ย ๋ฃจ์ด??๋ฉˆํฌ???ฌ์ƒ ?ฐ๊ตฌ (The Ecologist 1987??3-4?”ํ˜ธ)

The Ecologist 1987??3-4?”ํ˜ธ

?„์ž:๊ทธ๋กœ๋ฒ??ด๋ฆฌ(Grover Foley)

๊ธฐ์ˆ ๊ด€๊ณ??€? ๊?๋กœ์„œ ?ค์Šค?ธ๋ ˆ?ผ๋ฆฌ?„์˜ ?•๋ฆฝ ๋ฉœ๋ฒ„๋ฅ?๊ธฐ์ˆ ?ฐ๊ตฌ?Œ์—??๊ณผํ•™๊ธฐ์ˆ ???ฌํšŒ??์ฑ…์ž„???€?˜์—ฌ, ?ด์งˆ?œ๋“œ???คํด?œ๋“œ ๊ธฐ์ˆ ?ฐ๊ตฌ?Œ์—???˜๋ฃŒ?ค๋ฆฌ?€ ๊ธฐ์ˆ ?ค๋ฆฌ???€?˜์—ฌ, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?๋ฏธ๊ตญ?์„œ ์ฒ ํ•™, ์ข…๊ต, ?ค๋ฆฌ?™์— ?€??๊ฐ•์˜?ด์™”??

 

 

 

 

๋ฃจ์ด??๋ฉˆํฌ??Lewis Mumford)??1895???ด์š•??๋กฑ์•„?ผ๋žœ?œ์—???œ์–ด??1990??1?”์— ?ด์š•์ฃผ์˜ ???์ดŒ๋งˆ์„?์„œ ?‘๊ณ ?˜๊ธฐ๊นŒ์? ?„๋??ธ๊ณ„?์„œ ๋ณด๊ธฐ ?œ๋ฌผ๊ฒ? ?ค๋ฐฉ๋ฉด์— ๊ฑธ์ณ ?„๋ฌธ?์ธ ?๊ฒฌ??๋ณด์—ฌ์ค€ ์ง€?์ธ?ด์—ˆ?? ?ค๋Š˜???˜๋Œ?„๋ณด๋ฉ?๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ค๋ฉด???ฅ๋ ฅ?€ ๋ฌด์—‡๋ณด๋‹ค ๊ทธ์˜ ?œ๋????ž์„  ?จ๋‹ฌ๋ฆ??์›”???ํƒœ์ฃผ์˜???ฌ์ƒ??๊นŠ์ด ?ฐ๊ฒฐ?˜์–ด ?ˆ์—ˆ?? ?„์‹œ????‚ฌ?€ ๊ธฐ์ˆ , ๊ฑด์ถ•, ์ง€??ฐœ๋ฐ??ฑ์— ?€??๊ทธ์˜ ๋งŽ์? ?ฐ๊ตฌ??๊ฐœ๋ณ„?์ธ ?ฑ๊ณผ?€??๋ณ„๊ฐœ๋ก? ?นํžˆ ‘๋ฌธ๋ช…??๋ฅ?’๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ๊ณ„’?ผ๋Š” ?ˆ์— ๋ณด์ด์ง€ ?Š๋Š” ๊ถŒ๋ ฅ์ฒด๊ณ„??๋ฐœํ˜„?ผ๋กœ???ค๋ช…?ด์˜จ ๊ทธ์˜ ๊ด€?์? ๋ฃจ๋Œ??๋ฐ”๋กœ๋ฅ?๋น„๋กฏ???„๋????€?œ์ ???น์ƒ‰?•์น˜?ฌ์ƒ๊ฐ€?ค์—๊ฒ?๊นŠ์? ?ํ–ฅ??๋ฏธ์ณค??

 

1972?„์— ๋ฐœ๊ฐ„??์ฑ…ใ€Š๋?์ง€??์ฒ ํ•™?๋“ค?‹์—????์น˜์??€ ?์‹ ???€?????ฅ์„ ?œ์–‘?ธ๊ณ„??๊ฐ€???์›”???ํƒœ???ฌ์ƒ๊ฐ€๋กœ์„œ ๋ฃจ์ด??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ์—๊ฒ?๋ฐ”์ณค?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ท??ดํ›„ ?™์ž?ค์? ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋? ?Š๊ณ  ?ˆ์—ˆ?? ?€??šด?™์˜ ์ง€?„์ž?ค์กฐ์ฐจ๋„ ๊ทธ์˜ ?€?‘์„ ?Œ๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒ?๊ฐ™์? ?Š๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ?? ?ด์งธ???„๋žญ???„๋ ˆ?ด์? ?ฌ๋ง ๊ฐ™์? ?์ฝœ๋กœ์??คํŠธ???ˆ์—??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๊? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ฐ€??์ตœ๊ณ ???ํƒœ์ฃผ์˜ ์ฒ ํ•™?๋กœ ๋น„์ณ์ง€๊ณ??ˆ๋Š”๊ฐ€?
1922?„์— ๋ฐœ๊ฐ„??๊ทธ์˜ ์ฒ??€?œใ€Š์œ ? ํ”ผ???ด์•ผ๊ธฐใ€‹์—?œ๋???๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?ฐ์นด๋ฅดํŠธ๊ฐ€ ๊ธฐ๊ณ„??๊ธฐ์ดˆ???ฌ๊ณ ???จํ„ด??์ถ”๊ตฌ?˜์???ด ?๋ช…??๊ธฐ์ดˆ???ฌ๊ณ ???จํ„ด??์ถ”๊ตฌ?˜์??? ๊ทธ๋Š” ‘๊ณผํ•™?? ?ํƒœ?™์— ๊ด€?ด์„œ ?ด๋– ??์ฑ…์„ ???ผ์ด ?†๋‹ค. ๊ทธ์˜ ๊ด€?ฌ์‚ฌ???ธ๊ฐ„??’์ด์ฒด?? ?˜๊ฒฝ?ด๋ฉฐ, ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ?„์ผ???ฌ๊ณ ๋ฅ??”๊ตฌ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Š”, ๋งŒ์ผ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ?๊ฒŒ ๋ฏธ๋ž˜๊ฐ€ ?ˆ๋‹ค๋ฉ? ?์ฝœ๋กœ์??ผ๋ง๋ก?๋ฏธ๋ž˜??์ฃผ๋œ ๊ณผํ•™?ด๋ผ๊ณ?๋งํ•œ?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???„์ฒด๋ฅ?๋ณด์กด?˜๋ ค๋ฉ??„์ฒด??๊ณผํ•™???„์š”?˜๋‹ค. ์ฆ? ?์—ฐ๊ณผํ•™๊ณ??ธ๋ฌธ?? ๊ฐ๊??ฑ๊ณผ ์ฃผ๊??? ?‘๊ณผ ์ง? ?˜๋‹จ๊ณ?๋ชฉ์ ??๋ชจ๋‘ ?„์š”??๊ฒƒ์ด??
?™๋ฌธ???„๋ฌธ์ฃผ์˜๋ฅ??ผํ•˜??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?์‹ ??’?ผ๋ฐ˜๊ณผํ•™??generalist)’?ผ๊ณ  ๋ถ€๋ฅธ๋‹ค. ๊ฑด๊ฐ•๋ฌธ์ œ๋ก?๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?ด์š•?œ๋ฆฝ?€?™์˜ ?™์‚ฌ๊ณผ์ •???๋‚ด์ง€ ๋ชปํ–ˆ?? (๊ทธ๊? ๋ช…์„ฑ???ป๊ฒŒ ????MIT?์„œ??์ฒ?๊ฐ•์˜ ??๊ทธ๋Š” “?ด๊? ?€?™์—???™์œ„๋ฅ?๋ฐ›์? ?ผ์ด ?†๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์„ ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์—๊ฒ?๊ณ ๋ฐฑ?ด์•ผ๊ฒ ์Šต?ˆ๋‹ค”?ผ๊ณ  ๋งํ–ˆ?? ?™์ƒ?ค์? ?€?๊ณ , ???™์ƒ???์„ ?ค์–ด “๊ทธ๋ ‡์ง€๋ง?๋ฉˆํฌ??? ์ƒ?? ? ์ƒ?˜์? ์ถฉ๋ถ„??๋ฐ›์„ ?๊ฒฉ???ˆ์Šต?ˆ๋‹ค”?ผ๊ณ  ๋งํ–ˆ??)
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?ค์ œ๋ก??ด๋–ค ?น์ •๋ถ„์•ผ???™๋‹ฌ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ค‘์š”?˜๋‹ค๊ณ?๋ฏฟ๋Š”?? ๊ท??์‹ ?€ ?„์‹œ?ฐ๊ตฌ, ๊ฑด์ถ•, ? ํ† ?ผ์•„, ๋ฏธ๊ตญ๋ฌธํ™”, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?๊ธฐ์ˆ ๋ถ„์•ผ??์ง€?„์  ๊ถŒ์œ„?๊? ?˜์—ˆ?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ธ๋ฌธ???ฐ๊ตฌ??๊ณตํ—ˆ??์ง€?๋งŒ???“์„ ๋ฟ์ธ ?™๋ฌธ???œ๊ตญ ๊ฑด์„ค?๋“ค???Œ๋‘๋ฆฌ๋? ๊นจํŠธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ?˜๊?์ง€ ?Š์œผ๋ฉ??ˆ๋œ??
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ์˜ ?ต์‹ฌ??๊ด€?ฌ์? ?จ๊ฐ– ?ค์–‘?ฑ์œผ๋ก?์กด์žฌ?˜๋Š” ?ถ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ?Š์? ?œ์ ˆ??๊ทธ๋Š” ?ค์ฝ”?€?œ๋“œ???„์‹œ๊ณ„ํš๊ฐ€?ด์ž ?๋ฌผ?™์ž???จํŠธ๋ฆ?๊ฒŒ๋ฐ?ค๋? ์ฃผ๋œ ?ค์Šน?ผ๋กœ ?ผ์•˜?? ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๊? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ ?ฌํšŒ ??๊ฑด์กฐ???ค์šฉ์ฃผ์˜, ?ˆ์ฒด???ˆ๋ฌด์ฃผ์˜, ๋น„์ด?ฑ์ ???ฉ๋ฆฌ์ฃผ์˜ ??๋ฅ??๊ตฌ?˜๋ฉด ? ์ˆ˜๋ก?๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ท??„๊ธฐ?ค์˜ ๊ทผ์›??๊ธฐ์ˆ ???ฐ์œ ?œ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์„ ?์ ??๊นจ๋‹ซ๊ฒ??˜์—ˆ?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ธฐ๊ณ„???ฐ๋ฆฌ???์œ ๋ฅ?๋ณต์†?œ์ผœ๋ฒ„๋ฆฐ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ธฐ๊ณ„???˜์— ?€??์ถ”๊ตฌ๋ก??ธํ•ด ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ฐœ์ธ???˜์? ๋ฐ•ํƒˆ?˜์—ˆ??
๊ธฐ๊ณ„???€??? ์•™?€ ๋ฒ ์ด์ป? ?‰์Šค, ?ฐ์นด๋ฅดํŠธ?๊ฒŒ๋ก?๊ฑฐ์Šฌ???ฌ๋ผ๊ฐ„๋‹ค. ?๋ช…???๋??ฑ์œผ๋ก?๋ง๋??”์•„ ?ธ๊ฐ„???์—ฐ???ฌ์ฐฉ?˜๊ณ  ?ต์ œ?œ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์? ?ฌ์šด ?ผ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?„๋??œ์Šค ๋ฒ ์ด์ปจ์? ?๋ช…???ต์ œ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด??๊ณผํ•™?๋“ค?๊ฒŒ ?๋ช…??๋ถ„์„, ?ด๋???๊ฒƒ์„ ์ด‰๊ตฌ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฐˆ๋ฆด?ˆ์˜ค??๊ณผํ•™???์‹ ?์—???ผ์ฐจ???ฑ์งˆ๊ณ??ด์ฐจ???ฑ์งˆ?? ?˜ํ•™?์œผ๋ก?๊ธฐ์ˆ (่จ˜่ฟฐ)๊ฐ€?ฅํ•œ ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ?๋ช…?? ๊ฐ๊??ฑ๊ณผ ์ฃผ๊??ฑ์„ ๋ถ„๋ฆฌ?˜์??? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???๋ช…???€???ต์ œ?ฅ์„ ?•๋ณด?ด๊???๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ท?๊ณผ์ •?์—???ธ๊ฐ„?€ ?๋ช…???์‹ค?˜๊ธฐ ?œ์ž‘?˜์??? ? ๊ธฐ???ธ๊ณ„???œ๊ณ„๋ฅ??Œ๊ณ  ?ˆ์?๋ง? ๊ธฐ๊ณ„??๊ทธ๊ฒƒ??๋ชจ๋ฅธ?? ๊ธฐ๊ณ„๋ก ์  ๊ณผํ•™?€ ๊ท?๊ณผํ•™???ฐ๋ฌผ???˜์†Œ??ƒ„?ด๋‚˜ ?ธ์œ„???ฌ์•™?ผ๋กœ ?˜ํ??˜๋”?ผ๋„ ๋ฉˆ์ถœ ?Œ๋? ?Œ์? ๋ชปํ•œ??

 

 

๊ธฐ๊ณ„??? ํ™”
?๋ช…๊ณ?๊ธฐ๊ณ„??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ์˜ ?ฌ์œ ????์ถ•์ด?? ๊ทธ์˜ ๊ท ํ˜•??์ฒ ํ•™๊ณ?’?๋ช…๊ธฐ์ˆ ’๋ก??ค์–ด๊ฐ€๊ธ??„์—, ๊ทธ์˜ ๊ธฐ์ˆ ์ฒ ํ•™???˜ํ????ˆ๋กœ???ต์ฐฐ???ดํŽด๋ณด์ž. ์ฒซ์งธ ๊ธฐ๊ณ„??’์ฃผ๊???, ?˜์งธ ๊ธฐ๊ณ„???€??’??งŒ??๋ฐ˜๋™’??๊ฐ–๋Š” ๊ธฐ๊ณ„๋ก ์  ์ธก๋ฉด, ?‹์งธ ๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๋ฐฐํ›„???ˆ๋Š” ‘๋ณด์ด์ง€ ?Š๋Š” ๊ธฐ๊ณ„'(?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ?ˆ๋ฌด???ˆ๋กœ???ต์ฐฐ?ด์–ด??์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€???™์ž?ค์? ๋ฌด์‹œ?ด์˜ค๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค).
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?๊ธฐ??์ฃผ์??œ๋??Š๊ธฐ๊ณ„์˜ ? ํ™”?‹๋ผ๊ณ??œ๋ชฉ ๋ถ™์??? ? ํ™”?ผ๋Š” ๋ง๋กœ ๊ทธ๊? ?˜๋??˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ?จ์ˆœ??’๊ฑฐ์ง“???ด์•ผ๊ธ?๊ฐ€ ?„๋‹ˆ?? ์ข…๊ต์ฒ ํ•™์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ, ๊ทธ๋Š” ‘? ๋“ค??๊ด€???ด์•ผ๊ธ??ผ๋Š” ?ป์œผ๋กœ๋„ ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???œ๋ชฉ??๋ถ™์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๊ธฐ๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ?ค์—๊ฒ???็ฅ?๊ณ?๊ฐ™์? ์กด์žฌ๊ฐ€ ?˜์—ˆ?ค๊ณ  ๋ฏฟ๋Š”?? ๋ฒ ์ด์ปจ์—??์นด์•Œ?ผ์ผ???ด๋ฅด๊ธฐ๊นŒ์ง€ ?ฌ์ƒ๊ฐ€?ค์? ?ธ๊ฐ„??’?„๊ตฌ๋ฅ??ฌ์šฉ?˜๋Š” ??Homo faber)’๋ก??•์˜?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ธ๊ฐ„???๋‡Œ??๊ทธ์˜ ?„๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ?„์ง ?์‹œ?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ์„ ?Œ๋„ ์ถฉ๋ถ„??๋ฐœ๋‹ฌ?˜์–ด ?ˆ์—ˆ?? ?ด์งธ???ธ๊ฐ„?€ ์ฒ˜์Œ???„๊ตฌ๋ฅ?๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋‚ด?ˆ๋Š”๊ฐ€? ๊ท?๋ชฉ์ ?€ ๊ณต๋ฆฌ์ฃผ์˜?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ???์ง•?์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฌผ๊ฑด ๋งŒ๋“ค๊ธฐ์— ?ž์„œ??๋งˆ์Œ???‘์šฉ??? ํ–‰?œ๋‹ค. “?ธ๊ฐ„?€ ๋ฌด์—‡๋ณด๋‹ค ๋งˆ์Œ??๋งŒ๋“ค๊ณ? ?๊ธฐ๋ฅ?์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜๊ณ? ?ค๊ณ„?˜๋Š” ?™๋ฌผ?ด๋‹ค.” ?„๊ตฌ๋ฅ??”์ž?ธํ•˜๊ธ??„์— ?ธ๊ฐ„?€ ?๊ธฐ?์‹ ???”์ž?ธํ•จ?ผ๋กœ???ธ์–ด?€ ?˜์‹(?€ๅผ?๊ณ??ฌํšŒ๋ฅ?๋งŒ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์ด??
1934?„์— ?ด๋? ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?ฐ์—…?๋ช…??๊ด€๊ฑด์ ?ด์—ˆ??๋ฐœ๋ช…?€ ์ฆ๊ธฐ๊ธฐ๊??ด๋‚˜ ๋ฐฉ์ง๊ธฐ๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ?„๋‹ˆ???œ๊ณ„?ผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?œ๊ณ„???œ๊ฐ„๊ณ?๊ณต๊ฐ„๊ณ??™์ž‘???œ์??”ํ–ˆ?? ?œ๊ณ„???œ๊ฐ„?จ์œ„๋ฅ??•ํ™•?˜๊ฒŒ ์ธก์ •?จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ์ฒœ๋ฌธ?™๊ณผ ??•™??? ๋?๋ฅ????ฐ๋ฆฌ??’๊ณผํ•™?? ?ธ๊ณ„๊ด€??๊ธฐ์ดˆ๋ฅ?๋งˆ๋ จ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?œ๊ณ„???€??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ์˜ ๋ถ„์„?€ ?์ฃผ ?™์ž?ค์— ?˜ํ•ด ?ธ์šฉ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??์ฃ ์? ?„๋ฆฌ?œ๋จผ, ๋ฒ„ํŠธ?€??๊ธ? ?™๋“œ???ฌ๋กธ-๊ตฌ๋ž‘๊ณ?๊ฐ™์? ?™์ž?ค์ด ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ์˜ ?ด๋ก ???…์ฆ?˜๋Š” ?‘์—…???ด์™”?Œ์—??๋ถˆ๊ตฌ?˜๊ณ , ๊ท??ด๋ก ??๊ฐ–๋Š” ?จ์˜??์ถฉ๋ถ„???œ๋Ÿฌ?˜์? ?Š์•˜??
?ฐ๋ฆฌ ?œ๋???๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ์ˆ ๋ก??ธํ•œ ?ฌ์•™???์ฒœ?€ ?ด๋””???ˆ๋Š”๊ฐ€? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?™๋ฌผ??๋น„์ด?ฑ์— ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ???ธ๊ฐ„??’?ฐ์–ด??๋น„ํ•ฉ๋ฆฌ์„ฑ’???ˆ๋‹ค. ?ด์งธ??๊ฐ€???ฉ๋ฆฌ?์ธ ?๋“ค ??๊ณผํ•™?๋“ค ?????์ž??ƒ„, ๋กœ์ผ“, ? ์ „??๊ดด๋ฌผ๊ณ?๊ฐ™์? ๊ฐ€??๋น„ํ•ฉ๋ฆฌ์ ??๊ฒƒ๋“ค??๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋‚ด๊ณ??ˆ๋Š”๊ฐ€? ?œ๋ƒ?˜๋ฉด ?ธ๊ฐ„?€ ?์‹ ???„๊ตฌ๋ฅ??ตํ•ด ?ค์Šค๋ก???็ฅ????˜๊ณ ??๊ฐˆ๋ง?˜๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค. ?ธ๊ฐ„??๋งŒ๋“  ์ตœ์ดˆ???ฌํšŒ???„๊ตฌ ???„์‹œ ????๊ฑฐ๋??˜๋ฉด?œ๋„ ?™์‹œ??๋งคํ˜น?์ธ ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ฐˆ๋ง???ฐ๋ฌผ?ด์—ˆ?? ?ธ๊ฐ„?€ ?ค๋ฅธ ?๋ฌผ์ข…๋“ค??๊ฐ–๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ?ˆ์ •?ฑ๊ณผ ?€๊ณ ๋‚œ ๊ฒธ์†???ฌ๊ธฐ?˜์??? ?ธ๊ฐ„?€ ?จ์ˆœ???ผ๋งŒ?์„œ ๋ฌธ๋ช…?ผ๋กœ ์ง„๋ณด??๊ฒƒ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ?? ๋ฌธ๋ช…?€ ‘?์‹œ???ค์ด ?Œ๊ณ  ?ˆ๋˜ ๊ท??ด๋–ค ๊ฒƒ๋ณด?ค๋„ ???˜์œ ?ผ๋งŒ???˜์—ˆ??

 

 

๊ธฐ๊ณ„?”๋œ ?ˆ๋ฅด๋ฐ”๋‚˜
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???„์ฒญ??๊ฐˆ๋ง??? ๋‚˜?œ๋Š” ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???„๋????„๋ฌธ๊ฐ€?ค์ด ?ฐ๋ฆฌ?๊ฒŒ ?ฝ์†?˜๋Š” ๊ธฐ๊ณ„?”๋œ ?™์›???ค๋ช…?????†๋‹ค. ‘?ˆ๋???๋ฌด๊ธฐ’ ???์ž?„์˜ ?ˆ๋????? ๋กœ์ผ“??? ํ™”???๋„, ์ปดํ“จ?ฐ์˜ ์ดˆ์ธ???ต์ œ?ฅ๊ณผ ?•ํ™•???????€??์ถ”๊ตฌ๋ฅ??๊ฐ?ด๋ณด?? ‘?‰ํ™”’๋ฅ??„ํ•ด?œ๋„ ๊ธฐ์ˆ ๊ด€๋ฃŒ๋“ค?€ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ?๊ฒŒ ?ˆ๋??์ธ ๊ฒ???๊ธฐ๊ณ„?”๋œ ?™์› ?????œ๊ณต?œ๋‹ค. “?ธ๊ณต?˜์ •๊ณ??๊ถ???„์‹ (๋ฎฌ๋Ÿฌ)?์„œ ?œ์ž‘?˜์—ฌ, ๊ฒฉ๋ฆฌ???”๋žŒ?์„œ๋ถ€???„๊ธฐ๋ฅ??„ํ•œ ?๋™์กฐ์ ˆ ?ฅ์น˜๊ฐ€ ?Œ์•„๊ฐ?๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ท??ค์Œ?๋Š” ๊ณ ๋ฆฝ??๋ฐฉ์†?์„œ ์ง์ ‘?์ธ ?ธ๊ฐ„???‘์ด‰ ?†์ด ?™์Šต๊ธฐ๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ?๋ผ?˜๋Š” ?„์ด?ค์„ ๊ฐ€๋ฅด์น  ๊ฒƒ์ด???คํ‚ค??.” ๊ณผํ•™?๋“ค?€ ?„์ด?ค์˜ ๊ฟˆ์„ ๋ถ„์„?˜๊ณ , ?ฑ๊ฒฉ??์กฐ์ •?˜๋ฉฐ, ๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ ?„๋กœ๊ทธ๋žจ?”๋œ ?•๋ณด๋ฅ?์ฃผ์ž…??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ์ปดํ“จ?ฐ๊? ?์‚ฌ๋ฅ??๋™?”ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๊ณ??œ๋“œ), ๋กœ๋ด‡??๊ฐ€?ฌ์ผ???„๋? ?˜ํ–‰??๊ฒƒ์ด??๊ธ€???จ๋ณด๊ท?. ๊ธฐ์ˆ ?๋“ค?€ ?ธ๋™?๊? ?„์š”?†๋Š” ?๋™?”๋œ ๊ณต์žฅ???ธ์šธ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋ฉ??ธ๋ฒ„???„๋„ˆ), ?๋™์ฐจ๋? ?„ํ•œ ์ค‘์•™?ต์ œ???๊ฒฉ์กฐ์ •์ฒด๊ณ„(MIT ๋ฐ??ฌ๋“œ)?€ ?Œํ–‰?ฑ๋“ค??์ง€?˜๋„?œ์? ?๋?์ง€๋ฅ??ด๋“œ๋ฆฌ์? ์ฝ”์šธ) ๊ฑด์„ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?„์ž ๋ฏธ๋””?ด๋? ?ตํ•ด??”๋ฌด์˜๋ฏธํ•œ ๋ฉ”์‹œ์ง€?ค์˜ ?Š์ž„?†๋Š” ?์ˆ˜๊ฐ€ ๊ณ ๋ฆฝ??๋งˆ์Œ???ด๋ฃจ๋งŒ์ ธ์ค?๊ฒƒ์ด??๋งฅ๋ฃจ??.” ์ปดํ“จ?ฐ๊? ๊ฒฐ์ •๊ถŒ์ž๋ฅ??€? ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋ฉ? ?€์ค‘๋“ค?์—?œ๋Š” “?”์ ๋ง??จ์? ๋ชจ๋“  ?ธ๊ฐ„?ค์—๊ฒ??˜๊ฐ?œ๊? ?ด์•„?ˆ๋‹ค???ฉํ????๋‚Œ??์ค?๊ฒƒ์ด??๋ฆฌ์–ด๋ฆ?.” ?ฅ๊ธฐ?ด์‹?€ ???ฌ์ด๋น??ถ์„ ๋ฐฑ๋…„ ?๋Š” ?ด๋ฐฑ?????ฐ์žฅ?œ์ผœ์ค?๊ฒƒ์ด?? “๊ฒฐ๊ตญ ??์ฒด์ œ???˜ํ˜œ?๋“ค?€ ?์‹ ?ค์ด ?ด์•„?ˆ์? ?์ด ?†์—ˆ?ค๋Š” ?ฌ์‹ค???œ์ˆœ๊ฐ„๋„ ๊นจ๋‹ซ์ง€ ๋ชปํ•œ ์ฑ?์ฃฝ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด??”
??๊ธฐ๊ณ„???ด๋ฐ˜???ธ๊ณ„???€??์ถ”๊ตฌ???ฉ๋ฆฌ?์ธ ๊ฟˆ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ?? “๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๋ณธ์งˆ?์œผ๋ก?์ข…๊ต?์ธ ?„์ƒ”?ด๋ผ๊ณ?๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋งํ•œ?? ๊ธฐ์ˆ  ? ํ† ?ผ์•„์ฃผ์˜?๋“ค?€ ?ฐ์ฃผ ?์ฒด๊ฐ€ ?Š์ž„?†๋Š” ๋ณ€?”์? ์ง‘์ค‘?”๋œ ?ต์ œ?€ ๋ฌด์ œ?œํ•œ ?˜์„ ?”๊ตฌ?œ๋‹ค๊ณ?๋ฏฟ๋Š”?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋น„์ ผ???ค์ œ?์ธ ๋ณ€?”์— ?ž์„œ ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?ด๋ฐ?ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ๋ผ๊ธฐ๋ณด???˜๋‚˜??? ์•™?ด๋‹ค. ๊ณ ํ?๋ง??•์ž์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๊ท?๋น„์ ผ?€ ๊ณ ํ†ต?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€?ฐ์˜ ?ด๋ฐฉ???ฝ์†?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???œ๊?์ง€ ์ฐจ์ด๊ฐ€ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ถˆ๊ต?„๋“ค??๊ฐ๊ฐ?€ ๋ณด๋‹ค ?ˆ๋??ด์?๊ณ? ?œ์? ์ฒ ํ•™๊ณ?์ง€?์˜ ?ถ์— ?€???ˆ๋กœ???ฌ๋ง?์—??๊ฝƒํ”ผ?ด๋‚ฌ?? ๊ธฐ๊ณ„???™์›?€ ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ฌ๋ง???ด๊ณ  ?ˆ์? ?Š๋‹ค. ?ค์ œ๋กœ๋Š”, “???™์›?ด๋ผ??๋ชฉ์ ์ง€???„๋‹ฌ?˜๊ธฐ ?จ์”ฌ ?„์— ?˜์†Œ??ƒ„??๊ตํ™˜?ด๋‚˜ ๊ณผํ•™?์œผ๋ก?๊ณ ์•ˆ??์งˆ๋ณ‘?ผ๋กœ ?ธํ•ด ?œ๊ฒฐ ??? ์†??๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•?ผ๋กœ ?‘๊ฐ™??๊ณตํ—ˆ??์ข…๋ง???ฅ์ณ??๊ฐ€?ฅ์„ฑ???’๋‹ค.”

 

 

 

๋กœ์ผ“??๋น„ํ•ฉ๋ฆฌ์„ฑ
๊ตฌ์ฒด?์ธ ?ˆ๋กœ???๋„????„ค???๊ฐ?ด๋ณด?? ๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๋ณ€?”์˜ ?๋„???ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ?์‘?????†๋Š” ?ํ™ฉ?ค์„ ๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋‚ธ?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๋ณ€?”์— ์ค‘๋…?˜์–ด, ?๋ฆฌ๊ณ??ˆ์ •???ถ์„ ?„๋ฆด ?ฅ๋ ฅ???ƒ๊ฒŒ ?œ๋‹ค. ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๊? ๋งํ•˜??’๋ณ€?????จ๋นˆ ? ํ”Œ?ฌ์˜ ‘๋ฏธ๋ž˜??์ถฉ๊ฒฉ’๋ณด๋‹ค???จ์”ฌ ???“์? ?˜๋?๋ฅ??ด๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ? ํ”Œ?ฌ๋Š” ?œํŠธ๊ธฐ๋? ?€๊ณ??ค๋‹ˆ???ฌ๋žŒ?ค์„ ๊ธฐ์ˆ ๋ณ€?”์— ๋ฉ‹์?๊ฒ??์‘?œ๋‹ค๊ณ??ด์„œ ์ฐฌ์–‘?˜์??? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋ณ€?”์— ?์‘?????ˆ๋‹ค๊ณ?๋ฏฟ์? ?Š๋Š”?? ๊ท?๋ณ€?”๋Š” ?ฐ๋ฆฌ๋ฅ?๋ถˆํŽธ?˜๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“ค ๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ??๋ถˆ๊ท ?•ํ•œ ์กด์žฌ๋ก?๋งŒ๋“ ?? ๊ธฐ๊ป?ด์•ผ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๋ฌด๊ฐ๊ฐํ•œ ๋กœ๋ด‡???˜์–ด ?ฌ์ด๋น??์‘???˜ํ??????ˆ์„ ๋ฟ์ด??
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ ?•ํƒœ???๋„๋ฅ?๋น„ํŒ?œ๋‹ค. ?˜๋Š” ?ค์ง ๋กœ์ผ“???€?ด์„œ๋ง??˜๊ธฐ?˜๊ฒ ?? ?œ๋ƒ?˜๋ฉด ?„์Ÿ?ด๋‚˜ ?‰ํ™”๋ฅ?๊ฐ€๋ฆฌ์? ?Š๊ณ  ?„์ง??๋กœ์ผ“?€ ๋งŒ๋ณ‘?ต์น˜?ฝ์œผ๋ก??œ์‹œ?˜๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค. ?ˆ์ด๊ฑ??€?ต๋ น?€ ‘๋ณ„๋“ค???„์Ÿ’???ต์ „?์˜ ?ด๊ฒฐ์ฑ…์œผ๋ก?๋ณธ๋‹ค. ์ฆ? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ถ๊ทน?์ธ ? ์†??๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๋ด‰ํ•ฉ์ฑ…์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ? ๋ช…์„ฑ?’์? ?‰ํ™”์ง€?„์ž ์น??ธ์ด๊ฑด๋„ ?ฐ์ฃผ?ฌํ–‰???ฐ๋ฆฌ??๋ณ‘ํ?ค์— ?€??์น˜์œ ์ฑ…์œผ๋ก?๋ณธ๋‹ค. ?ฌ๋ ˜๋ฆฐ์— ๋กœ์ผ“???ผ๋ถ“???€???”์„ฑ???ธ๊ฐ„???ฐ๋ ค๊ฐ€?๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ธ์ด๊ฑ???‹œ ?˜๋Š˜???•๋ณต?˜๊ณ ???˜๋Š” ?ด๋ฌต?€ ๊ฟˆ์„ ?œ๋Ÿฌ?ธ๋‹ค.
?ธ๊ฐ„?ผ๋กœ ?˜์—ฌ๊ธ?์ฒ˜์Œ ?ฐ์ฃผ ๋กœ์ผ“??๊ฑด์„ค?˜๋„๋ก?๋ถ€์ถ”๊ธด ๊ฒƒ์? ๋ฌด์—‡?ธ๊?? ?๋ณธ๊ฐ€?ค์˜ ?ด์œค์ถ”๊ตฌ?ธ๊?? ?ฅ๊ตฐ?ค์˜ ?น๋ฆฌ?•๋ง?ธ๊?? ?ผ๋น„?ˆ์Šค?ธ๋“ค???จ๊ทผ(?ทๆ น)?์ง• ์ถ”๊ตฌ?ธ๊?? ?„๋งˆ????๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์ผ ๊ฒƒ์ด์ง€๋ง? ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ??์ถ”๊??ด์•ผ ??๊ฒƒ์? ๋ฐ”๋ฒจ?‘์ฒ˜???ธ๊ฐ„???˜๋Š˜๋ก?์ถ”์ผœ?ฌ๋ ค?“๊ณ  ?…์„ ๋น„ํ•˜?˜๋Š” ๊ถŒ๋ ฅ??์ข…๊ต?ด๋‹ค.
?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๋กœ์ผ“??๋ชฉํ‘œ๊ฐ€ ๋ฌด์—‡?ธ๊?. ?์„ ๋ง์‚ด?œํ‚ค๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๋ถˆ๋ชจ???„์„ฑ?ผ๋กœ ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์„ ?ฐ๋ ค?ค๋†“???ผ์ด?? ๋กœ์ผ“?€ ?์ž?„๋งŒ??๋น„์šฉ??๋งŽ์ด ?ค๊ณ , ??๊ทธ๋งŒ???ธ๋ชจ?†๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?ผ๊ณ  ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋งํ–ˆ?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?ค์? ์ง€๊ตฌ์ž?์„ ?ˆ๋น„?˜๊ณ , ?ฐ์—…๊ณ?๊ณผํ•™๊ณ??ธ๋™์กฐํ•ฉ?ผ๋กœ๋ถ€???ธ์žฌ๋ฅ?์ง•๋ฐœ?ด๊ฐ„?? ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ถŒ๋ ฅ???ด๋ฆ„?ผ๋กœ ?ํ–‰?œ๋‹ค. ?ค๋ฅธ ?˜๋ผ๋ฅ??Œ๊ดด?˜๊ฑฐ???ผํƒ?˜๊ณ , ?๋Š” ?จ์? “?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ์ฒ˜์Œ?ด์•ผ”?ผ๋Š” ๋ง์„ ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด????๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์ด ?€์งˆ๋Ÿฌ์ง€??๊ฒƒ์ด?? 1969?????ฌํ–‰???€???ด๊ด‘???ˆ์ •???ฌํ–ˆ????๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๊? ๋กœ์ผ“?์„œ ๋ณ?๊ฒƒ์? ?จ์ˆœ???˜๋“œ?จ์–ด๊ฐ€ ?„๋‹ˆ???ด์œก???ํ?์ง€?€??
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ?? ๋กœ์ผ“???•๋ง๋ก?์ง€๊ตฌ๋? ?ผ์†?˜๋Š”๊ฐ€? ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๊ณต์ƒ๊ณผํ•™ ?Œ์„ค???€??๊ณตํ—Œ?ผ๋กœ ๊ธฐ์‚ฌ?‘์œ„๋ฅ?๋ฐ›์? ?„์„œ ?ด๋ผ?ฌ๋? ๊ฐ€๋ฆฌํ‚จ?? ?ด๋ผ?ฌ๋Š” ๋กœ์ผ“?ผ๋กœ ?ธํ•ด ๋น„๋ก ?ธ๊ฐ„??๊ฒƒ์? ?„๋‹์ง€?ผ๋„ ์ง€?ฅ์ด ?œ์ง ๊ฐœํ™”(?‹่Šฑ)??๊ฒƒ์ด?ผ๊ณ  ๋งํ•˜?€??๊ฒƒ์ด?? “๋ฉ์ฒญ?ด๋“ค?€ ์ง€๊ตฌ์— ?จ์•„?ˆ์„์ง€ ๋ชจ๋ฅด์ง€๋ง? ์ง„์ •??์ฒœ์žฌ???ฐ์ฃผ๊ณต๊ฐ„ ???ด๊ณผ ?ผ๊? ?„๋‹Œ ๊ธฐ๊ณ„??๊ณต๊ฐ„?????์„œ๋ง?๋ฒˆ์„ฑ??๊ฒƒ์ด??” ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋กœ๋ด‡ ์ง€???ธ๊ฐ„?ค์? ์ง€๊ตฌ์˜ ?์›???œ๋„ ?†์ด ?”๊ตฌ??๊ฒƒ์ด?ผ๊ณ  ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋งํ•œ?? ?ฐ์ฃผ?ํ—˜?€ ? ๊ธฐ???œ๊ณ„๋ฅ?๋ชจ๋ฅธ?? ?ฐ์ฃผ?ํ—˜???”๊ตฌ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ถฉ์กฑ?œํ‚ค๊ธ??„ํ•ด??๊ต???ค์? ?„์Ÿ???ด์•ผ ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ฐ์ฃผ?์„œ???์œ ?ผ๋Š” ๊ฟˆ์? ์ง€?์—?œ์˜ ?œ์ธต ๊ฐ•ํ™”???ต์••???ณ๋Š”??
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋กœ์ผ“?์„œ ?ผ๋ผ๋ฏธ๋“œ?€???‰ํ–‰๊ด€๊ณ„๋? ๋ณธ๋‹ค. “?˜๋Š” ? ์ธ ?ฐ์ฃผ์บก์Š?€ ๊ฑฐ๋????ผ๋ผ๋ฏธ๋“œ???œ์ผ ๊นŠ์ˆ™??๋ฐฉ๊ณผ ?•ํ™•???์‘?œ๋‹ค๊ณ??๊ฐ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ณณ?์„œ ๋ฏธ์ด?ผ๊? ???Œ๋ผ?ค๋Š” ?˜๋Š˜๋กœ์˜ ๋งˆ์ˆ ?์ธ ?ฌํ–‰???˜๋Š” ???„์š”???ฅ๋น„?ค์˜ ์ถ•์†Œ?์— ?˜๋Ÿฌ?ธ์—ฌ ?ˆ๋‹ค.” ?ด์ง‘?ธ์˜ ?ผ๋ผ๋ฏธ๋“œ???•์???๋กœ์ผ“?ด์—ˆ?? ?„๋???๋กœ์ผ“?€ ?€์ง์ด??๋ฌด๋ค?ด๋‹ค. ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?ธ๋ช…???ฌ์‹œ?„์ธ?ค์ด 1???™์•ˆ?ด๋‚˜ ๋ชจํ˜•?ฐ์ฃผ? ์— ๊ฐ‡ํ? ์ง€?ด๊ธฐ๋ฅ??ด๋–ป๊ฒ??์›?ˆ๋Š”๊ฐ€๋ฅ?์ฃผ๋ชฉ?œ๋‹ค. ?ด์งธ???ด๋ ‡๊ฒ??์ง„?˜์—ฌ ๋ฌด๋ค?์— ๊ฐ‡ํžˆ๊ณ ์ž ?˜๋Š”๊ฐ€? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊นŠ์? ?Œ์‹  ?Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค?€ ๋งˆ์น˜ ?‰์ƒ?™์•ˆ ?ด๋‘??? ๊ตด???ค์Šค๋กœ๋? ๊ฐ€?์–ด?“๊ณ  ?ตํ’๊ตฌ๋? ?ตํ•ด???Œ์‹??๋ฐ›์•„๋จน์œผ๋ฉ?์ง€??๊ธฐ๋…๊ต์˜ ?€???ฑ่€??ค์ฒ˜??์ง€?ˆ๋‹ค.
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??์ข…๊ต???€์ง€???์š”๋กœ์???๋ถ€?•ํ•œ?? ๊ท?๊ถ๊ทน?์ธ ๋ชฉํ‘œ????๋ฒ…๋??คํ„ฐ ?€?ฌ์˜ ?œํŠธ๊ธ?์ฐฌ์–‘?์„œ ?œ๋Ÿฌ?˜๋“ฏ????์ง€๊ตฌ๋? ?œ๊ฐœ???น๊ตฌ๊ณต์œผ๋ก?์ถ•์†Œ?œํ‚ค?ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ‘?ฐ์ฃผ?ฌํ–‰’?€ ?ธ๊ฐ„???Œ๋ผ??๊ฐ™์? ๋ฏธ์ด?ผ๋กœ ์ถ•์†Œ?œํ‚จ?? ???ฌ์ง„?ค๋ช…?์„œ ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋งํ•œ?? “?ฐ์ฃผ๋น„ํ–‰?ฌ์˜ ๋ชจ์Šต??๋ณด๋ผ. ?์žฅ๋ฅ˜๋ผ๊ธฐ๋ณด?ค๋Š” ๊ฑฐ๋???๊ฐœ๋? ๊ฐ™์?, ๊ป์งˆ???ค์ง‘?????๋ฌผ์ฒ????•์‹ค??๋ฒŒ๊ฑฐ๋ฒ—์? ??็ฅ??€ ?„๋‹ˆ??” ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ทธ์? ?ฐ์ฃผ๊ณต๊ฐ„???ตํ•ด ?Œ์•„?ค๋‹ˆ???จ์ˆœ??์งˆ๋Ÿ‰๊ณ??ด๋™??๊ธฐ๋Šฅ๋ฌผ์ผ ๋ฟ์ด?? ?ฐ์ฃผ? ์„ ?€๊ธ??„ํ•ด??๊ทธ๋Š” ?ฝ๋ฌผ??์ทจํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๊ฐ๊ฐ???ƒ์–ด๋ฒ„๋ฆฌ???ˆ๋ จ??๋ฐ›๊ฑฐ???„๋‹ˆ๋ฉ??๋„ ?์ฒด???˜ํ•ด ?ผ์ˆ˜?ํƒœ๋ก??ค์–ด๊ฐ€???œ๋‹ค.
?’์? ?๋„???˜๋‚˜????„ค???œ๋Ÿฌ?ธ๋‹ค. ?ธ๋ฅ˜?ฌํšŒ???ค๋ž˜???ฌ๋กœ๊ฑด์? “?€์ง์ž„???ตํ•œ ๋ฐœ์ „”?ด์—ˆ?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋น ๋ฅด๊ฒ??€์ง์ด๋ฉ??€์ง์ผ?˜๋ก, ?ด๋–ค ์ง€?์„ ๋ฒ—์–ด?˜๋ฉด, ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???ถ์„, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??ฌ์????€์ง์ž„์กฐ์ฐจ???์  ๊ฒฝํ—˜?????†๊ฒŒ ?œ๋‹ค. ์ดˆ์Œ?์— ๊ฐ€๊นŒ์šด ?๋„๋ก?? ์•„๊ฐ€???€๋ฅ™๊ฐ„ ?œํŠธ ๋น„ํ–‰๊ธ??ฌํ–‰?€ ?ˆ๋ฌด??๊ฐ‘๊ฐ‘?˜๊ณ , ?ฐ๋ถ„?˜๊ณ , ๊ณตํ—ˆ?˜๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ????ณต?Œ์‚ฌ?ค์ด ?œ๊ณต?˜๋Š” ? ์ผ???ฌ๋??ค์? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ€๊นŒ์šด ์บฌ๋ฐ”?? ?๋‹น ?๋Š” ?ํ™”๊ด€?ผ๋กœ ๊ฑธ์–ด๊ฐ€???ป์„ ???ˆ๋Š” ?ต์†?์ธ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค ???? ?Œ์‹, ?ํ™”, ๊ด€?ฅ์ ???คํŠœ?ด๋””???ฑ์ด?? ?ค์ง ๋งˆ์Œ ๋ฐ‘๋ฐ”?ฅ์— ? ๋ณต???ˆ๋Š” ๊ณตํฌ๊ฐ๊ณผ ?Œ์‚ฐ??์ฃฝ์Œ??๊ฐ€?ฅ์„ฑ๋งŒ์ด ?„์‹ค๊ฐ์„ ?Œ๋ณต?˜๋„๋ก??„์?์ค€??
?ด๋ผ?ฌ์˜ ๋กœ๋ด‡ ? ํ† ?ผ์•„???๋ช…???๋????ค์–‘?ฑ์„ ๋ถ€?•ํ•œ?? ์ง€๊ตฌ๋Š” ?„์ง ?€?˜์ˆ˜๋งŒํผ?ด๋‚˜ ๋งŽ์? ? ๋น„๋ฅ?๊ฐ„์ง?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???๋ช…??์ข?็จ??ค์˜ ? ๋น„๋ฅ?๊ฒฐ์ฝ” ???€์ง€ ๋ชปํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ํ•œ ?ฐ์ฃผ???๋ช…??์ถฉ๋งŒ?จ์˜ ?œ์กฐ๊ฐ๋„ ?œ๊ณต?????†๋‹ค. ?ธ๋ช…???ฌ์‹œ?„์ธ?ค์? ?ˆ๋ฌด??๊ธด์žฅ???์— ์ฒด์Šค๊ฒŒ์ž„???ด๋ณผ ?„๋‘๋ฅ??ด์? ๋ชปํ–ˆ?? ๊ทธ๋“ค?€ ?ค์ œ ?ฐ์ฃผ?ฌํ–‰?์„œ???จ์”ฌ ??๋งŽ์? ๊ฒ???๋ถˆ์•ˆ, ๋ฌด์ค‘???ํƒœ, ์งˆ๋ณ‘???€??๋ฉด์—ญ???์‹ค ????๊ฒฌ๋ŽŒ????๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ทธ๋“ค?€ ?˜๋ฌด?€ ?ค๊ฐœ์ฒœ๋„, ๋ด„๊ณผ ?ฌ๋ฆ„?? ๋ฐค๊ณผ ??„ ?†์ด ์ง€?ด์•ผ ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? “?ธ๊ฐ„?์œผ๋ก?๋ณ??? ?ฐ์ฃผ๊ธฐ์ˆ ???œ๊ณต?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ?ˆ๋กœ???คํ??ผ์˜ ๋น„์‹ค์ก?non-existence)?ด๋‹ค. ?์ผ?”๋œ ?˜๊ฒฝ?์„œ ?์ผ?”๋œ ์กฐ๊ฑด ๋ฐ‘์— ?œ๋กœ ๊ตฌ๋ณ„???ˆ๋˜???์ผ?”๋œ ๋ชฉ์ ์ง€๋ฅ?๊ฐ€?ฅํ•œ ??๊ฐ€??๋น ๋ฅธ ?๋„๋ก?๊ฐ€๊ฒ??˜๋Š” ??๊ธฐ์ˆ ???œ๊ณต?˜๋Š” ?ธ๊ณ„???ด๋””๋ฅ?๊ฐ€???˜์›Œ??์กด์Šจ ?ˆ์Šค? ๋ž‘๊ณ??ํŠผ?ธํ…” ?ผ์ƒ‰?ผ๋กœ ???ธ๊ณ„?€ ๊ฐ™์? ๊ฒƒ์ด??”
?”์•ฝ?˜๋ฉด, ?ฐ์ฃผ ๋กœ์ผ“?€ ๋ฐ????๋ช… ๊ธฐ์ˆ ??์ฒœ์žฌ?์ธ ๊ตฌํ˜„?ด๋‹ค. ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?ด๋””? ๊? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ??”?ฌํƒ„??๊ถŒ๋ ฅ??๋ฐ”์น˜???Œ๋ฌผ”?ด๋ผ๊ณ?๋ถˆ๋??? “?ฐ์ฃผ?ํ—˜๊ณ??”๋ถˆ??? ๊ณผ ?ธ๊ฐ„???„ํ†ต?์ธ ?์ด ?ฌ์Šค???Œ์šฐ?คํŠธ??๋ชจ์Šต??? ๊ณ  ?ด๋? ?ค์‹œ ?˜ํ??ฌ๋‹ค.” ???„๋????Œ์šฐ?คํŠธ?? ?ํ˜ผ???€๊ฐ€๋ก??˜์—ฌ, ?๋ช… ๊ท??์ฒด???€???ˆ๋????ต์ œ๋ฅ??ฝ์†?œ๋‹ค.

 

 

 

๋กœ๋ด‡๊ณ?๋ฐ˜ํ•ญ??/b>
?Œํฌ?€๋กœ์???๊ด€???€? ๊??ค์? ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ์˜ ์กด์žฌ๋ฅ?๊ฐ„๊ณผ?˜์? ?Š๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ???”ํžˆ ๊ทธ๋? ๋ฐ˜๋ฌธ?”์˜ ?ด๋ก ???€๋ณ€?์ธ ?จ์˜ค?„์–ด ๋กœ์ž‘๊ณ??™์ผ?œํ•˜??๊ฒฝํ–ฅ???ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋ฐ˜๋ฌธ?”์†??๋งŽ์? ?”์†Œ ??๋งˆ์•ฝ๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ??๋ณ€?”์? ?๋„?€ ?์œ ???€??๊ณผ๋„??๋ฏฟ์Œ???€??๋ฐ˜๋??œ๋‹ค. ?๊ธ‹???ถ์„ ?ด๊ธฐ๋ฅ?๋ฐ”๋ผ??๊ทธ๋กœ?œ๋Š” ์ผ?์ผ€?ธ์ด???˜๊ฐ???ผ์œผ?ค๋Š” ๋ฒ„์Šค ?ฌ๋ฆฌ๊ธฐ๋‚˜ ?ฐ๋ชจ??๋ฆฌ์–ด๋ฆฌ์˜ ?‰ํ„ฐ๋ฆ?์ข…๊ต?์—??์ฐฌ๋???๋งŒํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ณ„๋กœ ์ฐพ์? ๋ชปํ–ˆ?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??์ฒ?…„๋ฌธํ™”???€??๊ทธ์˜ ๋น„ํŒ?€ ์ข€??๊นŠ์? ๋ฟŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฅ?๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ??ˆ์—ˆ?? ๊ทผ์›?์œผ๋ก? ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ธฐ๊ณ„??’๊ฐ๊??????€???‘๋‹ต?ผ๋กœ??๊ฐ์ •???ด์„ธ?ฐ๋Š” ์ฒ?…„๋ฌธํ™”????งŒ??๋ฏฟ์Œ??๊ณต๊ฐ?˜์? ?Š๋Š”?? ๊ฐ์ •?€ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ ?œ๋???๊ธฐ๊ณ„???ต์‹ฌ???๋ฆฌ?ก๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ด๋–ป๊ฒ?๋ณด๋‹ค ๋งŽ์? ๊ฐ์ •??๊ท?๊ธฐ๊ณ„???„ํ˜‘???€???ต๋????????ˆ๊ฒ ?”๊??
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๊ทธ์˜ ์นœ๊ตฌ ๋น…ํ„ฐ ๋ธŒ๋žœ?ฌ๋“œ๊ฐ€ ?ค๋ž˜ ?„์— ‘?ฉ์? ์ฃผ๊????ด๋ผ๊ณ?๋ถ€๋ฅ?๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ฑฐ๋??œ๋‹ค. ๋ฌด์—‡??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋? ๋ฐ˜๋ฌธ?”๋กœ๋ถ€???จ์–ด???ˆ๊ฒŒ ?˜๋Š”๊ฐ€๋ฅ??ดํ•ด?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด???ฐ๋ฆฌ???ด๋“œ(id)?€ ?๋™?ฅ์น˜๊ฐ€ ?ํ˜ธ?˜์กด?์ธ ?‘๊ทน?จ์œผ๋กœ์„œ ?๋‘ฅ??๊ด€๊ณ„์— ?ˆ๋‹ค??๊ธฐ๋ณธ??๋ช…์ œ๋ฅ??ผ๋‘???๊ณ  ?ˆ์–ด???œ๋‹ค. ๋น„์ด?ฑ์ ???ฉ๋ฆฌ?ฑ์ด ์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜๊ณ??ˆ๋Š” ?ฐ๋ฆฌ ?œ๋???์บ˜๋ฆฌ๋ฒ??ธ์ต?คํ”ผ?ด์˜?Šํƒœ?ใ€‹์— ?˜์˜ค??๊ดด๋ฌผ?ธ๊ฐ„-??ฃผ)๊ณ?์ปดํ“จ?ฐ๋Š” ?จ๊ป˜ ?์„ ?ก๊ณ  ?ผํ•œ??
๊ธฐ์ˆ ?€ ?ธ๊ฐ„??๊ธฐ๊ณ„?”ํ•˜?????ด์ƒ???œ๋‹ค. ?ธ๊ฐ„???์•„???„์ „??๋ง์‚ด?????ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ๋ฏ€๋ก?๋กœ๋ด‡???˜์—ˆ???˜๋”?ผ๋„ ?ธ๊ฐ„?€ ๋ฐ˜ํ•ญ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ท ํ˜•?กํžŒ ๋ฌธํ™”?์„œ ์ฃผ๊?๊ณ?๊ฐ๊??€ ์กฐํ™”๋ฅ??ด๋ฃจ๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ธฐ๊ณ„?”๋œ ?ธ๊ณ„?์„œ, ์ฃผ์ค‘ ?ด๋‚ด ์กฐ๋ฆฝ(็ต„็ซ‹) ?ผ์ธ??๋งค๋‹ฌ???ผํ•  ?˜๋ฐ–???†๋Š” ?ธ๊ฐ„ ๋กœ๋ด‡?ค์? ? ์š”??๋ฐค์ด๋ฉ?๋ฐ˜ํ•ญ?๋กœ ?Œ๋??œ๋‹ค. ?ฌ์ „??๊ทธ์˜ ?ฌ์ƒ???€??๊ฐ€??์ข‹์? ?…๋ฌธ?œ์ธ?Š์ธ๊ฐ„์˜ ๋ณ€๋ชจใ€‹์—??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ‘?ˆ๋กœ???ธ๊ณ„ ?ธ๊ฐ„’?????‘์ƒ, ๊ธฐ๊ณ„์ฃผ์˜?€ ??งŒ์ฃผ์˜??๊ธฐ์›??์ถ”์ ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ธฐ๊ณ„์ฃผ์˜??์ถ”์ƒ???์ง•, ๋ณดํŽธ??๋ฒ•์น™, ?ˆ์ธก๊ฐ€?ฅํ•œ ?ฌ๊ฑด??๊ฟˆ๊พธ๋ฉ? ??งŒ์ฃผ์˜??๋ฏธ์????€?? ?ธ๋„??๋ณด๋ฌผ, ?Š์Œ???˜์„ ๊ฟˆ๊พผ?? ๊ฐœ์ฒ™?๋Š” ?์—ฐ?์›??๊ฒจ๋ƒฅ?˜๊ณ , ๊ธฐ์ˆ ?๋Š” ๊ธฐ๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ์ฐฝ์กฐ??๋ถ€๋ฅ??ธ๋ฆฐ?? ?˜๋‚˜???„๋ฉ”๋ฆฌ์นด ?€๋ฅ™์„ ?ํ—˜?˜๊ณ , ?ค๋ฅธ ?˜๋‚˜???์ž???ธ๊ณ„๋ฅ??ํ—˜?œ๋‹ค. “?๊?์ง€ ?ํ—˜?‘์‹ ?ด๋Š ๊ฒƒ์—?œ๋‚˜ ์ฒ˜์Œ๋ถ€???„์ „?์ธ ?๋งŒ๊ณ??…๋งˆ?์ธ ๊ด‘๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ?ค์–ด?ˆ์—ˆ??”
?Œ๋กœ??๊ท??๊?์ง€๊ฐ€ ?˜๋‚˜๊ฐ€ ?˜๊ธฐ???˜์??? ?ค๋‹ˆ???”ํฌ?ฐ์˜ ? ๋ช…???œ๋ฅ˜??๋กœ๋นˆ???ฌ๋ฃจ?Œ๊? ๊ทธ๋ ‡?? ??์ค‘์‚ฐ์ธ??์›…?€ ?„๋‹ด ?ค๋??ค๋กœ๋ถ€?ฐ๋„, ๋ฃจ์˜๋กœ๋??ฐ๋„ ?ฌ๋ž‘??๋ฐ›์•˜?? ?…๊ณผ ๋ณ„๋“ค๊ณ??˜๋‚˜๊ฐ€ ?˜์–ด, ??’๊ณ?๋ฐ”๋‹ค?€ ?ธ์šฐ???ฌ๋ฃจ?Œ์˜ ๋ชจํ—˜?ด์—???ˆ๋กœ???ธ๊ฐ„?€ ?์‹ ??๋ชจ์Šต??๋ณ?๊ฒƒ์ด?? “?ˆ์ˆ ?ด๋ผ??๊ฒ€?€ ?‘๊ณผ ?๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜?ผ๋Š” ?ธ๋กœ???‘๋????˜๋‹ค ?ด๊ฒƒ??? ์šฉ??์ง€์นจ์„œ๋ก??ผ์•˜?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ณ ๊ฐฑ???€?ˆํ‹ฐ๋ก? ?ค๋“œ๋ฅ?์นด๋„ค๊ธฐ๋? ?œ์ฒ ๊ณต์žฅ?ผ๋กœ ?ฐ๋ ค?ค์ฃผ?ˆ๋‹ค.”
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ????์ธก๋ฉด???ธ๋™๊ณ?? ํฌ, ?ธ์?๊ณ??ฌ์œ  ???„๋??ํ™œ ?„๋ฐ˜???ตํ•ด??๋ฐœ๊ฒฌ?œ๋‹ค. ?„์Ÿ?€ ๋ฌด์—‡๋ณด๋‹ค ๊ธฐ๊ณ„?์ธ ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ๋น„์ด?ฑ์ ??๊ฒ? ๊ธฐ์œจ๊ณ??ฝํƒˆ???ฐ๊ฒฐ?œ๋‹ค. ?ธ๋™???„์Ÿ????Š”?? ?„์Ÿ??๋ถˆ๊ตฌ?ฉ์ด?์„œ ์ฑ„๊ด‘๊ณ??ผ๊ธˆ๊ธฐ์ˆ ???˜์™”?? ๊ด‘๋????ธ๊ณ„??๋ณ‘์กธ???ธ๊ณ„๋งŒํผ ?Œ์šธ?˜๊ณ , ๊ฝ‰์งœ???€??๋งค์—ฌ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๋น›๊น”๊ณ?๋ง›๊ณผ ?ฅ๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ?†๋Š” ?ธ๊ณ„?ด๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ž˜??๊ด‘๋????ผ์‹œ?์ธ ?ด๋ฐฉ??์ฐพ์•„ ๋ฐฉ์ข…??์พŒ๋ฝ๊ณ??Œ์ฝœ๊ณ??„๋ฐ•??๋น ์ง„??
?„๋??์ธ ?ธ๋™???ธ๊ฐ„???ด์ •??๋งŒ์กฑ?œํ‚ค์ง€ ๋ชปํ•œ?? ?œ๋ฅ˜๋ฅ?๋ฌถ๊ณ , ์นด๋“œ๋ฅ??ซ๋Š” ?ผ๋„ ๋ณด์ดˆ๋ณ‘์˜ ?ผ๋งŒ??์ง€๊ฒจ์šด ?ผ์ด?? ๊ทธ๋ž˜???ธ๋™?๋Š” ?Œ์—…๊ณ??œ์—…๊ณ??‘์—…?๋„??๊ฐ์†Œ ?ฑ์˜ ?˜๋‹จ?ผ๋กœ ๋ฐ˜ํ•ญ???œ๋‹ค.
?ฌ๊?????๋ถˆ๊ท ?•์„ ๋ฐ”๋กœ?ก์„ ???†๋‹ค. ? ํฌ??์ง€?˜์น˜๊ฒ??€??๋งค์ธ ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์„ ?„ํ•œ ?จ์ˆœ???ˆ์ „?์ด ?˜์—ˆ?? ๋กœ๋งˆ???ฉ์ œ???€์ค‘๋“ค?๊ฒŒ ๋นต๊ณผ ?œ์ปค?ค๋? ?œ๊ณต?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฐ”๋กœ???œ๋???๊ตฐ์ฃผ?ค์? ์นด๋‹ˆ๋ฐœ๋กœ??๋ฏผ์ค‘?๊ฒŒ ?ค๋ฝ???œ๊ณต?ˆ๋‹ค. ??๊ต?????€์ค‘๋“ค?๊ฒŒ ?น์Šค?€ ๋งˆ์•ฝ๊ณ??”๋ ˆ๋น„์ ผ???ตํ•˜???์œ ???˜์ƒ??์ค€??
๋ฌด์—‡๋ณด๋‹ค ?Œ์‹œ์ฆ˜์? ?????ผ๊ตด ???œํŽธ?ผ๋กœ ?ผ์Œ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ์ฐจ๋””์ฐ??จ์œจ?ฑ๊ณผ ?ค์œˆ??๊ณผํ•™, ?ค๋ฅธ ?œํŽธ?ผ๋กœ ?ผ์? ?™์œผ๋ก??˜์–ด?ˆ๋Š” ?????•์ฒด๋ฅ??œ๋Ÿฌ?ด์—ˆ?? ?˜์น˜์ฆ˜์? ?€ ? ๋ช…???ฅํ„ฐ ๋ฉฉ๊ฒ”?ˆ์˜ ?คํ—˜?์„œ ?œ๋Ÿฌ?˜๋“ฏ ?ฉ๋ฆฌ??๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•๊ณ?๋น„์ด?ฑ์  ๊ด‘๊ธฐ๋ฅ?๊ฒฐํ•ฉ?˜์??? ๊ท??คํ—˜?€ ?ฌํšŒ??๊ฒฐ๊ณผ???€??๋ฌด์‹ฌ?? ๊ฐ๊??์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ด???„์ „???€?ฝํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค.
?๋™?ฅ์น˜?€ ?ด๋“œ, ์ง€?˜์นœ ?ฉ๋ฆฌ์ฃผ์˜?€ ๋น„์ด?ฑ์ฃผ?˜๋Š” ?‰ํ™”๋ฅ??ด๋ฃฉ?????†๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?ค์? ?ค์ง ์ฆ๊??˜๋Š” ๋ถˆ๊ท ??๊ฐ€?ด๋ฐ???™์š”?˜๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ๋ถ•๊ดด??๋ฟ์ด?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ????๊ทน๋‹จ ๊ฐ€?ด๋ฐ ?ด๋Š ?˜๋‚˜๋ฅ???์ถ”๊??˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋กœ์จ ? ๊ธฐ??๊ท ํ˜•???Œ๋ณต?????ˆ๋Š” ๊ฒ??„๋‹ˆ?? ??๊ทน๋‹จ?€ ๋ชจ๋‘ ?ค์Šค๋กœ๋? ?ˆ๋??์ธ ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก??ฌ๊ธฐ๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ???ฌ์•™?ผ๋กœ ?ด์–ด์ง„๋‹ค. ๊ท??˜์? ๋ชจ๋‘ ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ๋ฅ?๊ฑฐ๋??˜๊ฑฐ??? ํ™”??๊ณผ๊ฑฐ๋ฅ?๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋‚ธ??

 

 

 

๋ฉˆํฌ?œ์? ๋ฐ˜๋ฌธ??
?Š์??ด๋Š” ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๋ฏธ๋ž˜?ด๋?๋ก?๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?Š์??ด๋“ค???ธ์— ?œ์?๋ง? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ทธ๋Š” ๋ฐ˜๋ฌธ?”์˜ ?ํ™œ ?คํ??ผ๊ณผ ?์›…????๋งˆ๋ฅด์ฟ ์ œ, ?ธ๋จผ ๋ธŒ๋ผ?? ๋ธ”๋ผ๋ฐ”์Šค???????ฌ๊??Œํ•˜์ง€ ?Š๋Š”?? ๋กœ์ž‘???ˆํ”ผ?ค์„ ์ฐฌ๋????? ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๊ทธ๋“ค?๊ฒŒ??’๊ทผ์›?์ธ ๋ฐฉ์ข…????๋ณด์•˜?? ๋กœ์ž‘???ค๊??ค๋Š” ‘?„์ฟ ?„๋ฆฌ?ค์˜ ?œ๋?’๋ฅ??๊ธฐ?์ธ ?œ๋????œ์ž‘?ผ๋กœ ๋งž์ด?˜๋ ค๊ณ??˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์— ๋ฐ˜ํ•ด ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋งˆ์•ฝ๊ณ?๋ธ”๋ž™?Œ์›Œ?€ ๋งˆ์ˆ ๊ณ?๋งฅ๋ฃจ?Œ์„ ๊ปด์•ˆ???์œ ??ฐฐ???€?˜์—ฌ ๊ฒฝ๊ณ ?˜์??? ๊ทธ์—๊ฒŒ๋Š” ?ด๋Ÿฌ??๊ฒƒ์ด ?ค๋งŒ ?„๋„??๊ถŒ๋ ฅ ์ปดํ”Œ?‰์Šค๋ฅ??œ๋Ÿฌ?ด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ผ ๋ฟ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฐ˜๋ฌธ?”๊? ?ด๋“œ ??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๊? ?ฑ์  ๊ณผ์‹œ์ฃผ์˜?ผ๊ณ  ๋ถ€๋ฅด๋Š” ??๋ฅ??ด๋ฐฉ?œ์ผœ???œ๋‹ค๊ณ??˜๋Š” ์ฃผ์žฅ??๋ณด๋ผ. ??๋งŽ์? ๋ฆฌ๋น„?„๊? ๊ณต๊ฒฉ?ฑ๊ณผ ?ต์••??์ข…์‹?œํ‚ค์ง€ ?Š๋Š”?? ๊ทœ๋ฒ” ?†๋Š” ?์œ ???์œ ๊ฐ€ ?„๋‹ˆ?? ?๋„?€ ?˜๊ฐ์ฒดํ—˜?์— ๋ฟŒ๋ฆฌ?†์ด ?œ๋ฅ˜?˜๋Š” ์ฒ?…„๋ฌธํ™”???์—…์ฃผ์˜???˜ํ•ด ์กฐ์ข…?˜๊ธฐ???œ๋‹ค. ?ฌ๊ธฐ?œ๋„ ?ด๋“œ???๋™?ฅ์น˜๋ฅ?๊ฐ•ํ™”?œ๋‹ค.
๋ฐ˜๋ฌธ?”์—???ํ•œ ๊ท??˜๋ฆ„???ฐ์ƒ?ค์ด ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค?€ ?ฐ์ƒ??ฐฐ๋ฅ??ถ์—??๋งˆ์ˆ ???œ๊ฑฐ?˜๊ณ , ?์?(?ˆ็Ÿฅ)?€ ๊ฐ์„ฑ?ผ๋กœ ๊ฐ€??๊ธธ์„ ์ฐจ๋‹จ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด ๊ธฐ๋…๊ต๊? ๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋‚ธ ๋ฐœ๋ช…๋ฌผ์ด?ผ๊ณ  ๋ณธ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ์? ?€์กฐ์ ?ผ๋กœ ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?Š์ž„?†๋Š” ๋ณ€?”์˜ ์ถ”๊ตฌ๋ฅ??ฐ์ƒ??ฐฐ?ผ๊ณ  ๋ณธ๋‹ค. “๊ทธ๋“ค??์ถ•์ œ???ฑ๊ณต??? ๋???’???ด๋ฆ„’??๊ฐ€์ง?๊ฐ€?˜์? ๊ทธ๋ฃน?? ?€์ค??ž์— ?˜ํ??จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ???Œ๋ฐ˜๊ณ??„๋ฆ„???๋งค๋ฅ??ตํ•ด???„์ฒญ???์—…??๋ณด์ƒ??๋ฐ›๋Š” ‘?ฐ์ƒ???ด๋‹ค.”
๊ทธ๋“ค???คํ??ค์ฒ˜?? ?Š์??ด๋“ค?€ ?ธ์ง‘์ฆ??ๅŸท?????„๋‹ˆ๋ฉ?๊ณผ๋?๋ง์ƒ์ฆ์„ ?œ๋Ÿฌ?ธ๋‹ค. “?ฐ๋ฆฌ??? ํ† ?ผ์•„๋ฅ??ํ•œ?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ??์ง€๊ธ??น์žฅ!” “?œ๋ฅธ?ด์ด ?˜์? ?๋Š” ?„๋ฌด??๋ฏฟ์? ๋ง๋ผ!” ?ธ๊ณ„?•๋ณต???์‰ฝ๊ฒ?๊ฟˆ๊พธ????๊ธฐ์‚ฌ?ค์? ?ธ์ƒ?์„œ ์ด์„ ๋งž์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด ?๋ ค???˜๋จธ์ง€ ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ถŒ์œ„๋ฅ?๊ณต๊ฒฉ?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค??๊ทธ๋“ค??? ๋ฐฐ?ค์ฒ˜??๊ถŒํƒœ๋กœ์????๋ผ๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ท?๊ฒฐ๊ณผ??๋ฌด์ •๋ถ€์ฃผ์˜???˜์Šค?ฐ๋ฐœ, ?˜๋“ค์ง€ ?Š๋Š” ?ถ์— ?€??๊ฟ? ?ด๋”˜๊ฐ€ ‘์ถฉ๋Œ’???ฅ์†Œ???€???Š์ž„?†๋Š” ?์ƒ‰?ผ๋กœ ?˜ํ??œ๋‹ค.
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๊ทธ๋“ค??๊ณค๊ฒฝ??๊ณต๊ฐ???๋??? ๋งŽ์? ?Š์??ด๋“ค?€ ๊ทธ๋“ค??’๋ฌด์ฐจ๋ณ??ฌ๊ฒฉ์ง€?€’?์— ๋ฐฉ์น˜?˜์–ด ?ˆ๋‹ค๊ณ??๋??? ๊ทธ๋“ค?€ ๋งˆ์น˜ ?ธ์†?˜ใ€ˆ์˜ ๊ตฟ๋งจ ๋ธŒ๋ผ?ดใ€‰์ฒ˜??’?…๋งˆ???”์น˜’๋ฅ?๋ฒŒ์ด๊ณ??ธ๊ฐ„???œ๋ฌผ๋ก?๋ฐ”์น˜???ด๋ฅธ?ค์˜ ๋น„๋??ค๋Ÿฌ???ธ๊ณ„๋ฅ?๋ณด์•˜??๊ฒƒ์ด?? 60?„๋???๋งŽ์? ?Š์??ด๋“ค?€ ์ถœ์„ธ๋ฅ??ฌ๊ธฐ?˜๊ณ , ?ํ—ˆ?์„œ ?ด์•˜?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???„๋ฉด?์ธ ?์œ ๋ฅ?์ถ”๊ตฌ?˜๋Š” ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์? ๊ทธ๋“ค ?์‹  ๋ณ‘๋ฆฌ?™์˜ ?ผ๋?๊ฐ€ ?˜์—ˆ??

 

 

๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ๊ณ„
๊ธฐ๊ณ„??? ํ™”๋ฅ??‰ํƒœ?˜๊ณ  ? ์??˜๋Š” ๊ธฐ์ˆ ???์ฒœ?€ ๋ฌด์—‡?ธ๊?? ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ???์ฒœ??’๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ๊ณ„’?ผ๊ณ  ๋ถ€๋ฅธ๋‹ค. ?ด๊ฒƒ???ดํ•ด?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด?œ๋Š” ?ฌํšŒ๋ฅ??˜๋‚˜???„์ฒด๋กœ์„œ ๋ณด๋Š” ๋น„์ ผ???„์š”?˜๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿด ??๊ณผ๊ฑฐ???„์žฌ?ด๊ณ , ๊ธฐ๊ณ„???„์ด?”์–ด?ด๋ฉฐ, ๊ณผํ•™?๋“ค?€ ?ฌ์ œ(?ธ็?)?ผ์???๋ชจ๋ฅด??๊ฒƒ์ด??
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ‘? ๊ธฐ?? ?๋ช…?ด๋ผ??30?„๋????์‹ ???ฌ๋ง??๊ณ??ฌ๊ธฐ?˜์??? 50?„๋? ๋ง?MIT?์„œ ?ด๋ฆฐ ???ธ๋??˜์—??๊ทธ๋Š” ๋ช‡๋ช‡ ๊ธฐ์ˆ ???œ๋Ÿฌ?ด๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์˜ ?…๋งˆ?์ธ ๋น„์ด?ฑ์— ?€??๊ฒฝ๊ณ ?˜์??? ?„ํˆฌ๊ธฐ์? ?ค์ด?œ๊ณผ ?์ž๊ณผํ•™ ?•๋ถ„???„์Ÿ?€ ์ข…์กฑ?™์‚ด???˜์–ด๋ฒ„๋ ธ?? ์ฒ˜์Œ?ผ๋กœ ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๊ธฐ์ˆ ???ด์„ฑ?€ ?„์—ฐ?์œผ๋ก?๋น„์ด?ฑ์ ??๊ฒƒ์œผ๋ก??˜๋Š”๊ฐ€?ผ๋Š” ์งˆ๋ฌธ???•๋ฉด?ผ๋กœ ๋งž๋??ชํ˜”?? “?˜๋Š” ?ด๋‹ต??๊ตฌํ•˜๊ธ??„ํ•ด??๊ทธ๋‹ค์ง€ ?ด์‹ฌ???๊ตฌ?ˆ๋‹ค๊ณ ๋Š” ๋งํ•  ???†์Šต?ˆ๋‹ค”?ผ๊ณ  ๊ทธ๋Š” ๋งํ•˜?€?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???„์‹œ???€??๊นŠ์ด ?ฐ๊ตฌ?˜๋ฉด ? ์ˆ˜๋ก?๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ณ ๋?๋ฌธ๋ช…???€??์ข€??๋งŽ์? ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ฐฐ์šฐ๊ฒ??˜์—ˆ?? “?€ ?„์‹œ๋ฌธ๋ช…???”ํ•ด๋ฅ?๋จธ๋ฆฟ?์—??๊นŠ์ด ?Œ๋“ค?ด๊ฐ???ฐ๋ผ ?˜๋Š” ๋น„์ƒ?˜๊ฒŒ ๋ณต์žก??๊ธฐ๊ณ„๋ฅ?๋ฐœ๊ฒฌ?˜์?๊ณ? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ ์ตœ์ดˆ??์ง„์ •??๊ธฐ๊ณ„?ด์ž ?˜์ค‘??๋ชจ๋“  ๊ธฐ๊ณ„???ํ˜•?„์„ ?Œ๊ฒŒ ?˜์—ˆ??”
?ค๋ฅธ ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์? ?ด์งธ????๊ธฐ๊ณ„๋ฅ?๋ณด์? ๋ชปํ•˜?€?”๊?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๋ณด์ด์ง€ ?Š๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?ผ๊ณ  ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋งํ•œ?? ?œ๋ƒ?˜๋ฉด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?ธ๊ฐ„?ด๋ผ??๋ถ€?ˆ์œผ๋ก?๋งŒ๋“ค?ด์กŒ๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ BC 4์ฒœ๋…„๊ฒฝ์— ๋ฐœ์ƒ?˜์?๊ณ? ๊ทธ๋กœ ?ธํ•ด ๋ฌธํ™”???€??ฐœ???ด๋ฃจ?ด์กŒ?? ?ด์ง‘?ธ์? ๋ฉ”์†Œ?ฌํ?๋ฏธ์•„?์„œ ?ˆ๋กœ???„์‹œ?ค์ด ?•์น˜๊ถŒ๋ ฅ๊ณ?๊ธฐ์ˆ ???˜์„ ๊ฒฐํ•ฉ?œ์ผฐ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ???„์‹œ๋ฌธ๋ช…?€ ๊ธฐ๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ๋ถ€?ˆ๋“ค๋ก?๊ตฌ์„ฑ?˜์–ด ?ˆ๋“ฏ??๋ช‡๊?์ง€ ๊ธฐ๋ณธ??๊ตฌ์„ฑ?”์†Œ?ค์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ??ˆ์—ˆ?? ๊ท?๊ตฌ์„ฑ?”์†Œ?ค์? ? ์™•(็ฅž็Ž‹), ๊ณผํ•™???ฌ์ œ, ?œ๊ธฐ-๊ด€๋ฃ? ๊ตฐ๋?, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??ธ์—ญ?€(?žๅฝน???€??
?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ??๊ธฐ๊ณ„๋ฅ????Œ์•„๋ณด์? ๋ชปํ•˜???ฐ๋Š” ?๋‹ค๋ฅ??ด์œ ๊ฐ€ ?ˆ๋Š”?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ท?๊ธฐ๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ–๋Š” ?˜์ด ์ฃผ๋กœ ?˜๋‚˜???ˆ๋กœ???„์ด?”์–ด๋กœ๋????˜์˜ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค. ?˜๋Š˜????็ฅ? ???ด์ง‘?ธ์˜ ?œ์–‘?????ด๋ผ???ˆ๋กœ??์ข…๊ต๊ฐ€ ?ธ๊ฐ„???ฌ๊ณ ???๋ช…???ผ์œผ์ผฐ๋‹ค. ?น์‹œ???์‹œ?์ธ ?„๊ตฌ?ค๋กœ?จ๋Š” ?€ ?„์ฒญ??๊ธฐ๋…๋ฌผ๋“ค๊ณ?๊ธฐ์ˆ ???ฑ์ทจ๋ฅ??ค๋ช…???˜๊? ?†๋‹ค. ?ด์ง‘?ธ์ธ?ค์? ?„๋ฅด?˜๋„ ๊ธฐ์ค‘๊ธฐ๋„ ?˜๋ ˆ๋ฐ”ํ€ด๋„ ?†์ด ?ผ๋ผ๋ฏธ๋“œ๋ฅ??ธ์› ?? ๊ท?๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๋น„๋??€ ๋ฌด์—‡?ด์—ˆ?”๊?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ์ฃผ๋กœ ๊ฐ€๊ณตํ•  ๋งŒํ•œ ?ฌ๊ณ ???•์žฅ???ˆ์—ˆ๊ณ? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?˜์ฒœ?„๊ฐ„??๊ฑธ์ณ ์ง„ํ–‰?˜์–ด???ธ์–ด??๋ฐœ๋ช…??๋น„๊ฒฌ??๋งŒํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค??์ฃผ๋œ ?„๊ตฌ??๋งˆ์Œ??๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋‚ธ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค?ด์—ˆ?? ์ฆ? ?˜ํ•™???์ง•, ์ฒœ๋ฌธ?™์ž??๊ณ„์‚ฐ, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??˜๋ ต?œ๋???์กฑ์žฅ?์„œ ?œ์–‘? ์œผ๋ก??•์˜ ์ง€?„๋? ๋ณ€?”์‹œ???ฌ์ œ?ค์˜ ? ์„ฑ์งˆ์„œ ๊ฐœ๋… ?ฑ์ด ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???„๊ตฌ?€?? ?ˆ๋กœ???ˆ๋??์ธ ?˜๋Š˜??์งˆ์„œ??์ง€?์—?œ์˜ ?ˆ๋??์ธ ์งˆ์„œ๋ฅ??”๊ตฌ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ด์ œ ๋ถ€์กฑ์‹œ?€???ธ๊ฐ„?ผ๋กœ?œ๋Š” ๊ฟˆ๋„ ๊พธ์? ๋ชปํ–ˆ???„์ฒญ??๊ฑด์„ค ?„๋กœ?ํŠธ๋ฅ??„ํ•ด??๊ฑฐ๋????ธ์—ญ?€๊ฐ€ ์กฐ์ง?????ˆ์—ˆ?? ?•์˜ ? ํ•˜?ค์? ๋งˆ์น˜ ?ค๋Š˜???ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋กœ์ผ“, ?ˆ์ด?€, ๋งˆํ•˜-2 ?„ํˆฌ๊ธฐ์— ๊ฒฝํƒ„?˜๋“ฏ???•์˜ ?ผ๋ผ๋ฏธ๋“œ?€ ?€?ฌ์›??๊ฒฝํƒ„??๊ธˆ์น˜ ๋ชปํ–ˆ??๊ฒƒ์ด??

 

 

 

?„๋???๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ๊ณ„
์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€ ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?ค๋งŒ ๊ณ ๊ณ ?™์ž?ค์ด ?Œ๋†“?€ ? ์ ???ค์—ฌ?ค๋ณด?˜์„ ๋ฟ์ด?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ทธ์˜ ?ค์Œ ์ฐจ๋????ผ์ œ??์ข€??๊ท€??๊ฑฐ์Šฌ๋ฆ?๋งŒํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ์ฆ? ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ณ ๋???๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ ?œ๋????˜์‚ด?„๋‚ฌ?ค๊ณ  ?๊ฐ?œ๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๋ฌธ๋ช…??๊ฐ™์? ๊ตฌ์„ฑ?”์†Œ?ค๋กœ ?ด๋ฃจ?ด์ ธ ?ˆ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ? ์™•?€ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???„๋???์ง€?„์ž, ?€?ต๋ น ?๋Š” ?ˆํผ์ปดํ“จ?ฐ์ด๊ณ? ๋งˆ๋ฒ•?ฌ์? ?ˆ์–ธ?๋“ค?€ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ณผํ•™?์? ๊ธฐ์ˆ ?๋“ค?ด๋ฉฐ, ?ธ์—ญ?€???œ์ข…?์ธ ‘์กฐ์ง?ธ๊ฐ„’??๊ฑฐ๋Š๋ฆ??ฐ๋ฆฌ???ค๊ตญ?๊ธฐ?…์ด?? ๊ด€๋ฃŒ์กฐ์ง๊ณผ ๊ตฐ๋???๊ทธ๋•Œ???ค๋ฆ„?†์ด ์ง€๊ธˆ๋„ ?ต์‹ฌ?์ธ ??• ???˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?Œ๊ดด?์ด???์‚ฐ?์ด?? ๋ชฉํ‘œ๊ฐ€ ?„์Ÿ?ด๋“  ?‰ํ™”?ด๋“  ?๊??†์ด ??๋ณตํ•ฉ??์ฒด์ œ??๊ถŒ๋ ฅ???€??๊ณตํ†ต??? ์•™?์—???ด์•„๊ฐ„๋‹ค. ??์ฒด์ œ???€???˜์‹ฌ?œ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์? ? ๋“ค???€??๋ถˆ๊ฒฝ?ด๋ฉฐ, ?ด๋‹จ?ด๋‹ค.
??๊ธฐ๊ณ„???ˆ๋ฌด??๊ฑฐ๋???๊ฒƒ์ด?ด์„œ ?ฌ๊ธฐ???€??•œ?ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ๋งํ•  ๊ฒƒ๋„ ?†๊ณ , ?ด๊ฒƒ???Œ์•…?œ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ๋„ ?˜๋“  ?ผ์ด?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ทธ์•ผ๋ง๋กœ ๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ๊ณ„?ผ๋Š” ?ด๋ฆ„??๊ฐ’ํ•  ๋งŒํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ทœ๋ชจ ?์ฒด๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ???ค์ง ?€๊ทœ๋ชจ??๊ณผ์—…๋งŒ์„ ?˜ํ–‰?????ˆ์„ ๋ฟ์ด?ผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ?ปํ•˜?€?? ์ข€???‘์? ?ผ๋“ค???„ํ•ด?œ๋Š” ?์ฐจ๋ก??˜๋ฌด?€ ?‹์‡ ?€ ์ฒ ๋กœ ??๊ธฐ๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ๋ฐœ๋‹ฌ?˜์??? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋ฌธ๋ช…???ฅ๋ง?ฑ์‡  ?„์ฒด๋ฅ??ตํ•ด???๋ž˜???จํ„ด ??๊ธฐ์œจ, ?œ์??”๋œ ๋ถ€?ˆ๋“ค, ๋ช…๋ น์ฒด๊ณ„๋ฅ??ตํ•œ ?๊ฑฐ๋ฆ??ต์ œ ???€ ๊ตฐ๋??์—??๊ตณ๊ฒŒ ๋ณด์กด?˜์—ˆ??
๋ฌผ๋ก  ๋ฌธ๋ช…?€ ?„์ฒญ???ด์ต??๊ฐ€?ธ๋‹ค์ฃผ์—ˆ?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋ฌธ๋ช…?€ ?ํ•œ ?„์ฒญ???„ํ˜‘??์ดˆ๋ž˜?ˆ๋‹ค. ?„์‹œ???ค์ง ?Œ๊ดด?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด??๊ฑด์„ค?˜์—ˆ?? ๋ฌธ๋ช…?€ ๋ถ€?€ ?์œ ?€ ?”๋ ค?จ์„ ๊ฐ€?ธ์™”์ง€๋ง? ?™์‹œ??๋นˆ๊ณค๊ณ??ธ์˜ˆ?€ ์ถ”์•…?จ์„ ?์‚ฐ?ด๋‚ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?ดํ•˜?€ ?œ๋ฐฉ๊ณ?๊ณณ๊ฐ„???ธ์› ์ง€๋ง? ?ํ•œ ?„์ฐจ(?ฐ่ปŠ)?€ ๊ฑฐ๋???๋ณ‘์˜๊ณ??˜๋ฉ”๋ฅด์˜ ๋ฐฉ์ง„(?น้™ฃ)๊ณ?”?์˜ ๋ชธ๋šฑ?ด๋“ค??๊น”์•„๋ญ‰๊ฐœ??๊ฑธ์–ด๊ฐ€???ฑํฌ(๋ณด๋ณ‘?€)”๋ฅ?๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋‚ด?ˆ๋‹ค.

 

 

 

?ฌ์•™?ผ๋กœ??๊ธ?
๊ณ ๋??€ ?„๋???๊ธฐ๊ณ„?ค์ด ๊ท?๊ฐ€์น˜์ฒด๊ณ„์? ๊ตฌ์„ฑ?”์†Œ?€ ?์‚ฐ๋ฌผ์— ?ˆ์–ด??๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ๋Š” ?‰ํ–‰๊ด€๊ณ„๋? ?ˆ์—ฌ๊ฒจ๋ณผ ?„์š”๊ฐ€ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?‘์ชฝ??๊ณตํ†ต??์ฃผ๋œ ๊ฐ€์น˜๋Š” ๊ถŒ๋ ฅ?ด๋‹ค. ๋ถ€์กฑ์‹œ?€???ธ๊ฐ„?๊ฒŒ ๊ตฐ๋???’?ˆ๋???๋ฌด๊ธฐ’๋ก?๋ณด์??Œ์ด ?€๋ฆผ์—†?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ต์˜ ?•์‚ฐ๊ณ??จ๊ป˜ ?๋„ ๊ณ?๊ท??˜๋ฆ„??๊ตฐ๋?๋ฅ?๊ฐ–๊ฒŒ ?˜์—ˆ?? ์ง€๊ธˆ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์ด ๊ทธ๋•Œ?? ๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ๊ณ„???ˆ๋??์ธ ?๋„?€ ?ต์ œ๊ถŒ์„ ์ถ”๊ตฌ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ถ์ „??์ถœ์ž…๋ฌธ์— ?„์น˜??? ๊ฐœ?ฌ๋ฆฐ ?ฌ์ž?ค์? ๋กœ์ผ“???ค๋ฆฐ ?˜์†Œ??ƒ„๊ณ?๋งž๋จน??๊ฒƒ์ด๊ณ? ?ˆ์–ธ?์? ?„๋ น?ฌ์? ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ง€์ผœ๋ณด๊ณ??ˆ๋Š” ?œ์–‘? ์˜ ?ˆ์? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ธฐ์ˆ ๊ด€๋ฃŒ๋“ค??๊ฟˆ๊พธ???ˆํผ์ปดํ“จ?ฐ์? ๊ฐ™์? ๊ฒƒ์ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ๊ณ„???ํ•œ ?„์ฒญ????™?ฑ์„ ๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ์—ˆ?? ๋ณ€?”์? ?˜์„ ๊ฒฐํ•ฉ?œํ‚ค???ฅ๋ ฅ???ˆ์–ด???ผ๋ผ๋ฏธ๋“œ ?œ๋????ฐ๋ฆฌ ?œ๋????„์ ?œ๋‹ค. ?Œ๋ผ?ค๋งˆ???ˆ๋กœ???˜๋„๋ฅ?๊ฑด์„ค?˜์??? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ณต๊ณต๊ฑด์„ค ?„๋กœ?ํŠธ???‰์—ฌ ?๋„ˆ์ง€๋ฅ??ก์ˆ˜?˜๊ณ , ๊ฒฝ์ œ??๊ท ํ˜•??? ์??œํ‚ค๋ฉ? ?ˆ๋กœ??? ์•™???˜์„ ์ฆ๋ช…?˜์??? ?ค๋Š˜???„๋???๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ๊ณ„???ฐ์ฃผ ๋กœ์ผ“๊ณ?์ดˆ๊ณ ?๋„๋กœ์? ๋ฐฉ์‚ฌ???™์ง„ ?€๋น?์ฐธํ˜ธ?ผ๋Š” ์ง‘๋‹จ??๋ฌ˜์?๋ฅ?๊ฑด์„ค?จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ?์‹ ??? ์•™???ฉ๋ฒ•?”ํ•œ?? ?ด๋– ???ค๋ฅธ ? ์•™??๊ทธํ† ๋ก???™?์ด๋ฉ? ?˜๋งŽ?€ ?€?ˆ์  ?ถ์˜ ๋ฐฉ์‹???ต์••?ด์˜ค์ง€???Š์•˜?ค๊ณ  ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋งํ•œ??
๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ๊ณ„??๊ณ ๋?, ?„๋?๋ฅ?๋ง‰๋ก ?˜๊ณ  ๋น„์Šท??๊ตฌ์„ฑ?”์†Œ?ค๋กœ ?ด๋ฃจ?ด์ ธ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ์ฒซ์งธ, ๋ฐ˜์‹ (?Š็ฅž)?ผ๋กœ?œ์˜ ?•์ด ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ๊ณ„???Œ์ˆ˜๋ฅ?? ์„ฑ?”ํ•˜๊ณ? ?ค์ˆ˜๋ฅ??์ผ?์ธ ?€???ฃ์–ด ์กฐ์ง?ด์™”?? ๊ทธํ† ๋ก??ฐ๋ฆฌ??์ง€๋ฐฐ์ž?ค์? ? ์„ฑ??์กด์žฌ?ค์ด?ด์„œ ๊ทธ๋“ค??๊ฑฐ๋????ฌ์ง„?ค์ด ?ฑํ™”(?–็•ต)์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ?„์‹œ??๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ???ˆ๋‹Œ๊ณ??คํƒˆ๋ฆฐ์ฒ˜??๊ทธ๋“ค???œ์ฒด???€์ค‘์œผ๋กœ๋??ฐ์˜ ๊ฒฝ๋ฐฐ๋ฅ??„ํ•˜??๋ฐฉ๋?์ฒ˜๋ฆฌ?˜์–ด?”๋‹ค. ?Œ๋ผ?ค์˜ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ?€ ?ˆ๋ฌด???ก์‚ฌ???‰ํ–‰๊ด€๊ณ„๊? ?„๋‹Œ๊ฐ€.
?ฌ์ œ๋กœ์„œ??๊ณผํ•™?๋Š” ?ด๋–ค๊ฐ€? ?ด์ง‘?ธ์˜ ?ฌ์ œ?ค์? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ณผํ•™?๋“ค์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ?ถ์— ?€???ˆ๋กœ???˜ํ•™??๊ด€?์„ ?„์ž…?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ? ?„์ง ๊ตฌ์ƒ๋งŒ์ด?ˆ์?๋ง? ?œ์–‘?๋„ˆ์ง€๋ฅ?์ง€?์— ?€?ด๋†“???œ๋„๋ฅ??ˆ๋‹ค. ?ค๋Š˜???ฐ๋ฆฌ??’?ˆ๋กœ???ฌ์ œ???€ ‘?ฝํฌ?ฑํฌ’?ผ๊ณ  ?ด๋ฆ„๋ถ™์—ฌ์ง??ฐ๊ตฌ?ผํ„ฐ?ค๋กœ ?ผ์???๋ชฐ๋ ค๊ฐ„๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค???„์‹œ???ถ์˜ ?ก์? ?ผํ„ฐ?ค์„ ?Œํ”ผ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ๊ทธ๊ณณ???ค๋ฅธ ? ์•™, ?ค๋ฅธ ?ํ™œ?‘์‹??’?ผ๋??ค๋Ÿฝ๊ฒ??๊ธฐ?œ์ผœ’์ฃผ๊ธฐ ?Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋ผ๊ณ?๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋งํ•œ?? ๊ทธ๋“ค???ด์ƒ?์ธ ๊ฑฐ์ฒ˜??๋กœ์Šค ?Œ๋ผ๋ชจ์Šค?€ ๊ฐ™์? ?ฌ๋ง‰?ด๋‹ค.
๋งˆ์?๋ง‰์œผ๋ก? ๊ณ ๋??€ ?„๋???๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ๊ณ„??๊ณตํ†ต?ฑ์? ๊ท??์‚ฐ๋ฌผ์ด?? ๊ณ ๋??ธ๊ณ„???ฐ๋ฆฌ?€ ๋งˆ์ฐฌ๊ฐ€์ง€๋ก??์‹ ??๊ฐํƒ„?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ฐ–๊ณ  ?ˆ์—ˆ?? ๊ณ ๋??ธ๋“ค???คํ•‘?ฌ์Šค??๋กœ๋„?ค์˜ ๊ฑฐ์ƒ(ๅทจๅƒ)??์ฐฌํƒ„?˜์???ด ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??์ฝฉ์ฝ”??๋น„ํ–‰๊ธฐ์? ๋งจํ•ด?ผ์˜ ?ค์นด?ด๋ผ?ธ์„ ์ฐฌํƒ„??๋งˆ์??Š๋Š”?? ์ฒด์ œ??์ถฉ์‹ค??? ๋??ค์? ๋ง๊ณผ ?‰๋™?ผ๋กœ ?•๊ตญ๊ณ?๊ถŒ๋ ฅ, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??ต๊ณผ ?„์ž(?ปๅญ)??? ๋“ค???๊ด‘??์ฆ์–ธ?œ๋‹ค. ?ด๋Ÿฌ??? ์•™??๊ฐ€?ธ๋‹ค์ฃผ๋Š” ๊ธฐ์ ?€ ์ง„์ •??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ค๋งŒ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ???ด์„ธ?ฐ๋Š” ์ฃผ์žฅ??๊ฐ€์งœ์ผ ๋ฟ์ด?? ๊ณ ๋???๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ๊ณ„??์ฃผ๋œ ?ฐ๋ฌผ?€ ์ง€๋ฐฐ์ž๋ฅ??„ํ•œ ๊ฑฐ๋???๋ฌด๋ค๊ณ??ค์ˆ˜?€์ค‘์„ ?„ํ•œ ?Œ๊ดด???„์‹œ?ค์ด?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ท??Œ๊ดด?์ธ ?˜์— ?€????ฐฐ๋ฅ?๊ณ„์†?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌผ๋ก  ๊ณผํ•™???œ๋????ด์ต??๊ฐ€?ธ๋‹ค์ฃผ์—ˆ?? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???œ์•ผ๋ฅ??“ํ?์ฃผ์—ˆ๊ณ? ?ฌ์??ด๋Š” ๋ฌผ์งˆ๊ณ??๋ช…๊ฐ„์˜ ๊ฐ„๊ทน??์ขํ?์ฃผ๊ธฐ???ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??์ง€?œ์— ?˜ํ•ด ?ต์ œ๋ฐ›์? ?Š๋Š”?ค๋ฉด, ๊ธฐ๊ณ„๋ก ์  ์ง€?์? ?ธ๊ฐ„???œ๊ฑฐ?˜๊ณ  ๊ท??๋ฆฌ??์ปดํ“จ?ฐ์˜ ‘?œ์ˆ˜’ ์ง€???๋Š” ๋ฐฉ์‚ฌ??๋จผ์?๋ฅ??ค์–ด?‰ํ? ?“์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ผ๋ผ๋ฏธ๋“œ ?œ๋????œํญ??๋ฏผ์ค‘๋ด‰๊ธฐ ๊ฐ€?ด๋ฐ ๋ถ•๊ดด?˜์—ˆ?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???ต์‹œ?€??๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ผ์ด ?ผ์–ด?˜๊ธฐ ?„์— ?ต๋ถ„?ด๋กœ ?Œ๊ดด? ์? ๋ชจ๋ฅธ?? ?ˆ๋ฌด??๋งŽ์? ๊ธฐ์ˆ ??์ง€?์œผ๋ก??ฐ๋ฆฌ??์ง€?œ๋? ?ƒ์–ด๋ฒ„๋ ธ?? ๋ฏธ์นœ ๋ชฉ์ ???„ํ•ด ๊ณผํ•™???˜๋‹จ???ฌ์šฉ?˜๋ฉด?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๋น„์ด?ฑ์ ???ฉ๋ฆฌ?ฑ์†?์„œ ๋น„ํ?๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ?????ฌ์ œ?ค์??Š๋ชจ๋น??•ใ€‹์˜ ?์ด?ˆ๋ธŒ ? ์žฅ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ?ด๋ ‡๊ฒ?๋งํ• ์ง€ ๋ชจ๋ฅธ?? “?˜์˜ ?˜๋‹จ๊ณ?๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•?€ ๊ฑด์ „?˜๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???˜๋Š” ๋ฏธ์นœ ๋ชฉ์ ??๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค.”

 

 

๊ณต์˜ˆ๊ธฐ์ˆ ๊ณ?๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ์ˆ 
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๋งž์„œ ‘๊ณต์˜ˆ๊ธฐ์ˆ ’???ด์„ธ?ด๋‹ค. ๊ณต์˜ˆ๊ธฐ์ˆ ?€ ?ค์–‘?ฑ์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ??ˆ์œผ๋ฉ? ๊ท??ค์–‘?ฑ์ด ?ˆ์ •?ฑ์„ ๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋‚ธ?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ?จ์ž‘(??ฝœ)???ํ•ด๋ฅ?๋ง‰๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด??? ์ „???ค์–‘?ฑ์„ ๋ณดํ˜ธ?ด์•ผ ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜???ฐ๋ฆฌ???ํ•œ ?จ์ผ๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๋งž์„œ??๊ธฐ์ˆ ???ค์–‘?ฑ์„ ๋ณดํ˜ธ?˜์? ?Š์œผ๋ฉ??ˆ๋œ?? ๊ณต์˜ˆ??๊ธฐ์ˆ ?€ ๋ฏผ์ฃผ?์ด๊ณ? ?ฌ๋Ÿฌ ?ฌ๋žŒ???์œผ๋ก?๊ณ ๋ฃจ ?ฉ์–ด???ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ธฐ์ˆ ?€ ?์ฐจ๊ฐ€ ?์ž๋กœ์— ๋น„ํ•ด???ฅ์ ??๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ??ˆ๋“ฏ??์ง‘์ค‘?”๋œ ๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๋น„ํ•ด ?ฅ์ ??๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ??ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฐ”๋กœ ?ด๋Ÿฐ ?ด์œ  ?Œ๋ฌธ??๊ต?????์‹ ??๊ถŒ๋ ฅ??๊ฐ•ํ™”?œ์ผœ์ฃผ๋Š” ๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ์ˆ ??? ํ˜ธ?œ๋‹ค. ?์ž๋กœ๋Š” ?์ž?„์— ? ๋ž˜?˜๊ณ , ?๋ณด ?œํŠธ๊ธฐ๋Š” ๊ต?ฐฉ?ฑ์˜ C-5A ?”๋ฌผ??๋น„ํ–‰๊ธฐ๋กœ๋ถ€???˜์™”?ผ๋ฉฐ, ์ค‘๊ตญ??๋งŒ๋ฆฌ?ฅ์„ฑ ?ดํ›„ ์ตœ๋???๊ณต๊ณต๊ฑด์„ค ?„๋กœ?ํŠธ??๋ฏธ๊ตญ??์ฃผ๊ฐ„(ๅทž้–“) ๊ณ ์†?„๋กœ ์ฒด๊ณ„??๊ตฐ์‚ฌ???„์š”??๊ฒฐ๋??˜์–ด ?ˆ๋‹ค.
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ์ˆ ?€ ?˜์„ ์กฐ์ฐจ???„๋‘๋ฅ??ด๊ธฐ ?ด๋ ค??๋งŒํผ ๋ณต์žก?ด์กŒ?? ?œ์„ธ๊ธ??„์— ?Œ๋ฆฌ??๋ชจ๋ฆฌ?ค๋Š” ๊ฐˆํ€??˜๋‚˜๋ฅ??˜์„ ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•˜???ธ์  ๊ฐ€???ฐ๋ฆฌ?๊ฒŒ ??์กฐ์ง???„์š”??๊ฒƒ์ด?ผ๊ณ  ?ˆ์–ธ?˜์??? ๊ทธ๋‚ ???ด๋? ?ฌ๊ธฐ ?น๋„???ˆ๋‹ค๊ณ?๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋งํ•œ?? ๊ณต์˜ˆ๊ธฐ์ˆ ?€ ?ํ•œ ๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ์ˆ ๋ณด๋‹ค??์ฐฝ์˜?ฅ๊ณผ ๊ฐœ์„ ???„ํ•œ ๊ณต๊ฐ„????๋งŽ์ด ๊ฐ–๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜???˜ํ•ด??๋ฐ€?ค๋‚˜๊ธ??„๊นŒ์ง€ ๊ณต์˜ˆ??17?ธ๊ธฐ?์„œ 18?ธ๊ธฐ ?™์•ˆ 90๊ฐ€์ง€?์„œ 250๊ฐ€์ง€๋ก??ฑ์žฅ?˜์??? ?ธ๋ จ??๊ธฐ์ˆ ?€ ๊ณต์˜ˆ?€ ๊ฐ€?ด๊ณต?…์„ ?„ํ•œ ?๋???? ์žฌ?ฅ์„ ๋ณด์—ฌ์ค€?? ?‘์? ?„๊ธฐ๋ชจํ„ฐ?€ ๋ฐœ์ „๊ธฐ๋Š” ?์œผ๋ก??ผํ•˜???ฌ๋žŒ?๊ฒŒ ?ˆ๋กœ???˜์„ ์ค€?? ?ฐ๋ฃŒ๋ฅ??ฌ์šฉ?˜๋Š” ๊ณต์žฅ?ด๋‚˜ ? ๋ฐ˜๊ณ?๊ฐ™์? ?•๋?๊ธฐ๊ณ„๋ฅ?๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ?๊ณต์˜ˆ๊ฐ€???Œ๊ทœ๋ชจ์˜ ?ผ์— ?™๋ ฅ?ผ๋กœ ?€์ง์ด???„๊ตฌ๋ฅ??ฌ์šฉ?˜๊ธฐ ?œ์ž‘?˜์?๊ณ? ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?ค๋Š˜๊นŒ์? ๊ณ„์†?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?ธ๋žœ์ง€?คํ„ฐ ?ผ๋””?ค๊? 1968?„์— ์ฒด์ฝ”?ธ๋“ค?๊ฒŒ ?ด๋–ป๊ฒ??•๋ณด๋ฅ??„๋‹ฌ?ˆ์œผ๋ฉ? ?์ „๊ฑฐ๊? ๋ฒ ํŠธ?จ์˜ ๊ฒŒ๋ฆด?ผ์—๊ฒ?B-52๋ฅ?๋ฌผ๋ฆฌ์น˜๋„๋ก??ด๋–ป๊ฒ??„์????˜์—ˆ?˜๊?๋ฅ?์ฃผ๋ชฉ?œ๋‹ค.
?˜์•„๊ฐ€?? ๊ณต์˜ˆ๊ธฐ์ˆ ?€ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๋งˆ์Œ๊ณ??์„ ์ถฉ๋ถ„???œ์šฉ?œ๋‹ค. ์ง„์ •???ผ์? ?ˆ์ˆ ???˜์??ผ๋กœ ?‘๊ทผ?ด์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค๊ณ?๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋งํ•œ?? “๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๋ชฉ์ ?€ ?ธ๋™???ˆ์•ฝ???„๋‹ˆ???ธ๋™???€???ฌ๋ž‘???ˆ๋‹ค.” 19?ธ๊ธฐ???ฌํ–‰๊ฐ€ ?ผํŒŒ???ŒํŽ ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ?ธ์  ๊ฐ€ ?˜์‚ฌ๋ฅ??œ๋ฒˆ??๋ณ??์ด ?†๋Š” ?ผ๋ณธ??๊ธˆ์† ?ธ๋™?๋? ๋งŒ๋‚ฌ?? ? ๋กœ ๋งŒ๋“  ?˜์‚ฌ๋ฅ??œ๋ฒˆ ๋ณด๊ณ  ??๊ท??ดํŠฟ??๊ท??ธ๋™?๋Š” ?ด๊ฐœ๊ฐ€ ?˜๋Š” ?ˆ์ˆ ?ˆ๊ณผ ?ค๋ฆ„?†๋Š” ?˜์‚ฌ๋ฅ?๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ??”๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Š” ?ฌ์????ŒํŽ ๋ฆฌ๊? ์ง€?ˆ๊ณ  ?ˆ๋˜ ์ฝœํŠธ ๊ถŒ์ด??๋ณต์ œ?˜์—ฌ ?Œ๋??˜๊ฒŒ ?‘๋™??๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ????๋งต์‹œ?ˆ๋Š” ์ด์„ ๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋‚ด?ˆ๋‹ค.
?ˆ์ˆ  ๊ท??์ฒด???˜๋??ˆ๋Š” ?ผ์„ ๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜?ผ๋กœ ?œ๋‹ค. ?ˆ์ „?๋Š” ๋ฏผ์ค‘???ผ๊ณผ ?ธ๋ž˜๊ฐ€ ๊ณ ์ „?Œ์•…??์ฐฝ์กฐ??๊ธฐ์—ฌ?˜์??? ?ˆ๋ฒ ๋ฅดํŠธ??๊ทธ์˜ E-?Œ๋žซ ?ฅ์กฐ ?ผ์ƒ๊ณก์—??๋ง๋š??๋ฐ•๋Š” ?ผ๊พผ?ค์˜ ?ธ๋ž˜๋ฅ??ด์šฉ?˜์??? ๊ตํ–ฅ?…๊ณผ ?คํŽ˜?ผ๊? 18?ธ๊ธฐ ?„๋ฐ˜?์„œ 19?ธ๊ธฐ ?™์•ˆ ?ˆ์ •???ค๋‹ค๋ฅ??ด์œ ??๋ฌด์—‡?ผ๊นŒ? ?„๋งˆ??๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ท?๋ฌด๋ ต๊นŒ์? ๋ฏผ์ค‘???Œ์•…??๊ธฐ๋???๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ฐ€?ฅํ•˜?€๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ค๋Š˜???„๋ฆ„?ค์šด ์กฐํ™”???Œ๋ฆฌ??๋ถˆํ˜‘?”์Œ?ผ๋กœ ๋ณ€?˜๊ณ , ?ธ๊ฐ„??๋ฆฌ๋“ฌ?€ ๊ธฐ๊ณ„?”๋œ ?ผ๋ˆ???€์ฒด๋˜?ˆ๋‹ค.
?”์•ฝ?˜๋ฉด, ๊ณต์˜ˆ๊ธฐ์ˆ ?€ ?ฑ์žฅ๋ณด๋‹ค??๊ท ํ˜•?? ๊ถŒ๋ ฅ๋ณด๋‹ค???๋ช…?? ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??๋ช…๋ณด๋‹ค??๊ฐฑ์ƒ???ฐ์œ„???”๋‹ค. ๊ณต์˜ˆ๊ธฐ์ˆ ???ด์žฌ???œ๊ณ„, ๊ท ํ˜•, ?ค์–‘?ฑ์— ?€???˜์‹?€ ?ธ๊ณต?์ธ ?ธ๊ณ„๋ฅ?๊ฑด์„ค?˜๋ ค??๊ด‘์ ??๊ธฐ๋„๋กœ๋????ฐ๋ฆฌ?ค์„ ๋ณดํ˜ธ?œ๋‹ค.?Š์˜ˆ? ์ด?€ ๋ฌด์—‡?ธ๊???‹์—???จ์Šค? ์ด?? ๊ฐ„๋‹จ??์ฐฝ์„ ?ฌ๋Š” ?€? ์—, ?์‹ ???„ํŒŒ?ธ๋? ๋นˆํ‹ˆ?†์ด ๋ฐ€๋ด‰ํ•ด๋ฒ„๋ฆฌ๊ณ? ๊ณต๊ธฐ๋ฅ?๋ชจ์กฐ๋ฆ?๋ฐ–์œผ๋ก?๋นผ๋‚ธ ?ค์Œ???ค์‹œ๊ธ???๋น„์‹ผ ?ฅ์น˜๋ฅ??จ์„œ ๊ณต๊ธฐ๋ฅ??„๋กœ ๋ฐฉ์•ˆ?ผ๋กœ ?ก์ž…?ด๋“ค?ด๋Š” ?ด๋–ค ?ฌ๋žŒ??๊ด€???ด์•ผ๊ธฐ๋? ?ค๋ ค์ฃผ๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?๋ช…???ด์„ค?„๊ฒŒ ?๋Š” ์น˜๋ช…?์œผ๋ก?๋ชจ๋ฐฉ?˜๋Š” ๋ฌผ๊ฑด??๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋‚ด๊ธฐ์— ?ฌ๋…???†๋Š” ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??์ง€๊ธ??‘๊ฐ™?€ ์ง“์„ ?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค.

 

 

? ๊ธฐ?์ธ ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ๊ธฐ๊ณ„?์ธ ๊ฒ?
๊ณต์˜ˆ๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๊ด€??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ์˜ ๊ธ??ผ์˜???€?˜์—ฌ ?˜๋Š” ?ค๋งŒ ๊ฐ€๋ณ๊ฒŒ ?ธ๊ธ‰?????ˆ์„ ๋ฟ์ด?? ๊ฒฐ๋ก ?์œผ๋ก? ๊ท??ผ์˜??๊ฐ•์ ๊ณ??ฝ์ ?€ ๋ฌด์—‡?ธ๊?. ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ธฐ์ˆ ???˜์šฉ?˜์???๊ฑฐ๋??˜์????Š๋Š”?? ๊ทธ์—๊ฒŒ๋Š” ?ด๋ฐ˜ ?ผ๋ฆฌ์น˜๊? ๊ฐ–๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ฐ•๋ ฅ??๊ฐ„๊ฒฐ?ฑ์? ๊ฒฐ์—ฌ?˜์–ด ?ˆ์?๋ง? ๋ณด๋‹ค ???“์ด?€ ๊นŠ์ด๊ฐ€ ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฐœ์ธ???˜์„ ?ฝํ™”?œํ‚ค?ค๋Š” ๊ด€๋ฃŒ์  ๊ฐ•์ œ??๋งž์„œ??๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ถŒ์œ„์ฃผ์˜??๊ธฐ์ˆ ??? ํ™”??๋ฟŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฅ?๊ฐ•์กฐ?˜๊ณ , ?™์‹œ???๋™์ฐจ์— ๋ฐ˜๋??˜์—ฌ ?์ „๊ฑฐ๋? ?๋Š” ?€?™์— ๋ฐ˜๋??˜์—ฌ ?…์Šต??๊ถŒ์žฅ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ??๊ท??‘์ž???์ ˆ??์กฐํ™”๋ฅ?๊ฐ•์กฐ?œ๋‹ค.
E.F. ?ˆ๋งˆ?ˆ์????ฌ๋ฆฌ ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ณ ๋??€ ?„๋???์ค‘๊ฐ„?์ธ ?ˆ๋กœ??๊ธฐ์ˆ ???ฌ๊ฒŒ ๊ฐ•์กฐ?˜์? ?Š๋Š”?? ?ํ•œ ?จ์ˆœ?˜๊ณ  ?ธ๊ณ  ?˜์„ ๊ฐ€?ฅํ•œ ?„๊ตฌ???€???ฐ๋ฆฌ???„์‚ฌ?์ธ ?•๊ตฌ???€?ด์„œ??๊ทธ๋Š” ๋ช…ํ™•?˜๊ฒŒ ๋งํ•˜์ง€ ?Š๋Š”?? ๊ท??€??๊ทธ๋Š” ? ๊ธฐ?์ธ ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ๊ธฐ๊ณ„?์ธ ๊ฒ??ฌ์ด???„๋ฉด?์ธ ์ถฉ๋Œ??๊ฐ•์กฐ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๊ท ํ˜•???ˆ๋จธ ๊ทธ๋Š” ?•์‹ ??๊ท ํ˜• ??๊ทธ๊ฒƒ๋งŒ์ด ?œ์˜?์ ˆ?˜๊ณ  ?์†?์ธ ๋ณ€?”๋? ๊ฐ€?ธ๋‹ค์ค????ˆ๋‹ค ????์ฐพ๋Š”?? ๊ทธ์˜ ๊ฐ•์ ?€ ๊ทธ์˜ ?“์ด?€ ๊ท ํ˜•๊ฐ๊ฐ?ด๋‹ค. ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ์˜ ?‰์ƒ??๊ฑธ์นœ ?ฐ๊ตฌ๋งŒ์ด ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๋ฐฐํ›„???ˆ๋Š” ๊ด‘๊ธฐ๋ฅ??œ๋Ÿฌ?????ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ๊ณ„???˜์? ?จ์ˆœ???ด์œค์ถ”๊ตฌ(๋งˆ๋ฅด์ฟ ์ œ)???จ์œจ???˜๋ฃฐ) ?๋Š” ๊ถŒ๋ ฅ??์ง‘์ค‘(?ผ๋ฆฌ์น??ผ๋กœ๋ถ€?ฐ๋งŒ ?˜์˜ค??๊ฒƒ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ?? ๊ฐ€?? ??๋กœ์ผ“???˜์•„?ฌ๋ฆฌ??๊ด‘๊ธฐ??์ข…๊ต??๊ทผ์ ‘?˜๋Š” ? ์•™?ฌ์—???˜์˜ค??๊ฒƒ์ด??
?๋ช…??? ํƒ?˜๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด???ฐ๋ฆฌ?๊ฒŒ??๋ฐ???? ์•™ ??์ฆ? ?ถ์ด ? ํ† ?ผ์•„???ฐ์„ ?œ๋‹ค???ฌ์‹ค??๋ฏฟ๋Š” ?????„์š”?˜๋‹ค. ?ˆํ??ฌ๊? ?์„ธ????๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๊? ?์œ ์ฃผ์˜???™๋ฃŒ?ค์—๊ฒ?๊ฒฝ๊ณ ?ˆ๋“ฏ?? ?ด์„ฑ???คํŒจ???Œ๋Š” ๊ฐ•์ œ?ฅ๊ณผ ?€์ด์ด?ผ๋Š” ๊ธ‰์ง„?์ธ ์น˜์œ ์ฑ…์ด ?„์š”?˜๋‹ค. ๊ทน๋‹จ?์ธ ?ํ™ฉ?์„œ ?๋ช…???€??๋ฏฟ์Œ?€ ??1944???ดํƒœ๋ฆ??„์„ ?์„œ ?„์‚ฌ??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ์˜ ?„๋“ค ๊ฒŒ๋ฐ?ค์˜ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ?€ ๊ฐ™์? ???๋ฐœ?์ธ ?ฌ์ƒ???”๊ตฌ? ์? ๋ชจ๋ฅธ??
?๋ช…???€???ด๋Ÿฌ??๋ฏฟ์Œ?€ ? ๊ธฐ??๊ท ํ˜•?ด๋ผ??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ์˜ ์ข€???“์? ์ฒ ํ•™??๊ฒฌํ•ด???ตํ•ฉ?˜์–ด ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ธฐ๊ณ„๋ก ์  ๊ณผํ•™?์—????๊ท ํ˜•??์ฆ๋ช…?????ˆ์œผ๋ฆฌ๋ผ๊ณ?๊ธฐ๋??˜์? ?Š๋Š”?? ?ค๋Š˜??’๊ณผํ•™?? ?ํƒœ๋ก ์ž?ค์? ‘๊ณผํ•™?? ๋ง‘์Šค์ฃผ์˜?๋“ค์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ?์—ฐ??๊ท ํ˜•?ด๋ผ??๊ฐœ๋…??์ฒ ์???๊ฑฐ๋??œ๋‹ค.
?๋ช…??๊ท ํ˜•??? ์??œ์ผœ์ฃผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์? ?ต๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ?„๋‹ˆ???ˆ์ •?ฑ์ด?? ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ธฐ์ˆ ?ธ๊ฐ„??๋ฌด๊ฐ๊ฐํ•œ ??™?ฑ๊ณผ ?„์ „???€์กฐ๋˜???ธ๊ณ„?ด๋‹ค.

 

 

 

? ๊ธฐ??๊ท ํ˜•
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?ฌ๊ด„?์ธ ๊ท ํ˜•์ฒ ํ•™??๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ??ˆ๋Š” ?์—??๊ธฐ์ˆ ๋ฌธํ™”?€ ๋ฐ˜๋ฌธ???ด๋Š ์ชฝ๊ณผ??๊ตฌ๋ณ„?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ์˜ ?ฌ๊ณ ??๊ธฐ๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ?„๋‹ˆ???๋ช…???ธ๊ฐ„๋ฌธํ™”??์ค‘์‹ฌ?ผ๋กœ ?ผ๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?›๋‚ ??์ข…๊ต?€ ์ฒ ํ•™?€ ๊ท ํ˜•???€?ด์„œ ๊ฐ€๋ฅด์ณค?? ์ค‘์šฉ?ด๋ผ? ์?, ์ง€?˜์น˜๋ฉ??„๋ฌด๊ฒƒ๋„ ?„๋‹ˆ?ผ๋Š” ?๊ฐ, ?๋Š” ๊ฑด๊ฐ•???•์‹ ?€ ๊ฑด๊ฐ•??๋ชธ์— ?ˆ๋‹ค?ผ๋Š” ๋ง๋“ค?์„œ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ???ฟ๋ณผ ???ˆ๋‹ค. ?„๋????ธ๊ฐ„?€ ๊ท??€? ์— ?ฑ์žฅ, ์ง„๋ณด, ?˜์„ ๋ฏฟ๋Š”?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???„๋ฆฌ?คํ† ?”๋ ˆ?ค์˜ ์ค‘์šฉ???๋ฆฌ??๋ชจ๋“  ?๋ช…???€?˜์—ฌ ์ง„๋ฆฌ?ด๋‹ค. ?๋ช…?€ ?ฑ์žฅ??๋ฉˆ์ถ”?ด์•ผ ???Œ๋?, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ?(๊ฐœ๋ณ„ ์กด์žฌ?ค์˜ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ) ?ด๊ธฐ๋ฅ?๋ฉˆ์ถ”?ด์•ผ ???Œ๋? ?Œ๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค.
?”ํ„ฐ ์บ๋„Œ??๊ทธ์˜ ?ธ๋ฉ”?ค์Šค?€?œ์Šค(?’ๅธธ?? ๊ฐœ๋…?์„œ ๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ์—ˆ??ด, ?œ๋™?ฑ์? ?ˆ์ •?ฑ๊ณผ ๊ท ํ˜•??๋งž์•„???œ๋‹ค. ? ์ฒด???๋™??๊ท ํ˜•??? ์??˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๊ณ , ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ?˜๋Ÿ‰?์œผ๋ก??Œ์•…?????ˆ๋Š” ?‘์šฉ???„๋‹ˆ?? “๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?์ ˆ??์ธก๋Ÿ‰๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ??์งˆ์ ?ผ๋กœ ?ค๋ฅธ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค???์ ˆ??์กฐํ™”?€ ?์ ˆ??์กฐ์ง?”์˜ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ”?ผ๊ณ  ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋งํ•œ?? ?ˆ์ •๊ณ??œ๋™?€ ?ํ˜ธ๋ถ€?‘์˜ ๊ด€๊ณ„์— ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?๋ฆฌ๊ธฐ๋Šฅ???ธ๋ฉ”?ค์Šค?€?œ์Šค???์œ ๋ฅ?๋ถ๋‹?ฐ๋ฉฐ, ???์œ ?์—??๋งˆ์Œ๊ณ??˜์˜๊ท??จๆ„็ญ??๊ฒŒ ?จ๊ฐ– ‘?‰์—ฌ’ ?œ๋™, ?ˆ์ปจ?€ ?ˆ์ˆ ?ด๋‚˜ ? ํฌ?€ ๊ฐ™์? ?œ๋™???ˆ์šฉ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด??
๋ฏธ๋ž˜???ํ•œ ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ?€ ๊ท ํ˜•???ด๋ฃจ?ด์•ผ ?˜๋ฉฐ, ์ง„ํ™”???˜ํ•œ ๋ณ€?”๋„ ?ํƒœ???ฐ์†?ฑ๊ณผ ๊ท ํ˜•???ด๋ฃจ?ด์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค. ?ค์Šค๋ก?๋ฏธ๋ž˜??๋ฌผ๊ฒฐ?ด๋ผ๊ณ??๊ฐ?˜๋Š” ‘?„์žฌ ์ค‘์‹ฌ???ธ๋?’??๊ณผ๊ฑฐ๋ฅ??์‹ค?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ??๋ฏธ๋ž˜๋ฅ??์‹ค?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???ธ๋???๊ธฐ์ˆ ๊ด€๋ฃŒ๋“ค์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ??๊ณ ๋? ?”๋ฆฌ??๊ฒฝ์ „?์„œ ‘?ด์‚ด์งœ๋ฆฌ ?ธ๊ฐ„’?ด๋ผ๊ณ?๋ถ€๋ฅ????„ํ†ต??์ง€?œ๋? ๋ฌด์‹œ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??์ง„ํ™”???ฌ๋žŒ??๊ธฐ์–ต๊ณ?๊ฐ??ธํฌ??? ์ „?์†?์„œ ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ๋ฅ?์ถฉ์‹ค??๋ณด์กด?˜๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋งŒ์•ฝ ‘์ฃฝ์? ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ’๋ฅ?๋งค์žฅ?œ๋‹ค๋ฉ??ฐ๋ฆฌ???๋ช…??๋งค์žฅ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?”์ด??๊ณผ๊ฑฐ๋ฅ??Œํ™”?˜์—ฌ ์ดˆ์›”?????†๋Š” ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๊ณผ๊ฑฐ๋ฅ??ต์••?˜๊ณ , ๊ท?๊ฒฐ๊ณผ ์ง€๊ธ??ฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ?์—ฐ??? ๋ฆฐ?˜๊ณ , ๊ฐ€?œํ•œ ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์„ ์ฐฉ์ทจ?˜๋ฉด??๊ณ ๋?๋ฌธ๋ช…???์ฒ˜๋ฅ??˜ํ??ดํ•˜๊ณ??ˆ๋“ฏ?? ?ฐ๋ฆฌ??๋ถ€์ง€์ค‘์— ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ๋ฅ??˜ํ??ดํ•˜๊ธฐ๋งŒ ??๋ฟ์ธ ?ด๋ช…??์ฒ˜ํ•˜๊ฒ??œ๋‹ค.
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋งŽ์? ?˜๊ฒฝ?„๋ฌธ๊ฐ€?ค์ด ?€๋ฐ€??๊ฐ–๊ณ  ?ˆ๋Š” ๊ณผํ•™์ฃผ์˜๋ฅ??˜์–ด๊ฐ„๋‹ค. ?ˆ๋? ?ค์–ด, ๋ฒ ๋ฆฌ ์ปค๋จธ?ˆ์˜ ?์ฝœ๋กœ์? 3?์น™??๋ณด์ž. ์ฒ????์น™?€ ์ปค๋จธ?ˆ์˜ ์ฃผ๋œ ๊ด€?ฌ์‚ฌ???ค์—ผ๋ฌธ์ œ??๊ด€๊ณ„๋œ ๊ฒƒ์ด?? ์ฆ? ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์? ?ํ˜ธ?ฐ๊ฒฐ?˜์–ด ?ˆ์œผ๋ฉ? ??๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์? ?ด๋”˜๊ฐ€๋ก?๋ณด๋‚ด?ธ์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค???์น™?ด๋‹ค. ?ธ๋ฒˆ์ง? “?์—ฐ??๊ฐ€?????Œ๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค”?ผ๋Š” ?์น™?€ ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ์˜ ์ฃผ๋œ ?ผ์ ??๊ฐ€??๊ทผ์ ‘??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?œ๊ฑธ?????˜์•„๊ฐ€?? “?์—ฐ?€ ๊ท ํ˜•???Œ๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค”?ผ๊ณ  ๋งํ•œ?? ?ด๊ฒƒ?€ ?ค์—ผ๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ???ธ๊ตฌ?๋„ ?œํ•œ??๊ฐ€?ด์ ธ???œ๋‹ค??๊ฒƒ์„ ?˜๋??œ๋‹ค. ?ํ•œ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ณผํ•™๊ณ??ธ๋ฌธ?? ์ง€?๊ณผ ๊ฐ€์น? ?ผ๋ฆฌ?€ ? ๋… ?ฌ์ด??๊ท ํ˜•???˜๋??˜๊ธฐ???œ๋‹ค. ๊ธฐ์ˆ ???ด์„ฑ???ฌํšŒ์ฃผ์˜?๋ช…???๋ช…??๊ตฌ์ œ?˜๊ธฐ?๋Š” ์ถฉ๋ถ„์น??Š๋‹ค. ?ถ์? ์งˆ์ ??๊ฒ? ?ด์  ์ถฉ๋™, ์ฐฝ์กฐ??๋ชฉํ‘œ๋ฅ??Œ๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ?˜๋‹จ???˜์–ด ๋ชฉ์ ???Œ๊ณ  ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฐ€์น˜์? ? ๋…?€ ?ธ๊ฐ„???ถ์— ?ฌ์‹ค๊ณ??ผ๋ฆฌ๋งŒํผ ?ต์‹ฌ?์ด??
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋ฌด์—‡๋ณด๋‹ค??๊ธฐ๊ณ„๋ก ์  ?ฌ์œ ๋ฅ??ํƒœ???ฌ์œ ๋ก??€์ฒดํ•˜?ค๊ณ  ?˜์??? ๊ทธ๋Š” ?‘์  ?ฑ์žฅ ?€? ์— ์งˆ์  ?ฑ์žฅ?? ๊ถŒ๋ ฅ ?€? ์— ?๋ช…??์ถฉ๋งŒ?จ์„ ์ฐพ๋Š”?? ๊ทธ๋Š” ?์š”??๋ฐ˜๋?๊ฐœ๋…?ผ๋กœ ๋นˆ๊ณค???„๋‹ˆ??? ๊ธฐ???๋??ฑ์„ ?ด์„ธ?ด๋‹ค. ?๋ช…?๋Š” ?ฑ์žฅ๊ณ??œํ•œ, ์ง„ํ™”?€ ?ˆ์ •??๋ชจ๋‘ ?„์š”?˜๋‹ค. ? ๊ธฐ???ฑ์žฅ?์„œ??์กฐ์ ˆ๊ณ?๊ท ํ˜•???ด๋ฃจ?ด์ง„?? “๊ท ํ˜•, ?„์ฒด?? ?„์ „?? ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??ด์ ??๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ?ธ์ ??๊ฒ? ์ฃผ๊??์ธ ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ๊ฐ๊??์ธ ๊ฒ??ฌ์ด??๊ณ„์†?์ธ ?ํ˜ธ?‘์šฉ?€ ? ๊ธฐ??๋ชจ๋ธ??๊ฐ–๋Š” ?น์ง•?ด๋‹ค.” ์ง„ํ™”?€ ?ฐ์†?ฑ์? ‘์ถฉ๋งŒ???????‘์ƒ??๊ฒƒ์ด??
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ??๊ฐœ๋…??’์กด์žฌ???„๋????ฌ์Šฌ’?ด๋ผ???„ํ†ต?์ธ ?ฌ์ƒ?์„œ ๋ณธ๋‹ค. ์ข…๊ต ?ฌ์ƒ๊ฐ€?ค์ด ์ฒ˜์Œ ??๊ฐœ๋…??๋งŒ๋“ค?ด๋‚ธ ๊ฒƒ์? ?์—ฐ???์š”๋กœ์?๊ณ???็ฅ????Š์ž„?†๋Š” ์ฐฝ์กฐ?ฑ์— ๊ฒฝ์ด๋ฅ??๊ผˆ๊ธ??Œ๋ฌธ?ด๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค?€ ?จ์? ์ข…์˜ ?˜ํšจ??๋งŽ์Œ???€?ด์„œ๋ฟ๋งŒ ?„๋‹ˆ???๋ช…???„์ฒญ???ค์–‘????๊ทธ๋ฆฌ?˜์—ฌ ?ธ๊ฐ„???€???ˆ์ •???ด๋ฃจ??? ๊ธฐ???์œ  ????๊ฒฝ์ด๋ฅ??๊ผˆ??
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๊ฐ™์? ?ฌ์ƒ???ค์œˆ??์ง„ํ™”๋ก ์—?œ๋„ ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋น…ํ† ๋ฆฌ์•„์ก??œ๋????ฌ๋žŒ?ค์? ?˜์„ ๋ฏฟ์—ˆ?? ๊ทธ๋“ค?€ ? ๋งˆ???‰์Šฌ๋ฆฌ์ฒ˜???์—ฐ? ํƒ???จ์ˆœ???ด์•„?จ๊ธฐ??๋ฌธ์ œ๋ก??˜์›?œ์ผฐ?? ๊ทธ๋“ค?€ ?๋ช…???์œจ?? ?ค์Šค๋ก?๋ณ€? ํ•˜๋ฉ?๋ชฉ์ ??๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ?์ง„ํ™”?˜๋Š” ?ฅ๋ ฅ???ธ์ •?˜์? ?Š์•˜?? ?๋ช…????™??๊ท ํ˜•??๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ๋Š” ๊ณณ์—??๊ทธ๋“ค?€ ๋ณ€????๋ณ€?”๋? ?„ํ•œ ๋ณ€?”๋งŒ??๋ณด์•˜?? ?๋ช…๊ณ??ฌ๋ฆฌ ๊ทธ๋“ค??๊ธฐ๊ณ„???˜์? ?„๋ฌด??๊ฒฝ๊ณ„? ๋„ ?œ์•ฝ??๋ชฐ๋ž?? ?˜์ด ๊ทธ๋“ค???ˆ๋กœ??? ํ™”?€?ผ๋?๋ก?๊ทธ๋“ค?€ ๊ท ํ˜•?ด๋ผ???„์ด?”์–ด???จ์? ? ํ™”??๋ฟ์ด?ผ๊ณ  ?๊ฐ?ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค?€ ?ด์•„?จ๊ธฐ ?„ํ•ด?œ๋Š” ?ธ๊ฐ„?€ ?ฑ์žฅ???์ œ?˜๊ณ , ?ธ๋???๋ชฉ์ ???ด์  ๋ฐ˜์‘?ผ๋กœ ์กฐ์ ˆ?˜๋ฉฐ, ?œ๋™๊ณ??ด์‹??๊ท ํ˜•???ด๋ฃจ?ด์•ผ ?œ๋‹ค???ฌ์‹ค??๋ณด์? ๋ชปํ–ˆ??
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?ผ์ƒ?ํ™œ?์„œ??๊ท ํ˜•??์ฐพ๋Š”?? ๊ทธ๋Š” ?์— ๋ฐ•์? ?ฌ๋Ÿ?œ๊ฐ„???ธ๋™๋ณด๋‹ค?????ผ์— ๋ช‡์‹œ๊ฐ? ?€ ?ผ์— ๋ช‡์‹œ๊ฐ??˜๋Š” ?์œผ๋ก?๋งˆ์น˜ ?˜๋น„๊ฐ€ ?ด๊ฝƒ ?€๊ฝƒ์œผ๋ก?? ์•„?ค๋‹ˆ??ด ?ผํ•  ???ˆ๋Š” ?ธ๋ฆฌ?์˜ ‘?˜๋น„?์น™’??? ํ˜ธ?œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Š” ?ํ•œ ?„์‹œ?€ ?œ๊ณจ?ํ™œ??๊ท ํ˜•??์ถ”๊ตฌ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?ด์š•?œ์—???œ์–ด???๋? ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์˜ ๋งˆํ”?ด์ด ?˜์–ด?œ์•ผ ?œ๊ณจ๋ก??๊ตฌ?์ธ ๊ฑฐ์ฒ˜๋ฅ???ฒผ?? ๊ท??œ๊ณจ?์„œ???๋™์ฐจ๋ผ???จ์ผ๊ธฐ์ˆ ??๊ธฐ์ฐจ๋ฅ??ฌ๋ผ์ง€๊ฒ????Œ๊นŒ์ง€ ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ธฐ์ฐจ๋ฅ??ด์šฉ?˜์—ฌ ?ฝ๊ฒŒ ?ด์š•?œ์? ?ฐ๊ฒฐ?˜์—ˆ?? ๊ทธ๋Š” ?์žฅ?ํ™œ๊ณ??•๊ทœ ?€?™๊ฐ•???ฌ์ด??๊ท ํ˜•??๋งž์ถ”?ˆ๋‹ค. ์ฃผ์š”?€?œ์—??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๊ทธ๊? ๋งํ•˜??๋ฐ????„์‹œ, ์ฆ?๊ฑฐ๋??„์‹œ??๋งž์„œ????‚ฌ???„์‹œ๋ฅ??นํ˜ธ?ˆ๋‹ค. ?Š์? ?œ์ ˆ??๊ทธ๋Š” ?˜๋กœ?ฐ์—๊ฒ?๊นŠ์ด ๊ณต๊ฐ?˜๊ณ  ?ผ์ƒ์ง€???€???„์š”๋ฅ?์ฃผ์žฅ?ˆ์?๋ง? ๊ท??์‹ ?€ ๋งจํ•ด??๋ถ์ชฝ 100๋งˆ์ผ ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ???ฒ๊ณผ ์ดˆ์›๊ณ?๊ณต์›???ˆ๋Š” ?์ดŒ์ง€???”์ฒด??์นด์šด?ฐ์—???ด๊ธฐ๋ฅ?? ํƒ?˜์??? ๊ทธ๋Š” ๋ฒคํ„ด ๋งค์??ด์? ๊ฐ™์? ์นœ๊ตฌ?ค์ด ? ํŒ”?˜์น˜???ฐ๊ธธ???ํ—˜?˜๋„๋ก??„์šฐ๋ฉด์„œ???์‹ ?€ ๊ท?๊ธธ์˜ ?ค์ง ๋ช‡๋งˆ?ผ๋งŒ??๊ฑธ์—ˆ??๋ฟ์ด?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ??๋งค์ผ๋งค์ผ ๊ทธ๋Š” ๋ฐฑ๋…„?ด๋‚˜ ๋ฌต์? ?œ๊ณจ?๊????œ์žฌ?์„œ ๊ณ ๋…??์ฆ๊ธฐ๋ฉด์„œ, ๋ถˆ๊ณผ ๋ช‡๋งˆ?ผ์ด๋ฉ?๊ต?ฆฝ๊ณต์›?ผ๋กœ ?ด์–ด์ง€???ท๊ธธ???ฐ๋ผ ?ฐ๋ณด?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ฆ๊ฒผ??
๊ท ํ˜• ๊ฐœ๋…?€ ?ผ์ฐ๋ถ€??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ์˜ ?€? ์„ ์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜?€?? ๊ทธ๋Š” ‘?„์ฒด????์ถ”๊ตฌ?˜๊ณ , ์ก??€?ด์˜ ์ฒ ํ•™??์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜๊ณ??ˆ๋Š” ?ผ๋ฉด?์ธ ?ค์šฉ์ฃผ์˜ ?ธ๊ฐ„๊ณ??€์กฐ์ ?ผ๋กœ ?จ์ „???ธ๊ฐ„???ด์„ธ? ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Š” ?„์ฒด?์ธ ๋งฅ๋ฝ???„๋‹ˆ??๋ถ€๋ถ„์ ???…์— ์ดˆ์ ??๋งž์ถ˜ ??กœ๊ธฐ์‚ฌ๋ฅ?๋น„ํŒ?˜์??? ๊ทธ๋Š” ?ถ์˜ ?ด๋–ค ๋ถ€๋ถ„๋„ ๋ฐฐ์ œ?˜์–ด?œ๋Š” ?ˆ๋œ?ค๊ณ  ?๊ฐ?ˆ๋‹ค. 1964?„์— ๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š”?ˆ๋??ต๋ น?๊ฒŒ ๋ณด๋‚ด??๊ณต๊ฐœ?œํ•œ?‰์—??๋ฆฐ๋“  ์กด์Šจ??๋ฒ ํŠธ?จ์ „???•์ „??๋น„๋‚œ??์ตœ์ดˆ??๊ณต์  ?ธ๋ฌผ???˜์—ˆ?? 1965?„์— ๊ทธ๋Š” ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ?ˆ์ˆ  ๋ฐ?๊ณผํ•™ ?„์นด?ฐ๋????์žฅ?์„œ ๋ฌผ๋Ÿฌ?˜๋Š” ?ด์ž„?ฐ์„ค?์„œ ๋ฒ ํŠธ?จ์— ?€??๋ฏธ๊ตญ??์นจ๋žต??? ๋ž„?˜๊ฒŒ ๊ณต๊ฒฉ?˜์???
๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ?„์‹œ???๋™์ฐ??Œ๋งž?€ ๊ทœ๋ชจ, ?๋„, ๋ชฉ์ ?ด๋ผ๋ฉ?๋ฅ?๊ฑฐ๋??˜์? ?Š์•˜??๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜??๊ณผํ•™๊ณ?๊ธฐ์ˆ ๊ณ?์ง„๋ณด๋ฅ?๊ฑฐ๋??˜์? ?Š๋Š”?? ๊ทธ์—๊ฒ??ˆ์–ด???์ฝœ๋กœ์????ˆ์ •?ฑ๋ฟ๋ง??„๋‹ˆ??๋ณ€?”๋? ?ฌํ•จ?œ๋‹ค. ์ถฉ๋งŒ?ฑ์— ?€??๊ทธ์˜ ๊ฐœ๋…?€ ?ฑ์žฅ๊ณ??๊ธฐ๊ทœ์ œ ๋ชจ๋‘๋ฅ?๊ปด์•ˆ??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ธฐ๊ณ„?์ธ ?์š”???€???€?ต์? ๋นˆ๊ณค???„๋‹ˆ??? ๊ธฐ???๋??จ์ด?? ๊ธฐ๊ณ„??๋ชจ๋ธ?€ ?œ๋„๋ฅ?๋ชจ๋ฅธ?? ์ง„ํ™”?€ ?์ฝœ๋กœ์????˜๋???๊ฐ„๋‹ค.
๋ฒ ๋„ค?•ํŠธ ?˜๋„?ฌ๋“ค์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ?๊ฒŒ??’๋ช…์ƒ๊ณ??ธ๋™’??๊ท ํ˜•???„์š”?˜๋‹ค. ?๊ฐ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ?ผํ•˜??๊ฒ? ์งˆ๊ณผ ?? ?ˆ์ •?ฑ๊ณผ ๋ณ€?”๊? ?™์‹œ???„์š”??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ?ต์„ ?€?ด๋†“?Œ์œผ๋กœ์จ ?ฐ๋ฆฌ???œ์–‘? ์„ ๋ถ€?œ์‹œ์ผฐ๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ?๊ฒŒ ?„์š”??๊ฒƒ์? ?œ์–‘???„๋‹ˆ???œ์–‘???์‹???…์ด๋ฉ? ?ต์œต?ฉ์ด ?„๋‹ˆ???๋ช…?ด๋‹ค. ?ฐ๋ฆฌ?๊ฒŒ???์—ฐ??๊ฐ€์น˜์? ๊ท ํ˜•???ด๋ฃฌ ?ธ๊ฐ„??๊ฐ€์น˜์˜ ๋ถ€?œ์ด ?„์š”?˜๋‹ค. ?์—ฐ?€ ?ฑ์žฅ???œ๊ณ„๋ฅ? ?์œ ??๊ฒฝ๊ณ„๋ฅ? ๋ณ€?”์— ?œ์•ฝ???ค์ •?œ๋‹ค. ? ๊ธฐ???ถ์? “๋นˆ๊ป?ฐ๊ธฐ??๊ฐ€์น˜์— ?ฑ์„ ?Œ๋ฆฌ???ฌ์น˜”๋ฅ??ฌํ•จ?œ๋‹ค.
๋งŽ์? ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ฐฐ์šฐ๊ธ??„ํ•ด??๋ฉˆํฌ?œ๋Š” ๋งŽ์? ๊ฒ???๋ถ€?€ ?ฌ์น˜?€ ?ฌ๊ต?์ธ ?ํ™œ ?????ฌ๊ธฐ?˜์??? ๊ทธ๋Š” ?ฌ๋žŒ?ค์ด ?Œ์•„?ฃ๊ธฐ?๋Š” ?ˆ๋ฌด??๋ช…๋ฃŒ?˜๊ฒŒ, ?ˆ๋ฌด??๊นŠ์ด, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ??ˆ๋ฌด???ผ์ฐ ๋ณด์•˜?ค๊ณ  ?˜๋Š” ๋ฏฟ๋Š”?? ?„๋งˆ??๊ทธ๊? ?˜๋ชป ๋ณด์•˜?”์???๋ชจ๋ฅธ?? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ???คํ˜น ๊ทธ๋ ‡???˜๋”?ผ๋„ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ?€ ๊ท??˜๋ชป???…์ฆ?˜๋Š” ?ธ๋ ฅ??์ถฉ๋ถ„??๋ณด์ƒ?˜๋Š” ?˜๋ชป??๊ฒƒ์ด?? ๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ์ˆ ๋ก??ธํ•œ ?ฌ์•™???œ๋??? ๊ฑฐ๋?๊ธฐ์ˆ ???€??๊ฐ€??? ์ง„?์ธ ๋ถ„์„๊ฐ€??์ฃผ๋ชฉ?˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋ณด???ฐ๋ฆฌ?๊ฒŒ ??์ค‘์š”???ผ์? ?†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด??

 

 

์ถœ์ฒ˜

http://21.new21.net/technote/read8.cgi?board=environ&nnew=2&y_number=171

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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