๋Š” ?ผ๋ จ??๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???๋„๋ฆฌ๋“ค??๋ชฉ๊ฒฉ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ˆ๋? ?ค์–ด 2001?„์— ?œ์ž‘???„๋ฅด?จํ‹ฐ?˜์˜ย ?ผ์??ผ๋กœ??๊ณต์žฅ๊ณ?๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค??๋น„์œ ๋ฅ?๋ง?๊ทธ๋?๋กœ์˜ ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก??„๊ฐœ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค?€ ๋ด‰์‡„??๊ณต์žฅ๋ฌธ์ด ?†๋Š”, [๊ทธ๋ž˜?? ๊ท??€???„์‹œ๋ฅ??œ์šธ?€๋ฆฌ์น˜๊ธ?picket)?๋กœ ???ค์—…?ํƒœ???ธ๋™?๋“ค??๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ๋ฅ?๋ด‰์‡„?˜๊ณ  ๊ตํ†ต??๋ฐฉํ•ด?˜๋ฉฐ ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค๋ฅ?๋งˆ๋น„?œ์ผฐ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ค์‹œ ๋งํ•ด ?ผ์??ผ๋กœ??๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???€???ผ์ข…???€?ผ๋“œ์บ??Œ์—…???คํ—˜?ˆ๋‹ค. (?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ 2๋ถ€?์„œ ๋ถ„์„?? 2000?„๊ณผ 2003?„์— ?ˆ์—ˆ??๋ฌผ๊ณผ ๊ฐ€?ค๋? ?˜๋Ÿฌ??๋ณผ๋ฆฌ๋น„์•„???„ํˆฌ??์ฃผ์š”?„์‹œ?ค๊ณผ ?ฐ๊ฒฐ?˜์–ด ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ณ ์†?„๋กœ๋ฅ??์ฃผ ๋ด‰์‡„?˜๋Š” ? ์‚ฌ???„์ˆ ???„๊ฐœ?ˆ๋‹ค. 2003???ฌ์Ÿ???ˆ์ •๊ธฐ์— ๋ฐ˜๋????ค์ค‘?€ ???Œํ† (???Œ์ฆˆ๋ฅ??˜๋Ÿฌ?ธ๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ์ฃผ๋กœ ? ์ฐฉ๋ฏผ๋“ค??๊ฑฐ์ฃผ?˜๋Š” ๊ฐ€?œํ•œ ?„์‹œ?ธ๊ณฝ์ง€???์„œ ?ด๋ ค?”๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??ธ์ข…๋ถ„๋ฆฌ?€ ๋ถ€???ฅ๋ฒฝ?ค์„ ?˜์ณ?๋ฅด๊ณ??˜๋ฆฌ?ธ๋“ค ?ฌ์ด??๊ณตํฌ๋ฅ??ฌ์–ด์ฃผ๋ฉด???„์‹œ ์ค‘์‹ฌ๋ถ€?€ ๋ฐฐํ??์ธ ๋ฐฑ์ธ ์ฃผ๊ฑฐ์ง€??„ ?๊ฑฐ?ˆ๋‹ค. 2005???Œ๋ฆฌ???ธ๊ณฝ?์„œ ?ผ์–ด??๋ฐ˜๋??€, ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???ด๋™?ฑ์„ ๋ด‰์‡„?˜๊ณ  (๋ฐฉ๋ฆฌ?ฐ์ž๋ฅด๋“ค???์‹ ?๊ฒŒ ์ฃผ์–ด์ง€์ง€ ?Š์? ?ฌํšŒ???ด๋™?ฑ์˜ ?„๊ตฌ๋ก?๊ฐ„์ฃผ?˜๋Š”) ?๋™์ฐจ์? ๊ต์œก๊ตฌ์กฐ๋ฅ?๋ถˆํƒœ?€?ผ๋กœ??? ์‚ฌ?˜๊ฒŒ ?ธ์ข…???„๊ณ„?€ ๋ถ€???„๊ณ„๋ฅ?๊ณต๊ฒฉ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ณผ๋ฆฌ๋น„์•„์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ?„๋ž‘??๋ฐ˜๋? ??‹œ ?ธ์ข… ๋ฐ??ธ๋™ ?๋??ค์„ ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์˜ ?˜ํƒˆ๊ณ?๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์— ?€??๋ฐฉํ•ด??๋งž์„œ????˜๋ก?๊ฒฐํ•ฉ?œ์ผฐ?? ?ด๋Ÿฌ??๋ฐ˜๋??€ ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šคย ?ˆ์—ย ?ˆ์„ ๋ฟ๋งŒ???„๋‹ˆ??๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?ย?b>๋งž์„œ๊ธฐ๋„ ?˜๋Š”?? ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???•ํƒœ, ์ฆ?๊ท?๋ณ‘์  ์ธก๋ฉด๊ณ?๋ถ€?จ์— ๋งž์„ ??
259-2. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ž์„œ ?ผ์˜?ˆ๋“ฏ?? ?๋„๋ฆฌ์? ?์—ฐ๋ฐœ์ƒ??๋ฐ˜๋??ค์ด ๋ฐ˜๋“œ???ด๋กœ??๊ฒƒ์? ?„๋‹ˆ๋ฉ?์ข…์ข… ?๊ธฐ?Œ๊ดด?์ผ ???ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋ฏ€๋ก?๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค?์„œ???ค์ค‘???•์น˜๋ฅ??„ํ•œ (?ฌ์‹ค ?€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์„ ?์‚ฐ?˜๋Š” ?ผ๊ณผ ๊ธฐ์œ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์„ ์ฆ์ง„?œํ‚ค???ผ๋ณด???ž์„œ?ผํ•˜?? ??๋ฒˆ์งธ ๊ณผ์ œ??๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???? ฅ???€??์ฆ์˜ค?€ ๋ถ„๋…ธ๋ฅ??œ๋ฐ ๋ชจ์•„ ๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค???„๊ณ„?€ ๋ถ„ํ• ???€??•˜???๋?๋ฅ?์กฐ์ง?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ธฐ์จ?€ ?Œ๊ดด?๋„, ์ฆ??น์‹ ??์ฆ์˜ค?˜๋Š” ๊ฒ? ?น์‹ ???นํ•˜??๊ณ ํ†ต???์ฒœ??๊ณต๊ฒฉ?˜๋Š” ?ฐ์—???ˆ๋‹ค! ?ธ๊ณ„??๋ฉ”ํŠธ๋กœํด๋ฆฌ์Šค?”๋Š” ๋ฐ˜๋“œ???„๊ณ„ ๋ฐ?์ฐฉ์ทจ ๊ตฌ์กฐ???ผ๋ฐ˜?”๋งŒ???˜๋??˜์????Š๋Š”?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?ํ•œ ๋ฐ˜๋????ผ๋ฐ˜?”๋?, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??„๋งˆ???‘๋ ฅ๊ณ??Œํ†ต???คํŠธ?Œํฌ?ค์˜ ?ฑ์žฅ, ์ฆ??น์ด?ฑ๋“ค ๊ฐ„์˜ ๊ณตํ†ต?์ธ ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ๋งˆ์ฃผ์นจ์˜ ์ฆ๊???๊ฐ•๋„๋ฅ??˜๋???๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ฌ๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ?ค์ค‘??๊ณ ํ–ฅ??๋ฐœ๊ฒฌ?˜๋Š” ๊ณณ์ด??
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