?€μ²œ?μΈ ?„μ‹œκ³„νšκ°€ – ?λ² ?€μ? ?˜μ›Œ??(Ebenezer Howard)

-?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” 건좕가??κ³„νšκ°€?ΌκΈ°λ³΄λ‹€???„원?„μ‹œ?΄λ™???΅ν•΄ ?μ‹ ???¬μƒ???€ν˜„μ½”μž???€μ²œκ°€?€?? ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?„원?„μ‹œ?¬μƒ?€ ?΄ν›„ 근린주ꡬ κ°œλ…???•μ„±, λ―Έκ΅­??그린벨트 ?€?΄μ˜ 건섀 ?±μ— ?ν–₯??λ―Έμ³€κ³? ?κ΅­??? λ„?œκ³„????κ°?κ΅?˜ ?„μ‹œ?•μ±…???€μ œ?μΈ ?€?ˆμ„ ?œμ‹œ?ˆλ‹€.

“?΄μ‹­?ΈκΈ° μ΄ˆμ— ?°λ¦¬ ?žμ— ?˜ν?????가지 ?„λ???발λͺ…?€ ?Έκ°„?κ²Œ ? κ°œλ₯??¬μ•„ μ€€ ‘λΉ„ν–‰κΈ??€ 보닀 ?˜μ? ?Έκ°„??μ£Όκ±°?₯μ†Œλ₯??½μ†???„원?„μ‹œ?€??” ?΄λŠ” 20?ΈκΈ°κ°€ ?³μ? λ―Έκ΅­??걸좜???„μ‹œ λ¬Έλͺ…비평가 루이??멈포?œκ? ??말이?? λ¬˜ν•˜κ²Œλ„ ?„원?„μ‹œ??μ°½μ‹œ?μΈ ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ? λͺ…???€??”?΄μΌ???„원?„μ‹œ (Garden Cities of Tomorrow)” ?ΌλŠ” 책이 κ°„ν–‰??1902?„μ? ?Όμ΄???•μ œκ°€ λΉ„ν–‰κΈ°λ? ?„μ„±???΄μ΄κΈ°λ„ ?˜λ‹€. 멈포?œλŠ” ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?…μ°½?₯을 ?Όμ΄?Έν˜•?œμ˜ 그것κ³??€?‘μ‹œμΌ??‰κ???것이?? 멈포?œλŠ” ???„원?„μ‹œκ°€ ?΄λ£©??κ°€????κ³΅ν—Œ?€ ‘μ‘°ν™” ?ˆλŠ” 컀λ??ˆμ??΄μ…˜??본질’??λ§Œλ“€???????ˆλ‹€κ³??ˆλ‹€.

?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” ?€λ“???ˆλŠ” ?¬λ?κ°€?€?”데, ???ˆλŠ” ?¬λ ₯κ°€λ₯??™μ›?˜μ—¬ ?„원?„μ‹œ κ°œλ…???€ν˜„?˜μ??? ?„원?„μ‹œ??κ°€μΉ˜λŠ” ?„μ‹œμ²΄κ³„??λΆ€λΆ„λ“€???„체λ‘??΅ν•©?˜κ³  ?„농??κ°€μΉ˜λ? κ²°ν•©?œν‚€??보닀 ? κΈ°?μΈ ?„μ‹œ?±μž₯??κ°€?₯μ„±???•λ¦½?˜μ??€λŠ” ?μ΄λ©? ?΅μΌκ³?κ· ν˜•κ³??μ‘±??κ·??΅μ‹¬?΄λ‹€. 19?ΈκΈ° λ§?20?ΈκΈ° μ΄??κ΅­???΄μƒμ£Όμ˜ ?„μ‹œκ³„νšκ°€ (?¬μ‹€ ‘?„μ‹œ κ³„νšκ°€’ ?ΌκΈ° 보닀 ‘?„μ‹œ 주의???Όκ³  ?΄μ•Ό ?³κ² ?? ?λ² ?€μ? ?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” 건좕가??κ³„νšκ°€κ°€ ?„λ‹Œ ?€μ²œκ°€λ‘œμ„œ ?„원?„μ‹œ ?΄λ™??주도?˜λ©΄??λͺΈμœΌλ‘??μ‹ ???¬μƒ???€μ²œ?˜μ??? ?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” ? μ? κ°œν˜κ°€λ‘œμ„œ 1898???„원?„μ‹œ ꡬ상???œμˆ ??? λͺ…??μ±?”?΄μΌ: 진정??개혁???΄λ₯΄???‰ν™”λ‘œμš΄ κΈ?Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform) ???€? ν•˜?€?”데. 4???„인 1902??”?΄μΌ???„원?„μ‹œ”λ‘?λ°”κΎΈ???¬μΆœκ°„ν•˜?€???Œλ‚΄?Όμ˜ ?„원?„μ‹œ?μ—???˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” 그리?€μ˜ ? κΈ°μ²΄μ  κ΄€?μ„ ?„μ‹œκ³„νš???¬λ„?…ν•˜κ³??„μ‹œ???Έκ°„ 척도λ₯??Œλ³΅?œμΌ°?? ?€?„μ‹œ???˜λ? ?†λŠ” 집쀑??반λ??˜λ©° ?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” 보닀 ? κΈ°?μΈ ?„μ‹œλ₯??œμ•ˆ?˜μ??? ?„원?„μ‹œ??μ΄ˆκΈ°λΆ€???Έκ΅¬, μ£Όκ±°λ°€?? 면적???œν•œ?˜κ³  ?μ—…, 곡업, ?‰μ •, ꡐ윑 ???„μ‹œ??본질??κΈ°λŠ₯???˜ν–‰?˜λ„λ‘?쑰직?˜κ³ , 건강???Άμ„ ?„리?„둝 ?Ήμ?λ₯?κ°–μΆ˜ ?„μ‹œ?€?? ?„농???΅ν•©???„ν•΄???˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” 그의 ? λ„??μ£Όλ????κ΅¬?μΈ ?μ—…지?€λ₯??€μΉ˜?˜μ???

?„μ‹œ μ£Όλ????κ΅¬?μΈ ?Ήμ??€λ₯??€μΉ˜?œλ‹€???λ¦¬??μ€‘μš”??κ³΅ν—Œ?΄μ—ˆ?? ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ κ°€???„λ???κ³΅ν—Œ?€ ?„μ‹œ???•νƒœλ₯??¬μ‘°λͺ…ν•œ ???ˆλ‹€κΈ°λ³΄?€λŠ” ?΄λŸ° ?•νƒœ??λ°‘λ°”?•μ„ ?΄λ£¨??? κΈ°??κ°œλ…??λ°œμ „?œν‚¨ ???ˆμ—ˆ?? κ·ΈλŠ” ?¨νŠΈλ¦?게데?€μ? κ°™μ? ?λ¬Ό?™μž???„λ‹ˆ?ˆμ?λ§??„μ‹œ???™νƒœ??κ· ν˜•κ³?? κΈ°μ²΄μ ?΄λΌ???λ¬Ό?™μ  κΈ°μ????μš©?˜μ??? ??κ· ν˜•?€ ?νƒœ?μ΄λ©? 무엇보닀???±μž₯???κ·Ή?μœΌλ‘??΅μ œ?˜μ—¬ ?»μ–΄μ§€??κ· ν˜•?΄λ‹€. ?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” ?Œλͺ¨λ²”μ‹€?˜λ„?œγ€λ? 건섀?¨μœΌλ‘œμ¨ κΈ°μ‘΄??λΉ„ν•΄ ?¨μ”¬ ?˜μ? ?€μ²œκ°€?₯ν•œ ?„μ‹œ?•νƒœλ₯?λ§Œλ“€???????ˆλ‹€??것을 보여 μ£Όμ—ˆ?? ?΄λ? ?„ν•΄ ?Œμ§‘?γ€??€???Œκ³„?λœ ?•μ‚°?μ„, ?Œμ§‘쀑γ€??€? μ— ?ŒλΆ„?°γ€μ„,?ŒλΆ„?΄γ€λ?? μ— ?Œν†΅?©γ€μ„ 좔ꡬ?˜μ???

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?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” 1850???°λ˜ ?œμƒ?΄λ‹€.(1850?„μ? ?€μŠ€λ§Œμ— ?˜ν•œ ?Œλ¦¬κ°œμ‘°κ°€ 착수???΄μ΄??) λΆ€λͺ¨λŠ” μ‘°κ·Έλ§?κ΅¬λ©κ°€κ²Œλ? ?΄μ˜?ˆλŠ”???˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” 15?΄μ— ?™κ΅λ₯?그만?κ³  ?Όμ°Œκ°μΉ˜ ?¬λ¬΄?Œμ? κ΄€μ²?˜ ?œκΈ°λ‘?근무?ˆλ‹€. 22?΄μ΄ ?˜λ˜1872??λ―Έκ΅­?Όλ‘œ κ±΄λ„ˆκ°€ ?€λΈŒ?ΌμŠ€μΉ?주에???λ†???»μ„ ?μ—ˆ?Όλ‚˜ ?€νŒ¨?˜κ³ , ?Όλ…„?????˜μ–΄ ?œμΉ΄κ³ λ‘œ κ°€???¬νŒ???κΈ°?¬λ‘œ 근무?˜κ²Œ ?œλ‹€. 26?Έκ? ?˜λ˜ 1876?„에 ?κ΅­?Όλ‘œ ?Œμ•„?€ ?κ΅­ ?˜νšŒ???κΈ°?¬λ‘œ ?Όν•˜λ©΄μ„œ ?κ΅­???„μ‹œκ°œμ‘°?΄λ™??κ΄€?¬μ„ κ°–κ²Œ ?˜λŠ”???¬νšŒ?€λͺ…인?¬μ? ꡐλ₯˜?˜λ©΄???¬νšŒκ°œν˜???žμž₯?œκ²Œ ?œλ‹€. ?œνŽΈ κ·ΈλŠ” ?¬λŸ¬ 가지 발λͺ…???˜λŠ” ?€μ†Œ λ³„λ‚œ ?Όλ‘œ ?ŒμΌ?˜κ³€ ?ˆλ‹€. 그의 κ΄€?¬μ? κ³Όν•™κ³?기계?€κ³? ?œκ°„???˜λ©΄ ?€?κΈ°λ₯?κ°œλŸ‰?˜κ±°???κΈ°κΈ°κ³„λ₯?λ§Œλ“œ???Όμ— λͺ°λ‘?ˆλŠ”?????¬λ???보μ? λͺ»ν–ˆ??κ²?κ°™λ‹€. μ²?…„κΈ?그의 κ΄€?¬μ? 주둜 쒅ꡐ?€ κ³Όν•™???ˆμ—ˆ?”데 ?„에 κ·ΈλŠ” ?¬νšŒλ¬Έμ œ, ?Ήνžˆ ?„μ‹œ ?΄λ½??κ²°κ³Όλ‘œμ„œ ‘?μš” ?μ˜ 빈곀’??깊μ? κ΄€?¬μ„ κ°–κ²Œ ?œλ‹€. ?Ήμ‹œ 급진?Œλ‚˜ ?¬νšŒμ£Όμ˜?λ“€???¬λŸ¬ 가지 ?λͺ…?μ΄κ³?개혁?μΈ ?œμ•ˆ?€μ„ ?΄λ†“?˜μ?λ§?κ·??΄λŠ 것도 즉각 ?˜μš©?????ˆλŠ” κ±??†μ—ˆ??

?°μ—¬κ³‘절 ?μ— ?„원?„μ‹œ κ°œλ…???„μ„±?˜κ³  ?˜μ„œ 1898???λΉ„λ‘?그의 ? λͺ…??μ±??Œλ‚΄?? 진정??개혁???΄λ₯΄???‰ν™”λ‘œμš΄ 길」을 좜판?ˆλŠ”????반ν–₯???ΌμœΌμΌ°κ³ , 1899???„원?„μ‹œ?‘νšŒ(Garden City Association: μ§€κΈˆμ˜ Town Planning Association)λ₯?κ²°μ„±?˜μ??? κ·Έκ? 주도?˜μ—¬ λ§Œλ“  ?μ‘±???„원?„μ‹œ???±μž₯?λ„κ°€ κΈ°λ?보닀???„λ§Œ?˜μ—¬ ?¬μ›???ν™˜???΄λ ΅κ²??˜μ–΄ κ³€λ???κ²ͺμ—ˆ?? 그러???΄μ— κ΅΄ν•˜μ§€ ?Šκ³  ?€μ‹œ ?μ‘±?μΈ ?„원?„μ‹œλ₯?건섀?˜λŠ” κΏˆμ„ κ°–κ³  ?λΉ„λ₯??€μ—¬ ?΄μƒ?„μ‹œλ₯?건섀?˜μ??Όλ‚˜ ????‹œ ?¬μ •?Œνƒ„?Όλ‘œ 쀑단?˜κ³  λ§μ•˜?? 그러???λ²ˆμ§??„원?„μ‹œ 건섀 ?œλ„??많μ? ?•λ??Έμ‚¬?€μ˜ κ΄€?¬μ„ ?Œκ²Œ ?˜μ—ˆκ³? κ·????κ΅­?μ„œ??? λ„?œλ²•( New Town Act) ???œμ •?˜μ—ˆ?? ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?„원?„μ‹œ???€λŠ˜??? λ„??κ°œλ…??κΈ°μ΄ˆκ°€ ?˜μ—ˆκ³? ?Έκ³„ κ°?κ΅?—??그의 κ°œλ…???„μž…?˜μ—¬ ? λ„?œλ? 건섀?˜κ³  ?ˆλ‹€. ?°λ¦¬?˜λΌ??λ°˜μ›” ? λ„?œκ? κ·?μ²??œλ„???????ˆλ‹€. κ·ΈλŠ” 1913?„λ???1928?„κΉŒμ§€ ?°μœˆ ?„원?„μ‹œ???΄λ©° κ΅? œ ?„원?„μ‹œ λ°??„μ‹œκ³„νš?‘νšŒ??초λ? ?Œμž₯??지?ˆλ‹€. ?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” κ·Έκ? 건섀???°μœˆ ?„원?„μ‹œ?μ„œ ?΄λ‹€ ?Έμƒ??? λ‚¬κ³??ˆμ„ 감기 ?????„인 1927???•λ?둜λ???그의 곡둜λ₯??Έμ •λ°›μ•„ ?˜μ΄?Έμž‘?„λ? λ°›μ•˜?? ?ˆμΉ˜?ŒμŠ€???˜μ›Œ??곡원(Howard Park)κ³??°μœˆ???˜μ›Œμ¦ˆκ²Œ?΄νŠΈ(Howardsgate)??그의 기념비κ? ?¨μ•„ ?ˆλ‹€.

?•μ‹€?˜μ  ?„원?„μ‹œ??μΆœν˜„

19?ΈκΈ° λ§?20?ΈκΈ° μ΄??°μ—…?¬νšŒ???„μœ μ¦μœΌλ‘?골머리λ? ?“κ³  ?ˆλ˜ ?κ΅­???€μ•„?œμŠ€?€??같이 μΆœν˜„???„μ‹œ ?¬μ‘°κ°€ λ°”λ‘œ ?„원?„μ‹œ?€?? ?°μ—…?”λ‘œ κ°€??λ¨Όμ? λ°œμ „???΄λ£©?ˆμ?λ§?각쒅 ?„μ‹œλ¬Έμ œλ‘?κ°€??λ¨Όμ? 고톡??λ°›μ•„???ˆλ˜ ?κ΅­?΄μ—ˆ?? ?κ΅­???˜μ›Œ?œκ? 1897-8???œμ°½???„원?„μ‹œ???„μ‹œ?ν™œ???Έλ¦¬?¨κ³Ό ?„원?ν™œ??? μ„ ?¨μ„ ?¨κ»˜ κ°€μ§????ˆλ„λ‘??€κ³„???„μ‹œλ‘? ?„원 ?μ˜ ?…립???ˆλ‘œ???΄μƒ?μΈ ?„μ‹œ?€?? 1903???˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ κ³„νš?Όλ‘œ ?°λ˜ 뢁μͺ½ 56km 지?μ— 졜초???„원?„μ‹œ ?ˆμΉ˜?ŒμŠ€(Letchworth)κ°€ 건섀?˜μ—ˆ?”데 ?ˆμ΄λͺ¬λ“œ ?Έμœˆ(R.Unwin)κ³?배리?Œμ»€ (B.Parker)κ°€ ?€κ³„λ₯?λ§‘μ•˜?? 17????1920?? ??2μ°??„원?„μ‹œ ?°μœˆ (Welwyn)???°λ˜ 뢁μͺ½ 32km 지?μ— 건섀?˜μ—ˆ?? ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?„원?„μ‹œ???Έκ΅¬ ??3λ§?2천λͺ…?Όλ‘œ ?°μ—…κ· ν˜•, 곡원?Ήμ? ?•λΉ„, ?Έμ—°?€ ?κ²½μ§€λ‘??˜λŸ¬?ΈμΈ ?•νƒœλ‘œμ„œ κ³ μ „??본보기κ? ?˜μ—ˆ?”데 ?°λ˜ μ£Όλ???80??개의 ?„원?„μ‹œ 건섀λ‘??΄μ–΄μ‘Œλ‹€. ?…일?μ„œ??1856?? ?μ„Ό ꡐ외???„원?„μ‹œ???μ‘°?????„μ‹œλ₯?건섀?ˆκ³ , 1909?„에???œλ ˆ?€λ΄ ꡐ외???„원?„μ‹œ ?¬λ ˆ?˜μš°κ°€ 건섀?˜μ—ˆ??

1919?„에 ?€λ¦½???κ΅­ ?„원?„μ‹œ ?‘νšŒ?? ?„원?„μ‹œλ₯?’건강???ν™œκ³?건전???°μ—…?œλ™???‰ν•΄μ§€λ©??ˆλ¬΄ ?¬κ±°???‘μ????ŠλŠ” 규λͺ¨?? ?„원지?€λ‘??˜λŸ¬?Έμ—¬ ?ˆλŠ” ?„μ‹œ’λ‘??•μ˜?˜κ³  ?ˆλŠ”, κΈ°μ‘΄ ?€?„μ‹œλ‘œμ˜ ?΅κ·Ό???μΉ™?Όλ‘œ ?˜μ? ?Šκ³ , 경제???λ¦½?±μ΄ ?ˆμœΌλ©? ?„μ‹œ?½μ°½???΅μ œ?ΌλŠ” 것이 μ€‘μš”???”건?΄μ—ˆ?? ?„원?„μ‹œ??κ°œλ…?€ ?„μ‹œ, ?μ΄Œ, ?„원?„μ‹œλ₯?3개의 말발κ΅??μ„??λΉ„μœ ?˜μ—¬ κ·??΄ν•΄?μ‹€??비ꡐ?????„μ‹œ?€ ?μ΄Œ???΄μ ??μ·¨ν•˜??것이?ˆλŠ”???€λŠ˜??? λ„?œκ°œ?μ˜ κΈ°μ΄ˆκ°€ ?œλ‹€. ?„μ„±?„μ‹œ?€ ?„원?„μ‹œ??20?ΈκΈ° μ΄ˆμ—???™μ˜?΄μ??? ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ 친ꡬ ?€μŠ€λ³?F.J.Osborn) ?€ ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?€???œλ¬Έ?μ„œ ?„μ„±?„μ‹œ??본질?μœΌλ‘??„원?„μ‹œ??? λ„?œμ? κ°™μ? κ²ƒμœΌλ‘??•μ˜?ˆλ‹€.

?„원?„μ‹œ???…μ°½?±μ? ?μ—…??? μ?λ₯??κ΅¬??보전?˜μ—¬ ?„μ‹œ??물리?μΈ ?•μž₯???œν•œ?œλ‹€???? ?„μ‹œ??κ²½μ˜μ£Όμ²΄κ°€ ? μ?λ₯?곡유?˜λ©° ?¬μœ λ₯??Έμ •μΉ??Šκ³  μ°¨μ?(?Ÿεœ°)??κ΄€?΄μ„œ??규제λ₯?κ°€?œλ‹€???? ?„μ‹œ???Έκ΅¬κ·œλͺ¨λ₯??œν•œ?œλ‹€???? ?„μ‹œ??개발?΄μ΅?€ 지??‚¬?Œμ— ?˜μ›?œλ‹€???? ?„μš”???°μ—…???•λ³΄?œλ‹€???λ“±?Όλ‘œ λ³????ˆλ‹€. ?„원?„μ‹œ??κ³΅κ°„κ·œλͺ¨???“이400ha?€ μ£Όμœ„ ?κ²½μ§€ 2천haλ‘œμ„œ, 3λ§?λͺ…μ? ?„심뢀??κ±°μ£Ό?˜κ³  ?˜λ¨Έμ§€ 2λ§?λͺ…μ? ?μ΄Œ??κ±°μ£Ό?œν‚€??κ°œλ…?΄λ‹€.

그런???˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” 건좕가??κ³„νšκ°€???„λ‹ˆ?ˆκΈ° ?Œλ¬Έ??그의 ?„μ‹œκ³„νš?„λŠ” 컴퍼?€λ? ?΄μš©?˜μ—¬ ?λ‹Ή??κ·Έλ¦° ?Έλ ¨?˜μ? λͺ»ν•œ ?€μ΄?΄κ·Έ?¨μ— 뢈과?ˆλ‹€. 쀑심?„μ‹œ??5λ§?μ²?λͺ?규λͺ¨?΄κ³ , 3λ§?μ²?λͺ…μ˜ ?„μ„±?„μ‹œλ₯?μ£Όμœ„??6κ°?배치?˜μ—¬ ?„체?Έκ΅¬????25λ§?λͺ…이 ?œλ‹€. ?¬μ‹€?€ ???΄μƒ??λ°œμ „?μΈ ?€μ΄?΄κ·Έ?¨μ? ?œμ‹œ?˜μ? ?Šμ•˜?? (?΄ν›„?? 진화둠적 ?…μž₯??κ°€μ§?많μ? κ³„νšκ°€?€μ΄ μΆœν˜„?˜λŠ”???„원?„μ‹œ?ˆμ„ ?…μ‹œ?„λ””?€κ? λ³΄μ•˜?€λ©΄ ?΄λ–»κ²??‰κ??ˆμ„지 ?˜λ¬Έ?΄λ‹€.). ?„원?„μ‹œ???œκ?지 ?¨ν„΄?€ 방사?˜μƒ?•μœΌλ‘?쀑심뢀?λŠ” κ΄‘μž₯, ?œμ²­, λ°•λ¬Όκ΄€ ?±μ˜ 곡곡?œμ„€?? 쀑간?λŠ” 주택, ꡐ회, ?™κ΅ ?±μ΄, ?Έκ³½?λŠ” 곡μž₯, μ°½κ³ , 철도 ?±μ΄ μ΅œμ™Έκ³½μ—???€?μž₯, ?„λ??μ›, λͺ©μ΄ˆμ§€ ?±μ˜ ?μ—…지?€κ°€ ?…μ??œλ‹€. ? ν† ?Όμ–Έ??κ³„νš???€λΆ€λΆ??€ν˜„?˜μ? λͺ»ν•˜κ³??¬λΌμ§?것과???¬λ¦¬ ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?΄μƒ?€ ?€ν˜„?˜μ—ˆ?? ?ˆμΉ˜?ŒμŠ€ ?΄ν›„ ?°μœˆ?€ 15????곡μž₯ ?˜κ? 50κ°œμ— ?¬ν•˜???Έκ΅¬ λ§?λͺ…μ˜ ?„μ‹œλ‘??±μž₯?ˆλŠ”?? ?°λ˜???„μ„±?„μ‹œλ‘œμ„œ ?‘ν˜Έ??쑰건??κ°–μΆ”κ³??ˆμ—ˆκΈ??Œλ¬Έ??1948??? λ„?œμ˜ ?˜λ‚˜λ‘?지?•λ˜??κ°œλ°œκ³΅μ‚¬???˜ν•΄ ?ˆλ‘œ??개발??진행 쀑이??

???ˆμΉ˜?ŒμŠ€?€ ?°μœˆ??κ΅ν›ˆ

?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” ?¬λ ₯κ°€?€μ˜ 지?μ„ λ°›μ•„ ‘?„원?„μ‹œ 주식?Œμ‚¬’λ₯??€λ¦½, 1903?„에 ?°λ˜ 뢁μͺ½ ?ˆμΉ˜?ŒμŠ€??첫번μ§??„원?„μ‹œλ₯?λ§Œλ“€κΈ??œμž‘?ˆλŠ”?? ?‘μ? ?œκ³¨???ˆλ‘œ??κ³„νš?λ¦¬λ₯??„μž…?˜μ—¬ ???„μ‹œλ₯??€λ¦½?œλ‹€??것이 ?Έμƒ?μ΄?ˆλ‹€. 그러???„μ‹œ???΅μ‹¬?μΈ ?λ¦¬??’?„μ „?˜κ²Œ κ³„νš???„μ‹œ’???¬μ‹€ ?€λž«?™μ•ˆ ?˜λͺ» ?΄ν•΄?˜μ—ˆ?”데 ?„ν? ?€λ₯Έ κ°œλ…???„원?„μ‹œ (garden suburb)?€???Όλ™??문제?€?? μ²?번째 ?„원?„μ‹œ?”λŠ” ?œμž‘λΆ€???¬μžκ°€ λ³„λ‘œ ? ν†΅μΉ??Šμ•˜κ³??˜μ›Œ?œκ? ?κ°?ˆλ˜ 것과???”λ””κ²??±μž₯???˜κ°”?? 그것?€ ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?κ°??증λͺ…?€ ?ˆμ?λ§?그의 ?¬λ§?€λ‘??˜μ????Šμ•˜?? ?°λ˜?μ„œ 54km ?¨μ–΄μ§??ˆμΉ˜?ŒμŠ€ ?„원?„μ‹œ?λŠ” 1905???˜μ›Œ?œκ? ?„μ?λ‘??΄μ‚¬?˜μ—¬ 직접 κ³„νšκ³?경영??μ°Έμ—¬?˜μ??”데, ?Έκ΅¬??졜λ? 3λ§?5μ²?λͺ? 7μ²??Έμ˜ 주택, ?„λ‘œ κ΄‘μž₯, 곡원, ?Ήμ?, ?ν•˜?˜λ„, κ°€?? ?„κΈ° ?±μ„ ?¬ν•¨?˜λŠ” μ’…ν•©κ³„νš?Όλ‘œ, 30??κ°??Έκ΅¬??1λ§?5μ²?λͺ? 150κ°??μ , 60κ°?곡μž₯??건립?˜μ—ˆ??

?˜μ›Œ?œκ? 69???˜λ˜ 1919???°λ˜?μ„œ 30 km ?¨μ–΄μ§???번째 ?„원?„μ‹œ ?°μœˆ??뢀지λ₯?κ΅¬ν•˜κ³?(μ’€ ?¬μœ ?ˆλŠ” ?„원?λ‘œλΆ€??빌린 5μ²??Œμš΄?œλ? κ°–κ³  ?œμ „???Όμž ?˜μœΌλ‘? ?Œμ‚¬λ₯??€λ¦½?ˆλ‹€, 골치 ?„ν”ˆ ?œκ???λ§Žμ•˜?Όλ‚˜ ?±κ³΅λ¦¬μ— ?€λ¦½??마쳀κ³?μ²?λ²ˆμ§Έλ³΄λ‹€???¨μ”¬ ?˜μ•˜?? ??번째 ?„원?„μ‹œ ?°μœˆ?€ ?•λ?차원???•μ‚°?΄λ™, ? λ„???•μ±…, 1946??? λ„?œλ²•???΅κ³Ό??κ²°μ •?μΈ ?ν–₯??λ―Έμ³€?? ?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” ?΄λŸ¬??κ²°μ‹€??보μ? λͺ»ν•œ μ±??Έμƒ??? λ‚¬μ§€λ§?그의 ?„λ????„이?”μ–΄??κ΅? œ?μœΌλ‘?μΉ?†‘??λ°›μ•˜κ³?진μ??˜κ³  겸손?˜λ©° ?Έμ • ?ˆλŠ” ?±ν’ˆ?Όλ‘œ 많μ? ?¬λž‘??λ°›μ•˜?? 1920???˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” ?„μ?λ‘??΄μ‚¬λ₯??˜μ—¬ ?„원?„μ‹œ 건섀??직접 μ°Έμ—¬?˜μ??”데, 1928???Έμƒ??? λ‚  ?ŒκΉŒμ§€ ??곳에??κ±°μ£Ό?ˆλ‹€. ?ˆμΉ˜?ŒμŠ€??κ²½ν—˜???΄λ € ?°μœˆ ?„원?„μ‹œ???€κ³„?€ 건좕?œν•œ, ?μ—…건물???¬μ •λ¬Έμ œ ?±μ— ?ˆμ–΄??κ΄„λͺ©? λ§Œ??진전???΄λ£¨?ˆλ‹€. 건좕가 루이???€μ???Louis de Soissons)??κ³„νš???°μœˆ ?„원?„μ‹œ??1948??? λ„??κ°œλ°œλ²•μ— ? λΌ κ°œλ°œκ³΅μ‚¬???Έλ„?˜μ—ˆ??

?ˆμΉ˜?ŒμŠ€???°μœˆ?€ ?„μ „???°μ—…?„μ‹œλ‘?5-10마일 ?΄λ‚΄??직μž₯??κ°€μ§?μ’…μ—…?λ“€???μ—°?€λŸ° ?ν˜Έκ΅λ₯˜κ°€ ?ˆμœΌ???™λ°•λ§Œμ„ ?„ν•œ ꡐ외(dormitory suburb)???„λ‹ˆ?ˆλ‹€. 1966???Έκ΅¬?Όμ„œ?€μ— ?˜ν•˜λ©??ˆμΉ˜?„μŠ€?μ„œ ?°λ˜?Όλ‘œ???΅κ·Ό?λŠ” ?¨μ? ??2.5%?΄κ³  ?°μœˆ?Όλ‘œλΆ€???°λ˜?Όλ‘œ???΅κ·Ό?λŠ” 6.5%?€??

?„원?„μ‹œ???λ³Έμ£Όμ˜ 체제 ?ˆμ—???Όν•˜κΈ?μ’‹κ³  μ£Όκ±°???Έλ¦¬???„μ‹œλ₯?보여 μ£Όμ—ˆ?”데 ?Έκ΅¬ 5λ§?8μ²?λͺ…μ˜ 쀑심?„μ‹œ?€ ?΄λ? ?˜λŸ¬???Έκ΅¬ 3λ§?2μ²?λͺ…μ˜ ?‘μ? ?„원?„μ‹œ?€μ„ κ°€μ§??„μ‹œκ΅°μ˜ κ°œλ…?΄λ‹€. ?κ΅¬ ?Ήμ??€?λŠ” 쀑심?„μ‹œ?€ ?„원?„μ‹œλ₯?뢄리?œν‚€λ©??μ—…지?€???˜ν‰???΄μ˜ ꡬ싀???˜κ²Œ ?œλ‹€. 철도?€ ?„λ‘œκ°€ ?μ²΄??곡μž₯κ³?λΆ€κ·Όμ˜ ?μž₯??κ°–κ³  ?ˆλŠ” ?„원?„μ‹œλ₯??°κ²°?œλ‹€. λͺ¨λ“  ?˜μ΅?€ ?„원?„μ‹œ?€ μ£Όμ£Ό???„μ‹œμ£Όλ??κ²Œ ?˜μ›?œλ‹€. 그의 ?œμ•ˆ?€ ?„μ‹œ, ?μ΄Œ, 그리κ³????‘μžκ°€ ?΄μƒ?μœΌλ‘?κ²°ν•©?˜μ—ˆ???Œμ˜ 맀λ ₯??보여주고 ?ˆλ‹€. ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?€?œλŠ” ?„원?„μ‹œ??κ°œλ…, ?„μ‹œ?΄λ? ?€κ³„, 쀑심?„μ‹œ?€ ?΄λ? ?˜λŸ¬???„원?„μ‹œ?€κ°„??κΈ°λŠ₯?μΈ ?°κ????œμˆ ?˜κ³  ?ˆλŠ”?? 물리??κ³„νš?΄λ‚˜ ?μ •?Έκ΅¬κ·œλͺ¨???°κ΅¬???œν•œ 것이 ?„λ‹ˆκ³? ?„원?„μ‹œ 건섀???„μš”??κ²½λΉ„??λ¬Όλ‘  ?„μ‹œ??? μ?κ΄€λ¦¬κ²½λΉ„μ˜ 쑰달 방식???€?΄μ„œ???•ν™•??뢄석???˜κ³  ?ˆλ‹€.

?ˆμΉ˜?ŒμŠ€??κ³„νš?ˆμ? μ‘°κ²½κ³?지?•μ— ?ν•©??λΆˆκ·œμΉ™μ ???„λ‘œ?€κ³„, ?„심??초점????μ£ΌμΆ•(δΈ»θ»Έ)?±μ˜ μ‘°ν•©?΄μ—ˆ?? 그러??곡μž₯?€μ? 초기???€ν˜„??보μ? λͺ»ν•˜κ³??ˆμΉ˜?ŒμŠ€???°λ˜???„μ„±?„μ‹œκ°€ ?˜μ–΄ 버렸?? ?΄κ²ƒ?€ ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?„이?”μ–΄???œκ³„λ‘œμ„œ 주택건섀?…μž?€ 곡μž₯?¬μ΄??μ‘°μ •???΄λ €? μŒ??보여 μ€€?? 그럼?λ„ 뢈ꡬ?˜κ³  그의 ?„이?”μ–΄???λ¦¬ ?„νŒŒ?˜μ—ˆκ³???번째???„원?„μ‹œκ°€ 건섀?˜κΈ° ?œμž‘?˜μ??? ?°μœˆ?€ ?ˆμΉ˜?ŒμŠ€λ³΄λ‹€ ?±κ³΅?μ΄?ˆλŠ”???€λŠ˜???κ΅­ ?„름 곡μž₯??쀑심지가 ?˜μ—ˆ??

?•μ‚¬?κ³Ό ?‰κ?

κ²½ν—˜μ£Όμ˜?λ“€?€ 검증에 기초??지?μ„ ?€λ£¬?? ?˜μ›Œ?œλ„ 그런 λ²”μ£Ό???£μ„ ???ˆλŠ”??κ²½ν—˜μ£Όμ˜ ?„μ‹œκ³„νšκ°€λ₯??˜λ‘œ ?˜λˆˆ?€λ©΄?Œλ„?œμ„± κ°œλ…(Concept of urbanity)?μ— κ΄€?¨λœ λΆ€λ₯˜μ? ‘?Œμ‹ ?„μ‹œ ?€κ³„???Œμ „???„μ‹œ?΄λ™?μ— κ΄€?¨λœ λΆ€λ₯˜κ? 그것?΄λ‹€. ?„μž??까λ?λ‘?μ§“ν…Œ(C.Sitte)λ₯?λΉ„λ‘―?˜μ—¬ 주컀(P. Zucker), ?œμ΄μ½₯슀(J. Jacobs), ?˜λ Œ(G. Cullen), ?¬ν”„λ¦?L.Halprin), ?°μ—˜(P.Thiel), ?Œλ ‰?°λ”(C.Alexander),무어(C.Moore), ?¬λ¦¬??L.Krier), 멈포??L. Mumford), ?ˆν???C.Stein)?±μ„ ?????ˆλ‹€. 볡고?μΈ ?΄μƒμ£Όμ˜κ°€?€μ? ?Έκ°„?•μ£Όλ₯??„ν•œ ?΄ν•­?μΈ λͺ¨λΈλ‘œμ„œ ?‘μ? ?„원?„μ‹œλ₯??κ°?˜κ³  ?ˆμ—ˆ?”데, 그것?€ ?μ΄Œκ³??„μ‹œ?ν™œ???₯점???„릴 ???‡λŠ” ?„원?„μ‹œ?€?? 멈포?œλŠ” ?˜μ›Œ?œλ? κ°€???’κ²Œ ?‰κ???20?ΈκΈ° κ³„νšκ°€ μ€‘μ˜ ???¬λžŒ?΄μ—ˆ?? 멈포?œλŠ” ?˜μ›Œ?œλ? κ°€???’κ²Œ ?‰κ???20?ΈκΈ° κ³„νšκ°€ μ€????¬λžŒ?΄μ—ˆ?? 멈포?œλŠ” ‘?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” 과거둜λ??°μ˜ κΏˆμ„ ?˜λ‚˜???΅ν•©??μ² ν•™?Όλ‘œ κ²°ν•©?œμΌ°??’κ³?κ·Ήμ°¬?ˆλ‹€.

?˜μ›Œ?œκ? ?„원?„μ‹œ???€ν•œ ?„이?”μ–΄λ₯?μ°½μ•ˆ?˜λ©΄???ν–₯??λ°›μ? κ²ƒμœΌλ‘œλŠ” ‘κ³„νš??컀λ??ˆν‹° (planned community)’??κ΄€???„이?”μ–΄?€?? ?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” ?„μ‹œ?±μž₯???μ • 규λͺ¨κΉŒμ? ? μ??˜λŠ” ?μ‘±?μ΄λ©?κ³„νš??컀λ??ˆν‹° κ°œλ…???œμ•ˆ?ˆλ‹€. λ―Έκ΅­???„μ‹œ?€κ³„κ°€??μ‘°λ‚˜??λ°”λ„·??J.Barnnet)???˜μ›Œ?œκ? λͺ¨ν˜•??κΈ°μ—…?„μ‹œ(model company town) ?€ ?Όμ΄??Colonel W. Light)κ°€ κ³„νš???€μŠ€?Έλ ˆ?Όλ¦¬?„μ˜ ?„델?Όμ΄??Adelaide)κ³„νš?μ„œ ?ν–₯??λ°›μ•˜?€κ³  λ³΄μ•˜?? ?Όμ΄?ΈλŠ” ?„델?Όμ΄?°μ˜ ?„μ‹œ μ£Όλ?λΆ€ ?„체λ₯?? λͺ¨?‘μ˜ 곡원?Όλ‘œ κ³„νš?˜κ³  ?„μ‹œμ§€??„ ꡐ외지??œΌλ‘œλ???뢄리?œμΌœ ?“μ•˜?? ?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” ?„델?Όμ΄?°μ˜ ?¬λ???μ°©μ•ˆ?˜μ—¬ ?„μ‹œ?€κ³„?΄λ‘ ?????“μ•˜?”데, 컀λ??ˆν‹° μ£Όμœ„λ₯??˜λŸ¬?Έμ„œ 컀λ??ˆν‹°?€μ„ ?œλ‘œ 뢄리?œμΌœ μ£ΌλŠ” 그린벨트??κ°œλ…???œμ‚¬??μ€€?? ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?„원?„μ‹œ ?¬μƒ???ν–₯??미친 것μ? ?λ¦¬ ?Œλ €μ§??€λ‘?근린주ꡬ?¨μœ„ κ°œλ…, 2μ°??€?„ν›„ λ―Έκ΅­?„μ‹œ??κ±΄λ¬ΌλΈ”λŸ­, 경제?€κ³΅ν™© μ€?λ―Έκ΅­?•λ????˜ν•΄??건섀?˜μ—ˆ??그린벨트?€???±μ΄?ˆλ‹€. 3개의 그린벨트?€??Greenbelt, Green hills, Greendale)?€ ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?„원?„μ‹œ?€ ?„μ£Ό ? μ‚¬??것이?ˆλŠ”?? ?¨μ? λ―Έκ΅­??것μ? ?κ΅­κ³??¬λ¦¬ ?μ‘±???„λ‹ˆκ³?? μ??΄μš©??κ· ν˜•???΄λ£¨μ§€ λͺ»ν•œ ꡐ외주거지(dormitory suburbs)??뢈과?ˆλ‹€.

?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ κ°œλ…???˜μ›Œ???μ‹ ?€ ‘?΄μ „?λŠ” ?„ν? ?†μ—ˆ???…νŠΉ??μ‘°ν•©???œμ•ˆ???΄λΌκ³?그의 책에???ΈκΈ‰?ˆλŠ”??κ·Έκ°„???¬λŸ¬ ?œμ•ˆ?€μ? 곡업κ³??μ—…??κ· ν˜•???°λ₯Έ ?Έκ΅¬?΄λ™(E.G.Wakefield/A.Marshall), ? μ??Œμœ κΆŒμ œ??T.Spence/H.Spencer), λͺ¨λΈ?„μ‹œ(J.S.Buckingham)?±μ— κ΄€??것듀?΄μ—ˆ?? ?΄λŸ¬???œμ•ˆ?€μ˜ λͺ¨λ“  ?₯점???΄λ¦¬κ³??¨μ ???†μ•€ κ³„νš?ˆμ„ ?œμ‹œ??것이 ?„원?„μ‹œ?€??

?„원?„μ‹œ??λͺ¨λ“  ? μ??Œμœ κΆŒμ? 쀀곡곡기κ????κ΅¬?μœΌλ‘??Œμœ ?˜κ²Œ ?¨μ— ?°λΌ ?„μ‹œ ?΄μ˜ ? μ???개인?€ λ¬Όλ‘  곡업지?΄κ±΄ ?μ—…지?΄κ±΄ ?€λ₯Έ κΈ°μ—…?©λ„?΄κ±΄ ?₯κΈ°?„λ? ?±κ²©???‘도?˜λŠ” ?•μ‹??μ·¨ν•œ?? ?΄λŸ¬???΄λ €?€ ?Œλ¬Έ??초기 ?λ³Έ?•μ„±???”λŽ κ³?뢀지?•λ³΄?λ„ 지?₯을 초래?˜μ?지λ§?κ°œλ°œκ³΅μ‚¬ (곡곡?¬μ •κ³?? μ?μ·¨λ“κΆŒμ„ κ°€μ§? κ°€ ?€λ¦½?˜μ–΄ ?΄κ²°?˜μ—ˆ?? κ°œλ°œκ³΅μ‚¬???œμ „??? λ„???€λ¦½???„ν•΄?œλΏλ§??„λ‹ˆ??ꡬ도?œμ˜ ?¬κ°œλ°œκ³Ό ?€κΈ°μ—…???„ν•΄??? μš©???•νƒœ?€?? ?„원?„μ‹œ?Œμ‚¬??주식?€ 졜λ? ??5%??λ°°λ‹ΉκΈˆκ³Ό κ²°μ‚° λ°°λ‹ΉκΈ?졜λ? 10%λ‘??˜κ³  λͺ¨λ“  ?‰μ—¬κΈˆμ? ?„μ‹œ?€ ?„μ‹œκ±°μ£Ό?μ˜ 볡μ????œμš©?˜λ„λ‘??˜μ???

??κ²°λ‘ 

16?ΈκΈ°???˜λ§Ž?€ ? ν† ?Όμ–Έ?€κ³Ό???¬λ¦¬ ?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” 그의 꿈의 ?€ν˜„??보고 ?Έμƒ??? λ‚œ ‘??μ’‹μ?’ κ³„νšκ°€?€?? 그러??κ·Έκ? ?΄λ ‡κ²???μ’‹μ? κ³„νšκ°€κ°€ ??것μ? κ·Έκ? ?„μ‹œλ₯?머리λ‘??΄ν•΄?˜κ³  발둜 ?€μ²œ?ˆκΈ° ?Œλ¬Έ?΄λ‹€. ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?„원?„μ‹œκ°œλ…?€ κ·Έκ? ?΄λ£©????개의 ?„원?„μ‹œκ°€ ?±κ³΅?΄λƒ ?€νŒ¨??관계없??μΆ©λΆ„???Όμ˜??κ°€μΉ˜κ? ?ˆκ³  κ°?κ΅?˜ ?„μ‹œ?•μ±…???€μ œ?μΈ ?€?ˆμ„ ?œμ‹œ?ˆλ‹€. ?Ήνžˆ 2μ°??€?????κ΅­?•λ????„μ‹œ?±μž₯???œμ–΄?˜λ‹¨?Όλ‘œ???Όλ ¨??? λ„?œκ³„?μ„ 좔진?˜λ©΄??그린벨트, ?„원?„μ‹œ ?±μ˜ κ°œλ…???œμš©???”λ‹€. ?˜μ›Œ?œμ? ?™μ‹œ?€?Έμ΄?ˆλ˜ ?¨νŠΈλ¦?게데??Petric Geddes)κ°€ ?„μ‹œκ³„νš???΄λ‘ ?μ΄κ³?μ² ν•™?μΈ κ³΅ν—Œ???ˆλ‹€λ©??˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” ?„μ‹œκ³„νš??λΉ„μ „κ³??‰λ™???™μ‹œ??보여주면???¬μƒ??λͺΈμ†Œ ?€μ²œ???‰λ™κ°€?€?? ?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” ?„원?„μ‹œλ₯?’?€μ²œ κ°€?₯ν•œ ?„체λ₯?λ§Œλ“œ?????ˆλŠ” κ³ μ•ˆ’?Όλ‘œ ?κ°?ˆλ‹€. λͺ¨ν˜•??λ§Œλ“€?΄μ„œ ?€ν—˜????보거???¬λ ₯κ³?? λ…??κ°€μ§??¬λžŒ?€μ„ ?€λ“?˜μ—¬ ???€ν—˜??μ°Έμ—¬μΌ€ ?¨μœΌλ‘œμ¨ ?„원?„μ‹œλ₯?건섀?˜μ???

멈포?œλŠ” 그의 ?€?œγ€Œμ—­???μ˜ ?„μ‹œ?μ—???˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?„원?„μ‹œ ?œμ•ˆ??λ―Έκ΅­ ? ν? 주의?Œλͺ°λͺ?κ³΅λ™μ²΄γ€λ‚˜ ?κ΅­?˜γ€Œμ‘°?©κ³΅?™μ‚¬??Cooperative Wholesale Society)?μ˜ 건섀??맞먹??것이?Όκ³  ?˜μ??? ?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” ?ν•œ 본질?μΈ κ²ƒλ§Œ ?€λ£¨κ³?건좕?΄λ‚˜ ?„μ‹œκ³„νš???Έλ??¬ν•­???€?΄μ„œ??κ΄€?¬ν•˜μ§€ ?Šκ³  ‘?€μ§ ?€μ΄?΄κ·Έ?¨μΌ λΏ?A Diagram Only)’ ?΄λΌκ³?주석???¬μ•„ ?“μ•˜?? ‘κ· ν˜•??곡동?¬νšŒ’?ΌλŠ” ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?¬μƒ?€ ?€λ?λ₯??Έλ¦¬??C.Foutier)둜λ???λ₯?κΌ¬λ₯΄λ·”μ œ???΄λ₯΄κΈ°κΉŒμ§€ ?€μ–‘???„μ‹œ?•νƒœ???˜ν??¬κ³ , κ·Έκ? λΉ„νŒλ°›μ„ ?Œλ§ˆ??κ·Έκ? μ£Όμž₯??κ· ν˜•κ³?κΈ°λŠ₯???„λ²½?±μ˜ ?λ¦¬κ°€ ?¬μ‘°λͺ…λ˜κ³??¬μ°½μ‘°λ˜?ˆλ‹€. ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?„원?„μ‹œκ°€ κΈ°μ‘΄??건좕 λ°??„μ‹œκ³„νšκΈ°λ²•κ³?κ·Όλ³Έ?μœΌλ‘??€λ₯Έ 것μ? 그것???„μ‹œ?±μ΄λ©?μ‘°κ²½???„λ‹ˆ??

?Όλ°˜?μœΌλ‘?지?λ˜???˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?€λ₯˜???λ³Έμ£Όμ˜ 경제체제 ?μ˜ ?€?„μ‹œμ€‘μ‹¬λΆ€κ°€ 발휘?˜λŠ” ?‘인?₯을 κ³Όμ†Œ?‰κ??ˆλ‹€???μ΄?? ?„원?„μ‹œκ°€ ?€?„μ‹œ???˜μ‘΄?˜μ? ?Šκ³  ?„μ„±?„μ‹œλ‘?κ²©ν•˜?˜μ? ?ŠμœΌ?€λ©΄ ?˜μ–΄??? λ„?œλ“€???ˆλ‘œ??쑰직 ?μ— 집단?”ν•΄???˜λŠ”??, κ·ΈλŠ” ?΄κ²ƒ??’?¬νšŒ???„μ‹œ’λ‘?뢈λ?κ³??„에 ?€ν??Έμ? ‘지??„???Όκ³  뢈λ???

?˜μ›Œ?œλŠ” ? κΈ°???‘근방식?€ ?°λ¬΄?ˆμ—†κ³??€νŒ¨??κ²ƒμœΌλ‘?λ³΄λŠ” ?΄κ? 많μ?λ§??΄μ¨Œ???ˆμΉ˜?ŒμŠ€?€ ?°μœˆ?΄λΌ????개의 ?„원?„μ‹œκ°€ 건섀?˜μ—ˆκ³? λ―Όκ°„?¬μž???΄μ΅λ°°λ‹Ή???†μ„ κ²ƒμœΌλ‘??„망?ˆμ?λ§????„μ‹œ???΄μ•„?¨μ•˜?? ?ν•œ ?€μ½”?€?€?œμ—???Έλ„???΄λ₯΄κΈ°κΉŒμ§€ 많μ? 지??—??주택 λ°??„μ‹œκ±΄μ„€???•νƒœ?????ν–₯???Όμ³€?? ?„원?„μ‹œ??λΆ„λͺ…???Όμ’…???€νŒ¨?€?? 그러??κ·??΄ν›„ ?κ΅­?μ„œλ§?15개의 ? λ„?œκ? 건섀?˜μ—ˆ?Όλ©° ?€μ›¨?? ?€λΈ?€?? ?΄νƒˆλ¦¬μ•„ ?±μ—?œλ„ ? μ‚¬???„μ‹œ?€μ΄ 건섀??것μ? ?΄λ–»κ²??€λͺ…?˜μ–΄??? κΉŒ? ?„원?„μ‹œ ?΄ν›„?λ„ ?κ΅­???Όμž‘?€ ?¬μ „?˜λ‹€λ©΄μ„œ ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?œμ•ˆ??λ¬΄μ‹œ?˜μ?λ§? ?˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ?œμ•ˆ ?•νƒ??50λ§??Έκ΅¬κ°€ ?°λ˜?œλ?보닀 ?¨μ”¬ ?°μ›”???¬κ±΄ ?μ—???΄κ³  ?ˆλ‹€???¬μ‹€??κ°„κ³Ό?˜μ? 말아???œλ‹€.

?μœΌλ‘??˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ? κ²¬κ³??‰λ™???°λ¦¬ ?œλ???감계λ‘??ΌμœΌλ©΄μ„œ 멈포?œμ˜ ?€μŒκ³?κ°™μ? 말둜 ??κΈ€??λ§Ίκ³ ???œλ‹€. ?Šλ„?œλ? ?ˆλ‘œ??차원κ³??ˆλ‘œ??λͺ©μ ?Όλ‘œ ?¨μœ¨???ˆκ²Œ κ³„νš?˜λ €λ©??°λ¦¬???˜μ›Œ?œμ˜ ꡬ상??λ²—μ–΄?˜μ„œ?????˜λ©°, κ·Έκ? 졜초λ‘??΄λŸ° κ΄‘λ²”?„ν•œ 기초λ₯??œμ‹œ??μ€€ ???€?΄μ„œ 감사?΄μ•Ό ?œλ‹€.??/p>
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